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Kim, Geun-Tae,Cho, Mi-La,Park, Young-Eun,Yoo, Wan Hee,Kim, Jung-Hee,Oh, Hye-Jwa,Kim, Dae-Sung,Baek, Seung-Hoon,Lee, Sun-Hee,Lee, Jun-Hee,Kim, Ho-Youn,Kim, Sung-Il Springer-Verlag 2010 CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY Vol.29 No.3
<P>The aim of this study was to investigate the expressions of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, TLR4, TLR9, and their correlations with the expression of cytokines that are associated with activation of CD4<SUP>+</SUP> T cells and inflammation including interferon γ (IFNγ), interleukin 4 (IL4), interleukin 17 (IL17), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) in muscle tissues of patients with dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM). The expressions of TLR2, TLR4, TLR9, IFNγ, IL4, IL17, and TNFα were measured by real-time reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction in muscle tissues from 14 patients with DM and PM (nine patients with DM, five patients with PM) and three controls. The expressions of TLR2, TLR4, and TLR9 were also localized with immunohistochemistry. The expression levels of TLR2, TLR4, TLR9, IFNγ, IL4, IL17, and TNFα were significantly high in patients with DM and PM compared with those in the controls, and the expression levels of TLR4 and TLR9 had significant positive correlations with the expressions of IFNγ, IL4, IL17, and TNFα. Immunohistochemistry showed that TLR2, TLR4, and TLR9 were expressed by infiltrating cells of perimysium in DM, whereas they were expressed by infiltrating cells of endomysium in PM. These results suggest that the involvement of TLR4 and TLR9 in immunopathogenesis of DM and PM might be connected with activation of CD4<SUP>+</SUP> T cells.</P>
이성훈 ( Seong Hun Lee ),김태오 ( Tae Oh Kim ),이동현 ( Dong Hyun Lee ),박원일 ( Won Il Park ),김광하 ( Gwang Ha Kim ),허정 ( Jeong Heo ),강대환 ( Dae Hwan Kang ),송근암 ( Geun Am Song ),조몽 ( Mong Cho ) 대한내과학회 2006 대한내과학회지 Vol.71 No.1
Background: Both Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) cagA, vacA, iceA genotype and host IL-1B/IL-1RN polymorphisms play a role in determining the clinical consequences of H. pylori infection. This study aimed to investigate whether there might be any combinations of H. pylori cagA, vacA, iceA genotype and host IL-1B/IL-1RN polymorphisms that are particularly associated with the occurrence of gastric carcinoma in Korean patients. Methods: This study population was comprised of 239 patients with H. pylori infection: 122 with gastric carcinoma and 117 with gastritis only. DNA was isolated from gastric biopsy sample and H. pylori cagA, vacA and iceA genotype were determined by PCR. IL-1B-511 polymorphisms were genotyped by PCR-RFLP and IL-1RN polymorphisms were analyzed with variable number of tandom repeat after PCR. Results: H. pylori cagA, vacA, and iceA genotype were not associated with an increased risk for gastric carcinoma. IL-1B-511*T carriers and IL-1RN*2 carriers did not show increased risk for gastric carcinoma. On combination of bacterial/host genotypes, cagA+/IL-1B-511*T carriers and cagA+/IL-1RN*2 carriers, vacA s1/IL-1B-511*T carriers, vacA s1/IL-1RN*2 carriers, vacA m1/IL-1B-511*T carriers, vacA m1/IL-1RN*2 carriers, iceA1/IL-1B-511*T carriers, iceA1/IL-1RN*2 carriers showed no increased risk of gastric carcinoma. Conclusions: Combined H. pylori cagA, vacA, iceA genotype and host IL-1B/IL-1RN polymorphisms shows no increased risk of gastric carcinoma. Therefore, it seems other endogenous or exogenous factors may play more important role in the development of gastric carcinoma in Korean.(Korean J Med 71:24-37, 2006)
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Objective. The objective of this study was to examine the hypothesis that inflammatory synovial fluid from TMJ internal derangement initiates a transient increase in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in chondrocytes and the induced Ca2+ signaling affects iNOS/COX-2 gene expression patterns following exposure to inflamed synovial fluid. Materials and Methods. Two female adult patients with symptoms of TMD who agreed to participate in the study were selected for this study. Immortalized human juvenile costal chondrocyte C-28/I2 was grown to 80% confluency and synovial fluids from two patients were added respectively to culture media for 24 hours at the concentration of 100ng/10ml. Confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) was used to examine changes of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i). RT-PCR was performed to identify the expression profile of IL-1α, iNOS, COX-2. Results. Increased [Ca2+]i was observed in chondrocytes subjected to inflamed synovial fluid compared to control cultures and in respective cultures exposed to inflamed synovial fluids from each patient, IL-1β, COX-2 mRNA were detected. However, in neither case iNOS mRNA was expressed. IL-1α, COX-2, and iNOS mRNA were expressed in control culture. Conclusion. Our results show that immortalized chondrocytes cultured with inflamed synovial fluids from patients diagnosed as disc displacement without reduction and limitation in mouth opening showed increased calcium concentration and expression of COX-2 while inhibiting the production of iNOS, which in turn could adversely affect the chondrocytes in at least short term by hindering physiologic role of NO against inflammatory cascades. These findings suggest that inflamed synovial fluid may differentially regulate the transcriptomes of relevant inflammatory mediators, especially iNOS/COX-2 axis in chondrocytes through adjusting calcium transients.
Cheon, Yun-Hong,Lee, Seung-Geun,Kim, Mingyo,Kim, Hyun-Ok,Sun Suh, Young,Park, Ki-Soo,Kim, Rock Bum,Yang, Hyun-Su,Kim, Ji-Min,Son, Chang-Nam,Kyoung Park, Eun,Kim, Sang-Hyon,Lee, Sang-Il Elsevier 2018 Brain, behavior, and immunity Vol.73 No.-
<P><B>Abstract</B></P> <P>Inflammation and trophic factors (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], vascular endothelial growth factor, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, and insulin-like growth factor-1) are associated with depression in the general population. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic representative inflammatory autoimmune disease; however, the association of disease activity, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and neurotrophic factors with depression has not been sufficiently investigated. Therefore, we determined the prevalence of depression and risk factors for depression and deterioration of depressive symptoms in RA patients. In addition, we analyzed the association between disease activity, pro-inflammatory cytokines, trophic factors, and depression in RA (N = 474). Demographic and laboratory data were examined, and routine assessment of patient index data 3 (RAPID 3) and disease activity score 28-joint count C-reactive protein (DAS 28-CRP) was performed to assess disease activity of RA. Depression was measured using the Korean version of the Beck Depression Inventory-second edition (K-BDI II). A K-BDI score ≥18 was considered the cut-off for depression in accordance with a previous validation study. The serum level of pro-inflammatory cytokines and neurotrophic factors was assessed by enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay. The prevalence of depression was 32.4% in patients with RA. The severity of disease activity of RA (RAPID 3 score [OR 2.34; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.22–4.51], DAS 28-CRP [≥3.2] [OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.01–2.53]) and severity of fatigue (OR 1.26 95% CI 1.15–1.38) were associated with depression and deterioration of depressive symptoms in the multivariate analysis. Among the components of RAPID 3 and DAS 28-CRP, patient assessment for global health and abilities for daily performance were more related to depression. The level of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-alpha) was not related to depression. The level of BDNF was significantly lower in RA patients with depression and was negatively correlated with K-BDI II score. Depression was related with the level of fatigue, low expression of BDNF, and high RA disease activity, which was associated with impaired ability to perform activities of daily life. Strict control of fatigue and disease activity to improve one’s capacity to perform daily life activities would be important to regulate depression. The level of BDNF might be one of the possible biomarkers to predict or monitor depression in patients with RA.</P> <P><B>Highlights</B></P> <P> <UL> <LI> Prevalence of depression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was analyzed. </LI> <LI> Risk factors for depression and deterioration of depressive symptoms and were analyzed. </LI> <LI> Depression was related with disease activity in RA. </LI> <LI> Depression in RA was associated with impaired ability to perform activities of daily life. </LI> <LI> Among neurotrophic factors, the level of BDNF was related with depression in RA patients. </LI> <LI> The level of pro-inflammatory cytokines were not related with depression in RA patients. </LI> </UL> </P>
Park, Yong-Dae,Lee, Young-Man,Kang, Min-Ah,Lee, Hyo-Jung,Jin, Chang-Hyun,Choi, Dae-Seong,Kim, Dong-Sub,Kang, Si-Yong,Kim, Wang-Geun,Jeong, Il-Yun 한국식품과학회 2010 Food Science and Biotechnology Vol.19 No.2
In earlier investigations, Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt. cv. Chookyoupjaso (CJC) mutants were obtained following mutagenesis induced by 200 Gy of $\gamma$-rays. The aim of this study was to compare the CJC and 6 P. frutescens (L.) Britt. cv. Chookyoupjaso mutant lines (CJMs), with respect to their phytochemical profiles and to evaluate anti-inflammatory properties by selecting the most bioactive CJM. The methanol extracts of CJMs were tested for inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Among them, CJM-45 showed significant inhibition of NO production. This extract was further partitioned using ethyl acetate (EtOAc), butanol (BuOH), and water. The EtOAc fraction (EF-cjm45) was evaluated for antiinflammatory activities. These results indicated that the EF-cjm45 reduced NO production by inhibiting inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. The EF-cjm45 treatment also significantly diminished expression of MCP-1 and IL-6. In the EF-cjm45, perillaketone, isoegomaketone, ursolic acid, kaempferol, and rosmarinic acid were also found. This study reveals the potential therapeutic use of bioactive CJM-45 and justifies the wide application for this plant in traditional medicine.
The electrochemical reduction of o,o-dimethyl-o-(3-methyl-4-nitrophenyl)-phosphorothioate(fenitrothion)has been studied in acetonitrile solution containing surfactant micelle by direct current(DC)-differential pulse(DP) polarography, cyclic voltammetry(CV) and controlled potential coulometry(CPC). The totally quasiirreversible electron transfer-chemical reaction (EC, EC mechanism) of fenitrothion reduction proceeded by four electron transfer to form o,o-dimethyl-o-(3-methyl-4-hydroxyaminophenyl)-phosphorothiate which undergoes single bond of the phosphorus atom and phenoxy group cleaves to give p-hydorxyamino-m-cresol and dime-thyl thiophosphonate as major product by two electron transfer-protonation. The polarograpic reduction waves shown to be reversible adsorption current (-0.9 volts vs.Ag-AgCl) in sodium lauryl sulfate micelle solution and split up on selectivity of anionic micelle effect in two step at the first reduction peak.
본 연구는 상하이항을 비롯한 직기항이 이루어지고 있는 북중국 항만의 발전과 현황을 조사 분석하고 이를 통해 우리 나라 항만의 경쟁력 향상방안을 모색하는 것을 연구의 목적으로 한다. 연구 대상항만은 한국과 북중국의 7개 주요항만(Busan. Gwangyang, Sanghai, Qingdao, Tienjin, Dalian, Kaoshuing)을 연구범위로 하였다. 본 연구에서는 우선 기존의 선행연구를 통하여 항만의 경쟁력과 관련한 요소를 추출하고, 대상항만과 관련된 실무자와 연구자의 의견을 반영하여 파일럿 테스트와 요인분석(FA : Factor Analysis)을 실시하였다. 또한 요인분석 결과를 사용하여 항만경쟁력 평가구조를 구축하고, 다음으로 수립된 평가구조를 기반으로 다수의사결정그룹 퍼지평가기법을 이용하여 대상항만의 경쟁력 평가를 실시하여 항만의 경쟁력을 도출하였다. 마지막으로 퍼지 역평가법을 적용하여 주요 항만의 경쟁력 상승요인을 추출하였다. 분석결과, 대상 항만 중에 가장 높은 경쟁력을 보유한 항만은 상하이항으로 나타났으며, 이러한 현 상황에서 부산항은 경쟁력을 제고하기 위해 무엇보다 배후지의 규모와 활용수준을 높이고, 물동량 창출기반을 조속히 확충할 필요가 있을 것으로 파악되었다. The competitive environment of Northeast Asia's intra-shipping ports is expected to change greatly due to the remarkable economic growth of China in which rapidly appeared as a production base of the world. The inter-port competition to preoccupy the hub port within the area is also expected to be much more severe. In this aspect, the main purpose of this study lies in surveying and analysing the development and status of North China's ports including Shanghai where direct calling is taking place, considering the spreading effects on Korea's ports, and drawing up a plan for improving Korea's port competitiveness. The research scope is to cover the subjective ports of Korea and China's 7 major ports (Busan, Gwangyang, Sanghai, Qingdao, Tienjin, Dalian and Kaoshuing). The substance of this study contains the extraction of port competitiveness components through the previous existing studies and the pilot test and factor analysis which reflect the opinions of working-level personnel and researchers related to the subjective ports. The evaluation structure of port competitiveness is established by utilizing the results of factor analysis. Then, we extract the relevant port competitiveness using MDMG-HFP (Multi Decision Multi Group-Hierarchical Fuzzy Process) to execute the competitiveness evaluation of the subjective ports on the basis of the established evaluation structure. Finally, we draw the factors that increase the competitiveness of major ports by applying the IRFE(Inverse Relation of Fuzzy Evaluation), and present Korea's strategic planning and implications through the scenario analysis of the extracted components.
In earlier investigations, Perilla frutescens (L.)Britt. cv. Chookyoupjaso (CJC) mutants were obtained following mutagenesis induced by 200 Gy of γ-rays. The aim of this study was to compare the CJC and 6 P. frutescens (L.) Britt. cv. Chookyoupjaso mutant lines (CJMs), with respect to their phytochemical profiles and to evaluate anti-inflammatory properties by selecting the most bioactive CJM. The methanol extracts of CJMs were tested for inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Among them, CJM-45 showed significant inhibition of NO production. This extract was further partitioned using ethyl acetate (EtOAc), butanol (BuOH), and water. The EtOAc fraction (EF-cjm45) was evaluated for antiinflammatory activities. These results indicated that the EF-cjm45 reduced NO production by inhibiting inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. The EF-cjm45treatment also significantly diminished expression of MCP-1 and IL-6. In the EF-cjm45, perillaketone,isoegomaketone, ursolic acid, kaempferol, and rosmarinic acid were also found. This study reveals the potential therapeutic use of bioactive CJM-45 and justifies the wide application for this plant in traditional medicine.