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이 논문은 담장허물기 사업 시행 지역 거주자를 대상으로 한 의식조사를 통해 범죄예방측면에서 ‘담장허물기' 라는 지자체 사업의 실효성을 분석하고자 하였다. 이에 본 연구는 서울시 Green Parking 사업 우수 사례지 중 연구의 목적에 부합하는 구로구 구로5동 일대 담장허물기 사업 시행 지역을 연구 대상지로 선정한 후 해당 대상지 거주자를 대상으로 사업 시행 전과 후의 의식 변화를 비교 분석하였다. 즉, 담장허물기 사업 시행 이후 변화된 물리적 환경 요소가 방범만족도에 미치는 영향 정도를 실증적으로 분석하기 위해 CPTED 물리적 계획요소의 범죄예방효과에 대한 주민 의식을 조사하였다. 그 결과 방범만족도 등 조사 항목에 대해 사업 전 · 후 주민 의식이 변화된 것으로 나타났고, CPTED 물리적 계획요소에 대한 범죄예방효과 측정 결과 모든 계획 요소의 평균 점수가 보통(3.0)이상으로 나타났다. 또한 담장허물기 사업 시행 이후 변화된 물리적 환경이 방범만족도에 미치는 영향 정도를 분석한 결과 일부 계획요소가 방범만족도에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 연구결과는 차후 범죄예방환경설계 측면의 담장허물기 사업계획에 있어서 기초자료로서 의미를 가지게 될 것으로 판단된다. The purpose of the study is to analyze the effectiveness of ‘Wall Removal' project a local government driven in the aspect of crime prevention through a survey investigating their consciousness regarding the residents of project area. Therefore, the area of Guro 5-dong in Guro-gu where the wall removal project was to be held was selected as a case for the Green Parking project in Seoul, and then, questionnaire survey regarding the residents in this area was performed for comparative analysis of the change of consciousness before and after the project. That is, the residents' consciousness regarding the effect of crime prevention in regards to the physical planning factor of CPTED was investigated to analyze the degree of effect of changed physical environment factor on satisfaction for crime prevention after the performance of the wall removal project. As a result, the consciousness of residents changed before and after performing the project regarding survey items including satisfaction for crime prevention. Also, the average score of all planning factors showed normal (3.0) or higher as a result of measuring the physical planning factors of CPTED. In addition, after the project was held, as a result of analyzing the degree of effect of changed physical environment on satisfaction for crime prevention, it showed that partial planning factors had positive effect on satisfaction for crime prevention. It is judged that such results would be meaningful as basic data regarding wall removal project in the aspect of CPTED in the future.
본 연구의 목적은 재활전문병원 간호사의 전문직 자아개념의 영향요인을 파악하기 위하여 시도된 설명적 상관관계 연구이다. B시에 소재한 3개, D시에 소재한 2개의 300병상 미만의 재활전문병원에서 근무하는 간호사 192명에 대한 자료를 2015년 5월 1일부터 5월 30일까지 수집하여 SPSS Win 18.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구 결과 전문직 자율성은 평균 3.03점, 자기효능감은 3.43점, 전문직 자아개념 3.25점으로 나타났으며, 전문직 자율성과 전문직 자아개념의 관계는 순 상관관계를 보였으며, 자기효능감과 전문직 자아개념의 관계도 비교적 강한 순 상관관계를 나타냈다. 전문직 자아개념의 전 체 설명력은 46.9%로 나타났고, 전문직 자아개념에 가장 큰 영향을 미치는 요인은 자기효능감 으로 33%의 설명력을 나타냈 다. 따라서 이러한 결과를 바탕으로 재활전문병원 간호사의 자기효능감 향상을 통해 전문직 자아개념이 향상될 수 있도록 긍지와 자부심을 가질 수 있는 표준화된 전문교육 프로그램의 개발이 필요할 것이다. The aim of this descriptive correlation research was determine the factors affecting the professional self-concept of nurses working at rehabilitation hospitals. The data were collected from 192 nurses working at three rehabilitation hospitals with less than 300 beds in B City and at two in D City from May 1 to 30, 2015, and then analyzed using the SPSS Win 18.0 program. They scored 3.03 for professional autonomy, 3.43 for self-efficacy, and 3.25 for professional self-concept on average; professional autonomy was positively correlated with the professional self-concept and self-efficacy was strongly positively correlated with the professional self-concept. The professional self-concept generally accounted for 46.9% and the self-efficacy had the greatest impact on the professional self-concept, accounting for 33%. Based on these results, it is necessary to help rehabilitation hospital nurses improve their self-efficacy and develop standardized professional education programs to give them pride and dignity.
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본 연구의 목적은 푸드아트테라피프로그램이 다문화가정 초등학생의 자기효능감, 정서표 현, 적응유연성에 미치는 효과를 알아보고자 하는데 있다. 연구대상 선정을 위해 U시 M지 역아동센터 다문화가정초등학생에게 프로그램내용과 진행에 대한 공고와 설명을 하였고, 학부모동의를 거친 실험집단 7명과 U시 D지역아동센터와 B시 다문화가정 초등학생 7명을 통제집단에 각각 배치하였다. 연구진행은 2016년 1월 14일부터 2월 29일까지 주 2회 80분 씩 총 10회기 실험집단에게 푸드아트테라피 프로그램을 실시하였다. 측정도구는 자기효능 감 척도, 정서표현 척도와 적응유연성 척도를 사용하여 실험집단과 통제집단에게 사전-사 후검사를 하였고, 공변량 분석을 통하여 유의성을 확인하였으며 프로그램을 통한 경험분석 과 회기별 관찰내용을 분석하여 결과를 보완하였다. 연구결과로는 첫째, 자기효능감의 하 위 척도 중 과제난이도에서 유의하게 향상되었다. 둘째, 정서표현의 하위 척도 중 친밀한 정서표현과 긍정적 정서가 유의하게 향상되었다. 셋째, 적응유연성의 하위 척도 중 교사지 지, 의사소통, 문화수용성 영역이 유의하게 향상되었다. 마지막으로 연구결과를 토대로 연 구의 시사점과 제한점, 그리고 추후 연구를 위한 제안을 논의하였다. The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of food art therapy for self-efficacy, emotional expression and resilience of elementary school students in multi-cultural families. The experimental group for this study consisted of seven elementary school students in multi-cultural families who belong to the regional children center of Ulsan. Four elementary school students of the regional children center in Ulsan and three elementary school students in Busan were selected to be the control group. The program was composed of 10 sessions. Each session ran 80 minutes and was carried out twice a week. Tests to measure the participants self-efficacy, emotional expression and resilience were performed before and after the program Covariance (ANCOVA) was used as a statistical method and SPSS/WIN 21.0 was employed for statistical treatment on the results. The results of this study were as follows. First, the experimental group changed their self-efficacy further than the control group. Second, the experimental group improved emotional expression abilities more than the control group. Third, the experimental group improved resilience more than the control group. Limitations to the current study and recommendations for the future research are discussed.
This study was conducted targeting foreign students to examine their consciousness of residental environment and to propose plans of communal dormitories for foreign students that will be built in the future. For these purposes, research methods were set as following. First, a survey was conducted targeting Korean and foreign students after extracting assessment elements of residental environment of dormitories by reviewing the previous studies and literatures. Second, differences between two groups(Korean and foreign students) were drawn by comparing and analyzing their consciousness of residental environment through IPA(Importance-Performance Analysis). Third, improvement of residental environment of dormitories and plans of communal dormitories for foreign students that will be built afterwards were proposed based on 'planning elements to be preferentially corrected' according to IPA. Research results are as following. First, it was found that there were conscious differences of residental environment between Korean and foreign students in some categories. Also, for Korean students, the average grades of residental environment were respectively 4.23(Importance) and 3.48(Performance), and for foreign students, they were respectively 4.10 and 3.89. It implies that residental environment of dormitories should be improved. Second, as a result of IPA, detailed assessment elements of the external environment of dormitories and facility environment categories were placed in the 1st, 2nd and 4th quadrant, and majority of detailed assessment elements of functional internal environment category were placed in the 1st and 4th quadrant. Also, detailed assessment elements of social and psychological environment category were all placed in the 4th quadrant, excepting for D-5 elements.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the level of bone mineral densities of the femur neck and to identify factors affecting bone mineral density of the femur in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Methods: Participants were 121 PD patients visiting the outpatient clinic of D University Hospital in B City. Bone mineral density was measured at the femur neck by using a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. The serum vitamin D level, the amounts of milk intake, caffeine intake, cigaret smoking, and alcohol consumption, and the number of steps taken daily were measured. Past and present disease history, the medication history, and duration of the disease were also collected. The level of disability was obtained by neurologists using the Hoehn and Yahr stage and the Unified Parkinson"s Disease Rating Scale. Results: Among PD patients, 57% had osteopenia and 15.7% had osteoporosis. The bone mineral density of the femur was associated with weight, serum vitamin D level, age, and working status. Conclusion: The identification of weight and serum vitamin D level as important predictive factors emphasizes the importance of balanced nutrition for PD patients.
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This research analyzed regional application and characteristic of the public street model city project which was implemented to commercial street in order to seek scheme to secure regionality of urban street space. To begin with, regionality elements which are applied to each cases are classified into 7 elements : ‘consideration of local context', "consideration of user and reflection on needs of local people', ‘creation of regional image', ‘preservation and construction of historic environment', ‘construction and support of cultural environment', ‘ construction of urban infrastructure', ‘utilization of natural resources". The present condition and characteristic of regionality elements which are applied to plans of case study are following. First, the cases of Gwangbok Street and the Dongsung Street are appears to evenly applying regionality elements compare to the Dangsan Street case, in case of Dangsan Street, the‘preservation and construction of historic environment' element has not been applied. Second, as a result of an examination of the degree of regionality application to the plan of the each public space components., the public space component which reflected the most regionality elements is artistic element, also applied a lot to information facilities of functional components. In contrast, the degree of application of light facilities and traffic facilities were insufficient. Third, as a result of an analysis on the frequency of application of regionality components to the content of plan, the most applied components were ‘consideration of user and reflection on needs of local people', and ‘construction of urban infrastructure', contrarily insufficiently applied component was ‘utilization of natural resources'. Lastly, there was a suggestion of specific plan based on regional history and culture, also, abstract plan was suggested to each cases similarly.