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본 논문은 수학 수업을 보는 관점으로서 은유에 대한 연구를 살펴보고, 본 연구자 자신이며 초등교사인 〈나〉를 설정하여 수학 수업에 대한 은유의 사례를 밝혀보았다. 첫째로 은유는 하나의 수사법으로서가 아니라 사고양식으로 보려는 현대 은유이론의 흐름을 개관하고, 둘째로 수학 수업을 은유로서 해석하려는 수학교육의 연구들을 소개하였다. 끝으로 수학 수업의 은유를 밝히는 사례로서, 초등교사인 연구자 자신을 Mee1, Mee2, Mee3으로 시기를 구분하여 수학 수업의 은유를 추출하였다. Mee1의 수학 수업은 〈모험〉, Mee2의 수학 수업은 〈숨바꼭질〉, Mee3의 수학 수업은 〈불꽃놀이〉라는 은유를 찾을 수 있었으며, 세 시기의 수학 수업의 은유 분석을 통하여 초등교사 〈나〉의 수학 수업에 대한 생각의 변화 과정을 살펴보았다. The purpose of this study was to investigate mathematics teaching of an elementary school teacher and to understand the meaning of it. This study was a qualitative case study using by analyzing metaphors. The notion of metaphors was newly set up. Traditionally, it had been regarded as a mere tool for better understanding, but it was recognized as the primary source of all of our concept(Sfard, 1998). The subject of this case study was a researcher ??Ⅰ?? and also an elementary school teacher. The three selves named Mee1, Mee2, Mee3, respectively. Mee1 was the ??Ⅰ?? who developed the 4th graders' activities on mathematical patterns in 1996 and wrote mathematics textbook for the 4th graders in 1998-1999. Mee2 was the ??Ⅰ?? who taught mathematical patterns to her students in 2002. Mee3 was the ??I?? who criticized the teaching of Mee2 in 2005. 〈ADVENTURE〉, 〈HIDE-AND-SEEK〉, and 〈FIREWORKS DISPLAY〉 were determined to be key metaphors of mathematics teaching. 〈ADVENTURE〉 of Mee1 was focused on profound understanding of mathematics, 〈HIDE-AND-SEEK〉 of Mee2 on construction of mathematics, and 〈FIREWORKS DISPLAY〉 of Mee3 on making meaning and participating in communities. Studies of metaphors give us the power of understanding mathematics teaching and also generate it. And viewing mathematics teaching via metaphors makes teaching studies open to new ways.
Migration-enhanced epitaxy 성장한 InAs/GaAs 양자점(quantum dots)의 광학적 특성을 PL (photoluminescence)과 Time-resolved PL 이용하여 분석하였다. InAs 양자점은 In을 9.3초 공급하고 5초 차단한 후 As을 3초, 4초, 6초, 또는 9초 공급하고 5초 차단하는 과정을 3회 반복하여 성장하였다. As을 3초 공급한 시료의 PL 피크는 1,140 nm에서 나타나고, PL 세기는 다른 세 시료에 비해 매우 약하게 나타났다. As 공급시간을 3초에서 증가하였을 때 모든 PL 피크는 1,118 nm로 청색이동하여 나타났으며, PL 세기는 증가하였다. As을 6초 공급한 시료의 PL 세기가 가장 강하게 나타나고, 반치폭(full width at half maximum)도 가장 좁게 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 양자점의 밀도와 균일도(크기변화)로 설명된다. 또한 발광파장에 따른 PL 소멸시간은 PL 피크 근처에서 가장 길게 나타났다. The luminescence properties of InAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs) grown by a migration enhanced epitaxy method have been investigated by using photoluminescence (PL) and time-resolved PL measurements. The MEE method supplies materials in a series of alternate depositions with migration enhancing time between each deposition. After In source was supplied for 9.3 s, the growth was interrupted for 5 s. Subsequently, As source was open for 3 (AT3), 4(AT4), 6 (AT6), or 9 s (AT9), and the growth was interrupted for 5 s again. This growth sequence was repeated 3 times for the growth of InAs QDs. The PL peak of the AT3 was 1,140 nm and the PL intensity was very weak compared with that of the other three samples. The PL peak of all samples except the AT3 sample was 1,118 nm, which is blueshifted from 1,140 nm, and the PL intensity was increased compared to that of the AT3. These results can be explained by the increased QD density and the improved QD uniformity. The AT6 sample showed the strongest PL intensity and the narrowest full width at half maximum. The PL decay time of AT6 increased with increasing emission wavelength from 940 to 1,126 nm, reaching a maximum decay time of 1.09 ns at 1,126 nm, and then decreased as the emission wavelength was increased further.
Park, Yoen Mee. 2011. A Remark on the Remnant Movement Analysis of Gapping. Korean Journal of English Language and Linguistics 11-3, 811-827. This paper is to look into a particular analysis of gapping, namely, the remnant predicate movement analysis by Johnson (1996, 2009). After discussing both merits and demerits of the analysis, I propose an alternative analysis that is meant to capture the insights of the two approaches of gapping, that is, the ellipsis analysis and the movement analysis. More specifically, gapping in the new analysis is argued to be a combination of across-the-board verb movement followed by a phonological deletion rule.
이 논문은 영어 파열음의 위치자질을 인식하는데 필요한 음향 단서에 관한 연구이다. 실험의 결과는 페쇄단계, 파열, 기식음, 포만트 추이 각각 모두가 파열음의 위치자질에 대한 음향 단서임을 보여주고, 특히 이 인지 실험은 위치동화 등의 음운현상에 나타난 CV와 VC의 비대칭 현상도 설명해 준다. 그러나 무성파열음의 경우, 폐쇄나 파열, 기식 등의 단서를 제외하고 모음 부분만을 들려주었을 때에는 위치자질을 인식하는데 CV와 VC의 비대칭은 나타나지 않음을 보여준다. 또한 경구개 파열음의 위치자질의 인식에 있어서는 순음이나 치경음보다 파열 단서에 더 많이 의존한다는 결과를 나타낸다.
A Study and Suggestions on the Process of Developing Teaching Materials of the Literature Curriculum Choi, Mee-Sook This study purposed to examine various problems raised in the process of implementing the contents of the literature curriculum into textbooks from the aspects of "how to implement standards", "literary works as materials" and "learning activities" and to suggest solutions for the problems. First, there were many cases that standards themselves contained partially the acceptance or production of works and that only parts contained in standards were presented "as they were" as learning activities of textbooks. That is, standards were limited to partial understanding of literary works instead of the whole understanding or appreciation of the works. In the aspect of materials, discussion was made on the need of more diverse strategies on the curricular dimension for more balanced coverage of canonical works and recent works. A problem in the aspect of learning activities was that many different activities were listed without considering the learning process. With regard to this problem, we discussed the necessity to present learning activities in consideration of the processes of knowledge learning and principle learning. As solutions for these problems, we suggested "the settlement of a textbook screening system for the implementation of diverse creative textbooks", "the development of literature standards oriented to wholeness", "the presentation of the scope of works as the provision of general information", "the review of various reference materials used in school and efforts to solve problems," etc.
정부의 범위와 역할이 확대되고 그 활동내용이 다양해지면서 정부차원에서 생산되는 정보량도 지속적으로 증가하게 되었을 뿐만 아니라 정부가 생산한 정보는 국민이 국가정책을 이해하는데 중요한 정보원이 되고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 우리나라 정부간행물의 발간정책과 최근 발간경향을 살펴보았으며 정부가 생산한 정보의 합리적 배포체계를 위해 법적, 제도적, 기술적 측면에서 분석하였다. Government agency information has steadily increased as the role of government has expanded, and information provided by the government is increasingly a significant source for the public's understanding of government policy. Further, this information is an important resource for academic research oriented toward national development. However, in South Korea the distribution system for government information is far from ideal. This paper critiques that system. It begins with a short history of Korean government publishing policy, followed by a more detailed look at recent publishing trends. It then goes on to describe the legal, institutional, and technical aspects of Korean government's distribution of its information, focusing on weaknesses that prevent information from reaching those who desire or need it.
The purpose of this study is to examine sexual perceptions and conflicts among Korean teenage girls who have been involved in 'compensated dates,' which is a form of sex work that may be temporarily undertaken by young girls or may lead on to prostitution. I have collected data from 12 girls, using in-depth interviews, who had experienced sexual abuse, and economic deprivation. These girls were rather maladjusted and had been abandoned by their families and schools. Their involvement in compensated dates began out of economic necessity, as they had run away from home. Sexual abuse was reportedly common for the majority of the respondents who had also suffered poverty and unhappy family lives. So these girls tended to seek compensated dates to overcome poverty. With poor education and skills, the girls viewed compensated dates as an easy strategy in the face of privation. In addition, the consumer society encouraged them to become sexually promiscuous to earn money, in order to buy and own more and more goods. The sexual conflict and ambivalence experienced by them were outcomes of their sense of sexual subjectivity. They saw their bodies as resources that were exchangeable for money, but they did not realize the internalized oppression they endured. They knew their bodies were a means of pleasure, but did not realize that sexual violence underlies it. The development of a stronger sense of self may resolve the conflict between the girls' curiosities and experiences concerning their bodies and sexuality.
배추김치 담금재료의 미생물 오염상태를 조사하고 동시에 ozone처리에 의한 청정화 효과를 검토하였다. 배추, 고추 마늘 및 생강의 오염정도를 부위별 또는 생태별로 조사해 본 결과 세균수는 24.67-334.96×10 exp (4)범위였으며, 곰팡이+효모는 17.89-274.50×10 exp (4) 범위이었다. 미생물 오염 정도는 배추의 경우 겉부분 보다 속부분과 상부에서 높았다. 또 고춧가루는 무포장이 포장한것 보다 8-9배의 높은 오염도를 나타내었다. 마늘은 깐마늘의 경우가 까지않은것 보다 6-7배의 높은 오염도를 보였다. 고추의 미생물 오염도는 숙도가 높을 수록 높았으며 표면보다 내부의 오염도가 높았다. 배추를 흐르는 수돗물로 세척한 결과 세척 20분 동안에 총균의 46%가 제거되었으나 그 이상의 세척효과는 없었다. 오존수에 의한 세척은 오존농도 6㎎/ℓ/sec에서 0.5-1시간 처리시 총균의 92-95%가 제거되었으며, 개스상의 오존을 동일 동도로 처리하였을 때는 86-89%가 제거되었다. 오존을 처리시에 생존한 미생물은 유도기가 연장되었으며, 생육도도 현저하게 낮았다. This study examined the microbial contamination in the soaking materials of Chinese cabbage kimchi and cleaned effect by ozone treatment. of the kimchi. In Chinese cabbage, red pepper powder, garlic and ginger, the mumber of bacteria was 24.67-334.96×10 exp (4) and that of mold and yeast was 17.89-247.50×10 exp (4). Microbial contamination was higher in the outer and upper part of cabbage than in the inner part. The contamination was 8-9 times higher in unpackaged red pepper powder than in packaged one. That was 6-7 times higher in peeled garlic than in unpeeled one. As a result of washing by tap water for 20min, 46% of the total number of microbe in Chinese cabbage was eliminated. 92-95% of that was eliminated by treatment of ozone water 6㎎/ℓ/sec for 0.5-1.0 hour whereas 86-89% of that was eliminated by treatment of ozone gas. The lag phase of survival microbes was extended but the growth of the microbes inhibited by the treatment of ozone.
This paper showed the summarization of the preservative method of wild vegetables in the house and the precessing method of Japanese pickles. The preservative methods of wild vegetables were explained devided into long, short term, fresh state, heat treatment and drying. Salt, soybean fermented sauce, soybean fermented paste, lees of refined rice wine and residue in the preparation of bean curd were used as the materials of Japanese pickles.
강원도 원성군 호저면에서 출토된 조선시대 모자(충정관)를 보존처리하였다. 모자는 양모 펠트 직물로 구성되어 있었으며, 견섬유의 끈으로 장식되어 있었다. 처리 전의 모자는 심하게 오염되어 있었고 좀벌레에 의해 손상된 상태였다. 유물의 처리과정은 부드러운 붓과 핀셋으로 고형오염물을 제거한 후 유물을 지지 할 수 있는 스테인레스 망을 이용하여 퍼클로로에틸렌으로 2차례에 걸쳐 건식세탁하였다. 여분의 용매는 압지법을 사용하여 제거하였다. 세탁 후 유물의 감량률은 7.99%, 세탁 전후 유물의 색차는 2.57을 나타냄으로써 유물에 부착되어 있던 각종 오염물들이 탈락되었으며, 모자의 외관이 깨끗해지고 밝아졌다. 세탁 후 견봉사를 이용하여 장식용 끈들을 제자리에 고정시키고 모자의 모양을 잡아주는 보수 작업을 실행하였다. The hat excavated from the tomb of Hojeo-myon Wonsung-gun in Kangwon province was dry-cleaned and restored. The hat was made of wool felt and decorated with several strands of silk cord. It was very dirty and moth-eaten. After getting rid of the particle soils on a surface with painting brush, the hat was dry-cleaned using perchloroethylene applying the minimum force, and blotting paper was used for drying. During cleaning, it was supported by the stainless steel net. The weight loss was 7.94% after cleaning. The soils sticked on the hat was removed clearly. The texture of the hat became softer after cleaning. Color difference(∆E) was 2.57, which is a noticeable change. The color became clear and changed to the red and yellow range. After dry-cleaning, the hat was repaired. Dislocated silk cords were fixed to the right place by stitching with silk yarn. To keep the shape of the hat, it should be supported by a hat-shaped stiff net during exibition and storing.