http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
( Eun Jung Jung ), ( Do Hwa Im ), ( Yong Hee Park ), ( Jung Mi Byun ), ( Young Nam Kim ), ( Dae Hoon Jeong ), ( Moon Su Sung ), ( Ki Tae Kim ), ( Hyo Jung An ), ( Soo Jin Jung ), ( Kyung Bok Lee ) 대한산부인과학회 2017 Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Vol.60 No.4
Disorders of sex development (DSD) are congenital conditions characterized by atypical development of chromosomal, gonadal, and phenotypic sex. 46, XY DSD can result from disorders of testicular development or disorders of androgen synthesis/action. Prophylactic gonadectomy should be considered in patients with 46, XY DSD because of the increased risk of gonadal malignancy. We report two rare cases of 46, XY DSD, including XY pure gonadal dysgenesis and complete androgen insensitivity syndrome, who underwent a prophylactic gonadectomy.
<P><B>Objective</B></P><P>To investigate effects of tracheostomy tube on the movement of the hyoid bone and larynx during swallowing by quantitative analysis of videofluoroscopic swallowing study.</P><P><B>Method</B></P><P>19 adult stroke patients with tracheostomies, who met the criteria of decannulation participated. Serial videofluroscopic swallowing studies were done over 14 days before decannulation, within 24 hours before decannulation, within 24 hours after decannulation, and over 14 days after decannulation. The kinematic parameter such as pharyngeal transition time, stage transition duration, maximal hyoid bone movement, and maximal laryngeal prominence movement were obtained by 2-D quantitative analysis of videofluoroscopic swallowing study.</P><P><B>Results</B></P><P>Pharyngeal transition time and stage transition duration were not significantly changed all the time. The maximal hyoid bone movement and maximal laryngeal prominence just after decannulation were improved significantly compared to just before decannulation (p<0.05), especially on vertical movement.</P><P><B>Conclusion</B></P><P>The hypothesis that a tracheostomy tube disturbs the hyoid bone and laryngeal movement during swallowing may be supported by this study.</P>
Jung,,Soo-Jin,Park,,Shin,Young,Kim,,Seh,Eun,Kang,,Ike,Park,,Jiyong,Lee,,Jungwon,Kim,,Chang-Min,Chung,,Myung-Sub,Ha,,Sang-Do Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing) 2017 Journal of food science Vol.82 No.7
<P>The present study investigated the synergistic bactericidal effects of combined X-ray irradiation (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 kGy) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) (50, 100, 150, 200, and 300 ppm) treatment on the reduction of S. enterica serovar Typhimurium ATCC 14028 biofilms on quail eggshells. Additionally, the color change of the quail eggshells was measured by hunter color 'L' (lightness), 'a' (red/green), 'b' (yellow/blue), and 'AE' (total color difference). Additionally, the puncture force was tested to evaluate eggshell thickness after the combined treatments. The highest biofilm reduction values were observed as 4.6 log CFU/egg after X-ray (2.0 kGy) and NaOCl (300 ppm) treatment. Moreover, the synergistic reduction in values after combined treatment was evaluated, and the highest biofilm reduction value was 4.3 log CFU/egg by 2.0 kGy X-ray/50 ppm NaOCl (1.47 log higher than the sum of reduction values of the individual treatments). The color of the quail eggshell and puncture force were not significantly changed by combined treatments (p > 0.05 at both cases). Consequently, 2.0 kGy X-ray/50 ppm NaOCl was considered optimal for combination treatment for eliminating S. enterica ser. Typhimurium biofilms on eggshell without any color or thickness changes. Furthermore, combination treatment could be useful for improving microbiological safety in the quail egg industry.</P>
이 연구는 2011 기계체조 세계선수권대회 안마 결승경기에 참가한 8명의 세계우수선수들을 대상으로 연기내용 및 연기구성의 경향을 분석하는데 그 목적이 있다. 자료 수집은 기계체조 세계선수권대회 안마 결승경기 연기내용을 촬영하였으며, 4명의 국제심판이 남자 기계체조 채점규칙(FIG, 2009)에 근거하여 연기내용 및 연기구성을 분석하였다. 다양한 난도요소 중에서 D 난도 요소(60%)를 가장 많이 연기하였으며, 그룹 Ⅳ의 난도 요소(40%)를 많이 하는 것으로 나타났다. 특히, 7명의 선수들이 그룹 Ⅳ에서 ‘Flop과 Wu Guonian' 기술을 연기하였고, 모든 선수들이 그룹 Ⅲ에서 ‘Magyar와 Sivado' 기술을 연결동작으로 연기하였으며, 8명의 선수들이 그룹 Ⅱ에서 ‘Magyar' 기술을 연기하였다. 또한 7명의 전수들이 ‘Li Ning' 기술을 연기하는 것으로 나타났다. 한편, 1위를 차지한 헝가리 체조선수가 다른 선수들에 비해 가장 높은 E 점수(9.10)를 획득하여 감점을 최소화하며 연기를 한 것으로 나타났으며, 평균 D 점수는 6.637점이며, 평균 E 점수는 8.195점으로 나타났다. 연기구성 시 고려해야할 점은, 모든 선수들이 실시한 Magyar와 Sivado에서 많은 각도 감점이 내포되어 있기 때문에 각도 감점을 최소화하고 7명의 선수들이 실시한 Li Ning 형태의 요소들도 복합적인 감점이 내포되어 있기 때문에 이에 대한 감점을 최소화하는 것이 무엇보다 중요하다.
Objective To determine the major risk factors and abnormal videofl uoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) fi ndings associated with aspiration in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Method Risk factors associated with aspiration were investigated retrospectively in 241 patients with HNC using medical records and pre-recorded VFSS. Age, gender, lesion location and stage, treatment factors, and swallowing stage abnormalities were included. Results Aspiration occurred in 50.2% of patients. A univariate analysis revealed that advanced age, increased duration from disease onset to VFSS, higher tumor stage, increased lymph node stage, increased American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage, operation history, chemotherapy history, and radiotherapy history were significantly associated with aspiration (p<0.05). Among them, advanced age, increase AJCC stage, operation history, and chemotherapy history were significantly associated with aspiration in the multivariate analysis (p<0.05). Delayed swallowing reflex and reduced elevation of the larynx were significantly associated with aspiration in the multivariate analysis (p<0.05). Conclusion The major risk factors associated with aspiration in patients with HNC were advanced age, higher AJCC stage, operation history, and chemotherapy history. A VFSS to evaluate aspiration is needed in patients with NHC who have these risk factors. Delayed swallowing reflex and reduced elevation of the larynx were major abnormal findings associated with aspiration. Dysphagia rehabilitation should focus on these results.