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      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        람사르협약의 습지보호지역으로 지정된 전북 고창 운곡습지의 곤충상에 관한 연구

        김동언,김종명 한국환경과학회 2013 한국환경과학회지 Vol.22 No.9

        Insect fauna were surveyed in 2011 at Ungok wetland, Obeygol, located in Gochang, Jeonbuk, Korea. In total, 149 species belonging to 11 orders and 57 families were surveyed. Among them, Lepidopterans composed 23.5% (35 species) of the total insect numbers surveyed, comprising the most abundant group, and followed by Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Odonata with a composition of 22.1% (33 species), 17.4% (26 species), and 10.1% (15 species), respectively. Bothrogonia japonica Ishihara was the most dominant species, and followed by Gastrophysa atrocyanea Motschulsky and Celastrina argiolus (Linnaeus). Phytophagous insects accounted for 60 percent of the total species. Dominance index was the highest in spring by 0.21. Diversity, richness, and evenness indices were the highest in summer by 4.07, 11.84 and 0.96, respectively. In the study area, the legally-protect species were grouped into five groups; 9 export-restricted species, 17 endemic species, 28 indicator species, 1 climate-sensitive biological indicator and 3 southern characteristic species. Additionally, twenty forest insect pest species were surveyed, belonging to 5 orders and 15 families. Therefore, it is required to conduct long-term monitoring and appropriate management based on the ecological characteristic of the habitats to continuously conserve and maintain of wetland.

      • KCI등재

        고나트륨혈증과 저나트륨혈증

        김동언 대한소아청소년과학회 2006 Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics (CEP) Vol.49 No.5

        Sodium is the major cation of the extracellular fluid and the primary determinant of extracellular osmolality. Therefore, hypernatremia causes water movement out of cells, while hyponatremia causes water movement into cells, resulting in cellular shrinkage and cellular swelling, respectively. Serious central nervous system symptoms may complicate both conditions. Since hypernatremia and hyponatremia are accompanied by abnormalities in water balance, it is essential to understand the mechanisms regulating extracellular osmolality and volume as well as the pathophysiology of hypernatremia and hyponatremia, in order to manage both conditions with swiftness and safety.

      • SCOPUSSCIEKCI등재

        개방교합 경향을 갖는 성인 여성 환자들의 보상양상에 관한 연구

        김동언,유임학,Kim, Dong-Un,Yoo, Eem-Hak 대한치과교정학회 2001 대한치과교정학회지 Vol.32 No.1

        개방교합 경향을 갖고 있으나 보상작용 등에 의해 전치부 개방교합을 보이지 않는 성인 여성환자들의 보상양태를 관찰하여 진단 및 치료계획 수립에 도움을 주고자 본 연구를 시행하였다. 피개교합 심도지수(ODI)가 66이하이며 전치부 개방교합을 나타내는 증례(50명)를 대조군으로, 피개교합 심도지수(ODI)가 66이하이나 보상작용에 의하여 전치부 개방교합을 보이지 않는 증례(55명)를 실험군으로 하였다. 대조군과 실험군의 평균연령은 각각 23.88 ${\pm}$ 4.53세와 24.7 ${\pm}$ 6.20세이었다. 측모두부방사선 사진을 촬영하였으며 두 군간의 형태학적 차이를 비교하기 위해 41개 항목에 대한계측 및 통계학적인 분석을 시행하였다. 계측항목 중 lower face height, N-Me, ANS-Me, ANS-Me/N-Me ratio, Mx1-SN, Mx1-FH, Mx1-NA(mm), Mx1-APo, PP to Mx6, Mn1-NB(degree), Mn1-NB(mm)에서 통계학적인 유의차가 나타났다. 실험군에서는 감소된 lower face height N-Me, ANS-Me, ANS-Me/N-Me ratio와 상하악전치의 설측 경사 및 후퇴, 대조군에서는 상악 구치의 과맹출이 관찰되었다. The purposes of this study were to observe the compensation pattern of human female adults with openbite tendency and to provide the decision criteria of the diagnosis and treatment planning for those patients. Fifty patients with anterior openbite and fifty-five Patients without anterior openbite patients were selected as a control and a test group. ODI of the all patients was below 66. Mean ages of the control and the test group were 23.88 ${\pm}$ 4.53 and 24.7 ${\pm}$ 6.20 years, respectively. Lateral cephalograms were taken and forty-one variables were measured. To identify the morphological differences between the groups, statistical analyses were performed. Statistically significant differences were found in the measured variables of lower face height, N-Me, ANS-Me, ANS-Me/N-Me ratio, Mx1-SN, Mx1-FH, Mx1-NA(mm), Mx1-APo, PP to Mx6, Mn1-NB(degree), Mn1-NB(mm). The test group showed decreased lower face height, N-Me, ANS-Me, ANS-Me/N-Me ratio, more uprighted and retruded maxillo-mandibular incisors. Overeruption of the maxillary first molar was found in the control group.

      • KCI등재

        Status of the PLS-II Magnet Design and Fabrication

        김동언,K. H. Park,H. G. Lee,Y. G. Jung,H. S. Suh,Y. D. Joo,K. R. Kim 한국물리학회 2010 THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY Vol.56 No.61

        The only 3rd generation synchrotron light source in Korea, which is operated by the Pohang Accelerator Laboratory (PAL), is planning a major upgrade of the PLS to meet the more demanding requirements of the synchrotron light users. The main features of the major upgrade are (1)increasing the electron beam energy from 2.5 GeV to 3.0 GeV for higher energy X-ray photons, (2)decreasing the electron beam emittance from 18.9 nm to 5.8 nm to increase the photon brilliance,and (3) increasing the number of straight sections to increase the number of insertion devices from 10 to 20 to meet the demand for insertion devices. In the upgraded PLS (PLS-II), there will be 24combined function dipole magnets, 96 quadrupole magnets, and 96 sextupole magnets with some auxiliary magnets for electron beam injection. In this report, the physical design features, and the mechanical aspects of the magnet design are described.

      • KCI등재

        국내 미국흰불나방의 최근 발생 및 피해 보고

        김동언 한국응용곤충학회 2012 한국응용곤충학회지 Vol.51 No.3

        미국흰불나방은 2011년 국내 35개 시군에서 발생과 피해가 확인되었고, 국내에서는 검은색 머리(black-headed form)를 가진 유충의 출현만 확인되었다. 미국흰불나방이 출현하는 곳의 서식지 분포비율은 가로수 66.7%, 조경수 19.4%, 산림 13.9%로 나타났다. 즉 가로수, 조경수가 86.1%로 인위적인 환경에서 피해가 심각하였다. 본 연구에서 확인된 기주식물은 총 44과 102종으로 조사되었고, 선행연구와 비교하여 29종이 추가되었다. 국내에서 최초 발견된 후 약 50년이 지난 현재 선행연구를 포함한 기주식물은 총 62과 219종으로 조사되었다. 그 중에서 식량작물 5종(2.3%), 채소류 6종(2.7%), 약용작물 4종(1.8%), 특용작물 1종(0.5%), 과수 13종(5.9%), 기타수원지 6종(2.7%), 기타작물 5종(2.3%)이 포함되어 있다. 기주식물의 원산지는 미국흰불나방의 원산지와 같은 북미 원산 식물 7종(18.4%), 중국 원산 식물 11종(29.0%), 일본 원산 식물 4종(10.5%), 유럽 원산 식물 4종(10.5%), 인도 원산 식물 4종(10.5%) 등으로 조사되었다. 유충에 의해 집중적으로 피해를 입은 수종은 양버즘나무(Platanus occidentalis L.), 느릅나무(Ulmus davidiana var. japonica (Rehder) Nakai), 산수유(Cornus officinalis Siebold & Zucc.) 등 총 17종으로 관찰되었다. Occurrence Hyphantria cunea was confirmed in 35 cities and counties nationwide in 2011, each of which reported some form of crop and/or ecological damage caused by the moth. Only a larva of the black-headed form were reported to have occurred in the nation. H. cunea was found in street trees 66.7%, followed by landscape trees 19.4% and forests 13.9%. This suggests that artificial environment 86.1% suffered from H. cunea more severely than natural forests. The study identified 44 families and 102 species of host plants, and found an additional 29 species, to those which had been identified in previous studies. At present, the identified host plants of H. cunea are composed of 62 families and 219 species in total since their first appearance was reported approximately 50 years ago. Host plants include 5 species of food crops (2.3%), 6 species of vegetables (2.7%), 4 species of medicinal crops (1.8%), 1 species of industrial crops (0.5%), 13 species of fruit trees (5.9%), 6 species of other trees crops (2.7%) as well as a further 5 species of farmed crops (2.3%). Seven species of host plants (18.4%) originate from North America where Hyphantria cunea has been introduced from, while 11 species (29.0%) are from China and Japan, Europe and India were the native sources of (10.5%) of the origin with 4 species, respectively. Seventeen species of trees, including Platanus occidentalis L., Ulmus davidiana (var.) japonica (Rehder) (Nakai) and Cornus officinalis (Siebold & Zucc) were heavily noted to be heavily infected with larval populations.

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