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InP/InGaP quantum structures (QSs) were grown on GaAs (001) substrates by a migration-enhanced molecular beam epitaxy method. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL) and emission wavelength-dependent time-resolved PL (TRPL) were performed to investigate the optical properties of InP/InGaP QSs as a function of migration enhanced epitaxy (MEE) growth cycles from 2 to 8. One cycle for the growth of InP QS consists of 2-s In and 2-s P supply with an interruption time of 10 s after each source supply. As the MEE growth cycle increases from 2 to 8, the PL peak is redshifted and exhibited different (larger, comparable, or smaller) bandgap shrinkages with increasing temperature compared to that of bulk InP. The PL decay becomes faster with increasing MEE cycles while the PL decay time increases with increasing emission wavelength. These PL and TRPL results are attributed to the different QS density and size/shape caused by the MEE repetition cycles. Therefore, the size and density of InP QSs can be controlled by changing the MEE growth cycles.
The luminescence properties of InP/InGaP quantum structures (QSs) grown using migration-enhanced epitaxy (MEE) with different numbers of repetition of the growth cycles are investigated using temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL) and time-resolved PL. As the number of MEE repetition cycles increases from 3 to 8, the main PL peak originating from quantum dashes (QDashes) is red-shifted from 1.74 to 1.59 eV, owing to the change in the aspect-ratio of InP QDashes, whereas the PL peak energy originating from InP quantum dots and InGaP wetting layer remains nearly constant. The sample grown with six MEE repetition cycles shows the strongest integrated PL intensity with a comparatively narrow linewidth at room temperature. The six-cycled sample demonstrates an increase in PL decay time and radiative lifetime up to the highest temperature (120 K). These results indicate that the structural and luminescence properties of the InP/InGaP QSs can be controlled by adjusting the number of MEE repetition cycles; the best optical properties are obtained with the six-cycled InP/InGaP QSs sample at a growth temperature of 480 ℃.
Migration-enhanced epitaxy 성장한 InAs/GaAs 양자점(quantum dots)의 광학적 특성을 PL (photoluminescence)과 Time-resolved PL 이용하여 분석하였다. InAs 양자점은 In을 9.3초 공급하고 5초 차단한 후 As을 3초, 4초, 6초, 또는 9초 공급하고 5초 차단하는 과정을 3회 반복하여 성장하였다. As을 3초 공급한 시료의 PL 피크는 1,140 nm에서 나타나고, PL 세기는 다른 세 시료에 비해 매우 약하게 나타났다. As 공급시간을 3초에서 증가하였을 때 모든 PL 피크는 1,118 nm로 청색이동하여 나타났으며, PL 세기는 증가하였다. As을 6초 공급한 시료의 PL 세기가 가장 강하게 나타나고, 반치폭(full width at half maximum)도 가장 좁게 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 양자점의 밀도와 균일도(크기변화)로 설명된다. 또한 발광파장에 따른 PL 소멸시간은 PL 피크 근처에서 가장 길게 나타났다. The luminescence properties of InAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs) grown by a migration enhanced epitaxy method have been investigated by using photoluminescence (PL) and time-resolved PL measurements. The MEE method supplies materials in a series of alternate depositions with migration enhancing time between each deposition. After In source was supplied for 9.3 s, the growth was interrupted for 5 s. Subsequently, As source was open for 3 (AT3), 4(AT4), 6 (AT6), or 9 s (AT9), and the growth was interrupted for 5 s again. This growth sequence was repeated 3 times for the growth of InAs QDs. The PL peak of the AT3 was 1,140 nm and the PL intensity was very weak compared with that of the other three samples. The PL peak of all samples except the AT3 sample was 1,118 nm, which is blueshifted from 1,140 nm, and the PL intensity was increased compared to that of the AT3. These results can be explained by the increased QD density and the improved QD uniformity. The AT6 sample showed the strongest PL intensity and the narrowest full width at half maximum. The PL decay time of AT6 increased with increasing emission wavelength from 940 to 1,126 nm, reaching a maximum decay time of 1.09 ns at 1,126 nm, and then decreased as the emission wavelength was increased further.
김미경(Mee Kyung Kim), 김옥미(Ok Mee Kim), 김일두(Il Doo Kim), 김미향(Mee Hyang Kim), 박인경(In Kyung Park), 강명수(Myeong Su Kang), 이난희(Nan Hee Lee), 김순동(Soon Dong Kim) 한국식품저장유통학회(구 한국농산물저장유통학회) 1998 한국식품저장유통학회지 Vol.5 No.1
We determined the complete mitogenome of the oriental mayfly, Ephemera orientalis (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae) and the dragonfly Davidius lunatus (Odonata: Gomphidae). The 16,463-bp long E. orientalis and the 15,912 bp long D. lunatus mitogenome contains gene arrangement and content identical to the most common type found in a diverse insect order. Most individual E. orientalis and D. lunatus mt genes were well within the size found in the respective genes of other insects. The initiation codon for the D. lunatus COI gene was typical as ATA, whereas no typical start codon was found in the start region of E. orientalis COI gene. The A+T-rich regions of both mitogenomes have a few unusual feature. The A+T-rich region of E. orientalis contains a tandem repeat composed of two identical copies of 55 bp long, whereas that of D. lunatus contains a tandem repeat composed of duplicated identical 261-bp copies and one partial copy of the repeat. Also, the A+T-rich region of E. orientalis contains a single sequence and that of D. lunatus contains nine sequences, along with the tandem triplicate sequences, that has the potential to form stem-and-loop structures, flanked by the conserved sequences, “TA(A)TA” at the 5' end and “G(A)nT' at the 3' end. Furthermore, the A+T-rich region of D. lunatus contains two tRNA-like structures, tRNALeu(UUR)-like sequence and tRNATyr-like sequence that have proper anticodon TAA and clover-leaf structure that were previously found in the hymenopteran insects.
장내젖산균인 L. acidophilus를 이용한 배추김치를 제조할 목적으로 이균의 배추김치제조에의 이용성 조사, 부재료가 균의 생육에 미치는 영향을 조사하고, 김치담금재료에 부착한 김치숙성과 관련이 없는 각종 미생물을 오존수 또는 개스상의 오존을 처리하여 제거시킨 후 숙성에 따른 비타민류의 변화, 조직 및 즙액내의 당류의 변화, 균수의 변화 및 관능적 품질을 조사하였다. L. acidophilus는 배추즙액에서의 생육도로 보아 김치제조에의 이용성이 양호하였다. 또 부재료인 고추는 김치에서의 사용범위인 1~2%첨가로 생육을 다소 촉진하였으며, 생장과 마늘의 경우는 상당히 저해하여 부재료의 사용으로 숙도조절 가능성이 인정되었다. 김치부재료에 6㎎/L/sec의 오존 및 오존수를 1시간동안 처리한 결과 재료에 부착한 총균의 잔존율은 6~20%범위였으며, 김치당금비율에 준하여 재료를 혼할 경우의 제균율은 80~90%수준 이었다. 재료를 오존을 처리한 후 L. acidophilus를 첨가하여 김치를 숙성시킨 결과 숙성이 촉진되었으며, 이용가능한 당류가 없어질 경우 세포벽다당류를 분해하여 이용하였으며, 숙성과정중 비타민 B₁과 C의 함량이 일반김치에서 보다 높았다. This work was conducted to study the use of L. acidophilus, which exists in humun intestine for the fermentation of Chinese cabbage kimchi. The changes in vitamins, the number of microflora and sensory quality were observed during fermentation after the microflora which was not related to kimchi fermentation was eliminated by treatment with ozone water or ozone gas. The growth rate of L. acidophilus in the cabbage juice was higher than that in MRS broth. The growth of L. acidophilus was slightly promoted by adding 1~2% hot pepper powder while that was inhibited by ginger and garlic. Therefore, it was shown that the regulation of fermentation was possible by addition of spices. The result of treating spice with ozone gas and ozone water 6㎎/L/sec for 1 hour was that the survival ratio of total microflora was 6~20%. When L. acidophilus was added to materials after ozone treatment, the fermentation rate was improved and the polysaccharides in the cell wall were used when the usable free sugar was all consumed. The contents of vitamin B₁ and C in the ozone treated kimchi was higher than in the control.
최선임(Choi Sun Im), 김혜경(Kim Hae Kyung), 김희정(Kim Hee Jeong), 서미경(Suh Mee Kyung), 김영효(Kim Young Hou), 김미라(Kim Mee La), 김미종(Kim Mee Jong), 최미선(Choi Mee Sun), 정석희(Jeong Suk Hee), 김정화(Kim Jeong Hwa) 한국재활간호학회 2000 재활간호학회지 Vol.3 No.2
Meridian massage is originated from oriental medical manipulation, and it has been mainly applied to as pain and paralysis. The purpose was to develop new method of nursing care for help hemiplegic patients to recover their functions of upper limbs and to reduce depressions.<br/> This study was carried out between 8. March, and 8. June. 2000 and the subjects of the study were .60 hemiplegic stroke patients who were participants at a hospitalized in K oriental medical center. The experimental group(30) and the control group(30) were assigned by means of participation order. The experimental group took meridian massage on affected upper limb for 10 minutes daily for 2 weeks.<br/> We evaluated muscle power and endurance with band from AVIVA company.: range of motion with goniometer: shoulder pain with visual analogue scale: swelling with Jeweiers ring measurement of Dirette: depression with self-rating depression scale translated into Korean by Yang(1982).<br/> Data were analyzed by SPSS PC and the results are described below.<br/> The experimental group showed better muscle power and endurance than control group.<br/> Range of motiont of affected shoulder improved significantly in experimental group. Also, the experimental group showed less shoulder pain. hand edema. depression than control group.<br/> In this study, we observed that meridian massage is an effective nursing care in improving the function of upper limb and managing depression of stroke patients.<br/> <br/>
( Mee Kyoung Kim ), ( Won Young Lee ), ( Jae Heon Kang ), ( Jee Hyun Kang ), ( Bom Taeck Kim ), ( Seon Mee Kim ), ( Eun Mi Kim ), ( Sang Hoon Suh ), ( Hye Jung Shin ), ( Kyu Rae Lee ), ( Ki Young Lee ), ( Sang Y) 대한비만학회 2014 The Korean journal of obesity Vol.23 No.4
The dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity and its accompanying comorbidities are major health concerns in Korea. Obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2 in Korea. Current estimates are that 32.8% of adults are obese: 36.1% of men and 29.7% of women. The prevalence of being overweight and obese in national surveys is increasing steadily. Early detection and the proper management of obesity are urgently needed. Weight loss of 5-10% is the standard goal. In obese patients, control of cardiovascular risk factors deserves the same emphasis as weight-loss therapy. Since obesity is multifactorial, proper care of obesity requires a coordinated multidisciplinary treatment team, as a single intervention is unlikely to modify the incidence or natural history of obesity.