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Year 2016 marks the 150th year of missionary Robert J. Thomas's martyrdom. For a long time, the Korean church inherited his faith and tradition in recognition of his martyrdom. At the dawn of 1980 however, Lee Man-Yeol vigorously challenged his martyrdom, which was followed by Han Kyu-Moo's analogous publications in 1995 and 2005. Recently, in 2016, Ock Seung-Deuk and Han Kyu-Moo opined that Thomas's death was not martyrdom. They questioned the legitimacy of his actions by criticizing Thomas's embarkation through the General Sherman, a heavily armed colonial ship that illegally assailed into Korea. Even if Oh Moon-Hwan's records of the last moments of missionary Thomas were true, Han Kyu-Moo would not decipher Thomas's death as an act of martyrdom. Furthermore, he rejected missionary Appenzeller's martyrdom, who died in shipwreck on his way to attend the Bible Translators committee meeting in Mokpo. Among the primary sources perused for this work, various Korean documents, including The Veritable Records of King Kojong (Annals of King Gojong) and Oh Moon- Hwan's excerpt, The General Sherman and the Last Moments of Missionary Thomas, which is found in The Biography of Reverend Thomas were more predominantly compared and studied. The review of other relative materials found The Annals of King Gojong with substantial problematic errors while affirming that The General Sherman and the Last Moments of Missionary Thomas, in The Biography of Reverend Thomas to correspond to the testimonies and various other Korean sources. If Thomas made his arrival to Korea in order that he may share the gospel as a missionary and died while sharing the gospel, moments before his death, then he should be considered a martyr. Additionally, since many came to believe in Jesus through his Bibles, gospel spread through the churches built upon their faiths and legalized missionary entrances creating suitable environment for the gospel, these fruits are ample evidence for us to recon him as a martyr.
Aims: Jeju Island is the biggest one in Korea located about 50 miles south of the mainland. The eating habits of Jeju Island natives (JNs) are quite different from those of the mainland people due to the geographic isolation. Diet is one of the main factors affecting the gallstone disease (GD). We investigated the prevalence of GD in both JNs and Jeju Island migrants (JMs) and studied risk factors affecting GD among Jeju Island people. Methods: This study enrolled a total of 20,763 subjects who had medical checkups at the Health Promotion Center of Jeju National University Hospital in Korea from January 2003 to December 2015. They were examined by the ultrasonography if they had gallbladder stones or not. The body Mass index (BMI), biochemical parameters including liver function tests, lipid profile, and fasting blood glucose were checked, and age, birthplace (JNs vs. JMs), and sex were collected based on their medical records. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify risk factors affecting GD. Results: The prevalence of GD in Jeju Island people was 4.0%; those of JNs and JMs were 3.8% and 4.4% respectively (P = 0.047). In the univariate analysis, risk factors affecting GD were the age, JMs, BMI, fasting blood glucose, high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and gamma-glutamyl transferase (γ-GTP). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, independent risk factors were older age, JMs, higher fasting blood glucose and ALT, and lower HDL-cholesterol. Conclusions: The prevalence of GD was significantly lower in JNs than in JMs in Jeju Island. Older age, JMs, higher fasting blood glucose and ALT, and lower HDL-cholesterol may affect the prevalence of GD in Jeju Island.
최규옥 ( Kyu Ok Choe ), 김현숙 ( Hyun Sook Kim ), 홍용국 ( Young Kook Hong ), 서재승 ( Jae Seong Seo ), 류정아 ( Jeong Ah Ryu ), 양동규 ( Dong Gyoo Yang ), 김세규 ( Se Kyu Kim ), 장준 ( Joon Chang ), 김성규 ( Sung Kyu Kim ), 이원영 ( Won ) 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 1999 Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases Vol.47 No.2
Chom-Kyu,Chong,Pyo,Yun,Cho,Byoung-Kuk,Na,Seong,Kyu,Ahn,Jin,Su,Kim,Jin-Soo,Lee,Sung-Keun,Lee,Eun-Taek,Han,Hak-Yong,Kim,Yun-Kyu,Park,Seok,Ho,Cha,Tong-Soo,Kim 대한기생충학열대의학회 2014 The Korean Journal of Parasitology Vol.52 No.5
In recent years, rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) have been widely used for malaria detection, primarily because of their simple operation, fast results, and straightforward interpretation. The Asan EasyTestTM Malaria Pf/Pan Ag is one of the most commonly used malaria RDTs in several countries, including Korea and India. In this study, we tested the diagnostic performance of this RDT in Uganda to evaluate its usefulness for field diagnosis of malaria in this country. Microscopic and PCR analyses, and the Asan EasyTestTM Malaria Pf/Pan Ag rapid diagnostic test, were performed on blood samples from 185 individuals with suspected malaria in several villages in Uganda. Compared to the microscopic analysis, the sensitivity of the RDT to detect malaria infection was 95.8% and 83.3% for Plasmodium falciparum and non-P. falciparum, respectively. Although the diagnostic sensitivity of the RDT decreased when parasitemia was ≤500 parasites/μl, it showed 96.8% sensitivity (98.4% for P. falciparum and 93.8% for non-P. falciparum) in blood samples with parasitemia ≥100 parasites/μl. The specificity of the RDT was 97.3% for P. falciparum and 97.3% for non-P. falciparum. These results collectively suggest that the accuracy of the Asan EasyTestTM Malaria Pf/Pan Ag makes it an effective point-of-care diagnostic tool for malaria in Uganda.
Various symptoms of virus diseases are observed on the cultivated and non-cultivated crops in Myanmar. The virus diseases cause a major limiting factor in the tomato and chili production. During 2018, survey on the virus disease and its vectors in tomato and chili fields were conducted in central regions of Myanmar including Naypyidaw, Mandalay, Magway and Sagaing Divisions. The symptoms observed on tomato and chili were chlorosis, puckering of leaf, upward curling of leaves, reduction in leaf size, vein and stunting. Tomato leaf curl (TLC) disease incidence and severity ranged from 10 to 100% and 37 to 86% respectively. Chili leaf curl (CLC) disease incidence and severity was 30 to 100% and 13 to 100% respectively. The highest incidence and severity of TLC and CLC recorded in Lewe townships, Naypyidaw. Insect vectors observed in those areas were whitefly (Bamisia tabaci), jassid (Emposca sp) and mealy bug, and the white fly was common. Whiteflies are very important vectors for virus in tropical and subtropical regions, but not confirmed to this area. Jassids are also vectors for virus. Both nymphs and adults suck the plant sap and introduce toxin to host plants. Therefore, an infestation may be very damaging and show stunted growth and bushy appearance.