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안의삼동은 19세기 영남 지방 최고의 명승으로 각광받던 곳이었으나 오늘날에는 각 경관요소가 산재되어 전해오고 있다. 본 연구는 안의삼동의 경관구조 재현 및 명승적 가치 제고를 위해 관찬지리지에 수록된 주요지점을 추출하고 경관구조를 살펴본 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 도출하였다. 관찬지리지에 나타나는 안의삼동의 명승적 가치를 지닌 주요지점을 추출한 결과 화림동은 6개소, 심진동은 9개소, 원학동은 25개소로 확인되었다. 화림동은 누정과 형승이 각각 3개소로 나타났으며, 심진동의 주요지점은 모두 형승에 해당하는 자연물에 해당하였다. 원학동은 안의삼동 동천 중 가장 많은 요소들이 수록되었다. 화림동은 정자 중심의 경구집합형, 심진동은 계곡을 따라 분포하는 경점연속형, 원학동은 경구집합형과 경점연속형이 동시에 나타나는 복합형의 개별 분포 구조를 지니고 있었으며 각 동천의 집합적 의미구조를 살펴본 결과 지형에 따라 시각적·거리적 격리를 통해 주변과의 영역성을 달리하고 있으며, 좁은 입구와 위요된 지형은 동천이 무릉도원의 공간으로 인식되는 구조를 지니고 있었다. 또한 19세기 유람문화의 성행과 함께 효율적인 경로 모색에 의한 각 주요지점의 연계는 이전시기 개별 동천으로 인식되던 경관구조가 통합된 하나의 동천으로 확대되었으며, 이는 동일한 시점과 종점, 유람경로를 지니는 일반적인 동천의 경관전개와는 차별성을 지닌다. This study aims to reproduce of Anuisamdong's landscape structure and improve the value of Scenic site. It was extract main spot from Geography book published by government in the 19th Century. And analyzed landscape architecture of Dongcheon. Extract main spot from Geography book published by government. Consequently, Hwarim-dong main spot 6 places, Simjin-dong main spot 9 places, and Wonhak-dong main spot 25 places were identified. Hwarim-dong's main spot was divided into 3 places of pavilion and scenery, respectively. Simjin-Dong's main spots was all that natural elements as a scenery. Wonhak-dong's main spot was the most elements of the Anuisamdong in geography book published by government. Hwarim-dong was pavilion-based scenery area complex, Simjin-dong was continues scenery spot along the valley, and Wonhak-dong was hybrid distribution that landscape structure. Each dongcheon in Anuisamdong was created a separate area through isolated geographical, visually for structure of collectively means. Also, a narrow entrance and enclosure topography are areas which arouse atmosphere of paradise. In addition, Aunuisamdong's landscape structure, which was previously divided into individual Dongcheon, was expanded into a single integrated landscape structure of Dongcheon .This is different from the general landscape development of common Dongcheon with the same starting and ending points and sightseeing routes.
김동현(Dong-Hyun Kim), 김꽃봉우리(Koth-Bong-Woo-Ri Kim), 김민지(Min-Ji Kim), 선우찬(Chan Sunwoo), 정슬아(Seul-A Jung), 김현지(Hyun-Jee Kim), 정다현(Da-Hyun Jeong), 김태완(Tae-Wan Kim), 조영제(Young-Je Cho), 안동현(Dong-Hyun Ahn) 한국식품영양과학회 2012 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.41 No.4
본 연구는 지충이 추출물의 lipase 저해활성을 알아보고, 식품산업에 적용가능성을 확인하기 위해 열, pH 및 감마선 조사에 대한 안정성을 검토하였다. 지충이 추출물을 1, 2.5 및 5 mg/mL의 농도에서 lipase 저해활성을 측정한 결과, 에탄올 추출물에서 각각 16.12, 19.32 및 37.37%의 저해활성을 보여 물 추출물보다 높은 저해활성을 보였다. 높은 저해활성을 보인 지충이 에탄올 추출물의 열 안정성을 검토한 결과, 모든 처리구에서 기존의 lipase 저해활성보다 유의적으로 증가하는 경향을 나타내었으며, 특히 121℃, 15 min 처리구에서 대조구에 비해 약 13% 정도 저해활성이 가장 많이 증가하였다. pH 안정성을 검토한 결과, 중성영역(pH 4-8)에서는 안정하였으나, pH 2 및 10 조건하에서 대조구에 비해 다소 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 감마선 조사에 대한 안정성 검토결과, 모든 처리구에서 유의적인 차이 없이 안정한 것을 확인하였다. 이상의 결과로 lipase 저해활성을 지니는 지충이 에탄올 추출물이 식품산업에 폭넓게 이용될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다. Inhibitory activity of Sagassum thunbergii (ST) against porcine pancreatic lipase was assessed after heat treatment, pH changes, and gamma irradiation. This analysis revealed that the ST ethanol extract exhibited high lipase inhibitory activity (37.37%) at 5 mg/mL. The ST ethanol extract was treated with heat at 60℃ for 10, 30, and 60 min; 80 and 100℃ for 10 and 20 min; and 121℃ for 15 min, pH (2, 4, 6, 8 and 10) and γ-irradiation (3, 7 and 20 kGy). The lipase inhibitory activity of the ST ethanol extract increased in all heat treatments, especially at 121℃ for 15 min (51.55%) compared with the control. With regard to pH stability, the ST ethanol extract showed no significant changes at pH 4~8, but somewhat decreased inhibitory activity was revealed at pH 2 (26.25%) and 10 (29.93%). On the other hand, the ST ethanol extract was not affected by γ-irradiation treatment conditions used in this study. These results suggest that ST has a potential role as a functional food agent.
In this study, transonic aeroelastic response analyses have been conducted for the DLR-F4(wing-body) aircraft configuration considering shockwave and flow separation effects. The developed fluid-structure coupled analysis system is applied for aeroelastic computations combining computational structural dynamics(CSD), fmite element method(FEM) and computational fluid dynamics(CFD) in the time domain. It can give very accurate and useful engineering data on the structural dynamic design of advanced flight vehicles. For the nonlinear unsteady aerodynamics in high transonic flow region, Navier-Stokes equations using the structured grid system have been applied to wing-body configurations. In transonic flight region, the characteristics of static and dynamic aeroelastic responses have been investigated for a typical wing-body configuration model. Also, it is typically shown that the current computation approach can yield realistic and practical results for aircraft design and test engineers.
The purpose of this study was to provide strategic marketing for sports tourism development in Jeonlanamdo. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, based on previous studies by Kim(2008), Kim(2008), Lee(2004), Yang(2006), Heo(2007) and Ann(2008), the model of strategic marketing of sports tourism, visitors`s satisfaction, revisit intention and word-of-mouth intention was established. The study subjects were the visitors who visited 7 sport tourist resorts in Jeollanam-do. After study population was selected, 275 questionnaires for visitors were sampled by using convenience sampling method. 24 poor questionnaires which were not suitable for the study were excluded and finally a total of 251 were used for the final data. SPSS 16.0 was used for goodness-of-fit test of model and individual hypothesis was tested. First, regarding strategic marketing factors while service, place, facility, experience & image were found to have a significant effect on visitors`s satisfaction. Second, regarding strategic marketing factors while service, place, experience & image were found to have a significant effect on revisit intention, but facility has a negative effect on revisit intention. Third, regarding strategic marketing factors while service, place, experience & image were found to have a significant effect on word-of-mouth intention, but facility has a negative effect word-of-mouth intention. Fourth, the factor of visitors`s satisfaction effects on word-of-mouth intention. Finally, the factor of visitors`s satisfaction effects on word-of-mouth intention.
This study investigated the influence of music rope-skipping exercise and nutritional education on physical fitness and body composition of secondary school students and to present a basic data on health care for the adolescents. The studied group consisted of 60 male and 40 female adolescents divided into four groups that were matched for age, and weight. The first was control group(C), the second group participated in nutritional education(N), the third group participated in music rope-skipping training(E) and the last group participated in both intervention(NE). Prior to and following intervention anthropometry, body composition, and fitness tests were measured. Analysis of the data was accomplished using SPSS 14.0 program to study differences between groups by ANOVA. Body fat and fat ratio increments were lowered in N than C, and Nutrition test score and 50m running was improved in N and E than C respectively. NE showed significant improvements of fat free mass and fat mass changes, and cardiovascular fitness than other groups. 12 weeks of music rope-skipping and nutritional education improved body composition, and the record of long-distance running synergically in adolescents. These results suggest that enhancement of cardiovascular endurace capacity, and nutritional knowledge through music rope-skipping exercise and nutritional education program is effective not only for the improvement of positive changes in anthropometric parameters but also fitness development among middle school students.
In this study, transonic aeroelastic response analyses have been conducted for the DLR-F4(wing-body) aircraft configuration considering shockwave and flow separation effects. The developed fluid-structure coupled analysis system is applied for aeroelastic computations combining computational structural dynamics(CSD), finite element method(FEM) and computational fluid dynamics(CFD) in the time domain. It can give very accurate and useful engineering data on the structural dynamic design of advanced flight vehicles. For the nonlinear unsteady aerodynamics in high transonic flow region, Navier-Stokes equations using the structured grid system have been applied to wing-body configurations. In transonic flight region, the characteristics of static and dynamic aeroelastic responses have been investigated for a typical wing-body configuration model. Also, it is typically shown that the current computation approach can yield realistic and practical results for aircraft design and test engineers.
김동현(Dong-Hyun Kim), 신터전(Teo-Jeon Shin), 현홍근(Hong-Keun Hyun), 김영재(Young-Jae Kim), 김정욱(Jung-Wook Kim), 이상훈(Sang-Hoon Lee), 김종철(Chong-Chul Kim), 장기택(Ki-Taeg Jang) Asia association of Disability and Oral health 2016 대한장애인치과학회지 Vol.12 No.2
Regular dental visit of disabled patients is an important strategy for maintenance of oral health because of the lack of awareness of oral care. But there is limited information about follow up period in disabled patients after dental treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the pattern of dental visit and dental management of special care needs patients according to the types of disabilities. A total of 140 patients who received dental treatment at Seoul National University Dental Hospital from 2010 to 2012 were reviewed. Patients were divided 3 groups according to the types of disabilities (disorder of external physical function, disorder of internal organ, psychic disability). Patient's characteristic, dental treatment performed, follow up period and frequency were investigated. The mean follow up period was 28.2 months and average frequency of visit was 3.69 times per year. There was no difference in period and annual visit between 3 groups, but significantly difference in cooperation with medical hospital in affiliation. Regular check-up was the most common dental treatment in all groups. In psychic disorder group, the proportion of sedative treatment was significantly higher than other groups. The results of this study provide information necessary for treatment planning and dental management of disabled patients.