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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze a tendency of Korean research on complementary and alternative therapy. Method: The data were collected 55 researches on complementary and alternative therapy which were published in Korea from 1996 to 2004. Data were analyzed according to published year, type of research and published journal, type of study design, subject, and effective variable of therapy. Result: 1) The number of published research were 5 from 1996 to 1999, and 50 from 2000 to 2004. 2) The number of dissertation were 41 and published articles in journals were 14. 3) According to type of study design, experimental design was 51, survey was 3, and combined study of experimental and survey was 1. 4) The most subjects were surgery patients who were applied foot massage. 5) Foot massage was shown to be more effective for fatigue than others. Conclusion: It is important to construct scientific knowledge by analyzing effect of various complementary and alternative therapies to more nursing clients. Furthermore it is necessary to develop and apply appropriate nursing implementation used complementary and alternative therapy for client's nursing problem.
This study was conducted to find out the actual state of smoking among female college students, their knowledge of harmfulness of smoking and their attitude about abstinence from smoking and to analyze their reasons for starting smoking. By doing so, this study aimed to provide the preliminary data for the educational program that prevents smoking and helps smokers to quit cigarettes. Also, this study was conducted to compare the self-esteem and the propensity to depression between female smokers and female non-smokers. Before carrying out the study, the study subjects were investigated about their gender, age, living allowance, residential condition, religion, high school, and whether or not they repeated a year in their high school in order to identify the factors related to smoking. Also, in case of smokers, their smoking amount, their smoking frequency, their first experience of smoking, their attempt of quitting smoking, etc were examined to find out the state of smoking among female college students. Also, as the core aspect of this study, the relationship of self-esteem and depression with smoking was investigated. As a result, the examination of smoking's effects on depression and self-esteem showed that the stud y subjects in the smoker group had a higher level of depression, indicating that smoking is related to the degree of depression (p-value = .017) (smoker group average: 14.75, non-smoker group average: 11.28). In the aspect of self-esteem, it was shown that the more self-esteem the subjects have, the more frequently they smoke, suggesting that whether or not people smoke is not related to the degree of their self-esteem (p-value = .017).