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As the tourism industry has been revitalized since the 1990s and the cultural contents have been developed as one of the next generation growth industries since the 2000s, the 'historical and cultural resources' of the countries and regions have begun to attract attention. This essay reviewed the current status of the use of the term 'historical and cultural resources' through existing literature studies. In terms of history, the meaning of the term 'historical and cultural resource' is summarized and the details are typified. Based on that, this study proposed the direction of contents composition for regional development of Hwasun-gun by classifying the history and culture resources of Hwasun-gun in Jeollanam-do and summarizing the case of contents. 1990년대 이후 관광산업의 활성화와 2000년대 이후 차세대 성장산업의 하나로 문화콘텐츠가 육성되면서, 국가와 지역의 ‘역사문화자원’이 주목되기 시작하였다. ‘지역 역사문화자원’ 은 지방자치단체의 행정구역 또는 공통의 역사적ㆍ문화적 정체성을 이루고 있는 지역을 기반으로 하는 문화재와 문화유산뿐만 아니라 문화재로 보호되거나 문화콘텐츠로 활용될 잠재적 가능성이 있는 인적ㆍ공간적ㆍ시간적 자원을 포괄하는 것이다. 인적 자원은 해당 지역의구성원, 구성원 간의 관계, 공동체로서 지역의 독자성과 역사성을 드러낸다. 공간적 자원은자연지리가 포함되며, 해당 지역의 역사문화가 투영된 공간이다. 시간적 자원은 해당 지역의역사와 문화가 형성, 변화, 발전하는 과정을 보여주는 기록 자원과 유무형자원이다. 이를 전라남도 화순군에 적용해보면, 조선시대에는 전라좌도 능주목, 화순현, 동복현을 행정구역으로 하고, 1895년에는 전라도 나주부 화순군, 능주군, 동복군으로서 변경되었다가, 다시 이듬해 전라남도 화순군이 된 행정구역을 지역적 기반으로 하는 곳에서 생성된 역사문화재, 역사문화유산, 역사문화자원을 의미한다. 이러한 화순군의 역사문화자원을 바탕으로 화순군의 상징 콘텐츠가 제작되었고, 관광 및 향토 자료 콘텐츠가 개발되었다. 이외에도 예술이나 문학작품, 드라마, 문화원형사업 콘텐츠의 소재가 되었고, 축제의 소스로 활용되었다. 추후 문화산업을 활성화시키고 지역의 발전을 지속시켜 나가기 위해서는 데이터 DB를 보완하여 구축하고, 화순군의 설화 및 관련 인물을 역사문화자원으로 활용한 창작스토리를 개발하고 지원하는 것이 요청된다. 아울러 그 무엇보다도 화순군에서 추진하고 있는 선도사업에 대한 역사성과 정체성을 부각하고, 관련된 인적, 공간적, 시간적 자원을 발굴할 필요가 있다.
We studied oxidative stress in cinnamon clownfish exposed to hypoosmotic (35 psu →17.5 psu and 17.5 psu with prolactin (PRL)) and low temperature (28℃ → 24℃ and 20℃) conditions by measuring the expression and activity of Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn-SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPX). The expression and activity of the antioxidant enzymes were significantly higher after the fish were exposed to 24℃, 20℃, and 17.5 psu, and expression was repressed by PRL treatment. Furthermore, we measured H2O2 and lipid peroxidation levels and found that they were significantly higher after exposure to the hypoosmotic and low-temperature environments. Additionally, we investigated changes in plasma AST and ALT levels after exposure to low temperature and hypoosmotic stress. These levels increased upon exposure of the clownfish to 24℃, 20℃, and 17.5 psu, but the levels of these parameters decreased in the 17.5 psu with PRL treatment during a salinity change. The results indicate that hypoosmotic and low-temperature conditions induce oxidative stress in cinnamon clownfish and that the parameters tested in this study may be indices of oxidative stress in the cinnamon clownfish.
Military sexual slavery by Japan during the war provides a paramount example to reveal tensions between gender and nation. Reading three recent Korean American novels about “comfort women” Nora Okja Keller’s Comfort Woman (1997), Therese Park’s A Gift of the Emperor (1997), and Chang-rae Lee’s A Gesture Life (1999) this essay traces how the female body becomes the most complex palimpsest of the 20th century colonial and postcolonial modernity. By imaginatively reconstructing “comfort women,” the forgotten subjects for half a century, these transnational narratives show how masculinist dialectic of memory and willed forgetting works in the postcolonial formation of national subject. Exploring tensions between gender and nation from a diasporic male subject’s perspective, yet replete with masculinist representations of female body, A Gesture Life suggests that nation becomes a site of social abjections. Park’s novel reveals the reality of military sexual slavery in colonial condition, but eventually subsumes gender within nation. With its problematic representational politics that assume subaltern women only as voiceless victims, A Gift of the Emperor undermines its feminist potential. Among Korean American “comfort women” literature, Keller’s Comfort Woman provides the most nuanced feminist articulation of tension between gender and nation as well as of subaltern women’s agency. Keller’s second witness narrative against and beyond masculinist nationalisms opens a postnational space for transnational redress against the long silenced violence of history.
Carbon micro particles with dimple patterns were produced by electro-spraying a solution of pitch in tetrahydrofuran. Particle formation depended on separation in an electrical field and volatilization of the solvent. More than 80% of the obtained carbon exhibited an average particle size of less than 50 μm. X-ray diffraction analysis suggests that the carbon with dimple patterns has increased crystallinity after heat treatment.
The effects of ammonia-treated graphene oxide (GO) on composites based on epoxy resin were investigated. Ammonia solutions of different concentrations (14–28%) were used to modify GO. Nitrogen functional groups were introduced on the GO surfaces without significant structural changes. The ammonia-treated GO-based epoxy composites exhibited interesting changes in their mechanical properties related to the presence of nitrogen functional groups, particularly amine (C-NH2) groups on the GO surfaces. The highest tensile and impact strength values were 42.1 MPa and 12.3 J/m, respectively, which were observed in an epoxy composite prepared with GO treated with a 28% ammonia solution. This improved tensile strength was 2.2 and 1.3 times higher than those of the neat epoxy and the non-treated GO-based epoxy composite, respectively. The amine groups on the GO ensure its participation in the cross-linking reaction of the epoxy resin under amine curing agent condition and enhance its interfacial bonding with the epoxy resin.
This study is to make a comparison between the one liquid emulsion with and without fish oil containing higher omega-3 fatty acid in parenteral nutrition (PN) of newborns. Serum chemistry and clinical complications from Medical Records of 76 newborns who had received PN with either SMOFlipidⓇ or ClinOleicⓇ for at least 7 days in NICU at Chosun Univeristy Hospital from January 2011 to December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Serum chemistry revealed no significant difference between the two groups except for total bilirubin (TB), glucose, blood urea nitrate (BUN), creatine (Cr), and cholesterol, but they even were not clinically significant as their values were within almost normal range. In terms of the difference in clinical complications, the incidence of cholestasis was higher in newborns given ClinOleicⓇ. However, there was no statistically significance. In this study, no significant difference between ClinOleicⓇ and SMOFlipidⓇ in their clinical efficacy was proven. But, considering the advantage of omega-3 fatty acid in reduction of cholestasis and infection risk, more studies may be needed using lipid emulsions containing higher content of fish oil with high omega-3 fatty acid, and they may be better if done with larger groups.
본 연구의 목적은 하이퍼텍스트 학습환경에서 개념도 제시 유무, 개념도 구조화 정도, 학습자의 고등사고력이 학습내용 이해력과 개념도 형성에 미치는 효과를 검토하기 위해서 1차와 2차 실험을 실시하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 2차 실험 결과, 개념도가 제시된 하이퍼텍스트가 개념도가 제시되지 않은 일반적 하이퍼텍스트보다 학습내용 사후이해력 점수와 사후개념도 형성 점수에 유의미한 차이가 있었다. 둘째, 더 구조화된 개념도 조건의 하이퍼텍스트와 덜 구조화된 개념도 조건의 하이퍼텍스트는 1차 실험과 2차 실험에서 모두 학습내용 사후이해력 점수에서 유의미한 차이가 발견되지 않았다. 한편 학습내용 사후개념도 형성 점수에 있어서, 두 가지 개념도 조건간에 유의미한 차이가 없었던 1차 실험결과와 달리, 2차 실험결과는 덜 구조화된 개념도 조건의 하이퍼텍스트가 더 구조화된 개념도 조건의 하이퍼텍스트보다 유의미하게 높았다. 셋째, 1차 실험과 2차 실험에서 모두 학습자의 고등사고력이 학습내용 사후이해력 검사 점수와 사후개념도 형성 점수에 의미 있게 영향을 미치지 않은 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 1차 실험과 2차 실험 모두, 하이퍼텍스트 조건(두 가지의 개념도 조건의 하이퍼텍스트와 일반적 하이퍼텍스트)과 학습자의 고등사고력은 학습내용에 대한 사후이해력 검사 점수와 사후개념도 형성 점수에 있어 상호작용 효과는 없었다. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of concept maps and higher-order thinking skills on understanding and concept-mapping of hypertext. The results from the experiment 1 and 2 were as follows: First, in experiment 2 the mean scores of understanding and concept- mapping were higher in the concept map groups than in no concept map group. Second, the results showed that the difference of the mean scores of understanding between the group given more structured concept map and the one given less structured concept map was not statically significant in experiment 1 and 2. The concept-mapping scores from the experiment 1 were not significantly different between the two concept map groups. In contrast, there was significant difference in concept-mapping scores between the two concept map groups in experiment 2. Third, the scores of understanding and concept-mapping were not significant between learner's higher-order thinking levels in experiment 1 and 2. The results from two experiments showed that there were no significant difference in their understanding and concept-mapping according to the leaner's levels of higher-order thinking skills. Fourth, there was no interaction effect of the hypertext conditions and learner's higher-order thinking skills on understanding and concept mapping in experiment 1 and 2.
High crystallinity coke-based activated carbon (hc-AC) is prepared using a potassium hydroxidesolution to adsorb carbon dioxide (CO2). The CO2 adsorption characteristics of theprepared hc-AC are investigated at different temperatures. The X-ray diffraction patternsindicate that pitch-based cokes prepared under high temperature and pressure have a highcrystal structure. The textural properties of hc-AC indicate that it consists mainly of slit-likepores. Compared to other textural forms of AC that have higher pore volumes, this slit-poreshapedhc-AC exhibits higher CO2 adsorption due to the similar shape between its pores andCO2 molecules. Additionally, in these high-crystallinity cokes, the main factor affecting CO2adsorption at lower temperature is the pore structure, whereas the presence of oxygen functionalgroups on the surface has a greater impact on CO2 adsorption at higher temperature.
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집단따돌림의 개인적 요인인 사회기술 및 자아존중감의 변화에 초점을 두어 청소년을 위한 집단따돌림 예방프로그램을 개발하여 그 효과를 검증해보았다. 프로그램은 총 10회기로 시작단계, 대인관계특성이해, 자아존중감 및 사회기술훈련, 자아존중감, 마무리단계의 순서로 구성하였다. 프로그램에 참여한 청소년은 총 33명으로 실험집단, 비교집단, 통제집단에 각각 11명으로 사회기술 검사와 자아존중감 검사를 사전, 사후에 실시하였다. 연구결과, 본 프로그램이 집단따돌림의 개인적 요인인 사회기술 및 자아존중감 향상에 효과적인 것으로 나타났다. In this study, the researcher has tried to develop a program to prevent youngsters from bullying and to verify its effect. For the above purpose, a bullying prevention program was developed, focusing on the change of personal factors such as social skills or self-esteem through investigation on preceding studies, which consisted of total 10 sessions including start, conflict, cohesion, productivity and closing stage, centering around group activities. The subjects of this program were 15-year-old youngsters, boys and girls of M middle school in Busan. Out of total 33 youngsters who participated in this program, 11 were randomly distributed to every group; an experiment, a comparison and a control group. The program was carried out by the researcher for 90 minutes per session, total 10 sessions and 3 times a week. To verify the effect of the program, social skills and self-esteem test were carried out pre and post test and its mean and standard deviation were found out by use of SPSS/PC+ 10.0(Statistical Package Social Science) and finally the ANCOVA(Analysis of Covariance) was carried out by making the score of pretest covariables in order to find out the effect of pre and post test among the groups. As a result, it was found out that first, this program was effective on the increase of social skills, sub-factor of bullying. Second, this program was effective on the increase of self-esteem of the subjects who participated in this experiment. It is suggested, therefore, that this program is effective on the increase of social skills and self-esteem, sub-factors of bullying and has a positive effect on the prevention of youngsters' bullying.