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      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재후보

        참당귀의 흰쥐 4-Vessel Occlusion 전뇌허혈에 대한 신경방어효과

        김영옥,하니나,부영민,박선영,박주영,유영법,신준식,안덕균,김호철 대한본초학회 2002 大韓本草學會誌 Vol.17 No.2

        Objectives : Angelicae Radix, the root of Angelica gigas N_AKAI (Umbelliferae) , which has been used to nourish the blood(補血), regulate menstruation(調經), relieve pain and promote bowel movements(崩漏) and activate blood circulation for the treatment of fatigue, headache, constipation and blood troubles in traditional Korean medicine. It's flavour and channel tropism is sweet(甘), pungent(辛), warm(溫), acting on the lung, heart and spleen(肺, 心, 脾). The purpose of study we report here was to determine the neuroprotective effect of Angelica gigas on global ischemia induced by 4-vessel occlusion in Wistar rats. Methods : Angelica gigas extracts was lyphilized after extraction with 85% methanol. We induced 4-VO for 10 minutes and reperfused again. The number of CA1 pyramidal neurons were counted after 7 days of reperfusion under the cresyl violet staining. Results : The results showed that Angelica gigas had significantly neuroprotective effects (100, 250 and 500mg/kg of AR extracts, p<0.001) compared with control group. Each neuroprotective ratio was about 66.1, 79.3 and 78.6% respectively. Immunohistochemical data partially explained the protective effects of Angelica gigas via attenuation of COX-2 induction in hippocampus. Conclusion : Angelica gigas gas neuroprotective effects on the global ischemia induced by 4-vessel occlusion in Wistar rats and the attenuation of COX-2 induction is thought to be its possible mechanism.

      • HMG-CoA 환원효소 억제제에 의한 ICAM-1 유전자의 발현조절

        김현진,정효균,홍우정,김군순,조영석,김도희,채수흥,구본정,송민호,노흥규,김영건 충남대학교 의과대학 지역사회의학연구소 2001 충남의대잡지 Vol.28 No.1

        Background : ICAM-1 act as one of major adhesion molecules in the atherosclerotic lesion. ICAM-1 expression is mainly regulated at the level of transcription and depend on IFN-γ signal transduction pathway in which the STAT1 transcrption factor is a critical intermediate. IFN-γreceptor not only initiates tyrosine 701 phosphorylation of STAT1 by Jak1 and Jak2, but also phosphorylates serine 727 through the activation of Raf-1/MAP kinases. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors have anti-atherosclertic effects, beyond normalization of hypercholesterolemia, by directly acting on endothelial cells, macrophages and vascular smooth muscle cells. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors suppress the synthesis of isoprenoid intermediates such as geranylgeranyl-pyrophosphate or farnesylpyrophosphate. These effects results inhibitors suppress the synthesis of isoprenoid intermediates such as geranylgeranyl-pyrophosphate or farnesylpyrophosphate. These effects results inhibition posttranslational farnesylation and geranyl-geranylation processing of small GTP-binding preoteins and inhibition of normal signaling activities. Method : We made several 5'-deletion constructs of rat ICAM-1 promoter and analyzed the promoter activities by measuring the luciferase activity after transfection into ECV304 cells and smooth muscle cells. We checked the level of total and phosphorylated STAT1 protein by immunoblot analysis using specific antibodies. Results : Lovastatin inhibits IFN-γ-induced ICAM-1 gene expression in the ECV304cell. The cells pretreated with PD98059, MEKK inhibitor showed significantly low ICAM-1 RNA induction with IFN-γ stimulatio. IFN-γ induced phosphorylation of tyrosine 701 was not significantly changed by the pretreatment of lovastatin. But lovastatin suppresses IFN-γ-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/ERK2 which are responsible for the seine 727 phosphorylation in STAT1. Conclusion : We showed that HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, lovastatin, suppresses IFN-γ mediated ICAM-1 gene expression through the inhibition of transcription. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor suppresses IFN-γ-induced phosphorylation of serine 727 in STAT1 through the modulation of MAP kinases.

      • KCI등재

        A LONG-TERM FIELD TEST OF A LARGE VOLUME IONIZATION CHAMBER BASED AREA RADIATION MONITORING SYSTEM DEVELOPED AT KAERI

        Kim, Han-Soo,Ha, Jang-Ho,Park, Se-Hwan,Kim, Jung-Bok,Kim, Young-Kyun,Jin, Hyung-Ho Korean Association for Radiation Protection 2009 방사선방어학회지 Vol.34 No.2

        An Area Radiation Monitoring System (ARMS) ionization chamber, which had an 11.8 L active volume, was fabricated and performance-tested at KAERI. Low leakage currents, linearities at low and high dose rates were achieved from performance tests. The correlation coefficients between the ionization currents and the dose rates are 1 at high dose rate and 0.99 at low dose rate. In this study, an integration-type ARMS ionization chamber was tested over a year for an evaluation of its long-term stability at a radioisotope (RI) repository of the Young-gwang nuclear power plant. The standard deviation of dose rate of 1 day data and over a 100-days mean value were 6.2 $\mu$R/h and 2.9 $\mu$R/h, respectively. The fabricated ARMS ionization chamber showed stable performance from the results of the long-term tests. Design and performance characteristics of the fabricated ionization chamber for the ARMS from performance-tests are also addressed.

      • 전자상거래에 데이터마이닝 기술 적용

        김종완,진승훈,김병익,김태균,김영순 대구대학교 과학기술연구소 2001 科學技術硏究 Vol.8 No.1

        The definition of data mining is the non-trivial extraction of implicit, previously unknown and potentially useful knowledge from data. Also, data mining has been worked on various fields such as database, machine learning, statistics, expert systems, and data visualization, and is a process consisting of these techniques. In many E-Commerce applications, it is important to build personalized profiles of individual users from their transaction histories. These profile constitute models of individual user behavior and can be specified with sets of rules learned from user transactional histories using various data mining techniques. In this paper, we present a MAS (multi-agent system) for customer management which maintains personal user information automatically, commands retrieval of products according to user preference, and builds personalized profiles of user.

      • KCI등재

        지속성 외래 복막투석 환자에서 복막 평형검사

        김기영,김남호,최기철,이성철,강영준,김수완,정권,하정훈,정택균 대한내과학회 1998 대한내과학회지 Vol.54 No.4

        Objectives: The peritoneal equilibration test(PET) is routinely performed in adults treated with chronic peritoneal dialysis to assess the peritoneal transport rate and to optimize treatment prescription. This study focuses on the evaluation of characteristics of peritoneal solute transport rates and physical and serological factors affecting peritoneal transport rate performed in our continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis(CAPD) patients due to guide adequate peritoneal dialysis form. Methods: We analyzed 95 PET results which had been tested on the 28th day of CAVD and physical and serological values, such as age, sex, diabetes mellitus, height, weight, body surface area, arterial blood pressure, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride, total protein, albumin, hematocrit, hemoglobin, sodium, potassium, phosphate which had been obtained on the day of PET. Results: 1) According to transport rate, high transport rate group was 9 cases(9.5%), high average transport group 26 cases(27.4%), low average transport rate group 32 cases(33.6%), and low transport rate group 28 cases (29.5%) respectively. 2) The average of 4hour D/Pc_r was 0.60, 4hour D/Do glucose was 0.46, and drain volume was 2480ml. Thus the average of peritoneal solute transport rate of total patients was low average transport rate. 3) Factors affecting peritoneal solute transport rate were age, body surface area, plasma albumin, serum creatinine and triglyceride level. Conclusion: These findings suggest that high dose peritoneal dialysis form should be used in our CAPD patients because most of them have low average peritoneal transport rate, and age, body surface area, plasma albumin, serum creatinine, and triglyceride level should be considered when select the adequate peritoneal dialysis form.

      • 장기간 항갑상선제 투여 후 임의 중단 뒤 재복용시 발생한 무과립구증 1 예

        김승만;김태영;박수영;배영환;서영경 정은주;김태균;권민정;박정현;이순희 인제대학교 2011 仁濟醫學 Vol.32 No.-

        Agranulocytosis, one of the major side effects of antithyroid a gents, probably occurs in less than 0.25% of cases treated with antithyroid agents. It usually occurs within the first several weeks or months after the initiation of therapy, when drug dosage is higher. Most reported cases of agranulocytosis have occurred during the first 3 months of therapy. We describe here a rare case that did not experience the side effect for 6 years of antithyroid agent treatment but presented with agranulocytosis in one month after re-exposure. It suggests that the major side effect such as agranulocytosis can occur in patients who had undergone prior uneventful antithyroid drug therapy.

      • Rocuronium의 애별투여방법이 모지내전근의 이완에 미치는 영향

        최영균,김승수,이원진,조광래,이상은,김영환,임세훈,이정한,이근무,정순호,김영재,신치만 인제대학교 2009 仁濟醫學 Vol.30 No.-

        Objective : There are controversies in pnmmg technique of rocuronium whether it can or can't shorten the onset time. We want to compare the effects of two different priming doses and intervals of rocuronium. Materials and Methods : After giving propofol, 50 patients were randomly assigned to 5 groups. Group I received a placebo, followed 3 min later by rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg. Priming doses and intervals of Group II, Ill, N, V were 0.06 rng/kg and 2 min, 0.12 mg/kg and 2 min, 0.06 rug/kg and 3 min, 0.12 mg/kg and 3 min, respectively. Total dose of rocuronium was 0.6mg/kg. Train of four (TOF) count or ratio and 1st twitch height of TOF (T1) were monitored with 15 secondsintervals. TOF ratio of each groups just before bolus injection, duration for TOF count to reach zero and duration for Tl to reach 95% depression after bolus injection were compared. Results : Duration for TOF count to reach zero and duration for Tl to reach 95% depression after bolus injection were decreased in priming groups compared to Group 1 (P < 0.01) In group V, significant depression of TOF ratio just before bolus injection was seen (P < 0.05). Conclusion : Priming technique with rocuronium is effective method to shorten the onset of neuromuscular block. But priming dose of rocuronium itself could cause hypoxia and aspiration in awake patients and should be used carefully. Priming dose of rocuronium 0.06 mg/kg and 2 minutes interval maybe relatively safe method.

      • KCI등재

        인터넷 중독 청소년들의 정신병리 및 대처 방식

        안영균(Young Kyun Ahn),신영철(Young Chul Shin),고복자(Bok Ja Koh),심진현(Jin Hyun Shim),김범조(Bum Jo Kim),이승민(Seung Min Lee),이길홍(Kil Hong Lee) 한국중독정신의학회 2005 중독정신의학 Vol.9 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        This study was conducted to investigate the differences in psychopathology and coping strategies among internet addictors, over users and non addictors in high school students. Subjects were 273 high school students in Seoul city. Self rating questionnaires included demographic data, Young’s Internet Addiction Scale, SCL-90-R, Beck Depression Inventory, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and The Way of Coping Strategy. Subjects were classified into 3 groups (addiction, over use, non addiction) by Internet Addiction Scale score. Prevalence of internet addiction was 4.3% and male adolescents were more addictive than female. Students who were mainly involved with internet chatting or game showed higher internet addiction score. The addiction group and over use group showed higher level of somatization, obsession, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, and paranoia than non-addicted group. Addiction group and over use group used passive coping strategies more frequently in the stressful situation than nonaddicted group. Also, the regression analysis for finding out causal factors that predicts internet addiction showed that emotion relieving strategy were important variable which predict internet addiction. Interpersonal sensitivity and emotion relieving coping strategy was important to predict addiction. This study showed that problematic internet use was closely associated with psychopathology and psychiatric comorbidity. And high interpersonal sensitivity and emotion relieving coping strategy were related with internet addiction in adolescence.

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