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        Curcumin ameliorates cadmium-induced nephrotoxicity in Sprague-Dawley rats

        Kim, Kyeong Seok,Lim, Hyun-Jung,Lim, Jong Seung,Son, Ji Yeon,Lee, Jaewon,Lee, Byung Mu,Chang, Seung-Cheol,Kim, Hyung Sik Elsevier 2018 Food and chemical toxicology Vol.114 No.-

        <P><B>Abstract</B></P> <P>Chronic exposure to cadmium (Cd) causes remarkable damage to the kidneys, a target organ of accumulated Cd after oral administration. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of curcumin against Cd-induced nephrotoxicity. Sprague–Dawley male rats were divided into the following four treatment groups: control, curcumin (50 mg/kg, oral), CdCl<SUB>2</SUB>, (25 mg/kg, oral), and pre-treatment with curcumin (50 mg/kg) 1 h prior to the administration of CdCl<SUB>2</SUB> (25 mg/kg, oral) for 7 days. At 24 h after the final treatment, the animals were killed, and the biomarkers associated with nephrotoxicity were measured. Our data indicated that blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (sCr) levels were significantly reduced by curcumin pre-treatment in CdCl<SUB>2</SUB>-treated animals. Histopathological studies showed hydropic swelling and hypertrophy of the proximal tubular cells in the renal cortex after Cd treatment. Pretreatment with curcumin ameliorated the histological alterations induced by Cd. The urinary excretion of kidney injury molecule-1 (Kim-1), osteopontin (OPN), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and netrin-1 significantly reduced by curcumin treatment compared to that in the CdCl<SUB>2</SUB>-treated group. The administration of curcumin provided a significant protective effect against Cd-induced nephrotoxicity.</P> <P><B>Highlights</B></P> <P> <UL> <LI> Curcumin protects against cadmium-induced renal injury. </LI> <LI> Curcumin reduces urinary excretion of AKI biomarkers. </LI> <LI> Curcumin protects against cadmium-induced apoptosis in the kidney. </LI> </UL> </P>

      • 비만증 환자에서 한약제에 의한 체중 감소효과

        Oh, Seung-Joon,Jeong, In-Kyung,Kim, Young-Seol,Choi, Young-Kil,Paeng, Jeong-Ryung,Bae, Jung-Hwan,Shin, Hyun-Dae 경희대학교 동서의학연구소 1999 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON EAST-WEST MEDICINE Vol.1999 No.1

        Seung-Joon Oh, In-Kyung Jeong, Young-Seol Kim, Young-Kil Choi, Jeong-Ryung Paeng¹, Jung-Hwan Bae and Hyun-Dae Shin²Department of internal Medicine, College Medicine, Endocrine Research Institute¹. Department of Rehabilitation, College of Oriental Medicine², Seoul, korea. Bady Fat Reduction Effects of Red Ginseng Compound Preparation on the Patients with Obesity. Proceedings of International Symposium on East-West Medicine, Seoul. 244-254, 1999.-Obesity can be defined as a metabolic disease due to an increased state of fat tissues caused by an imbalance of calorie intake and use. Recently, in Korea by improvement and westernization of food intake, along with decrease in exercise activities, the prevalence of obesity has increased greatly. Our objectives were to study stability and effects of decrease in body fat by administering red ginseng compound preparation (known to have body fat decreasing effects in laboratory animals) to obesity patients on low calorie diets. Changes in weight and body fat were measured while carrying out calorie-restricted diets on patients for 4 weeks, then administering red ginseng compound preparation for another 4 weeks. The patients were 20 people whose BMI were 25kg/㎡ or over and whose percent body fat was also 30% or over when tested by bioelectrical conductivity. 1. Changes in weight were from 70.04kg(base line) to 67.43kg(after taking red ginseng compound preparation). 2. In similar sense, BMI decreased from 27.12kg/㎡(base line) to 26.56kg/㎡(after dieting), and further to 26.01kg/㎡ (after taking red ginseng compound preparation). The BMI seemed to decrease significantly compared to the baseline after the use of red ginseng compound. 3. Waist hip ratio was changed from 0.8858(base line) to 0.8728, but it was statistically insignificant. 4. The percent body fat was 35,16%(base line), 33.87%(after dieting), and 31.68%(after taking red ginseng compound preparation). 5. Complete blood cell count and blood chemisrty remained unaffected by the administration. 6. In concern to endocrinologic studies, T3 decreased from 118.7 to 98.2ng/dL, and T4 increased from 8.8 to 9.2㎕/ dL. Epinephrine showed a tendency to decreased from 0.27 to 0.25 ng/mL, and norepinephrine increased from 0.39 to 0.44ng/mL. 7. Leptin was not changed. 8. Some patients complained adverse effects; constipation(5 patients, may be due to diet therapy), fatigue (2 patients), pruritus(2 patients), flushing(s patients), dizziness(3 patients) and epigastric discomfort(2 patients). However their symptoms were mild, so medication did not stopped. In conclusion, loss of weight without significant side effects was observed during low calorie diet and red ginseng compound preparation administration. This is thought to be in relation to sympathetic nerve system rather than adrenal gland. Also, further long0term studies should be required, since the observed results were based on short-term changes in weight.

      • KCI등재

        피질골 절제술을 응용한 견치 및 대구치의 후방 견인

        김상철,김선영,김현숙,정혜승,김현태,조진우 대한치과교정학회 2005 대한치과교정학회지 Vol.35 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 9시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        빠르며 정확하고 안전한 치아이동을 목표로 삼고 있는 교정치료에서 최근 새로이 도입된 피질골 절제술과 견인 골형성술을 응용한 치아이동에 대하여 알아보았다. 특히 견치나 대구치의 후방이동은 기존의 치아 이동 양식으로는 조절이 어렵고, 장기적인 기간에 불가피한 치아이동이다. 피질골 절제술과 견인 골형성술을 동반하여 상당히 효과적인 원심이동을 기할 수 있었던 증례를 통하여 적용 술식, 견인 장치 등을 논하고 그효과를 파악하였다. 이런 술식을 통해 빠른 치아 이동과 이에 따른 전반적인 치료기간의 감소가 가능하였으며, 무리한 치아이동에서 발생할 수 있는 고정원 소실이나 치근흡수, 치주조직의 파괴 같은 부작용도 줄일 수 있었다. Tooth movement facilitated by corticotomy and distraction osteogenesis was discussed. In this study, a portion of cortical bone which can provide resistance to tooth movement in alveolar bone was removed. Active bone deposition was then possible in the tension side. Teeth moved at such a speedy rate as we could not imagine from conventional orthodontic treatment, which lead to the reduction of the total treatment period. Posterior movement of the canine or molar teeth was possible without any side effects such as anchorage loss, root resorption or periodontal breakdown.

      • KCI등재

        지구성 운동 유발 전 처치에 따른 심장보호 효과 : iNOS knock-out mice 활용

        김철현,엄현섭,이영익,김윤만,조인호,김명기,이규성,양대승,오윤선,오유성,조준용 한국운동영양학회 2005 Journal of exercise nutrition & biochemistry Vol.9 No.1

        The goal of this study was to explore the role of inducible NOS (iNOS) and the delayed protection of exercise preconditioning from the relative myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury. Mice were randomly placed in one of five testing groups: wild-type mice group (n = 15), high-intensity wild-type mice acute exercised group (n = 6). low-intensity wild-type mice acute exercised group (n = 5), L-NAME + wild-type mice acute exercised group (11 = 5), and homozygous (-/-) iNOS gene knock-out mice acute exercised group (n = 5). All acute exercised groups ran on the treadmill (0% grade) at 65 m,'min as a high-intensity exercise and at 27-30 m/min as a low-intensity exercise. The results showed that all acute exercise significantly reduced magnitude of a myocardial infarction in biphasic manner. In accordance with these data, NFKB and HSP-70 protein expression was increased at 24 after exercise-induced preconditioning (PC) in both low-intensity wild-type mice acute exercised group and homozygous (-/-) iNOS gene knock-out mice acute exercised group compared with wild-type mice group. In contrast, neither endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) nor inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression changed at both wild-type mice group and low-intensity wild-type mice acute exercised group. In conclusion, The strong evidence of this study indicates that HSP-70 is particulary cytoprotectiye against protein-damaging stress such as I-R. Also, this study demonstrate that the late phase of exercise-induced PC is not associated with up-regulation of eNOS and iNOS but infarct-sparing effect and mild up-regulation of NFKB and HSP-70 at the late phase of exercise-induced PC in wild-type mice and iNOS gene knock-out mice. Thus, this study identifies a specific protein that mediates late PC in vitro.

      • 생체분해성 망막압정을 이용한 망막고정에 대한 실험적 연구

        김용백,민병무,김창식,박근성,김승영,길숙종,조항진,이성복,노승무,송규상,강대영,조준식,양준묵,정경수,최선웅,이진호,김학용,인현빈 충남대학교 의과대학 지역사회의학연구소 1998 충남의대잡지 Vol.25 No.1

        Biodegradable retinal fixation devices obtain mechnical fixation of the retina with desirable chorioretinal scarring and with the potential for local, sustained release of antimetabolites and steroids to inhibit proliferative vitreoretinopathy. We manufactured a biodegradable retinal tack with barb that was designed in order to prevent intrusion from implantation of retinal tacks. This study was carried to evaluate the efficacy for retinal fixation and the capability for sustained release of drugs with a newly designed biodegradable retinal tack Biodegradable retinal tacks were made of polymers of glycolic acids and were designed with barbs in a shape to prevent the disinsertion. Biodegradale retinal tacks are divided into 3 parts, a conical portion that is inserted into the sclera, a cylinder portion that remains in the vitreous, and a neck portion between the pin and the cylinder. The tapered conical end was manufactured to allow easy insertion through the retina and choroid into the sclera. A cylinder portion was manufactured with a tapered angle that fixes firmly into the orifice of 19 gauge spinal needle. A neck portion, 0.4 mm in diameter, was designed to prevent disinsertion from following implantation of retinal tack. The applicator was a 19 gauge spinal needle and its orifice was prepared to 15°angle to accept the tapered cylinder portion of the retinal tack. The retinal tacks, secured in the needles, were passed through the formed vitreous and inserted into the retina, choroid, and sclera and were released by pushing the internal needle, usually within 2-3mm of the medullary ray of the posterior rabbit retina A retinal tack was placed in each of 8 pigmented rabbit eyes. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy, indirect ophthalmoscopy and fundus photography were performed periodically from 1 day to 8 weeks after surgery. Eight eyes were enucleated and studied by light microscopy at 8 weeks. Biomicroscopic evaluation of the animals revealed edemas adjacent to the retinal surfaces immediately after insertion of the biodegradable retinal tacks in all the animals. These edemas disappeared after 1 week. The first noticeable change in the size of retinal tacks was shown after 2weeks. The size of the retinal tacks gradually got smaller, decreasing to about one-half at 4 weeks and about one-third at 8 weeks. All retinal tacks remained in inserted places without any movement for an 8 week period. On light microscopy, epiretinal proliferations were seen to extend into the vitreous cavity. Cellular capsules that lined the inner aspect of the scleral defect caused by tack insertion were found. However the adjacent retina had a normal cytologic appearance and architecture in all specimens. We manufactured a biodegradable retinal tack that is designed to prevent intrusion from implantation of retinal tacks. All biodegradable retinal tacks reduce in size with time, but no retinal tacks extruded from the inserted place. The newly designed biodegradable retinal tack can be used for retinal fixation and may be used as a vehicle for the introduction of pharmacologic agents to prevent the cellular events that promote proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

      • KCI등재

        Cholelithiasis complicated with biliary sludge and urolithiasis in a dog

        Seung-gon Lee,Dong-gun Kim,Joon-seok Lee,Ho-hyun Kwak,Hyun-sook Nam,Heung-myong Woo*, In-Chul Park**, Changbaig Hyun1,In-chul Park,Chang-baig Hyun 한국임상수의학회 2006 한국임상수의학회지 Vol.23 No.3

        A 10-year-old intact female Miniature Schnauzer dog was referred with the primary complaint of persistentanorexia, remittent fever, vomiting and abdominal pain. Hemogram suggested a chronic inflammatory disease. Serumbiochemistry showed moderate hepatobiliary cellular damage with severe cholestasis. Abdominal radiography andultrasonography revealed hepatomegaly, choleliths and sludges in gall bladder and small stones in urinary bladder. Basedcholecystectomy and cystectomy, choleliths and uroliths were removed from gall bladder and urinary bladder,respectively. The clinical condition was dramatically improved after surgery.

      • SCISCIESCOPUS

        Photonic Crystals: Integration of Colloidal Photonic Crystals toward Miniaturized Spectrometers (Adv. Mater. 9/2010)

        Kim, Shin-Hyun,Park, Hyo Sung,Choi, Jae Hoon,Shim, Jae Won,Yang, Seung-Man WILEY-VCH Verlag 2010 Advanced materials Vol.22 No.9

        <B>Graphic Abstract</B> <P>The cover shows a schematic illustration of patterned colloidal photonic crystals with different bandgap positions. When an unknown light source impinges on the patterned photonic crystals, the light information can be identified from the reflection intensity profile of the constituent photonic crystals. The two optical microscopy images and background image display integrated photonic crystals with 20 different bandgaps spanning the entire visible range, and the SEM image shows the cross-section of the photonic crystal stripes, as reported by Shin-Hyun Kim, Seung-Man Yang, and co-workers on p. 946. <img src='wiley_img_2010/09359648-2010-22-9-ADMA201090022-content.gif' alt='wiley_img_2010/09359648-2010-22-9-ADMA201090022-content'> </P>

      • Combination Effects of Essential Oils from Thymus species with Norfloxacin against Streptococcus pneumoniae

        Kim, Ji-Hyun,Sim, Youn,Shin, Seung-Won 덕성여자대학교 약학연구소 2005 藥學論文誌 Vol.16 No.1

        The combination effects of essential oils from Thymus quinquecostatus and T. magnus with norfloxacin were evaluated against three strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae. The checkerboard titer test results demonstrated significant combined effects of norfloxacin and the two Thymus oils or thymol, the main component of this oil, against the susceptible and resistant strains of S. pneumoniae, with FICIs ranging from 0.14 to 1.00. Additionally, the anti-Streptococcus effects of the oils were dose-dependent on Tryptic soy agar plates containing 5% defibrinated sheep blood.

      • 서울의 Penicillinase Producing Neisseria gonorrhoeae 발생빈도(1998)

        김재홍,김준호,반재용,이정우,황성주,정준규,정성태,강진문,조흔정,홍창의,정혜신,이한승,김이선,이봉길,이종호,선영우,한기덕,윤성필,이성훈,안종성,박석범,문승현,조항래,김형섭,류지호,황재영,박준홍,손상욱 한양대학교 의과대학 2001 한양의대 학술지 Vol.21 No.1

        In recent years, gonorrhea has been pandemic and remains one of the most common STDs in the world, especially in developing countries. For the detection of a more effective therapeutic regimen and assessing the prevalence of Penicillinase Producing Neisseria gonorrhoeae(PPNG), we have been trying to study the patients who have visited the Venereal Disease Clinic of Choong-Ku Public Health Center in Seoul since 1980 by menas of the chromogenic cephalosporin method. In 1998, 93 strians of N. genorrhoeae were isolated, among which 60(64.5%) were PPNG. The prevalence of PPNG in Seoul, which had been decreased to 39% in 1996 after a peak of 74.3% in 1993, is increased to 64.5% in 1998.

      • KCI등재

        피부외용제에 의한 부작용 사례 연구

        김수찬,안규중,한승경,김진우,성경제,계영철,김낙인,조광현,김광중,윤재일 대한피부과학회 2003 大韓皮膚科學會誌 Vol.41 No.9

        전국의 31개 병의원에서 10개월간 피부과 내원환자 중 피부외용제에 의한 부작용을 나타낸 1257예의 사례를 수집하여 분석하였으며 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1) 외용제에 의한 부작용은 오용 및 치료지연(40%), 진균감염(29%), 세균감염(14%), 접촉피부염(9%), 여드름, 피부위축, 혈관확장 등의 순으로 그 빈도가 높았으며 스테로이드 도포에 의한 부작용은 모두 620건(49%)에 달하였다. 2) 오용의 경우 백선증을 습진으로 오진한 경우가 70%로 가장 많았고 습진을 백선증으로 오진한 경우가 10%, 세균성 질환을 습진으로 오진한 경우가 9%이었다. 3) 외용제 구분에 의한 부작용 발생빈도는 스테로이드 연고(83%), 항진균제(10%), 항생제(2%), 항바이러스제(2%)순이었다. 4) 상품명이 확인된 214개 제품중 부작용 빈도가 많은 외용제는 Betamethasone valerate, Prednicarbate, Ciclopirox 네일라카, Triamcinolone acetonide, Fucidic acid, Urea 순이었다. 5) 약품구입경위는 약국문진 42%, 타과처방 10%, 피부과처방 9% 순이었다. 6) 1999년 시행한 의약품 오남용 및 부작용에 관한 임상연구를 요약하면 외용제 중 스테로이드 연고에 의한 부작용이 가장 많았으며 스테로이드 연고에 의한 백선증 발생이 가장 흔한 부작용이었다. 스테로이드 연고 중 Betamethasone valerate, Prednicarbate, Clobetasol, Triamcinolone acetonide에 의한 부작용이 가장 많았다. 약품구입경위는 약국문진이 가장 많았다. 이상과 같은 1999년에 시행한 연구결과는 2002년에 시행한 이번 연구결과와 크게 다르지 않았다. ackground : The abuse, misuse, and adverse effects to topical drugs have been widespread in Korea due to lack of awareness of seriousness of drug abuse and misuse, and improper designation of prescription and non-prescription drugs. Objective : This study was conducted to bring Korean people to an awareness of the abuse, misuse, and adverse effects of topical drugs, and to stress the importance of proper designation of non-prescription drugs. Methods : A multicenter, prospective, clinico-epidemiologic evaluation was made from patients with adverse effects to topical drugs who visited 31 dermatologic departments in university hospitals or private clinics nationwide from march, 2002 to December, 2002. Results : The diagnostic incidence of adverse effects from topical drugs are abuse and misuse (40%), dermatophytosis incognito (29%), bacterial infection (14%), contact dermatitis (9%), acne (2.5%), skin atrophy (1.4%), telangiectasia (1%). Erghty three percent of adverse effects are caused by topical corticosteroids, and betamethasone valerate, prednicarbate and triamcinolone acetonide are commonly used topical corticosteroids that induce adverse effects frequently. The most common way to obtain topical drugs is purchase directly from pharmacist without prescriptions. Conclusion : From this study, we confirmed that adverse effects to topical corticosteroids are very common even after the enforcement of designation of prescription drugs and non-prescription drugs. The proper designation of prescripton drugs should be reevaluated and based on the safety of patients to protect People from adverse effects of topical drugs. (Korean J Dermatol 2003;41(9) : 1129~1135)

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