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In the modern globalized economy, textiles and apparel products are developed, produced and distributed in a global economic setting. For countries such as Korea with a non-English native language, it is important to prepare students with the ability to interact competently in English in the fashion business field. Therefore, it is inevitable to offer a fashion business English course in universities. An ADDIE model, which is a basis to instructional systems development, consists of five steps: analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. In this study, analyses was conducted to suggest directions for the curriculum design and development of the fashion business English course. A survey was distributed to 61 professionals who have worked in the fashion industry for 4 month to 16 years. Most of the respondents thought that it was necessary to offer business English course for students in apparel-related fields. The respondents answered that English skills were needed when working as a merchandiser or buyer at a company involved in foreign trade, collecting information, having meetings with foreign buyers or consultants, and taking business trips. Most of the respondents thought that learning professional vocabularies, from basic words such as warp, weft, lengthwise grain and hem to specialized names of seams, pockets, fasteners, stitches, details, etc., that are essential in the fashion field, were common, important or very important. Similar results were shown about writing e-mails, letters, faxes, and resumes, reading articles on fashion trends, mass customization, ready-to-wear, trade, and speaking general business English. The respondents answered that reading articles or books on market trends, social issues, trade documents, fashion history would be helpful. It was also recommended to practice giving presentations and job interviewing in English, and to learn professional vocabularies related to financial affairs and trade. Based on these analyses results, specific learning objects and instructional material can be designed and developed.
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare aggressive neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin that shows locoregional or distant metastasis. Metastasis of MCC to body cavity effusion is extremely rare; only three cases have been reported so far. Metastatic MCC in effusion cytology shows small blue round cells with fine stippled chromatin like other small blue round cell tumors such as small cell lung carcinoma or lymphoma. The diagnosis of metastatic MCC can grant patients good chances at recently advanced therapeutic options. Here, we present a case of metastatic MCC to pleural effusion with characteristic single file-like pattern.
The purpose of this study is to utilize SCAMPER creativity tools to analyze surrealism-inspired fashion designs and to evaluate the creative value of surrealist fashion while providing a systematic source for creative design ideation. Thirty-two surrealism-inspired collections, introduced from 2000 S/S to 2016 F/W and highlighted by articles in Vogue and Elle, were analyzed by applying the sub-questions of SCAMPER. The results demonstrate that surrealism-inspired fashion designs are valuable for creative design ideation because all 10 SCAMPER components—Substitute, Combine, Adapt, Modify, Magnify, Minify, Put to other use, Eliminate, Rearrange and Reverse—are utilized in the analyzed designs. Specifically, the following expression techniques are found: 3-D substitution of 2-D and vice versa; combination of two items as well as 2-D and 3-D; adaptation of surrealist artists’ works, techniques for the decoration, and morphologically similar objects; size and morphological modification of items, objects, and decorations; items and objects put to other use; partial elimination of garments including leaving holes and cuts in garments; and rearranging of garment parts including reversal of front/back and in- side/outside. In the future, more surrealism-inspired collections should be analyzed to accumulate a greater variety of creative design examples.
최근 기후변화 및 국제교역량, 여행객, 외국 이주민 등의 증가로 국내 농작물에 큰 피해를 입힐 수 있는 고위험 식물 병의 국내 유입이 꾸준히증가하고 있고 이에 따라, 검역기관 종사자들의 업무량도 늘어나고 있다. 특히 ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’가 원인병원균인 감자제브라칩병의 경우, 발생하게 되면 감자를 초토화시켜 막대한 피해를 야기한다. ‘Ca. L. solanacearum’의 감자와 토마토 등의 가지과(Solanaceae) 작물과 당근을 포함하는 산형과(Umbelliferae) 작물이 기주가 될 수 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 아직까지 국내에 유입되지 않은 감자 제브라칩병과매개충인 토마토 감자 나무이(tomato potato psyllid; TPP; Bactericera cockerelli Sulc.)에 대한 예찰 조사를 수행하였다. 예찰 조사를 위해전국을 7개 권역(경기-강원, 충청, 전북, 전남, 경북, 경남 및 제주)으로 나누고, 각 권역에 속하는 3개 지역 중심으로 수행하였는데, 경기-강원권역은 인천, 화성, 춘천 및 홍천, 충청 권역은 공주, 세종 및 청주, 전북 권역은 익산, 완주 및 정읍, 전남 권역은 보성, 고흥 및 순천, 경북권역은 상주, 김천 및 안동, 경남 권역은 거창, 함양 및 진주, 제주 권역은 구좌 및 성산 지역이 해당되며, 지역당 3개 지점을 두고 조사하였다. 매개충 TPP 조사를 위해 끈끈이 트랩을 이용한 조사를 병행하였다. 예찰 조사는 2018년 9월부터 10월까지 2주 간격으로 실시하였다. 2018년예찰 조사결과, 감자 제브라칩병과 매개충인 TPP는 국내에는 확인되지 않았다. 이 연구는 식물병을 조기에 탐지하기 위해 구축된 전국적인 모니터링네트워크를 통해 수행할 수 있었고, 국외 외래유입병들의 예찰 조사를 위한 지역 거점을 확보하는데 기여하였다고 평가된다. In recent years, the influx of high-risk plant diseases that can cause great damage to domestic crops, is steadily increasing due to climate change and the increase in international trade, travelers, and foreign migrants. Accordingly, the workload of quarantine agency workers is increasing. In particular, Zebra chip caused by ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ causes devastation and enormous damage, which cannot be recovered. Solanaceae crops, including potato and tomato, and Umbelliferae crops, including carrot, can be the host of 'Ca. L. solanacearum'. In this study, we surveyed the occurrence of Zebra chip and its pest vector, tomato potato psyllid (TPP; Bactericera cockerelli Sulc.), which are known to not exist in Korea. For the survey, we divided the whole country into 7districts (Gyeonggi-Gangwon, Chungcheong, Jeonbuk, Jeonnam, Gyeongbuk, Gyeongnam, and Jeju) including 3regions per district. The survey regions of Gyeonggi-Gangwon included Incheon, Hwaseong, Chuncheon, and Hongcheon; Chungcheong included Gongju, Sejong, and Cheongju; Jeonbuk included Iksan, Wanju, and Jeongeup; Jeonnam included Boseong, Goheung, and Suncheon; Gyeongbuk included Sangju, Gimcheon, and Andong; Gyeongnam included Geochang, Hamyang and Jinju; and Jeju included Gujwa and Seongsan. Three sites per region were included in the survey. Using sticky traps, we carried out the investigation of pest vector TPP of 'Ca. L. solanacearum'. The survey was conducted every two weeks from September to October 2018. According to a 2018 survey, Zebra chip disease and its pest vector TPP were not found in South Korea. This study was conducted through a nationwide monitoring network established for early prediction of plant disease outbreaks, and it is considered to have contributed to establishment of the basis for predicting outbreaks of exotic plant diseases.
Hyalinizing trabecular tumor (HTT) is a rare thyroid tumor with low to minimal malignant potential. HTT is often misinterpreted as other thyroid tumors, including papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology, because of its overlapping cytologic features, such as nuclear grooves and intranulcear pseudoinclusions. Although cytopathologists cannot definitely conclude HTT by FNA cytology, suspicion of HTT is necessary to avoid misdiagnosing HTT as PTC or MTC and to avoid unnecessary aggressive treatment. Here, we report a case of HTT with novel cytologic features in CellPrep liquid based cytology that was diagnosed as suspicious for papillary carcinoma by FNA and finally diagnosed as HTT in the surgical specimen.
Articles from The New York Times and magazines including Consumer Digest, Journal of Home Economics, Scholastic, Time and Woman's Home Companion were analyzed in this study and focused on the following research questions: How did the social situation influence American women's adoption of pants during World War II? How were the social opinions of women's adoption of pants? How did American women's adoption of pants and the social opinions on women's pants represent the process of change in the definition of femininity during World War II? Women were encouraged to wear pants in work places because many women had to work in defense industries and farms. Women had to wear pants during the winter to keep warm in order to conserve oil, rubber, and other materials. In addition, wearing men's clothes became a fashion trend among college women during this period. However, practicality was often not the primary thing alone to consider in women's fashion. Femininity was still important in women's fashion. There were criticisms over the women's adoption of pants. Regulations against pants were imposed on women, while there were women who wanted to dress like ladies even at defense industries. An abrupt change in women's gender roles and the increased adoption of trousers aroused social ambivalence about the traditional definition of femininity. Even though many women returned to their homes after the war, the social demand of practicality in women's day-time clothes during the war offered women the experience of comfort and practicality in pants. These experiences contributed to paving the way for more women to adopt pants and helped establishing a new definition of femininity after the war.
The purpose of this study is to examine the sociocultural meanings of flapper look in American society during the 1920s. Using the ProQuest database, I searched articles from The New York Times published between 1920 and 1929 for opinions and discussions on the flapper look. Keywords included “clothing,” “dress,” “fashion,” and “flapper,” and advertisements and articles on menswear, leisurewear, and bathing suits were excluded. In the resulting articles, I extracted the following sociocultural meanings: autonomy, activeness, practicality, attractiveness, and extravagance. Meanings were analyzed from the opinions and discussions focusing on skirt length, dresses that directly and indirectly exposed the body, heavy make-up, non-constricting underwear, the H-line dress, bobbed hair, hygiene, comfort, and consumption. In sum, the 1920s flapper look represented progressive characteristics such as autonomous and active womanhood and practicality, which matched the technological development of the time. However, the flapper look was commercialized and exploited to make women look attractive and extravagant. Even though American women had access to higher education, more economic power, and suffrage in the 1920s, they were limited in their ability to overcome social conventions and the power of consumerism. Understanding the double-sidedness of flapper look within the social context of the time would enhance the comprehension of the relationship between women’s lifestyles and changing fashion.
This study aims to discover the health-related lifestyles about Korean traditional dietary (Hansik) choices. We identified which food items are widely perceived as Hansik based on the 2013~2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANS) data and investigated distinct patterns of health-related status and behaviors using cluster analysis. Relying on a Tobit approach, we found that age, region, education level, household income, number of household members and marriage status significantly contributed to individual’s rate of Hansik consumption. We also found that the group with relatively younger people characterized by a busy lifestyle and more social activities, those who showed a higher household income, and people who live in metropolitan areas tended to consume less Hansik dietary. We also highlighted that the group with unhealthy lifestyles and risk-averse(cluster 4) tended to consume more Hansik dietary, while the group with healthy lifestyles and risk-prone habits(cluster 2) were likely to consume less Hansik dietary. Regarding policy implications, the result of our study can be used to develop a tailor-made strategy for each group of clusters aimed at increasing Hansik consumption.
최근 기후변화 및 국제교역량, 여행객, 외국 이주민 증가 등으로 국내 농작물에 큰 피해를 입힐 수 있는 고위험 식물병의 유입이 꾸준히 증가하고있다. 검역 대상인 병원체의 수가 증가함에 따라 검역기관 및 연구원의 업무량이 증가하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 지역별 주요 수출대상 과수인포도, 단감, 감귤의 국내 미기록 병과 원인병원체에 대한 예찰조사를 수행하였다. 이를 위해 전국을 경기-강원, 충청, 전북, 전남, 경북, 경남 그리고제주 등 7개 권역으로 나누고 각 권역 소재 대학에서 예찰조사를 수행하여 예찰네트워크를 구축하고자 하였다. 포도 대상 병은 모두 4종으로, Pierce’s disease (Xylella fastidiosa), brown rot (Monilinia fructigena), anthracnose (Greeneria uvicola), 그리고 esca (Phaeomoniella chlamydospora)을조사하였고 경기-강원, 충청도, 전라북도, 그리고 경상북도 권역을 중심으로 각 권역당 3개 지역 그리고 지역당 3개 지점을 두고 조사하였다. 단감은 모두 3종으로, brown spot (Fusicladium levieri), black leaf spot (Adisciso kaki), 그리고 black spot (Phoma kakivora)을 조사하였고국내 단감 주생산지인 경상남도와 전라남도 권역을 중심으로 각 권역당 3개 지역 그리고 지역당 3개 지점을 두고 조사하였다. 감귤 대상 병은모두 2종으로, citrus scab (Elsinoë australis), Septoria spot (Septoria citri)을 조사하였고 감귤 주생산지인 제주권역을 중심으로 조사하였다. 모두 9종에 대한 예찰조사는 2019년 4월부터 10월까지 2주간격으로 실시하였다. 예찰조사결과 주요 수출대상 과수인 포도, 단감, 감귤의 국내미기록병 9종에 대한 원인병원체는 발견되지 않았다. 이 연구를 통해 식물병을 조기에 탐지할 수 있는 전국적인 모니터링 시스템을 구축하였고, 국외외래유입병들의 예찰조사를 위한 지역 거점을 확보하였다고 평가된다. In recent years, the influx of high-risk plant diseases, which can cause great damage to domestic crops, has been steadily increasing due to climate change, increased international trade, increased travelers, and foreign migrants. As the number of pathogens to be quarantined increases, the workload of quarantine agencies and researcher’s increases. In this study, a preliminary survey was conducted on domestic unrecorded diseases and causative pathogens of grapes, sweet persimmons, and citrus fruits, which are major export targets by region. For this study, the whole country was divided into seven districts, including Gyeonggi-Gangwon, Chungcheong, Jeonbuk, Jeonnam, Gyeongbuk, Gyeongnam, and Jeju, and a survey network was established between universities in each district to conduct the forecast network. The four grape diseases surveyed included Pierce’s disease (Xylella fastidiosa), brown rot (Monilinia fructigena), anthracnose (Greeneria uvicola), and esca (Phaeomoniella chlamydospora). The study was conducted with three regions per district and three sites per region. The three sweet persimmon diseases included brown spot (Fusicladium levieri), black leaf spot (Adisciso kaki), and black spot (Phoma kakivora). The two citrus diseases included citrus scab (Elsinoë australis) and Septoria spot (Septoria citri). Preliminary surveys on all 9 species were conducted every two weeks from April to October 2019. As a result of the survey, no 9 pathogens of grapes, sweet persimmons, and citrus fruits, which are major export targets, were found in South Korea. Through this study, a nationwide monitoring system was established to detect plant diseases early, and it is estimated that it secured a regional base for the outlook investigation of foreign invasive diseases.
Bikini, a brief two-piece bathing suit revealing the wearer's navel, was first introduced in Paris, in 1946. However, it was not until the late 1950s that Americans were ready to adopt bikinis. Therefore, I focused on the following research questions to understand the popularization process of bikinis in the United States, from 1946 to the 1960s: 1. Why were Americans initially hesitant to adopt the bikini? 2. What were the factors that influenced the popularization of the bikini among Americans in the late 1950s? Primary sources including Bazaar. Madmoiselle, Vogue, The New York Times, and Life were reviewed. I referred to secondary sources on the history of fashion and American popular culture to interpret primary sources. According to the primary sources, Americans were hesitant to adopt the bikini, partly due to the excessive demand on the wearer's figure. However, the conservative social atmosphere during Cold War would not accept immorality and obscenity which would threaten America's future. Therefore, the campaigns against the sex industry, which developed prominently after WWII, predominated American society during the 1950s. Under this atmosphere, a small number of pictures and articles on bikinis appeared in the primary sources. Bikinis were only found in advertisements including sun lotions and hair removers. However, American society had to accept the change in sexual mores by the end of the 1930s. Body-revealing fashions including miniskirts, hot pants, and see-through material reflected the change in social convention. By the end of the 1950s, the number of pictures and articles on bikinis also began to increase in the primary sources. More Americans adopted bikinis with the increasing number of private pools and European trips. The vogue of sun-tanning and movies featuring bikinis further contributed to their popularity in the late 1930s and into the 1960s.