http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
본 연구는 아들러(Adler) 개인심리학에 근거한 자기격려 셀프카운슬링 프로그램이 청소년의 자아탄력성과 대인관계, 사회적 관심에 미치는 효과를 검증하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 본 연구의 프로그램 적용 및 효과검증을 위해 경남 H군 M고등학생 24명을 선별하여 사전검사를 실시하여 동질성을 확보한 뒤 실험집단과 통제집단을 각각 12명씩 구성하였다. 자료 분석을 위한 통계는 SPSS Windows 22.0 프로그램을 활용해 반복측정변량분석의 기술통계를 실시 후, 두 집단 모두 사전-사후검사를 실시하여 비교하였고, 1개월 후 두 집단 동시에 추후검사를 실시하여 효과 지속성을 검증 하였다. 또한 참가자의 자기보고식 소감문과 참가 후 자기평가와 관찰 조사를 통해 양적 검증을 보완하였다. 본 연구결과 자기격려 셀프카운슬링 프로그램이 청소년의 자아탄력성, 대인관계, 사회적 관심 전체에서 프로그램 실시 전보다 실시 후가 향상되었다. 참여자의 자기평가 질적 분석에서 자기격려 셀프카운슬링 프로그램이 자기 자신이 변화할 수 있다는 자신감 및 친구에 대한 관심과 사회에 공헌할 수 있는 사람으로 성장하는데 도움이 되었으며, 일상생활에서 발생하는 문제는 자기격려를 통해 스스로 해결하는데 도움이 되었다고 보고 하였다. 따라서 청소년의 자아탄력성, 대인관계, 사회적 관심의 향상을 위해 자기격려 셀프카운슬링 프로그램의 체계적인 구축이 필요하다고 본다. The objective of this study is to verify the effect of the self encouragement self counseling program based on the Adler's individual psychology on ego-resilience, interpersonal relationship and social interest of adolescents. To apply the program of this study and to verify the effect, 24 students from M highschool in H-county, Gyeongnam were selected, in-advance examinations were carried out to secure homogeneity, and 12 were assigned to experiment group and 12 were assigned to control group. SPSS 22.0 program was used to carry out technical statistics of repeated measures ANOVA for the statistics of the data analysis, and in-advance and post examinations were carried out for both groups for comparison, and examinations were carried out for both groups at the same time after 1 month to verify the continuity of the effect. Also, quantitative verification was supplemented with self reporting type impression review and self assessment and observation survey after the participation. As a result of this study, all of ego-resilience, interpersonal relationship, and social interest were improved after carrying out self encouragement self counseling program compared to before carrying it out. In the participants' self assessment qualitative analysis, it was reported that, self encouragement and self counseling program were helpful for improving the self-confidence that they can change and interest in friends, and to grow as a person who can contribute to society, and to solve the problems in daily lives through self encouragement. Therefore, I think it is necessary to systematically establish systemic self encouragement self counseling program to improve adolescents' ego-resilience, interpersonal relationship, social interest.
In order to investigate the effects of Kaejibokryungwhan, Sobokchugeotang and Dohongsamultang on mesangial cell proliferation and fibronectin synthesis, laboratory study was performed. The results are summarized as follows; 1. Mesangial cell proliferation was significantly decreased in the Kaejibokryungwhan group and the Dohongsamultang group compared with the Control group. In the Sobokchugeotang group, the mesangia1 cell proliferation activity was lesser than Control group, but it was statistically non-significant. In Kaejibokryungwhan group, the Sobokchugeotang group and Dohongsamultang group, mesangial cell proliferation was significantly decreased compared with the Hydrocortisone group 2. In the group, which contained fetal bovine serum, fibronectin synthesis was decreased in the Kaejibokryungwhan group, the Sobokchugeotang group and Dohongsamultang group compared with Control group, but the difference was statistically non-significant. In Kaejibokryungwhan group, Sobokchugeotang group and Dohongsamultang group, fibronectin was less decreased compared with that of Hydrocortisone group. 3. In the group, which contained fetal bovine serum, fibronectin synthesis was significantly decreased in Kaejibokryungwhan group and Sobokchugeotang group than those of Control group. In Dohongsamultang group, the fibronectin synthesis was decreased than Control group, but the difference was statistically non-significant. In Sobokchugeotang group, the fibronectin synthesis was decreased than Hydrocortisone group, but it was statistically non-significant. According to the above results, the mesangial cell proliferation and fibronectin systhesis could be reduced by Kaejibokryungwhan group significantly.
본 논문에서는 인터넷 상에서 실시간 영상 감시를 위한 웹 카메라 시스템의 구조를 제안하고 구현하였다. 구현된 웹 카메라 시스템은 구현 방식에 따라 두 가지로 개발되었다. 첫 번째 시스템에서는 웹서버와 카메라 서버가 서로 동일한 시스템 상에서 구현되어 동작되도록 하였다. 이 시스템에서는 동영상 파일이 주기적으로 JPEG 파일로 압축되어 인터넷을 통하여 사용자에게 전달된다. 두 번째 시스템에서는 웹서버와 카메라 서버가 서로 다른 시스템에 구현되도록 하여 카메라 서버가 동영상 파일을 웹서버로 전송하면 최종적으로 웹서버에 접속한 사용자에게 동영상 파일을 전송하도록 하였다. JPEG으로 압축된 영상 이미지의 전송을 위하여 본 시스템은 자바 애플릿과 자바 스크립트를 사용하여 개발되었는데 이는 ActiveX나 스크립트 언어만을 사용한 경우보다 운영시스템과 브라우저에 독립적으로 동작할 수 있게 하기 위함이다. 본 논문에서 구현된 두 가지 구조의 시스템의 성능 비교를 위하여 각 시스템에 대하여 전송되는 데이터의 트래픽을 초당 바이트 단위로 측정하여 그 결과를 시뮬레이션 하였다. In this study, the architecture of the Web Camera System for realtime monitoring on Internet is proposed and implemented in two different structures. In the one architecture, a Web-server and a Camera-server are implemented on the same system, and the system transfers motion pictures compressed to JPEG file to users on the WWW(World Wide Web). In the other architecture, the Web-server and the Camera-server are implemented on different systems, and the motion pictures are transferred from the Camera-server to the Web-server, and finally to users. For JPEG image transferring in the Web Camera system, the Java Applet and the Java Script are used to maximize flexibility of the system from the Operating system and the Web browsers. In order to compare system performance between two architectures, data traffic is measured and simulated in the unit of byte per second.
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness and limitation of QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QTB) for diagnosis of latent tuberculosis in children. Methods : The medical records of 112 children who were tested by tuberculin skin test (TST) and QTB for detection of latent tuberculosis (TB) in Eulji General Hospital during the period from January 2007 to June 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Results : Of the 112 participants, the clinical TB group included 15 (13.4%), the contact group included 43 (38.4%), and the non-contact group included 54 (48.2%). Positive rates of TST and QTB were 100% and 80% in the clinical TB group, 64%and 14% in the close contact group, 27% and 0% in the casual contact group, and 52% and 2% in the non-contact group,respectively. Sensitivity of QTB was 80.0% and specificity was 92.6%. Agreement between QTB and TST was poor (κ=0.209). We also confirmed that the positive rate of QTB increased as the age of the patient increased (P =0.011). A QTB indeterminate result was observed in 11 (9.8%) subjects. QTB was retested in 15 subjects. In 5 of the 6 subjects who had positive results initially, positive results persisted for a median 2.2 months after termination of treatment. Conclusion : Although QTB was associated with several problems, including low sensitivity and a high rate of indeterminate results, it had clinical importance due to its high specificity. We found good correlation with regard to exposure and QTB positivity, including that of young children under 5 years of age. However, clinical application of interferon-γ releasing assay for young children for diagnosis of active and latent tuberculosis will require additional prospective studies. 목 적 : 본 연구는 소아에서 QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QTB) 검사의 임상적 유용성과 문제점을 평가하기 위해 시행되었다. 방 법: 2007년 1월부터 2009년 6월까지 본원에서TST와 QTB를 시행 받은 소아청소년 112명의 의무 기록을 후향적으로 조사하였다. 결 과: TST와 QTB의 양성률은 각각 59.8%, 15.2%였고, 두 검사의 일치도는 낮았다(κ=0.209). QTB의 민감도와 특이도는 각각 80.0%, 92.6%였다. QTB 양성율은 임상적 결핵군, 긴밀 접촉군, 일반 접촉군, 비접촉군에서 각각 80%, 14%, 0%, 2% 였으며, 판정보류의 빈도는 9.8%였다. QTB 추적 관찰이 시행된 환자 중, 초기QTB 양성이었던 6명 중 5명은 치료 종료 후 평균 2.2개월까지 양성이 지속되었다. 결 론:소아에서 QTB는 민감도가 낮고, 판정보류의빈도가 높다는 단점이 있으나, 특이도가 높은 장점이 있으므로, TST의 특이도가 낮은 점을 보완하여 결핵의 진단 및 치료 결정에 활용될 수 있을 것으로 생각된다.
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children is a frequent disease for which optimal diagnostic methods are still being defined. Treatment of OSA in children should include providing space, improving craniofacial growth, resolving all symptoms, and preventing the development of the disease in the adult years. Adenotonsillectomy (T&A) has been the treatment of choice and thought to solve young patient’s OSA problem, which is not the case for most adults. Recent reports showed success rates that vary from 27.2% to 82.9%. Children snoring regularly generally have a narrow maxilla compared to children who do not snore. The impairment of nasal breathing with increased nasal resistance has a well-documented negative impact on early childhood maxilla-mandibular development, making the upper airway smaller and might lead to adult OSA. Surgery in young children should be performed as early as possible to prevent the resulting morphologic changes and neurobehavioral, cardiovascular, endocrine, and metabolic complications. Close postoperative follow-up to monitor for residual disease is equally important. As the proportion of obese children has been increasing recently, parents should be informed about the weight gain after T&A. Multidisciplinary evaluation of the anatomic abnormalities in children with OSA leads to better overall treatment outcome.
This study has been carried out to investigated into corrosion of PC steel wires, heat-treated AISI1022 and AISI10B32 at set temperature by high frequency induction continuation heat-treatment, that was deposited in city water, seawater, 0.75% H₂SO₄ solution and NH₄SCN aqueous solution for the 20days.
The purpose of this study was to examine sleep patterns in a large sample of infants and toddlers (ages birth to 36 months) in Korea, and to compare sleep patterns, sleep problems, sleep ecology, and parental behaviors to global sleep data on young children in both predominately Asian (P-A) and predominately Caucasian (P-C) countries/regions. We additionally examined parent and child demographic information, parental behaviors, and aspects of the sleep ecology as predictors of sleep patterns among infants and toddlers in Korea. Parents/caregivers of 1,036 Korean infants and toddlers completed an expanded, internet-based version of the brief infant sleep questionnaire. Consistent with other studies of sleep in early childhood, sleep/wake patterns became increasingly consolidated with older child age for the Korea sample. Compared to both P-A and P-C infants and toddlers, children in Korea had the latest bedtimes, shortest total sleep and daytime sleep durations, and the least frequent rates of napping. Even though half of parents perceive their children’s sleep problematic, parental perceptions of severe child sleep problems were the lowest. Within Korea, breastfeeding and bottle-feeding at sleep resumption were associated with increased nocturnal awakenings. Evening television viewing was associated with later bedtimes, which may have implications for sleep hygiene recommendations in clinical practice. The current study provides important information about sleep/wake patterns, parental behaviors, and aspects of the sleep ecology for infants and toddlers for physicians to support healthy sleep in Korea.