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1. Objectives: This study was performed to research the relationship between Sasang Constitutional medicine and Hyungsang medicine. 2. Methods: Four hundred and thirty applicants are involved in this study. They are devided into Sasang Constitution and Hyungsang Classification 3. Results and Conclusions: There are significances between Sasang Constitutional diagnosis and Hyungsang Classification. There are significantly more Bangkwang-body, Gi-kwa, Taeyang-hyung, Yangmyung-hyung in Taeyangin and Bangkwang-body, Jung-kwa, Soyang-hyung, Yangmyung-hyung in Soyangin. There are significantly more Dam-body, Gi-kwa, Taeyang-hyung, Yangmyung-hyung in Taeeumin and Bangkwang-body, Gi-kwa, Taeyang-hyung, Yangmyung-hyung in Soeumin.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
This study is aimed at implementing the concept of Self-Directed Learning (SDL) into a college TOEIC course, which expects to foster learner autonomy in language use. In the study, 45 college students participated in the Self-Directed Language Learning (SDLL)-based instruction for 15 weeks of the semester. After the semester, the statistical comparison between the pre- and post- Self-Directed Learning Readiness (SDLR) scale showed a significant increase to the average level from the below average level of readiness for SDLL. The study conducted analysis on the SDLL activities-a learning contract and reflection notes-which the participants were asked to write in and out of the classroom in order to keep their SDLL pace. In the notes, learners showed that SDLL notes assisted them in identifying the self-selected goal of instruction and enabled self-vocabulary learning and developed self-assessment competence. Accordingly, the study concludes that the SDLL-based TOEIC course is effective in developing learner autonomy with the help of SDLL activities, such as the guided note-taking activities.
( Ji-hee Min ), ( Yeonkyung Park ), ( Gun Woo Koo ), ( Tai Sun Park ), ( Dong Won Park ), ( Ji-yong Moon ), ( Sang-heon Kim ), ( Tae-hyung Kim ), ( Jang Won Sohn ), ( Ho Joo Yoon ) 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 2017 대한결핵 및 호흡기학회 추계학술대회 초록집 Vol.124 No.-
Background: While neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is known as an early marker of acute kidney injury, little is known about the roles in the management of acute lung diseases, such as pneumonia. In this study, we investigated the role of plasma NGAL in assessing severity and clinical outcomes of hospitalized patients with pneumonia. Method: With a prospective observation design, we enrolled adult patients, who were admitted to a university hospital for the treatment of pneumonia. At the time of admission, we measured plasma level of NGAL in addition to serum concentrations of CRP and procalcitonin. Primary outcomes were Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) score at admission and mortality due to pneumonia after hospitalization. Results: We enrolled a total of 136 hospitalized patients with pneumonia. NGAL was significantly correlated with PSI score (P <0.001), with 290.6 ng/ml in lowest PSI quartile and 373.9 ng/ml in highest PSI quartile. Concentrations of NGAL was much higher in non-survivors (n = 24) than survivors (n = 112) of pneumonia (679.2 vs. 308.5 ng/ml, P = 0.003). Receiver operating curve analysis showed that plasma NGAL is useful for predicting mortality (AUC 0.74, 95%CI 0.64-0.84, P <0.001). In a multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusting for age, gender, smoking and serum creatinine, NGAL was found to be an independently associated with mortality (P = 0.001). Conclusions: These findings suggest that plasma NGAL is a useful biomarker for assessment of severity of pneumonia and predicting mortality in hospitalized patients with pneumonia.
Periodontal diseases have been reported to have a multidirectional association with metabolic disorders. We sought to investigate the correlation between periodontitis and diabetes or fatty liver disease using HFD-fed obese mice inoculated with P. gingivalis. Body weight, alveolar bone loss, serological biochemistry, and glucose level were determined to evaluate the pathophysiology of periodontitis and diabetes. For the evaluation of fatty liver disease, hepatic nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) was assessed by scoring steatosis, inflammation, hepatocyte ballooning and the crucial signaling pathways involved in liver metabolism were analyzed. The C-reactive protein (CRP) level and NASH score in P. gingivalis-infected obese mice were significantly elevated. Particularly, the extensive lobular inflammation was observed in the liver of obese mice infected with P. gingivalis. Moreover, the expression of metabolic regulatory factors, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (Pparγ) and the fatty acid transporter Cd36, was up-regulated in the liver of P. gingivalis-infected obese mice. However, inoculation of P. gingivalis had no significant influence on glucose homeostasis, insulin resistance, and hepatic mTOR/AMPK signaling. In conclusion, our results indicate that P. gingivalis can induce the progression of fatty liver disease in HFD-fed mice through the upregulation of CD36-PPARγ axis. [BMB Reports 2021; 54(6): 323-328]
The performance of sandwich panels is upgraded by increasing thermal resistance using UHPC (ultra-high performance concrete) with EPS (expanded polystyrene) beads composite. The core of the sandwich panels is made of lightweight UHPC composite with EPS and the face sheet by thin UHPC plates. The core provides the thermal resistance and the outer face sheets provide the flexural strength of the sandwich panels. Fresh UHPC is prepared to mix with EPS beads to produce new composite material with improved thermal resistance. The weak bond at interfaces between UHPC and EPS beads can be improved by prewetting the beads for one day. The ratio of UHPC to EPS beads should be proportioned to balance between strength and thermal resistance. Various thermal and mechanical properties of UHPC composite core material and the flexural strength of sandwich panels for architectural components are investigated in this paper. The performance of sandwich panels of UHPC composite core with UHPC face sheets shows one of potential applications of UHPC.
A 37-year-old male patient was admitted with generalized edema as the main symptom. A blood test confirmed hypoalbuminemia and hyperlipidemia, and a urine test confirmed severe albuminuria. A renal biopsy was conducted, which revealed a diagnosis of minimal change disease. Although the patient experienced complete remission of minimal change nephrotic syndrome after oral prednisolone and cyclophosphamide treatment, he is readmitted due to bilateral leg edema 5 years later since minimal change nephrotic syndrome was completely cured. The patient is diagnosed with IgA nephropathy. Although the exact mechanisms of IgA nephropathy in this patient remain unclear, this case represents an extremely rare development, and is separate from the remission of minimal change nephrotic syndrome.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
This study investigates English camp for college learners in Korea and suggests that cultivating comprehensible output in the program is effective in developing the communicative competence in terms of learners' affective variables and their competence in speaking. In the study, eighty college students participated in the English camp and reported their increase of willingness to communicate in English and their decrease of communication anxiety. During the camp, participants experienced the abundance of English input with English mediated instructions, English reading materials and English speaking media from morning to evening for three weeks, along with the pushed output through English presentation, situational conversation, topic discussion, TOEIC speaking preparation, and peer talks in the small group activities. In the results, besides the positive effects of comprehensible input in the language acquisition process, cultivating comprehensible output through the way of pushed output is proved to be a reliable facilitator to activate learners' willingness as well as to reduce anxiety in communication. The speaking test scores of the participants evaluated by native speakers increased.
( Hyung Jin Hahn ), ( Ho Jung Jung ), ( Yu Ri Kim ), ( Yu Na Lee ), ( Jae Wook Jung ), ( Hyun Jung Park ), ( Young Ji Hwang ), ( Ji Young Kim ), ( Yang Won Lee ), ( Yong Beom Choe ), ( Kyu Joong Ahn ) 대한피부과학회 2012 대한피부과학회 학술발표대회집 Vol.64 No.1