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Music Education has been part of experience from very being of the time: Since nomadic peoples first sang, music has described, defined and deepened human experience. I believe that music enriches our own ways of thinking habits of mind as rich and different from each other botany is different from philosophy, and music is embedded in our daily life often so deeply or subtly that it is part of our subconsciousness. School classes are changing everyday along with developing technology. The transforming power of technology is a force not only in the economy but in the music field as well. Therefore, my thesis is teaching music by using Computer. Appreciating is not only a simple listening activity, but also a field of learning. This means appreciation is so important that it should be a theoretical background for music teaching and learning through recognizing and grasping the essence of appreciation teaching Composing is so easy for students to make music using software. It is so enjoying to the students and helps them approach music. As I develop some skills of music appreciation and composing by using lots of web and software, I discovered several benefits, First, students are interested in music through the Computer teaching than without it. Second, students can learn more easier by himself/herself more information and knowledge through Computer. Third, students can concentrate, feel enthusiastic about their learning, and access music information much more quickly. Forth, music and computers are central to the growth of cultural diversity. Finally, intermediate Computer-use teachers approached Computer as an integrated system to present course materials effectively. Where as, expert Computer - use teachers to seem to value how to search, organize, and synthesize information, and use of technology of communicate each others. Above all, for subject teachers, they need practical training relating to use of Computer in their subject areas.
Purpose: This study was performed to identify job competencies and needs for job education perceived by newcommunity health practitioners. Methods: This study used a qualitative research design. Eight new communityhealth practitioners participated in this study. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and analyzed usingcontent analysis. Results: Five job competencies were identified in this study, including primary care, public healthmanagement, interpersonal relationship, teaching and counseling, and leadership. The contents of job educationthat they needed were management of major symptoms and chronic diseases, understanding and prescriptionof medications, emergency responses and care, management of endemic diseases, planning and managementof public health programs, writing official documentsand computer works, and leadership training. The learningmethods they preferred were connecting theory and practice, situation- or case-based learning, skill- or practice-based learning, and increased opportunities of clinical practice. Conclusion: The findings of this study providedthe direction of job education for new community health practitioners. Job education for new communityhealth practitioners needs to consider the job competencies and educational needs identified in this study.
The cabbage extract of the research does not show cytotoxicity, and thus can be used safely. In an experiment performed on an animal model with liver injury induced by a drug (APAP), it could be seen that the cabbage extract exhibited the effects of protecting liver and improving liver function by effectively reducing AST and ALT which are liver injury markers, indicating that the cabbage extract is effective as a pharmaceutical composition for preventing or treating liver disease. In particular, the cabbage extract was effective in treating inflammation of the liver by reducing the expression of the inflammatory mediators iNOS and COX-2 and the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β, which are involved in acute inflammatory reactions accompanying liver injury. In the research, an extract of cabbage heat-treated at a temperature of 100 to 150°C had a better liver function-improving effect or anti-inflammatory effect than an extract of raw cabbage.