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      • KCI등재

        Mixer-settler를 이용한 용매추출로 에칭폐액로부터 철과 니켈의 분리

        이만승,이경주,이진영,안재우,오영주 대한금속재료학회 2004 대한금속·재료학회지 Vol.42 No.12

        Solvent extraction and stripping experiments were conducted to separate iron from a spent FeC13 etching solution containing nickel. In the operation of mixer-settler, 7 extraction stages with 1.0 M Alamine336 in toluene, led to 98% extraction percentage of iron at equal phase ratio, when the flow rate of organic and aqueous were 35 mL/min and 5 mL/min, respectively. At equal phase ratio of aqueous to organic, 10 stripping stages with 0.01 M HC1 solution resulted in 99% stripping percentage of iron when the flow rate of stripping solution and loaded organic were 5 mL/min and 35 mL/min, respectively. The concentration of iron in the stripped solution was 133 g/L and this solution could be reused in the etching of nickel lead frame. (Received June 15, 2004)

      • 전자부품 제조업 근로자들의 시력변화에 대한 연구

        이용만,안규동,이성수,함정오,김화성,리갑수,이병국 순천향의학연구소 1996 Journal of Soonchunhyang Medical Science Vol.2 No.2

        근접작업이 시력약화의 원인이 될 수 있는가를 알아보기 위하여 전자부품을 제조하는 2개 사업장에서 1991년에서 1993년까지 입사한 근로자들 중에서 근접작업으로 인정되는 마이크로칩을 조립하는 근접작업자 306명을 조사군으로, 대조군은 세탁기 타이머 및 일반 기계기구를 조립하는 작업자 154명, 계 460명을 선정하였다. 이들 대상자는 1991년 입사자는 1993, 1994, 1995년 시력을 조사하였으며, 1992년 입사자는 1993, 1994, 1995년 3년동안 조사를 하였으며, 1993년 입사자는 1994, 1995년 2년간 시력을 조사하였다. 대상자 중에서 입사시 안경을 착용한 근로자는 82명(17.8%)이었다. 따라서 남자 근로자와 안경착용자를 제외한 여성 근로자들 335명만을 추적 조사하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 조사군에서 입사시 시력 1.0 이상이었던 근로자의 분포는 취업 1년 후 약 25-35% 정도 감소하였으며, 2년후에는 약 40-60% 정도의 감소를 나타내었고, 3년 후 약 50-65% 정도로 감소하였고 4년후에는 약 65% 이상 감소하였다. 그러나 대조군에서는 1.0 이상의 시력을 보였던 근로자들의 비율이 취업 1년 또는 2년 후 15-30%의 감소를 보이고 있으나 그 이후에는 큰 변동이 없었다. 이들의 시력변화를 근무년수에 따라 알아보기 위하여 조사된 시력을 순위변수로 하여 Kruskall-Wallis 검정을 시행한 결과 조사군, 대조군 모두에서 근속년수에 따른 순위의 합의 평균이 년차적으로 유의하게 감소하였으나, 입사시부터 근속년수에 따른 조사군과 대조군과의 순위합의 평균에 의한 시력차 비교에서 입사시 조사군의 순위합의 평균이 유의하게 높았던 것이 근무기간에 따라 대조군의 평균이 높아지면서 통계적 유의성이 없고 대체적으로 1년 이후부터 변화가 적은 것으로 나타나 근접작업으로 인한 시력약화를 추정할 수 있었다. This study was carried out to investigate that the close distance works were associated with decreased visual acuity. 306 workers were subjects who had been recruited from 1991 to 1993 in two electronic parts manufacturing factories, and 154 workers were controls who had been employed from 1991 to 1993 in launder machine timer and general machine assembly factories. Subjects who had been employed in 1991 and 1992 were follow up from 1993 to 1995, and subjects who had been employed in 1993 were from 1994 to 1995. The male workers as well as glasses wearing workers were excluded. Only 335 female workers were followed up to study the change of visual acuity. The results were as follows; The rate of workers with visual acuity over 1.0 at recruit year in subjects group was decreased about 25-35% after 1 year, 40-60% after 2 years, 50-65% after 3 years, and 65% after 4 years. While, the rate of workers with visual acuity over 1.0 at recruit year in control group was decreased about 15-30% after 1 or 2 years, and there was no more additional visual acuity reduction after then. Kruskall-Wallis test was performed to investigate the change of visual acuity in subject and control group by work duration. The means scores of ranks in both group were significantly decreased by work duration. The mean scores of ranks in subject group at recruit year were significantly higher than those in control group at recruit year, but these differences were disappeared after 1 year work. Therefore, this suggest that close distance workers may be affected their visual acuity.

      • 1-Chloro-1-phenyl-2-carboethoxy-2-cyanoethene 유도체에 대한 thioglycolic acid 치환제의 합성

        이영행,이채호,이갑상,이만구 圓光大學校 1984 論文集 Vol.18 No.2

        The substitution products of thioglycolic acid to the derivatives of 1-chloro-1-phenyl-2-carboethoxy-e-cyano ethene synthesized 1-Chloro-1-phenyl-2-carboethoxy-2-cyanoethene [Ⅴ], 1-chloro-10(4-chlorophenyl)-2-carboethoxy-2-cyanoethene[Ⅳ] and 1-chloro-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-carboethoxy-2-cyanoethene[Ⅶ] undergo substitution reactions with thioglycolic acid to form s-[(1-phenyl-2-carboethoxy-2-cyano) ethenyl]-thioglycolic acid s-[(1-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-carboethoxy-e-cyano] ethenyl]-thioglycolic acid and s-[1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-carboethoxy-2-cyano] ethenyl]-thioglycolic acid, respectively. The structure of products were identified by elemental analysis, potentiometric titration, infrared and nmr spectra.

      • KCI등재

        중국 길림성 조선족의 민족 정체감에 관한 연구

        이호영,이동근,신승철,김만권 大韓神經精神醫學會 1992 신경정신의학 Vol.31 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The present study examined the structure and patterns of ethnic identity in a sample of Korean-Chinese parents and their adolescents residing in the Jilin Province in China. The ethnic identity of these participants(total :148 parents:100 adolesents:48) includes two major components : Korean identity and Chinese identity. Each of these components was measured in three different modalities : behavioral, affective and cognitive. The results are summarized as follow ; 1) Generational comparisons between Korean identity scores of parents and adolescents indicated similarities in the modalities of cognitive and behavioral identities. Both groups shared a Korean orientation manifested in their high level of Korean behavior and cognition. However, both groups also shared a relatively high level of Chinese identity. In summary, dual identity appeared to be preserved over time. The parents scored higher than the adolescents in their affective modality of Korean identity. Chinese identity was scored higher in the adolescents than korean identity in their affective modality. The generational comparisons indicated that the adolescents were acculturated in their affect than their parents. 2) Comparison of men and women in the strength of identity' component showed higher cognitive scores among the men. in Korean identity, compared with Chinese identity. Men were more identified with "Chinese" and "Korean" in the affective component of their identity.

      • " The Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering " 게재 논문 요약 : Processabilities & Mechanical Properties of the Biodegradable LDPE / Modified Starch Blends

        Young Jin Kim,Yong Man Lee,Hyang Mok Lee,O Ok Park 한국화학공학회 1994 NICE Vol.12 No.5

        N/A An investigation of the biodegradable polymers based on starch has been accomplished. Starch needs to be modified before blending with low density polyethylene(LDPE) because of its hydrophilicity. Three kinds of modification methods were applied to obtain the compatibility to starch-LDPE blends. The first one was the esterification of the hydroxyl group of starch with acetic anhydride. The second was the copolymerization of actylonitrile and styrene onto starch. The last was the esterification reaction of the hydroxyl group of starch with three kinds of ionomers. The tensile strength, % elongation, Young`s modulus, and shear viscosities of blends of the modified starch and LDPE were examined. Ionomer-treated starch showed better compatibility with LDPE to give better performances than other blends.

      • 중환자에서 동맥혈 가스분석 횟수와 그로인한 실혈량에 대한 연구

        이석열,전철우,정영수,오희숙,마분란,이정미,정혜영,이만복,이길노 순천향의학연구소;Soonchunhyang Medical Research Institute 2000 Journal of Soonchunhyang Medical Science Vol.6 No.1

        Background : Arterial blood gas analysis is the most comon exam in intensive care unit. In this study, the frequency of blood gas analysis and the amount of blood loss after Blood Gas Analysis in Intensive Care Unit were observed. Methods : From November 1999 to February 2000, 115 patients admitted to intensive care unit at Soonchunhyang university Kumi hospital were studied prospectively for the frequency of blood gas analysis and the amount of blood loss after blood gas analysis in Intensive Care Unit. Results : The mean value of frequency of blood gas analysis was 6.41±6.49 and the mean value of amount of blood loss after blood gas analysis was 0.78ml. This was lower than that of other foreign reports. The patients with ventilator therapy above 24 hours showed higher frequency of blood gas analysis than that of not applied ventilator patients. Pulse oxymetry was applied to all patients and the frequency of blood gas analysis was decreased due to the use of strict pulse oxymetry. Conclusion : Doctors and nurses in intensive care unit keep in mind that adequate blood sampling is needed for the decrease of blood loss. Education and protocol for the decrease of blood loss after arterial blood gas analysis may be necessary.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        PROCESSABILITIES & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF THE BIODEGRADABLE LDPE/MODIFIED STARCH BLENDS

        Kim, Young Jin,Lee, Yong Man,Lee, Hyang Mok,Park, O Ok 한국화학공학회 1994 Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering Vol.11 No.3

        An investigation of the biodegradable polymers based on starch has been accomplished. Starch needs to be modified before blending with low density polyethylene (LDPE) because of its hydrophilicity. Three kinds of modification methods were applied to obtain the compatibility to starch-LDPE blends. The first one was the esterification of the hydroxyl group of starch with acetic anhydride. The second was the copolymerization of acrylonitrile and styrene onto starch. The last was the esterification reaction of the hydroxyl group of starch with three kinds of ionomers. The tensile strength, % elongation, Young's modulus, and shear viscosities of blends of the modified starch and LDPE were examined. Ionomer-treated starch showed better compatibility with LDPE to give better performances than other blends.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        위암의 연령에 따른 차이

        김영재,이영철,정영채,이만길,차호 대한소화기학회 1987 대한소화기학회지 Vol.19 No.1

        Comparative analytic review on clinical, endoscopic and histopathological findings was done in 13 cases of young age (under 29), 446 cases of mid age (30~69) and 39 cases of old age (above 70) stomach cancer who were visited Department of Internal Medicine of Masan Koryo General Hospital from March 1981 to July 1985. The following results were obtained: The peak of age incidence was the 5th decade amounting to 36.8%. The ratio between male and female was 2.6:1. The main chief complaint of each group was epigastric pain and it was followed by epigastric fullness. The most patient had the duration of symptom from 3 months to 6 months. For old-age group, mid-age group, major site of lesion in the antrum, meanwhile body for young-age group. The most frequent type of gastric cancer was type III in each group by Borrmanns classification. For each group, adenocarcinoma was major cases in the view of histopathological findings, and incidence of well differentiated type adenocarcinoma were lower in young-age group than others.

      • 급성 골수성 백혈병 환자에서 발생한 침습성 아스페르길루스중에 대한 수술적치료 1 예

        배영환;어원식;어상민;김승만 김태영;박수영;서영경;정은주;안효정 인제대학교 2011 仁濟醫學 Vol.32 No.-

        Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is known to have a poor prognosis and major cause of morbidity and motality in patients with hematologic disease. Without adequate therapy, invasive pulmonary aspergillosis will almost always progress to fatal pneumonia. Early administration of antifungal agents in patient with invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is most important. And surgical resection of aspergillous-infected tissue may be useful in patients with lesions that are contiguous with great vessel and lesions causing hemoptysis. We reported a rare case of surgical resection as curative treatment for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis patient in 58-year-old man who had the history of acute myeloid leukemia.

      • 장기간 항갑상선제 투여 후 임의 중단 뒤 재복용시 발생한 무과립구증 1 예

        김승만;김태영;박수영;배영환;서영경 정은주;김태균;권민정;박정현;이순희 인제대학교 2011 仁濟醫學 Vol.32 No.-

        Agranulocytosis, one of the major side effects of antithyroid a gents, probably occurs in less than 0.25% of cases treated with antithyroid agents. It usually occurs within the first several weeks or months after the initiation of therapy, when drug dosage is higher. Most reported cases of agranulocytosis have occurred during the first 3 months of therapy. We describe here a rare case that did not experience the side effect for 6 years of antithyroid agent treatment but presented with agranulocytosis in one month after re-exposure. It suggests that the major side effect such as agranulocytosis can occur in patients who had undergone prior uneventful antithyroid drug therapy.

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