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        Feminist Consciousness and Women's Education : The Case of Women’s Studies, Ewha Womans University

        CHANG, Pilwha Ewha Womans University Press 2008 Asian Journal of Women's Studies(AJWS) Vol.14 No.2

        This article reviews the evolution of women's studies in Korea, focusing on the experience of Ewha Womans University. As part of larger study, its starting point is the late 19th century up to the beginnings of institutionalization of women’s studies in the middle of the 1970s. This review provides a case of how education for girls raised feminist consciousness and gave impetus to women’s movements and a series of social reforms.


        Struggling Alone : Gender, Migration and Domestic Violence among Thai Women in Bangkok

        HAN, Chusana K.,RESURRECCION, Bernadette P. Ewha Womans University Press 2008 Asian Journal of Women's Studies(AJWS) Vol.14 No.1

        Female rural-urban migration has significantly contributed to the economic growth of Thailand in the last three decades, particularly in industry and tourism. What is less known, however, is how migrant women navigate their lives in the city and, in particular, their experience of violent relationships from which they attempt to free themselves. Such action runs contrary to earlier notions of women as passive victims of domestic violence. On the basis of interviews with rural migrant women in two Bangkok shelters, we argue that poor women experience major constraints in freeing themselves from violent relationships, which cannot be solely attributed to the cultural system of male domination in Thai society. Gender inequality alone cannot explain the response of women to domestic violence, since it intersects with other systems of power and stratification. This “inter-sectionality” shapes the nature of women’s response to domestic violence, how it is experienced and whether escape and safety are indeed possible for them.

      • KCI등재

        Worker, Woman, Mother : Redefining Urban Chinese Women’s Identity via Motherhood and the Global Workplace

        SUN, Zhongxin Ewha Womans University Press 2008 Asian Journal of Women's Studies(AJWS) Vol.14 No.1

        This paper seeks to understand the complexity of the Chinese woman’s gender identity in the global workplace in contemporary China. Based on data collected via in-depth interviews, participant observation and focus group discussions, this paper has developed a framework to examine how different forces, ranging from foreign companies, mass media and the women’s own experiences, commingle to define these women’s gender identity. The analyses also show that young educated women in urban China have been a privileged group compared to other women in China, as they redefined their gender identity based on their own work and life experiences. I conclude by discussing the class and regional implications of these findings on urban Chinese women.

      • A multi-generational reading of numbers 12:1-10 from a Korean woman’s perspective

        Park, Jung Eun Sophia Ewha Womans University press 2006 Ewha journal of feminist theology Vol.4 No.-

        We are celebrating the abolishment of "Hojuje" or the patriarchal family registry system, which defines the status of each family member in relation to the head of the household. The Constitutional Court ruled "Hojuje" runs counter to the Constitution in February, 2006. Since 1950's Korean women have fought against the Patriarchal Family Registry System, which considers only male as the legal descendants of the household and legitimizes inequity between men and women. This essay is dedicated to the women who committed their lives for the equal rights between man and women in Korea, honoring their work and gratifying the spiritual legacy that they bestowed us.


        Dealing with Double Marginalization : Three Generations of Nepalese Women in Hong Kong

        Tam, Siumi Maria Ewha Womans University Press 2010 Asian Journal of Women's Studies(AJWS) Vol.16 No.2

        This paper examines the situation of Nepalese women in Hong Kong as members of the smallest ethnic minority in the territory. Tracing the changing social and cultural conditions of three generations of women migrants, it looks at the interface of gender and ethnic minority identity as articulated within the context of transnational mobility and the women’s marginalized existence, both within their own community and in mainstream Chinese society. While Nepalese women migrants in Hong Kong have been assigned a passive mother-wife role, they are important building blocks of a transnational network and today, increasingly, as agents of change. These changes are further examined in light of the recently passed Racial Discrimination Ordinance. By juxtaposing how social marginalization is dealt with at the government, family, and individual levels, the study shows that an in-depth and gender-aware understanding of the lived experience of ethnic minorities is the key to the formulation of an efficacious multicultural policy.


        Empowerment or Embellishment? : The Case of All-Women Police Stations in Madras, India

        Kasturi, Prema EWHA WOMANS UNIVERSITY PRESS 1995 Asian Journal of Women's Studies(AJWS) Vol.1 No.-

        In a male dominated society, women do not receive the same encouragement as men do in taking jobs traditionally identified as the male domain such as policing. Objectives of this study of women policing in India are to provide an insight into the organization and working of the all-women police stations, to identify the strengths and weaknesses, and to analyze whether they realistically empower women or are merely adopted as embellishments to project the myth of women's status and power. The women police, originally institutionalized on the idea and the social conditions of sexual division of labor, remains typically women's jobs: fewer in number, very few in higher level, concentration on the "women's" duties with "proper" training. On the other hand, once entered the women achieve certain degree of self-confidence. Under the circumstance, it is hard to conclude that women police promises a direction toward gender equality, but it is the author's view that women police has some value in protecting women's well-being and in enhancing the image and role of women in the society and, thus, needs improvement.

      • KCI등재

        Exploring the Recovery Process of Former Taiwanese Comfort Women through Drama Therapy

        Hung, Su Chen Ewha Womans University Press 2010 Asian Journal of Women's Studies(AJWS) Vol.16 No.2

        During World War II, some women from Taiwan, herein referred to as “comfort women,” were forced to go to the battlefield, not to fight, but to be used as sex slaves for the pleasure of Japanese soldiers. These women endured sexual abuse, in addition to other forms of mistreatment and left survivors with serious lifelong physical and psychological traumas. This study utilizes the framework of drama therapy and a hermeneutical research approach to examine the effects of drama therapy on women who have endured psychological and emotional abuse. It briefly examines the historical background of the issue and the role of drama therapy. Although the comfort women were victims of sexual abuse in a special historical situation, the focus of this work is not the historical aspect. Rather, it attempts to explore the role of drama therapy in the process of recovery from trauma. In this connection, this work does not discuss details of the complicated historical and other issues arising from these women’s experiences. Instead, it focuses on the psychotherapeutic aspects of their treatment and recovery, especially during their old age. Essentially, drama therapy is employed to create space for respondents to express their feelings about their experiences. Its process entails three stages, namely, warm-up, self-dialogue with the “past self,” and a healing stage. Through these stages, respondents were able to grieve for themselves, accept the trauma through self-dialogue with their “past selves” and develop the ability to self-heal, a first step towards recovery.


        Parliamentary Representation of Women in Indonesia : the Struggle for a Quota

        Wahidah Zein Br. SIREGAR Ewha Womans University Press 2005 Asian Journal of Women's Studies(AJWS) Vol.11 No.3

        The right to vote and stand for parliament has existed since the first Indonesian elections in 1955, but has not resulted in significant numbers of women MPs (members of parliament). This low representation has been challenged by women activists, who have undertaken a long struggle. They were finally able to obtain a 30 percent non-compulsory quota, which was included in the law on general elections (Indonesian Law No. 12 on General Elections, 2003). In the 2004 elections, the success in getting the quota enacted seemed likely to provide momentum for Indonesian women activists to win 30 percent of the parliamentary seats. However, only a small proportion of the seats were won by women in the national, provincial and local parliaments in 2004 (for the 2004-2009 period). Poor participation by women in political parties, which have been dominated by men, and the nature of the electoral system appear to be factors underlying the failure of women in gaining greater representation in the Indonesian parliaments.


        Developing Women's Studies at Universities in China : Research, Curriculum and Institution

        DU, Fangqin Ewha Womans University Press 2005 Asian Journal of Women's Studies(AJWS) Vol.11 No.4

        This paper first describes and reviews the history and development of the current situation of women's studies in China. Following the opening up and introduction of the reform policy in the 1980s, women's studies in China did not focus on curriculum development in higher education, but emphasized applied research projects. This situation did not change much until the beginning of 21st Century. There are four main factors that have encouraged the development of women's studies: a) the joint initiative efforts of feminist scholars in China and overseas; b) financial support from international foundations-Ford Foundation, in particular; c) The demand from students, especially female students; d) support and advocacy by the Women's Federations. At present, women's studies in mainland China is still in an early stage of development, As far as reflective dialogue within the discipline is concerned, long-range and intense exploration and cultural criticism is required, for example, regarding inconsistency in theories and concepts, and the good and bad elements in the curriculum. Second, this study examines the project, "Develop the Women's and Gender Studies in China," as a case in order to explore the unique experiences and development of women's studies in the Chinese context. Third, it points to difficulties that may be addressed in the future. Chinese women's studies scholars have come to see more clearly the significance, aims and tasks carried out by women's studies curriculum, research and institutions.

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