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      • KCI등재후보

        감염성 안구내염의 초음파 소견

        김재형,최재완,윤영희,김중곤.Jae-Hyung Kim. M.D.. Jae-Wan Choi. M.D.. Young-Hee Yoon. M.D.. June-Gone Kim. M.D. 대한안과학회 2005 대한안과학회지 Vol.46 No.4

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Purpose: To investigate the correlation between ultrasonographic findings and clinical features of infectious endophthalmitis. Methods: We analyzed ultrasonographic findings of 38 eyes of 36 patients who had been diagnosed as having infectious endophthalmitis with various etiologies. The correlation between ultrasonographic findings and clinical features such as initial and final visual acuities were studied. Results: Fourteen eyes were diagnosed with endogenous endophthalmitis and 11 eyes with postoperative endophthalmitis. Posterior vitreous opacity in the endophthalmitis secondary to keratitis was more severe and subhyaloid opacity in the traumatic endophthalmitis was less severe. Coagulase negative staphylococcus was the most common causative agents. Subhyaloid opacity in the eyes where cultures were not performed, was more severe than in those where coagulase negative staphylococcus was identified. Among the various ultrasonographic findings only the degree of the posterior vitreous opacity was correlated with the initial visual acuity, and none of the findings was significantly related with the final visual acuity. Treatment modalities included intravitreal antibiotics injections in 13 eyes, immediate vitrectomies and antibiotics injection in 6 eyes, conversion to vitrectomy after antibiotics injection in 17 eyes, and eviscerations in 2 eyes. The grades of posterior vitreous opacity of the patients with conversion to vitrectomy after antibiotics injection were lower than those of the other groups. Conclusions: Ultrasonographic findings might be a useful factors in the diagnosis and the determination of treatment modality and may therefore be helpful in the prognosis of patients with suspected infectious endophthalmitis.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        The Effects of Alendronate on Healing of the Calvarial Defect in Rats

        김재형,이재목,박진우,서조영,Kim, Jae-Hyung,Lee, Jae-Mok,Park, Jin-Woo,Suh, Jo-Young The Korean Academy of Periodontoloy 2004 Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science Vol.34 No.4

        Bisphosphonates는 파골세포에 의한 골흡수를 방지하는 물질로 알려져 있으며 임상에서 널리 쓰이고 있다. 그 중 Alendronate는 Aminobisphosphonates의 한 종류로 non-aminobisphosphonates인 etidronate보다 100-1000배 더 강한 효과를 보이는 것으로 알려져 있다. 본 실험의 목적은 백서두개골 결손부의 골재생을 실험모델로 하여 alendronate의 국소투여 효과를 알아보는 것으로 액체의 흡수성과 골전도성이 우수한 것으로 알려진 collagen membrane을 사용하여 결손부 양측에 alendronate와 physiologic saline을 각각 적용하여 1주, 2주, 4주의 조직학적 치유양상, 파골세포활성도, 경도를 평가하였다. 조직학적 치유양상은 1주째 collagen membrane에 의한 염증성 침윤이 나타났으며 2주째부터 골성회복이 관찰되었고 4주째 완전한 골성회복을 보여 각주별 실험군, 대조군 공히 유사한 양상을 보였고 실험에 사용한 $200{\mu}g$의 용량은 조직학적으로 관찰할만한 골재생의 향상을 위해서는 부족한 용량으로 사료되는 바이다. TRAP(+) cell은 1주째 대조군에 비해 실험군에서 유의하게 적은 수를 보였으며(p<0.01) 2주와 4주째는 유의한 차이를 나타내지 않았고 경도측정에서는 2주째 대조군에 비해 실험군에서 유의하게 높은 경도를 보였으며 4주째 유의한 차이를 나타내지 않았다(p<0.05). 이상의 실험에서 alendronate는 골조직 치유과정의 초기에 파골세포의 활성도와 경도에 다소 영향을 미친 것으로 사료되며 향후 골조직 재생을 위한 임상적용에 응용을 위해서는 치유과정을 더욱 향상시킬 수 있는 추가적인 연구가 필요하리라 사료된다. The present study aimed to examine the effects of topical application of alendronate with a collagen membrane on the healing of the calvarial defect in rats, which has a good experimental design for the healing of tissue destruction, To study the effect of alendronate on bone healing, the collagen membrane containing $200{\mu}g$ alendronate was inserted in the defects of the right side and collagen membrane treated with physiologic saline was inserted in the defects of the left side. After 1, 2 and 4 weeks, observation of histologic feature after H&E staining, cell counting after TRAP staining, and hardness measurement(Knoop) were performed. In histologic finding, similar features were shown for both test and control groups each week. In cell counting only the 1 week test groups showed significant reduction of TRAP(+)cells than control groups(p<0.01) and the control groups showed statistically significant difference for 1, 2, 4weeks(p<0.05). In hardness measurement, The 2 week test groups showed significant higher hardness than control groups.(p<0,05) and not 4 weeks. There was significant increase of hardness for both groups as time goes by.(p<0.0l) Therefore local application of alendronate with collagen membrane was somewhat effective in reducing osteoclastic activity and increasing hardness in the early stage of healing. Further investigation concerning the actual effect of alendronate for bony healing will be necessary to apply the clinical cases

      • KCI등재

        인공시계기반 헬기용 3차원 항법시스템 구성

        김재형,유준,곽휘권,Kim, Jae-Hyung,Lyou, Joon,Kwak, Hwy-Kuen 한국군사과학기술학회 2008 한국군사과학기술학회지 Vol.11 No.3

        An artificial vision aided NDGPS/INS system has been developed and tested in the dynamic environment of ground and flight vehicles to evaluate the overall system performance. The results show the significant advantages in position accuracy and situation awareness. Accuracy meets the CAT-I precision approach and landing using NDGPS/INS integration. Also we confirm the proposed system is effective enough to improve flight safety by using artificial vision. The system design, software algorithm, and flight test results are presented in details.

      • KCI등재

        오적산(五積散)이 흰쥐의 고지혈증에 미치는 영향(影響)에 대한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究)

        김재형,소경순,정찬길,김광호,Kim Jae-Hyung,Soh Kyeong-Sun,Jeong Chan-Gil,Kim Kwang-Ho 대한예방한의학회 2004 대한예방한의학회지 Vol.8 No.2

        In order to study the effects of Ojuck-san on hyperlipidemia, we divided the rats into three groups(normal group, control group & sample group) and performed the experimental research. Hyperlipidemia rats were induced by oral for 14days. The sample group was administerd the extract of Ojuck-san for 14 days and control group was administerd equal dose of oral. And then we measured the amount of serum Total cholesterol, Triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, Phospholipid, Cholinesterase and Cardiac risk factor. The results were as follows : 1. Ojuck-san showed decreasing effects on Total cholesterol, Triglyceride, LDL -cholesterol, and Phospholipid level in serum significantly(p<0.001). 2. Ojuck-san showed increasing effects on HDL-cholesterol level and Cholinesterase in serum significantly(p<0.05). 3. Ojuck-san showed decreasing effects on Cardiac risk factor in serum significantly.(p<0.001). According to the above results, Ojuck-san showed significant decreasing effects on hyperlipidemia, and it is considered that it is appropriate to apply for hyperlipidemia.

      • KCI등재

        앵글씨 분류에 의한 성인 골격구조 및 하악운동량 평가

        김재형,김병국,최홍란,Kim, Jae-Hyung,Kim, Byung-Gook,Choi, Hong-Ran 대한안면통증구강내과학회 2001 Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain Vol.26 No.2

        The purpose of this study was to identify the difference of vertical movement of mandible according to Angle's molar relationship and by skeletal factors affect to vertical movement of mandible. 172(age ranged from 20 to 30) subjects who go to college within territory of Kwangju city without any experience of temporomandibular disorder, extraction and orthodontic treatment. were selected for this study. The subjects were classified into class I(male:30, female:49), class II(male:18, female:24) and class III(male:18, female:33) according to Angle's molar relationship. The distance was measured between incisal edge of maxillary and mandibular central incisor and between bottom of central fossa of maxillary and mandibular 1st molar with ruler. The arch length and width were measured on the diagnostic cast. Cephalometrics were taken and then traced. Landmarks were identified and analyzed. 1. Maximal interincisal opening of male is larger than that of female in class I, class II and class III. Among each group maximal interincisal distance is the largest in class III. Maximal intermolar distance of male is superior to that of female in class I, class II, and class III, but there is no siginficant difference among them. 2. On maximal opening movement of Angle's classification class I and class II, total mandibular length, mandibular ramal length, madibular inferior border length and upper arch width were important variables and facial length, upper arch length and lower arch length had negative relationship to that. On maximal opening movement of Angle's class III, the upper arch length, the lower arch length and anterior facial length were important variables especially when compared with class I and II, and upper arch width had negative relationship. These results suggest that maximal opening movement is affected by facial morphology in all classes, but each group is affected by different facial skeletal variables. Accordingly, facioskeletal variables might be considered as diagnosis and treatment to improve the amount of mouth opening.

      • KCI등재

        Fall cone과 수화열을 이용한 흙-시멘트 혼합물의 상 변화 연구

        김재형,원정윤,김성필,장병욱,Kim Jae-Hyung,Won Jeong-Yun,Kim Sung-Pil,Chang Pyoung-Wuck 한국지반공학회 2004 한국지반공학회논문집 Vol.20 No.9

        고함수비 상태의 흙에 시멘트를 첨가하게 되면 흙의 공학적 성질을 개량할 수 있다. 이렇게 고함수비 흙에 시멘트를 혼합하는 경우 흙시멘트 혼합물의 워커빌러티와 밀접한 관련이 있는 상 변화를 예측하고 구분하는 것은 매우 힘들다. 시간에 따른 시멘트 paste의 수화열 변화와 경도의 변화는 흙시멘트 혼합물의 상 변화에 대한 유용한 정보를 제공해준다. 본 연구에서는 시멘트 paste와 흙/시멘트 비를 달리 한 3 종류의 혼합물에 대해 수화열과 콘 관입량을 측정하여 흙시멘트 혼합물의 상 변화를 관찰하였다. 실험결과, 흙시멘트 혼합물의 상 변화는 시멘트 paste와 동일한 형태를 보이며 수화열이 최소가 되는 시점에서 혼합물의 전단강도가 급격하게 증가함을 알 수 있었다. 흙시멘트 혼합물의 초결시점은 fall cone 관입량이 1.0mm, 즉 혼합물이 소성상태에 도달하는 시점과 일치하며 흙/시멘트 비가 증가할수록 초결시간은 지연되었다. 흙시멘트 혼합물에 대한 수화열 측정과 fall cone 관입량 측정은 흙-시멘트 혼합물의 상 변화를 예측하는 유용한 수단으로 사용할 수 있다. Some amount of cements can be added into the soil with high water content to improve the engineering properties. In such a case, it is difficult to predict and figure out the phase changes of the soil-cement mixture which is closely associated with workability of the soil-cement mixture. Changes in heat of hydration and hardness of the cement pastes are known to provide the useful information about the phase changes of the soil-cement mixtures. In this study, heat of hydration and cone penetration depth were measured from the specimens of cement paste and 3 soil-cement mixtures. From the experimental results, it was found that the phase changes of the soil-cement mixtures are the same as those of cement paste, and that shear strength of the mixtures abruptly increases when the heat of hydration is minimum. Initial setting time of the mixtures coincides with the state when fall cone penetration depth was 1.0 mm and it is defined as plastic limit of the mixtures. Initial setting time of the mixtures is retarded as soil/cement ratio is increased. Measurements of heat of hydration and fall cone apparatus could be the useful tools to predict the phase changes of tile soil-cement mixtures.

      • 경부에 발생한 지방모세포종 1예

        김재형,최인학,김영찬,백승국,Kim, Jae Hyung,Choi, ln Hak,Kim, Young-Chan,Baek, Seung-Kuk 대한두경부종양학회 2019 대한두경부 종양학회지 Vol.35 No.1

        Lipoblastoma is a rare benign tumor with 80-90% occurring in children less than 3 years of age and 40% occurring in children less than 1 year of age. The most common site of incidence is limb, and then trunk. Neck is the rare site of incidence. The main symptom that the patient complains about is a rapidly growing neck mass without pain. When the size of mass increases, it can cause dyspnea, Horner's syndrome. Lipoblastoma is usually diagnosed as a lipoma in the fine needle aspiration. Since it is not differentiated from lipoma, liposarcoma, and hibernating adenoma in CT and MRI, the definitive diagnosis is histologic diagnosis through surgical resection. The treatment is complete surgical resection. And recurrence rate is 9-25% due to incomplete resection. Authors report this case with a review of literatures since we experienced a case of lipoblastoma diagnosed histopathologically after surgical treatment of neck mass.

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