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      • KCI등재후보

        수출회화로서 기산 김준근(箕山 金俊根) 풍속화 연구

        김수영,Kim, Soo-Young 한국미술이론학회 2009 미술이론과 현장 Vol.8 No.-

        Kim, Jun-Geun(Gisan) was a late 19th century Chosen dynasty painter who created numerous genre paintings for West European clients in the newly opened treaty ports of Wonsan, Busan and Inchon. The treaty ports in the late 19th century Chosen represented of the crossroads the economy, values, and the institutions of the West European powers. In particular, the agriculture-based economy, Confucianism, and land-owner noble class started being eroded by a commerce-based economy, the values of Christianity, West European institution, and a new class of people who amassed wealth from commerce. As Kim, Jun-Geun's paintings were created for sale to West European clients, they exhibit characteristics that are distinct from the traditional genre paintings in terms of presentation style and the selection of the subject matters. The export genre painting originated in the 18th century around Guangdong, China. Broadly, there are two styles of genre paintings: the Guangzhou style and Ningbo style. Kim, Jun-Geun's paintings resemble the Ningbo style. The Ningbo style tends to highlight the main subjects, form an album of small paintings, and provide a simple treatment of the scenes without the background. Kim, Jun-Geun's paintings cover most aspects of life of common people of his time, ranging well beyond the subjects matters of the traditional genre paintings. His subject matters include the scenes of funeral, folk games, Buddhist and ancestor worship, prison and punishment, shaman custom, debauchees, government officials' formal trips, beggars and handicapped, etc. Many of the subjects are the neglected and the oppressed of the society. And he presents in detail the dress and its ornament that the subjects wear, and all the utensils and things around them. Besides, his subjects' faces are generally expressionless, and their postures are stiff; as such, the feeling of liveliness or movement is lacking. It may be the results of Kim, Jun-Geun's taking the other perspective, namely of his West European clients, rather than his own. The adoption of the other perspective may in turn be a product of the Social Darwinism and the new sense of values that accompanied the infusion of Christianity and West European institutions. Kim, Jun-Geun's portrayals of his subjects appear to reflect the attributes with which the West European Orientalists' of the period characterized the people of the Far East, namely, backwardness, barbarity, irrationality, violence, and mysticism.

      • KCI등재

        Mineral Chemistry of Cassiterite, Columbite, Tantalite and Associated Minerals from Soonkyoung Tin-bearing Pegmatite

        김수영,문희수,박노영,Kim, Soo-Young,Moon, Hi-Soo,Park, No Young The Korean Society of Economic and Environmental G 1989 자원환경지질 Vol.22 No.4

        상동지역(上東地域), 순경(順鏡) 함광석(含鑛石) 페그마타이트에서는 석석(錫石)을 비롯하여 탄탈라이트-콜롬바이트, 그리고 함(含)Ta-금홍석(金紅石) 등(等)이 산출(産出)된다. 석석(錫石)은 산포상(散布狀)의 미정질(微晶質)에서부터 거정질(巨晶質)에 이르기까지 다양(多樣)하며, 일반적(一般的)으로 탄탈라이트-콜롬바이트, 함(含)Ta-금홍석(金紅石)과 공존(共存)하고 있다. 탄탈라이트-콜롬바이트는 미세맥(微細脈) 혹은 용리상능(溶離狀能)로서 석석결정(錫石結晶)에 배태(胚胎)되며 간혹 독립광물(獨立鑛物)로서 석영(石英)에 수반(隨伴)되는 경우가 있다. 함(含)Ta-금홍석(金紅石)은 상기(上記)한 광물(鑛物) 중 최후기상(最後期相)으로서 석영(石英)을 수반(隨伴)하는 세맥상(細脈狀)으로 산출(産出)된다. 석석(錫石)에서 ${\Sigma}Ta^{+5}$, $Nb^{+4}$, $Ti^{+4}$ 및 Fe*은 $Sn^{+4}$과 부(負)의 상관관계(相關關係)로 치환(置換)에 전적(全的)으로 관계(關係)하고 있으며, 0.01-0.15mol.% 까지 치환(置換)하고 있다. $Ta^{+5}$와 $Nb^{+5}$는 Fe* 쌍치환관계(雙置換關係)이며 $Ta^{+5}$는 $Ti^{+4}$와 화학적(化學的) 친화관계(親化關係)로서 밀접(密接)히 수반(隨伴)된다. 이상구조(異常構造)가 발달(發達)된 석석(錫石)은 결정(結晶)의 내핵(內核)에서부터, 외각(外殼)으로 갈수록 Ta/Nb 비(比)가 증가(增加)하며, 이는 온도(溫度)의 하강(下降)에 따른 Ta의 참여효과(參與效果) 가 높아지는데 기인(起因)된다. 함(含)Ta-금홍석(金紅石)은 $TiO_2$:57.41-86.00wt.%, $Ta_2O_5$:5.08-21.51 wt.%, $Nb_2O_5$:1.60-6.81 wt.%, FeO*:2.06-5.85 wt.% 그리고 $SnO_2$:1.74-10.35 wt.%의 화학조성(化學造成)으로 구성(構成)되어 있다. 본 광물(鑛物)은 탄탈라이트-콜롬바이트에 비(比)하여 Ta/Ta+Nb의 비(比)가 높다. 탄탈라이트-콜롬바이트의 화학조성(化學造成)에 의하면, Ta/Ta+Nb가 증가(增加)하고, Mn/Mn+Fe*는 감소(減少)하는 분결경향(分結傾向)을 보여 주고 있다. 이것은 분결작용(分結作用)이 진행(進行)되는 동안 Ta의 활동도(活動度)가 증가(增加)되는 것으로 Li과 F가 고갈(枯渴)되고, Be과 P가 풍부(豊富)한 환경(環境)을 지시(指示)하는 것이다. 이와같은 환경(環境)은 순경(順鏡) 페그마타이트에 Li과 F 운모(雲母)의 부재(否在)와 탄탈라이트와 녹주석(綠柱石)이 석석(錫石) 광화작용(鑛化作用)과 밀접(密接)히 수반(隨伴)되는 것과 일치(一致)하는 것이다. 본 페그마타이트는 Ta-Be 복합형(複合型)의 페그마타이트로서 석석(錫石)은 탄탈라이트-콜룸바이트, 녹주석(綠柱石) 등(等)의 분결작용(分結作用)을 수반(隨伴)하며 형성(形成)되었다. Cassiterite, tantalite, columbite and tantalian rutile are found as accessory minerals in Soonkyoung tin-bearing pegmatites. These minerals occur as finely disseminated specks of up to micro-size in diameter and coarse grain size varying from 0.5-50mm in albite, muscovite and quartz assemblage. Cassiterite geneally shows a moderate to intense pleochroism, having a color brownish yellow to deep reddish brown. The substitution of $Ta^{+5}$, $Nb^{+5}$, $Ti^{+4}$ and Fe* for $Sn^{+4}$ in cassiterite ranges 0.01-0.10 mol%. The zoned cassiterite give a higher Ta/Nb ratios in margin than the ratios in core. This is due to the preferential $Ta^{+5}$ affinity to lower temperature during the crystallization of cassiterite. Tantalite-columbite and tantalian rutile occur in cassitertie with exsolution texture and/or infiltrate into the micro-fissures of cassiterite with micro quartz vein. The compositions of tantalite-columbite show the wide ranges of $Ta_2O_5$ : 14-46 wt.%, $Nb_2O_5$ : 60-28 wt. % and FeO*: 10.15 wt.%. The variation of chemical composition in tantalit-columbite exhibits the decreasing trends of $Mn^{+2}/M^{+2}+Fe^*$ with $Ta^{+5}/Ta^{+5}+Nb^{+5}$ increasing. These trends of vatiations indicate that the Ta/Nb fractionation are enhanced by higher Ta-complex activity in late stage of pegmatite consolidation and lower activity of F in agreements with the F-and Li-micas not to be developed in Soonkyoung tin-bearing pegmatite.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        드라이클리닝 근로자들의 유기용제 폭로와 자각증상

        김수영,김정윤,이연경,이석구,이영수,조영채,이태용,이동배,Kim, Soo-Young,Kim, Jeong-Yun,Lee, Yeon-Kyeng,Lee, Sok-Goo,Lee, Young-Soo,Cho, Young-Chae,Lee, Tae-Young,Lee, Dong-Bae 대한예방의학회 1998 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Vol.31 No.4

        To investigate the exposure levels of organic solvents and subjective symptoms of dry-cleaning workers, 77 male and 52 female dry-cleaning workers who had been worked in a small city of Chungnam province, and a large city, Taejon were selected for the study group. Air concentrations of organic solvents in the working environment were analyzed, and subjective symptoms of dry-cleaning workers were surveyed, from July to August 1996. The results obtained were as follows : 1. The concentrations of organic solvents in the working environment were within permissible TLV-TWA limits. 2. For the 13 symptom clusters, the most frequently complained symptom clusters were fatigue as 71.3%, and followed by depression and urinary disturbances as 53.5% and 51.9%. Other symptom clusters complained were below 50%. 3. Positive response rates of subjective symptoms were significantly higher in worker groups such as lived in a large city, female, higher education level, more frequently alcohol drinking, higher concentration of organic solvent in working environment, work in alone. 4. Workers who had used solvent B showed 2.3 point higher scores of subjective symptoms than those of solvent A. Of the subjective symptoms scores, amnesia and nervousness were higher in solvent B user group than solvent B user group. 5. As a result of factor analysis, 3 factors such as depression, urinary disturbance and neurologic disturbance were selected. 6. As a result of the logistic regression analysis, sex, the number of fellow workers, working time, region, job tenure, smoking, alcohol drinking, ventilating system, concentration of organic solvent in working environment and place of residence were selected for the related variables. For the conclusion, even though the concentrations of organic solvents in the working environments of dry-cleaning workers were within permissible limit of TLV-TWA, many dry-cleaning workers complained symptoms, such as fatigue, depression, urinary disturbances and so on. And the factors affecting to the symptoms of dry-cleaning workers were the number of fellow workers, work hours, region, job tenure, smoking and alcohol drinking.

      • KCI등재

        황-요오드 열화학 수소 생산 공정에서 니켈-백금 이원금속 촉매를 이용한 요오드화수소 분해 특성

        김수영,고윤기,박주식,배기광,김영호,Kim, Soo-Young,Go, Yoon-Ki,Park, Chu-Sik,Bae, Ki-Kwang,Kim, Young-Ho 한국수소및신에너지학회 2012 한국수소 및 신에너지학회논문집 Vol.23 No.1

        This study was performed to develop a low Pt content catalyst as a catalyst for HI decomposition in S-I process. Bimetallic catalysts added various amounts of Pt on a silica supported Ni catalyst were prepared by impregnation method. HI decomposition was carried out using a fixed bed reactor. As a result, Ni-Pt bimetallic catalyst showed enhanced catalytic activity compared with each monometallic catalyst. Deactivation of Ni-Pt catalyst was not observed while deactivation of Ni monometallic catalyst was rapidly occurred in HI decomposition. The HI conversion of Ni-Pt bimetallic catalyst was increased similar to Pt catalyst with increase of the reaction temperature over a temperature range 573K to 773K. From the TG analysis, it was shown that $NiI_2$ remained on the Ni(5.0)-Pt(0.5)/$SiO_2$ catalyst after the HI decomposition reaction was decomposed below 700K. It seems that small amount of Pt in bimetallic catalyst increase the decomposition of $NiI_2$ generated after the decomposition of HI. Consequently, it was considered that the activity of Ni-Pt bimetallic catalyst was kept during the HI decomposition reaction.

      • KCI등재

        비주 버팀목으로 흡수성 고정판을 이용한 비첨 성형술

        김수영,이수향,황은아,최현곤,김순흠,신동혁,엄기일,Kim, Soo-Young,Lee, Soo-Hyang,Hwang, Eun-A,Choi, Hyun-Gon,Kim, Soon-Heum,Shin, Dong-Hyeok,Uhm, Ki-Il 대한성형외과학회 2010 Archives of Plastic Surgery Vol.37 No.3

        Purpose: Most surgeons have used autogenous cartilage for columella strut graft. But the supply of autogenous cartilage is often limited. So, this study is to investigate the usefulness of biodegradable plate as columella strut material. Methods: We studied 19 patients who have secondary cleft nasal deformity. Patients were divided into two groups. Group A patients who were not closed their growth plate underwent columella strut graft only with biodegradable plate through endonasal approach. The biodegradable plate was inserted between nasal tip and anterior nasal spine. Group B patients were closed their growth plate. They had an operation for columella strut graft with biodegradable plate fixed with autogenous conchal cartilage. If nasal tip projection was insufficient, we performed additionally onlay graft on nasal tip with autogenous soft tissue or remnant cartilage. Results: As a result of mean 14 months follow-up, we achieved a good nasal tip projection, narrowing of interalar distance and symmetrical nostril shape. No specific complications were reported except 2 cases, which were the extrusion of biodegradable plate into the nasal cavity and Staphylococcus aureus infection. Conclusion: The columella strut graft using biodegradable plate is simple and effective method. Biodegradable plate can be a good substitute for columella strut in patients who can not use autogenous cartilages.

      • KCI등재후보

        유아의 창의성과 음악능력이 음악적 창의성에 미치는 영향

        정나영(Jung Na Young),김수영(Kim Soo-Young) 한국육아지원학회 2010 육아지원연구 Vol.5 No.2

        본 연구는 유아의 연령과 성별에 따른 창의성, 음악능력, 그리고 음악적 창의성의 차이를 살펴보고, 유아의 창의성과 음악능력이 유아의 음악적 창의성에 미치는 영향을 알아보는 것을 목적으로 하였다. 이를 위해 대구․경북에 위치한 유치원과 어린이집에 다니고 있는 만 4, 5세 유아 338명의 창의성, 음 악능력, 그리고 음악적 창의성을 측정하였으며, 자료 분석을 위해 MANOVA와 중다회귀분석을 실시하 였다. 연구 결과 첫째, 유아의 음악 능력은 연령에 따른 차이가 유의하게 나타났으나, 유아의 창의성과 음악적 창의성은 연령과 성별에 따른 차이가 유의하지 않게 나타났다. 둘째, 유아의 창의성은 유아의 음악적 창의성에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으나, 유아의 음악능력은 유아의 음악적 창의성 에 유의한 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났다. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of children’s creativity and musical ability on children’s musical creativity. 338 children, aging 4~5 who enrolled at kindergarten and child care center in Daegu and Gyeongbuk province were selected for the research and analysis. Three different methods were used as a tool for the research. First, children’s creativity evaluation scales for the teacher developed by Rho Young-hee, Kim Kyung-chul and Kim Ho(2006) was used to measure the children’s creativity. Second, PMMA(Primary Measure of Music Audition) developed by Gordon(1986) which was translated to Korean by Shin In-suk(1994) was used to measure the children’s musical ability. Finally, MCSM(Measures of Creativity in Sound and Music) developed by Wang(1985) which was translated to Korean by Hue Sun-hee(1996) was used to measure children’s musical creativity. All collected datum were analyzed by MANOVA Process of SPSS /PC and Multiple Regression Analysis. Summaries of the research results are as follows. First, children’s creativity had no differences in age and gender excepting partial differences in children’s independence and against-norm. Second, children’s musical ability had significant differences in age but no differences in gender. Third, children’s musical creativity had no differences in age and gender. Fourth, children’s creativity effected significantly on the children’s musical fluency and musical imagination, but not on children’s musical originality. Finally, children’s musical ability didn’t effect on the children’s musical creativity.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        열유동을 고려한 SMC 압축성형공정의 3차원 유한요소 해석

        김수영,임용택,Kim, Soo-Young,Im, Yong-Taek 대한기계학회 1996 大韓機械學會論文集A Vol.20 No.2

        SMC(Sheet molding compound) is a thermosetting material reinforced with chopped fiberglass. The compression molding of SMC was analyzed based on a rigid thermo-viscoplastic approach using a three dimensional finite element program coupled with temperatures. Only the temperature analysis part was tested in this paper by solving one-dimensional heat transfer problem and comparing with the exact solutions available in the literature. Based on this comparison the program was proved to be valid and was further applied in solving compression molding of SMC between flat dies. To investigate the usefulness of a rigid thermo-viscoplastic approach in the compression molding analysis of SMC charge, compression of rectangular shaped SMC charge at plane strain and three dimensionalde formation condition was analyzed under the same condition as given in the literature. From this comparison it was found out that the rigid thermo-viscoplastic approach was useful in analyzing SMC compression molding between flat dies.

      • KCI등재

        키르키스스탄 촌아슈 지역 화강섬록암질암 및 사질원 퇴적암의 지화학적 특징

        김수영,지세정,박성원,Kim, Soo-Young,Chi, Sei-Jung,Park, Sung-Won 대한자원환경지질학회 2011 자원환경지질 Vol.44 No.4

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        연구지역의 조구조 위치는 북부 천산지괴 남단의 이식쿨 미세지각 연변부 봉합선 북부에 위치한다. 지구조적으로는 카지흐 만곡조산대에 속한다. 암층은 알타이드 조산복합대 이전의 대륙지각이나 대륙호 및 화산호에 발달되는 고 지각 (Paleo- continent) 조각들과 지각 퇴적물의 부가복합체(Accretionary complex)등으로 구성되어 있다. 이들은 대부분 후기 원생대 및 고생대층으로 구성되어 있다. 중앙아시아 조산대의 마그마 활동은 고 생대 초부터 화강암류가 관입하기 시작하여 고기-테티스 해양(Paleo-Tethys ocean)의 소멸과 함께 시베리아 지괴 (Siberia- Kazakhstan 미세대륙)와 타림-북중국 지괴의 대륙 충돌기(期)인 후기 데본기에서 전기 석탄가까지의 기간 동안 가장 활발하게 진행되었다. 이 기간에 키르기즈스탄의 광화작용이 집중적으로 일어났는데 주로 조산운동과 관련된 금광화작용(Orogenic gold deposit)과 섭입작용과 관련된 반암 동광화작용 및 스카론 광화작용이다. 촌아슈에 분포하는 화강암류의 암석지화학 특징은 전술한 섭입작용과 관련된 도호(Island arc)나 화산호(Volcanic arc)의 화학적 특정을 갖는 영역에 해당한다. 이들은 대부분 과알루미나(per -aluminous) 내지 메타알루미나(metaluminous) 계열의 암체들로서 동시 혹은 후 충돌 마그마호에서 유래된 특정을 보이고 있다. 촌아슈 광구지역의 지질은 캠브리아기에서 오도뷔스기의 해양 분지에서 형성된 육성 화산퇴적물로 구성된 Sokolot suite, Ashuairyk suite 층과 석회석, 이질암 등으로 구성된 캠브리아기의 Turgenaksuu suite 및 오도뷔스기의 Tashtambektan suite로 형성되었다. Pangea 육괴와 Angarida 대륙 충돌 단계인 중기 고생대에는 내해(內海) 퇴적층인 석탄기의 투룩층군(Turuk Stratum)이 형성되었다. 사암과 이질암은 해양 도호(島弧)나 활동성 대륙 연변부 환경에서 퇴적된 층으로 분류된다. 이 지역의 동 광화대 모암이 되고 있는 관입암체로는 석영섬록암-몬조섬록암-섬록암과 토날라이트-화강섬록암 계열의 암석이 있다. 촌아슈 광구에는 주로 적철석으로 되어 있는 철산화대가 광범위하게 발달하고 있다. 이 철산화대는 타쉬탐백토르스크 섬록암 복합체와 상부 리피안기와 캠브리아기의 변성 및 퇴적암 층군의 NE와 NW의 공액구조나 산포상으로 분포한다. 동 광화작용은 철 광화작용 이후 섬록암의 카리 변질작용과 규화작용 및 탄산염화 작용을 수반하면서 전기 타쉬탐백토르스크 섬록암 복합체 및 상부 리피안기와 캠브리아기의 변성 및 퇴적암 층군에 망상 또는 산포상의 열수 세맥군으로 배태된다. Chon-Ashuu copper mining claim area is located, in terms of the geotectonic setting, in the northern part of the suture line which is bounded with the marginal part of Issik-kul micro-continent on the southern part of North Tien-Shan terrane. The geological blocks of Chon-Ashuu districts belong to the southern tip of Kazakhstan orocline. The rock formation of this area are composed of the continental crust or/and arc collage and the paleo-continental fragments-accretionary wedge complex of pre-Altaid orogenic materials. ASI(Alumina Saturation Index) of Paleozoic plutonic rocks in Chon-Ashuu area belong to the peraluminous and metaluminous rocks which were generated from fractional crystallization of Island and volcanic arc crusts in syn-post collisional plate. The geology of the ChonAshuu area consists of upper Proterozoic and Paleozoic rock formations. According to Harker variation diagrams for Chon-Ashuu arenaceous sedimentary rocks, the silty sandstone of Chon-Ashuu area showing the mineralogical immaturity were derived from Island arc or the marginal environments of active continent in Cambro-Carboniferous period. Numerous intrusive rocks of Chon-Ashuu area are distributed along north east trending tectonic structures and are bounded on four sides by the conjugate pattern. The most common type of the plutonic rocks are granodiorite and monzodiorite. According to the molecular normative An-Ab-Or composition (Barker, 1979), the plutonic rocks in Chon-Ashuu area are classified into tonalite - trondhjemite - granodiorite (TTG) series which are an aggregation of rocks which is the country rock of copper mineralization, that are formed by melting of hydrous mafic crust at high pressure.

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