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      • KCI등재

        통일독일의 불평등과 사회국가의 정당성

        황규성 한국독일사학회 2013 독일연구 Vol.- No.25

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Vor der Wiedervereinigung war die Bundesrepublik Deutschland ein System mit der stabilen Ungleichheiten, aber Ostdeutschland war ein System, in dem die Nivellierung nach unten dominiertete. Obwohl das westdeutsche Sozialstaatsmodell seit Mitte der 70er Jahren schwankte, wurde dieses Modell als legitim im Allgemeinen in der Bundesrepublik Deustschland gilt. Wegen des Verbrauchsgütermengels funktioniertete zwar die ostdeutsche Sozialpolitik inhaltlich schlecht, aber sozialistische Sozialpolitik vor allem Recht auf Arbeit war eine geistige Heimat bei der Ostdeutschen. Die Wiedervereinigung von Deutschland war ein Prozess, in dem die westdeuschen Normen und Institutionen dem Ostdeutschland impliertet wurde. Dieser Institutionentransfer von West zu Ost übte eine januskörperliche Wirkung auf Einkommensungleichheit und Legitimität des Sozialstaats im vereinigten Deutschland aus. Diese Wirkung gefährdete die soziale Integration des wiedervereinigten Deutschlands. Nach der Vereinigung nahm Einkommensunterschiede in beiden Regionen zu, aber die die Ungleichheit nach unten gerichtete ostdeutsche Gesellschaft zu einem System mit Differenzierung nach oben verändert. Obwohl Gini-Koeffizient in Ostdeutschland niedriger als in Westdeutschland blieb, haben die Ostdeutschen ihre Verteilungsumstände schlechter als Westdeutschen bewerten. Wegen der schwachen Sozialpolitik ist die Legitimät des Sozialstaats bei der Ostdeutschen verwundbar. Das zeigt, daß innere Mauer noch nicht zerfiel. Auf der anderen Seite, die Haltungen der Ost-und Westdeutsche zu der Ungleichheit und des Sozialstaats scheinen zu konvergieren. Lebenszufriedenheiten in alten und neuen Bundesländern nährte sich an. Die Erwartungen der Ostdeutschen an Sozialstaat senkte in dem westlichen Niveau in den letzten 20 Jahren. Soziale Ungleichheit und die Legitimität des Sozialstaates in Ost-Deutschland sind widerwillig aufgenommen. Schließlich spielt der deutsche Sozialstaat eine entscheidende Rolle in der Erreichung der Sozialintegration, obwohl die Bevölkerung in Deutschland mit ihr unzufrieden sind. Die Haltung der deutschen Bevölkerung zu der Ungleichheit und Wohlfahrt übt die Auswirkung auf die Legitimät des deutschen Sozialstaats aus. Und die Legitimät des Sozialstaats wirkt auf die Sozialeintegration des wiedervereinigten Deutschlands auf.

      • EMG를 이용한 事務用 倚子의 人間工學的 評價

        황규성,부진후 동의공업대학 1999 論文集 Vol.25 No.1

        In considering a seated posture, the important object is to suspend the body weight and to preserve a status of whole body. The study was conducted the discomfort of muscle by physical characteristic of existed office chairs(A, B, C, T-type) using EMG, which is used one of objective evaluation method. The measured muscles are trapezoids, T10-latissimus dorsi, L3-latissimus dorsi, and semimembranous. According to results of experiment, a chair that was not designed fit gives more fatigue to w. ist muscle (L3-1atissimus dorsi) and leg muscle(semimembranous) than other.

      • KCI등재

        Secr ecy Outage Probability of AF Relay Tr ansmission with MRC/TAS in Pr esence of Eavesdroppe

        황규성 한국멀티미디어학회 2016 멀티미디어학회논문지 Vol.19 No.3

        In this paper, we offer the secrecy outage probability of the amplify-and-forward (AF) transmission, which consists of one source, one destination, one relay, and one passive eavesdropper. Particularly, we consider that the relay is equipped with multiple antennas while other terminals is utilized with single antenna and apply diversity techniques (for both the reception and the transmission) at the relay to achieve gains in a secrecy outage performance. Additionally, we analyze the exact secrecy outage probability of the proposed systems in a one-integral form. Finally, some numerical examples are given to verify our provided analytical results for different system conditions.

      • KCI등재

        착좌시 하지 동작의 생체역학적 모델

        황규성,이동춘,최재호 대한인간공학회 1992 大韓人間工學會誌 Vol.11 No.1

        A two-dimensional static biochemical model of lower extremity in the seated posture was developed to assess muscular activities of lower extremity required for a variety of foot pedal operations. We found that the double linear optimization method that has been used for modelling articulated body segments does no predict the forces generated by biarticular muscles reasonably, so the revised double linear optimization scheme was used to consider the synergistic effects of biarticular muscles in our model, assuming that the muscle forces are distributed proportionally based on their physiological cross sectional area. The model incorporated three rigid body se- gments with six muscles to represnet lower extremity. For the model validation, three male subjects performed the experiments in which EMG activities of six lower extremity muscles were measured. Predicted muscle forces were compare with the corresponding EMG amplitudes and it showed no statistical difference. The model being developed can be used to design and assess pedal and foot-related tool design.

      • KCI등재

        입지요인이 편의점 성과에 미치는 영향 요인분석 - 부산지역·경남지역 대상으로 비교분석 -

        황규성,이찬호 한국디지털정책학회 2014 디지털융복합연구 Vol.12 No.12

        본 연구의 목적은 부산지역과 경남지역의 편의점의 주요 입지 요인을 파악하는 것이다. 이는 입지요인들과 매출⋅이익과의 상관관계분석을 실시하고 그 중 주요 상관관계 변수를 선택하여 회귀분석을 실시하여 각 요인들의 영향정도를 분석함으로서 파악 된다. 경쟁요인은 매출, 수익과 유의적인 결과가 나타났으며, 그 영향정도도 모든 입 지요인 중에서 가장 큰 것으로 나타나 편의점 입지선정에서 가장 중요한 입지요인이다. 이를 통해 최근 편의점의 입 지선정 기준을 제시하고 시사점을 제공함으로써, 편의점 예비창업자 및 점포개발자 뿐만 아니라 기타 소매점 점포 창업 준비자에게 입지선정방법에 대한 대응방안을 제시하고자 한다. The purpose of this study is to understand major factors of site selection of convenience stores in Busan and Gyeong-nam Region. This will be done by analyzing correlations of sale, profit and localization factors and choosing the major correlation factors out of them and carrying out regression analysis to analyze each factor's influence extent. the competition factor : It is shown that the competition factor has significant result with the sale and the profit and the effect of that is proved the biggest among all location requirements. Therefore, the competition factor is the most important factors above all. By providing recently standards and implications of site selection of stores, this study suggests a guideline for site selection not only to prep entrepreneurs and store developers but also prep entrepreneurs of retail store.

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