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        주은희 연세대학교 여성연구소 1996 연세 여성연구 Vol.2 No.-

        The purpose of this study was to analyze the scenes related to gender-des-crimination and violence in children's animations televised during August and September of 1996 in Korea. In order to achieve this purpose, the following analyses were carried out: 1. The gender-discrimination shown in animations was analyzed according to the characteristics and behavior of the major characters. 2. The frequency and duration of violence shown in animations was analyzed according to recognized classification such as hostile vs instrumental, and physical vs verbal. 3. In order to examine children's reactions to the animations, their drawings were interpretated and their behavioral changes as monitored by their mothers were documented. The subjects for this study were 84 preschoolers attending one kindergarten in Seoul and another in Kyunggi-do. The data were analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The research findings were as follows: 1. The descriptions of male and female in the animations were stereotypical:characteristics of the male were described as wise, brave, with leadership, and problem-solving abilities, though obstinate ; whereas those of the female were described as passive, dependent, easily excited, talkative, and lacking in problem-solving and decision-making abilities. There were some female characters with masculine features, however, were evil characters. Some female characters were treated as sexual objects. 2. After watching the most popular animations the children's drawings showed a marked gender-segregation:more than half of the subjects in the study, mostly girls, preferred drawing steteotypical female heroines scantily dressed in gaudy outfits. It is an important note that most girls' drawings included a supporting figure in addition to the main heroine. This leads to the inference that most girls identify themselves with the characteristics of a supporting figure. Conversely, less than half of the subjects, mostly boys, preferred to draw robots. This leads to another inference that these children were not aware of the source of control behind robot. 3.The major content of the most favored animations were science-fiction models of which there seven. There was one human model and 2 mixed models. 4. According to the children's responses the reasons for their preference of those animations were as follows:Firstly, exciting fights, second, a transformative feature and third, a charming hero or heroine. 5. The most frequent type of violence was the instrumental-physical attack. Its mean of frequency was 1.04 per minute. In on animation film, the longest duration of violence was 7.50 minutes. 6. The results of parents' monitoring have shown the following:First boys tend to watch more violent animations than girls. Second, these children tend to behave more violently after watching these animations, especially the science-fiction model. This tendency was congruent with the implications of childrens' drawings. It was concluded that the dominant science-fiction models of animation may influence children's behavior in a violent way and the gender-descrimination shown in the animations may negatively affect children's sex-role socialization. On the basis of the findings it is recommended that the televising of the science-fiction models be restricted and regulated. Additionally, parental participation in children's viewing is recommended in order to reduce the harmful influence of the violent and stereotypical animations.

      • 유아기 자녀 어머니의 부부관계와 양육특성 관련 인구사회학적 변인과 개인 내적 변인 분석

        주은희,이정수 동덕여자대학교 한국여성연구소 2015 젠더연구 Vol.- No.20

        본 연구에서는 대도시의 남부권 유치원에 자녀는 보내는 30대 연령층 어머니 184명의 붑관계와 양육특성에 관련된 인구사회학적 변인과 개인 내적 변인의 관련성을 살펴보았따. 어머니의 부부관계를 볼 수 있는 부부갈등은 전국적인 수준에 비해 높진 않았지만 갈등수준에 따른 집단별 결혼만족도에서 통계적으로 의미 있는 차이를 보였으며, 어머니의 결혼만족도에 영향을 미치는 주요한 변수로 밝혀졌다. 또한 어머니의 자기존중감과 자녀가치도 작지만 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 어머니의 양육특성 중 자녀에 대한 기대, 자녀에 대한 가치에서 부분적으로 하위변인별로 자녀의 성별에 따라 의미 있는 차이를 보였다. 결혼만족도의 주요 영향 변수인 부부갈등의 대부분이 부부 상호간에 무시 등 정서적 지지 부족과 회피적 대처행동 등 의사소통 기술 부족과 관련된 내용이어서 감성 코칭훈련과 의사소통 유형 분석에 중점을 둔 부부 중심의 부모교육의 개발이 제안되었다.

      • 종합병원 외래환자 다제병용에 관한 실태조사

        주은희,조행남,서세민,이용복,고익배 전남대학교 약품개발연구소 1997 약품개발연구지 Vol.6 No.1

        This study was accomplished to obtain the basic materials about polypharmacy-related drug interaction and side effect. The polypharmacy in relation to the route of drug administration, dosage form, clinical department and age was surveyed with the 1,632 outpatients in Chonnam University Hospital at one day of January, March and May in 1991. On the route of drug administration, internal medicine occupied 81.2%, the combination of internal medicine & external medicine 7.3%, external medicine 3.9%, injection 3.8% and the combination of internal medicine & injection 3.4%. On drug dosage form, internal medicine occupied 92.1%, injection 7.6% and external medicine 11.6%. The case to use 4 drugs occupied the highest value of 26.2% and the case to use 1 drug 8.4%. The highest number of used drug was 14 and 90% of the patients used less than 6 drugs. The average number of used drug per patient was 4.2. The average number of used drug in ophthalmological department was the lowest value of 2.4, in surgical department 4.4, in internal medical department 4.7 and in neurological department the highest value of 5.7. The average number of used drug in infants and pediatrics was 2.8, in 15-20 year old youth 3.6, in 21-60 year old adults 4.3 and in above 61 year old geriatrics 4.7. As age increased, the number of used drug tended to increase.

      • 항고혈압약물 사용 실태조사

        주은희,서세민,이용복,고익배 전남대학교 약품개발연구소 1996 약품개발연구지 Vol.4 No.1

        Recently the frequency of hypertension and its complication became increased. The use of antihypertensive drug was surveyed in order to take the basic materials about the treatment of hypertension. This study was accomplished with the prescription sheets and chart profiles of the two hundred hypertensive patients of the internal medical department in Chonnam National University Hospital during 6 months from Jan. 1988 to June 1988. Fifteen percent of hypertensive patients had family history. On analysis of hypertension-related complication, 40% occupied cardiovascular diseases such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction and congestive heart failure. Carl analysis of the combination of antihypertensive drug, 60% occupied the combination of diuretic, β-blocker,(sympatholytic) and Ca-antagonist. The use of sympatholytic except for α, β-blocker was trending toward decrease, but the use of Ca-antagonist toward increase.

      • 혼화재 종류별 온도 변화에 따른 콘크리트의 응결 및 강도발현 특성

        주은희,손명수,차천수,한민철,김성수,한천구 대한건축학회 2004 대한건축학회 학술발표대회 논문집 - 계획계/구조계 Vol.24 No.1(구조계)

        The objective the paper is to investigate the physical and mechanical properties of concrete incorporating mineral admixtures. For setting properties, at low curing temperature, setting time of concrete with mineral admixture is delayed compared with that of plain concrete. But, use of cement kiln dust(CKD) has a desirable effect on reducing setting retard under low curing temperature. For compressive strength, concrete with FA and BS have low strength at early stage compared with that of plain concrete under low curing temperature. However, the use of CKD resulted in an enhancement of compressive strength at early stage under low curing temperature, and exhibited a similar level of compressive strength with plain concrete. For this reason, use of CKD in cold weather concreting has positive effect on strength development at low curing temperature under early age.

      • 혼화재 종류별 온도 변화에 따른 시멘트 모르터의 응결 및 강도발현 특성

        주은희,손명수,차천수,황인성,김성수,한천구 대한건축학회 2004 대한건축학회 학술발표대회 논문집 - 계획계/구조계 Vol.24 No.1(구조계)

        In this paper, setting and strength development of cement mortar are discussed under various mineral admixture content and curing temperature. Setting time exhibited an increasing tendency with an increase in curing temperature. Under low curing temperature, use of CKD resulted in a reduction in setting retarding, whereas FA and BS retarded the setting time of cement mortar. For compressive strength, high curing temperature and age leaded to an increase in compressive strength of concrete. Under low curing temperature, the use of CKD resulted in an enhancement of compressive strength at early stage, and exhibited a similar level of compressive strength with plain concrete. For this reason, use of CKD in cold weather concreting has positive effect on strength development at low curing temperature under early age.

      • 유아교사의 유아행동 지각 특성

        주은희 연세대학교 교육연구소 1998 연세 교육연구 Vol.11 No.1

        유아 행동에 대한 유아교사의 지각적 특성을 알아보고자 교육실습생과 지도교사, 원감집단간의 삼자도출법에 의해 도출된 주요 구념 범주를 비교하였고 실습교육시 사용하는 유아행동 관찰검목표 평정 결과를 집단간 주성분 요인분석하여 비교하였다. 그 결과 실습생보다 유아교사는 유아의 성격특질과 생활태도 차원 외에 신체발달 및 놀이 양태 차원, 가정배경 등에 비중을 두었다. 상대적으로 실습생은 인지적 특성에 다수 비중을 두었고 유아행동 수준에 대해 교사보다 부정적으로 평가하는 경향이 있었다. 교사 변인과 관련해보면 연령이 낮고 미혼의 사립기관 근무 교사가 인지적으로 더 복합적이며, 유아에 대해 극단적 평정을 적게 하는 경향을 보였다. 또한 주요 구념일수록 극단적인 평정을 적게 하는 것으로 나타났다.

      • 베나제프릴의 장관막 투과도와 흡수 클리어런스에 미치는 아목시실린의 영향

        주은희,김영만,고형석,이용복,나한광 전남대학교 약품개발연구소 1998 약품개발연구지 Vol.7 No.1

        Intestinal absorption of β-lactam antibiotics and angiotensin converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitors has been shown to use the carrier-mediated transport system. In vitro experiments have established that the efficacy of uptake by enterocytes depends on an inwardly directed proton gradient. It was suggested that benazepril was mediated by tripeptide transport system and that amoxicillin was transported by dipeptide transport carrier. The aim of this study is to assess the influence of amoxicillin on the intestinal absorption of benazepril using in vitro diffusion chamber and in situ single pass perfusion technique in the rat in order to elucidate whether the above transport systems are competitive or not. We obtained the gastrointestinal pemeability coefficient of amoxicillin, benazepril and both of them using in vitro diffusion chamber. And also the gastrointestinal absorption clearance of amoxicillin, benazepril and both of them using in situ single-pass perfusion method at steady state were calculated. Amoxicillin and benazepril were analyzed by HPLC. The results by the use of diffusion chamber in vitro indicated that the apparent intestinal permeability coefficient of benazepril was significantly(p$lt;0.01) decreased by amoxicillin(45.2%) and vice versa significantly(p$lt;0.01) decreased(89.1%). The results by the in situ gastrointestinal single-pass perfusion method indicated that the intestinal absorption clearance of benazepril was significantly(p$lt;0.05) decreased by amoxicillin (40.2%) and vice versa significantly(p$lt;0.05) decreased(54.8%). These results might suggest that they share the same peptide carrier pathway for oral absorption.

      • 전남대학교병원 외래환자 원외처방 개선업무의 처방오류 검색 및 예방에 미치는 효과

        주은희,오선희,이미영,박미경,정경희 한국병원약사회 2006 病院藥師會誌 Vol.23 No.1

        The effect of outpatient prescription improvement on detection and prevention of prescription errors in Chonnam National University Hospital was investigated from Jan. 2004 to Dec. 2005. The prescription errors (0.19%) of total 341,796 outpatient prescriptions in 2004 were detected through screening by the hospital pharmacist and 0.08% of total 344,168 in 2005. The rate of prescription error from 2004 to 2005 was significantly decreased with 58% by outpatient prescription improvement such as OCS (order communication system) prescription screening program operation. Double prescriptions of the same drug were decreased from 209 cases in 2004 to 44 cases in 2005. Dosage regimens were adjusted from 197 cases in 2004 to 107 cases in 2005. So, we should make a continuous effort to improve the outpatient prescription for providing the patient with safe and effective pharmacotherapy.

      • KCI등재

        종합병원 외래환자 다제병용에 관한 실태조사

        주은희,조행남,서세민,이용복,고익배 한국병원약사회 1997 病院藥師會誌 Vol.14 No.2

        This study was accomplished to obtain the basic materials about polypharmacy-related drug interaction and side effect. The polypharmacy in relation to the route of drug administration, dosage form, clinical department and age was surveyed with the 1,632 outpatients in Chonnam University Hospital at one day of January, March and May in 1991. On the route of drug administration, internal medicine occupied 81.2%, the combination of internal medicine & external medicine 7.3%, external medicine 3.9%, injection 3.8% and the combination of internal medicine & injection 3.4%. On drug dosage form, internal medicine occupied 92.1%, injection 7.6% and external medicine 11.6%. The case to use 4 drugs occupied the highest value of 26.2% and the case to use 1 drug 8.4%. The highest number of used drug was 14 and 90% of the patients used less than 6 drugs. The average number of used drug per patient was 4.2. The average number of used drug in ophthalmological department was the lowest value of 2.4, in surgical department 4.4, in internal medical department 4.7 and in neurological department the highest value of 5.7. The average number of used drug in infants and pediatrics was 2.8, in 15-20 year old youth 3.6, in 21-60 year old adults 4.3 and in above 61 year old geriatrics 4.7. As age increased, the number of used drug tended to increase.

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