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      • KCI등재

        기독교 청소년의 아버지 의사소통 유형과 영적 안녕감의 관계에서 정서지능의 매개효과

        배은주(Bae, Eun?Joo) 한국기독교상담심리학회 2015 한국기독교상담학회지 Vol.26 No.1

        본 연구는 기독교 청소년이 인식한 아버지의 의사소통 유형과 영적 안녕감의 관계 에서 정서지능의 매개효과를 분석하는 것이 목적이다. 이를 위해 기독교인 중학생 222명, 고등학생 209명을 대상으로 설문조사를 실시하였으며, Barnes와 Olson(1982) 의 부모–자녀 간 의사소통 검사, 문용린(1999)의 정서지능검사, Paloutzian와 Ellison (1982)의 영적 안녕감 척도를 사용하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 학교급별 에 따라 측정변인의 평균은 통계적으로 유의미한 차이가 나타나지 않았다. 둘째, 아버지의 의사소통 유형은 정서지능, 영적 안녕감과 유의미한 상관관계를 가진 것 으로 나타났다. 셋째, 아버지의 의사소통 유형은 정서지능에 직접적인 영향을 미쳤 고, 영적 안녕감에 직접적, 간접적 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타나 아버지의 의사소 통유형이영적안녕감에미치는영향에서정서지능이매개역할을하는것으로검 증되었다. 이러한 연구결과는 아버지–자녀 관계에서 의사소통의 중요성을 재고하 고, 자녀의 정서지능과 영적 안녕감에 대한 아버지의 역할을 모색하는 후속연구와 아버지–자녀 관계 향상을 위한 기독교상담에 기초자료를 제공한다. This study aimed to analyze the structural relationship between type of father–adolescent communication perceived by middle school and high school students and their emotional intelligence and spiritual wellness. A survey was conducted with a nationwide adolescent subject group of 222 middle school students and 209 high school students who attend Christian church services. The measurement tools were the Parent–Adolescent Communication Scale developed by Barnes and Olson (1982), the Emotional Intelligence Test by Moon (1999), and the Spiritual Well–Being Scale by Paloutzian and Ellison (1982). The results were as follows. First, there was no statistically significant difference in the dependent variable means by school grade. Second, type of father–adolescent communication was significantly correlated with emotional intelligence and spiritual well– being. Third, father–adolescent communication had a significant effect on spiritual well–being and emotional intelligence, augmenting spiritual well–being due to the mediating effect of emotional intelligence.

      • Reported speech in conversation : A discourse analytic approach

        Lee, Eun-Joo 이화여자대학교 사범대학 교과교육연구소 2003 East west education Vol.20 No.-

        The study examines two different types of reported speech: explicit reported speech and nonexplicit speech in an attempt to analyze how reported speech is produced and interpreted in daily conversations. The results of the analysis clearly support the claim that what is reported in the reported speech is not only the speech itself but also the mental state description. The analysis also shows that factors such as linguistic and paralinguistic features as well as circumstances in which conversation takes place all play an important role in correct interpretation of the reported speech in natural conversations.

      • KCI등재

        조선시대 품대의 구조와 세부 명칭에 관한 연구

        이은주(Eun Joo Lee) 한국복식학회 2011 服飾 Vol.61 No.10

        The ranking belts for Joseon dynasty officials that are based on references and relics are studied in this paper in terms of architecture, detailed names, and structural changes according to different time. Officials` uniforms consist of hats, clothes, belts, and shoes. Among these, the belt is an important sign that represents the wearer`s ranking. The ranking belts of the Joseon dynasty which were brought from Ming at the late stage of the Koryo dynasty became classified as the following four classes : Seo-dai(a rhinoceros` horn, 犀帶), Gum-dai(gold, 金帶), Eun-dai(silver, 銀帶), and Heug-gag-dai(black horn, 黑角帶). A ranking belt consists of a basic belt body(程) and a plaque that represents the wearer`s rank. A plaque consists of 20 plates: three front-center plates that represent the Sam-tai(三台) constellation, six front-side plates that represent the Namduyug constellation(南斗六星), seven back plates that represent the Big Dipper(北斗七星), left side Bo(輔), right side Pil(弼), and a couple of Tamie at both ends. The architecture of the belt body; the basic frame for ranking belts, shows some differences between the former and the latter periods of the Joseon dynasty. In the former period, the belt had a pair of a buckle so that the wearers were able to adjust the belt size. But later, the belt didn`t have the buckles to adjust the belt size and consequently it only performed a locking or unlocking function. Therefore, the belts in the latter period were longer than normal and one size fit all. In addition to the functional change of buckles, the shapes of the ranking belts show changes from the round shape to the square shape as time goes on.

      • KCI등재

        Repellent efficacy of essential oils and plant extracts against Tribolium castaneum and Plodia interpunctella

        Lee Hwa‐Eun,Hong Su Jung,Hasan Najmul,Baek Eun Joo,Kim Jun Tae,Kim Young‐Duk,Park Mi‐Kyung 한국곤충학회 2020 Entomological Research Vol.50 No.9

        This study was conducted to investigate the repellent efficacy of essential oils (Origanum vulgare, Pimpinella anisum, and Tanacetum cinerariifolium) and four plant extracts (Agastache rugosa, Capsicum annuum, Citrus reticulata, and Ginkgo biloba) against Tribolium castaneum (adults and larvae) and Plodia interpunctella (larvae). Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis revealed the presence of carvacrol, anethole, and jasmolin I as the predominant constituent in O. vulgare, P. anisum, and T. cinerariifolium, respectively. Furthermore, ethyl hexopyranoside, 9,12‐octadecadienoic acid, cyclopentanol, and 2‐cresol were identified in A. rugosa, C. annuum, C. reticulata, and G. biloba, respectively. The repellent efficacy of each essential oil, plant extract, and the combination of oils was evaluated using a specially designed cylinder trap for 120 h. Among the three oils, O. vulgare and T. cinerariifolium had greatest repellent efficacy against P. interpunctella larvae. T. cinerariifolium exhibited effective repellence against the adults and larvae of T. castaneum. Therefore, O. vulgare (O) and T. cinerariifolium (T) were selected for further investigation of combined effects. Two essential oils were mixed in three different ratios of OT1 (1:3), OT2 (1:1), and OT3 (3:1). The repellent efficacies of OT1 and OT2 against the adults of T. castaneum were significantly greater than that of OT3. OT1 was effective against the larvae of T. castaneum, whereas OT2 was effective against the larvae of P. interpunctella. OT1 enhanced the repellent efficacy by approximately five times against larvae of T. castaneum, compared with that of T. cinerariifolium. Overall, OT1 was selected as the best repellent substance against all the tested insects.

      • 평생교육 국악프로그램 내용 분석 연구

        홍은주(Hong Eun-Joo) 한국전통음악학회 2008 한국전통음악학 Vol.- No.9

        한국 사람에게 가장 편하고, 배우기 쉬운 음악은 국악이라고 생각한다. 그래서 국악은 평생 즐겁게 배울수 있고, 배우고 싶은 것이라 생각하며, 평생교육기관에서 필수적인 프로그램으로 개발되어 가르쳐야 한다고 생각한다. 또, 전문적인 국악프로그램을 개발할 수 있는 곳은 대학 평생교육기관이라고 생각하며, 특히 국악과가 있는 대학평생기관에서 앞장서서 국악프로그램을 개발해야한다고 생각한다. 2007년에 조사된 한국교육개발원 자료에서 보면,‘평생교육센터’가 전국 각 도에 23개 설치되어 있고, ‘평생교육 학습관’의 명칭으로 전국 244개가 설치되어 있다. 홍은주(2008년)논문에서 제시한 바와 같이, 경인지역에서 대학부설 평생교육원을 운영하는 대학교는 서울 41개 대학 중 8개 대학, 경기지역은 23개교 중 8개교, 인천은 8개 대학 중 3개교에서 운영하고 있다. 경인지역의 대학부설 평생교육원에서 총 1,742개 평생교육 프로그램을 운영하고 있으며, 서울지역 대학에서는 999개 프로그램, 인천은 232개, 경기지역 대학교에서는 511개의 프로그램을 운영하고 있다. 그 중 국악교육 프로그램은 경인지역 대학부설 평생교육원에서 총 40개(2.29%)과정이 개설되어 있는 것을 알게 되었다. 본 논문에서는 경인지역 대학부설 평생교육원에서 개발하여 학습되고 있는 여러 국악프로그램을 살펴보고 그 장점과 문제점 등을 분석하여 보았다. 학문적인 분석의 척도가 되려면 전문가의 검증과 실제 학습자들의 설문, 평가, 탐방 등의 구체적 연구과정이 필요하나, 연구기간이 짧았던 관계로 다음 기회에 더욱 세밀하게 분석하기로 미루어 두고 홍보되어 있는 강의 계획서만을 분석하여 본 결과 다음과 같다. 첫째, 6개의 국악프로그램은 모두 대학부설 평생교육원에서 개설하였으나, 직접 국악과 교수가 강의 하는 곳은 한군데도 없다. 강사에 대한 신뢰도가 높으면 학습 효과가 더 좋지 않을까? 둘째, 프로그램 계획단계에서 뚜렷한 학습자에 대한 수요 조사 없이 개설되어 교육목표가 너무 복잡하게 개설되어 있다. 셋째, 학습자의 능력, 자격에 맞는 세분화 된 강의 프로그램이 요구된다고 생각한다. 예로, 유아교육, 초.중등교육, 일반인, 전공자 등의 능력에 맞게 교육과정을 수립하여야 한다. 넷째, 수업의 효과 및 자격증의 활용이 검증되지 않고 있다. 평생교육프로그램은 반드시 강의 평가가 수반되어야한다. 자격증 취득만이 목표로 되어있고 자격증 취득후의 결과에 대한 평가가 필요하다. 다섯째, 자격증 자체에 대한 검증이 필요하다. 대학의 국악과 교수들이나, 전문가의 심사등으로 자격증 자체에 대한 검증이 필요하다. 국악교육의 중심이 되고 있는 대학의 국악과가 있는 대학에서조차 평생교육원에 국악프로그램이 거의 개설되지 않은 것은 앞으로 국악과 교수들이 자신들이 속해있는 대학의 평생교육원에 관심을 가지고, 각 대학의 국악전공자들이 평생교육사 자격증을 취득하게 하고, 전국의 평생교육원에 취직하여 국악을 보급 할수 있도록 도와주어야 한다고 생각된다. 국악과 교수들의 프로그램 개발은 평생교육과 평생교육프로그램개발에 대한 이론적 배경을 반드시 연구하고 시행되어야 하며, 국악의 수요, 공급, 평가가 수반되어야 한다. 대학부설평생교육원의 국악프로그램은 국악 애호인의 저변 확대와 국악의 세계화, 대중화, 국악전공자들의 취직, 국악교육의 발전을 가져다 줄 것이라고 생각한다. 그러나, 국악전공자들과 교수, 국악강사들의 평생교육에 대한 전문적 프로그램 개발과 수업운영의 문제점, 자격증을 내세워 전공자들의 취직 욕구를 이용하는 상업적인 교육은 지양되어야 할 것이다. 국악의 다양한 장르의 여러 국악프로그램을 개설하고 많은 학습자들의 취향 및 욕구 충족을 위한 세밀하고 단계적인 강의 내용의 계획 및 지역사회 발전에 도움이 되는 사회봉사 등으로 적용할 수 있는 국악전공사회복지사, 평생교육사들과 각 대학 국악과 교수들의 참여로 이루어지는 평생 교육프로그램 개발 및 자격증 검증이 앞으로의 연구 과제라고 생각한다. Korean Traditional Music (Guk-ak) is, to most Koreans, very comfortable and easy to learn. So I think Guk-ak is the one we can enjoy learning and it should be developed and taught as an essential subject in the Academy of Lifelong Education (ALD) or the like. I, also, suggest that the proper place for developing the special programs for Guk-ak be the ALD attached to the university, especially the one that has the department of Guk-ak. According to the study of KEDI(Korean Educational Development Institute) in 2007, there are 23 Lifelong Educational Centers and 244 Lifelong Schools nationwide. As suggested in Hong Eun-joo’s report (2008), in Kyungin area, the universities running the ALD are 8 among 41 universities in Seoul, 8 among 23 in Kyunggido and 3 among 8 in Incheon. Those academies in Kyungin Area are running 1742 lifelong educational programs in all; 999 in Seoul, 232 in Incheon and 511 in Kyunggido. Among them, the ALD attached to the university in Kyungin Area has 40 Gukak programs (2.29%) I, in this report, examined the various Gukak programs developed and practiced by the ALD attached to the university in Kyungin Area and analyzed both the good points and the bad points. To become a standard of Academic Analysis, it requires close inspection from experts and actual learners‘questionnaires, evaluation and interviews etc. This time, however, due to lack of time, I analyzed only the lecture plan that has been already informed. Now below are the results of my study. 1, 6 Gukak programs are all available in ALDs attached to the universities but no program is instructed by Gukak professor. Doesn’t the high confidence on the instructor provide better learning efficiency? 2, Because the programs were opened without the precise examination on the learners’ demand for them, the educational goal for that is too ambiguous. 3, The segmented lecture programs fit for the learner’s ability and competence are needed. 4, The efficiency of the class work and the application of qualification are not monitored. Now the earning of the certificate seems to be the only goal of the learners. But the important thing is monitoring it after the acquisition of the certificate. The lifelong curriculum should be necessarily accompanied by the assessment of lecturing it. 5, Finally, the examination or the inspection of the certificate itself (of the qualification) is needed by the professors or the experts of Gukak. Now I’m sorry that even the university with the department of Gukak doesn’t provide any Gukak programin the ALD attached to the university. So I suggest that the Gukak professors pay attention to the lifelong school belonging to their university, enable the Gukak majors to gain the certificate of lifelong educator of Gukak and help them to get a job at those schools and to spread Gukak in our society. In developing Gukak curriculum, Gukak professors should research and practice it based on the theory of ‘lifelong educational program‘ and the demand and supply and the examination of Gukak. I think that theGukak programs in the ALD attached to the university will contribute to the increase of Gukak lovers, the globalization and popularization of it, the employment of Gukak majors, and ultimately the development of Korean Traditional Music. However, we should be cautious about the problems in developing the special programs and practicing them by Gukak majors, its professors and instructors and the misuse of the Gukak majors‘ eagerness for job, focusing on the certificate. I conclude that our tasks are to provide various kinds of Gukak programs, to plan the delicate and gradual curriculum for meeting the tastes and desires of Gukak majors and to develop a lifelong educational program with the monitoring of qualification by the Gukak professors in every university, the lifelong educators and the social workers whose major was Gukak, who can work for the community.

      • KCI등재

        1800년 정조(正祖) 국장(國葬) 재현을 위한 의장군(儀仗軍) 복식 연구

        김은진(Kim Eun-Jin),이은주(Lee Eun-Joo) 한복문화학회 2016 韓服文化 Vol.19 No.1

        The purpose of this study is to examine Uijang-gun(儀仗軍) costume that directly designates guards for the king to enable an appropriate reenactment of a national funeral for King Jeongjo(正祖) in 1800. Through field investigations of such representative royal ritual events as Royal Cultural Festival and “King Danjong’s(端宗) Cultural Festival”, it was found that the historical research was mostly reliable, but that there were a few differences between the reenactments and the historical event. These errors were caused by the consultation of Uigwe and ceremonial books and a failure to refer to details that reflect circumstances of the time before relying too heavily on the contents of Banchado(班次圖) and ceremonial books. As the national funeral given to King Jeongjo was the first funeral for a king after the massive overhaul of ancestral rites in the late Joseon dynasty, it carries significance. In particular, since “Jeongjo-Gukjang-Dogam-Uigwe (正祖國葬都監儀軌)” describes matters related to ceremonial equipages in great detail compared to other Uigwe(儀軌), it is likely to be useful in studying ceremonial equipages and ceremonial regiment costume in 1800. The details of Banchado can be checked through official documents exchanged among government offices such as Gyesa(啓辭), Imun(移文), Pummok(稟目) and Gamgyeol(甘結). Ceremonial regiment costume can be divided into three types according to its classification. Uijanggi-gun(儀仗旗軍) wore Cheong-ui(靑衣) and Pi-rip(皮笠), and San-seon-si-wi(繖扇侍衛) and Eun-ma-gwe-gun(銀馬机君軍) wore Cheong-ui and Ja-geon(紫巾) and Uijang-mul(儀仗物) and Gimul-gun(器物軍) wore Hong-ui(紅衣) and Ja-geon. Cheong-ui and Hong-ui took the form of So-chang-ui(小氅衣) made with cotton, which is a long gown with a side slit and narrow sleeves. Pi-rip is a red hat in the form of Cho-rip(草笠), and Ja-geon is a rectangular hat made with cotton. In addition to these, Hong-mok-dae(紅木帶) was worn, and Cheong-saek-Je-bi-haeng-jeon(靑色耳行纏) is applied to complete the ceremonial regiment costume.

      • Celecoxib 유도체인 PCX-계열 화합물의 항염증 및 혈관신생 억제 작용

        소지현,안은경,전혜진,임은주,박은희 숙명여자대학교 약학연구소 2005 약학논문집-숙명여자대학교 Vol.22 No.-

        This study aimed to evaluate the pharmacological efficacies of PCX-series compounds, which were synthesized as prodrugs of celecoxib, a COX-2 selective inhibitor. Celecoxib, PCX-1, PCX-2, PCX-3, PCX-7, PCX-15 and PCX-16 provide potent anti-angiogenic activity in chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay. In addition, celecoxib, PCX-2, and PCX-16 showed anti-angiogenic activity in a dose-dependent manner. PCX-2 inhibited swelling in the carrageenan-induced rat paw edema test 24 hours after the administration. In the acetic acid-induced writhing test, PCX-7 and PCX-15 were verified to provide more potent analgesic effect than celecoxib 12 hours after the administration, and PCX-2 showed potent analgesic effect 24 hours after the administration. In the carrageenan-induced rat air pouch model, PCX-2 significantly decreased exudate volume, number of leukocyte and NO level. In the ulcerogenic activity test, PCX-2, PCX-7, PCX-15, and PCX-16 showed significantly less ulcer formation than indomethacin. Especially, PCX-7 showed the highest safety in the GI safety test. These findings provide novel pharmacological knowledge on pharmacological actions of celecoxib and its PCX-series compouds.

      • 암치료에 있어서 체질과 항암효과에 관한 한의학적 연구

        성현제,신현규,박갑주,강봉주,은영아,김은해,정세영 한국한의학연구원 1997 한국한의학연구원논문집 Vol.3 No.1

        As one of the chemical and experimental study on cancer treatment in Korea oriental medical hospital. Furthermore, we carried out the cytotoxicity test of extracts of herbal medicine. The results are as follows : About Clinical Aspects of the Oriental Medical Cancer Treatment - (1) Clinical experience is that 420 Oriental medical hospital were surveyed. Number of cancer patient treated by one oriental medical doctor was under 10(about 60%) or from 10 to 20(about 30%). (2) Diagnostic Procedure is that more than 80% of cancer patients were diagnosed by medical doctor of western hospital. (3) Therapeutic Method is that combination of oriental and western medical treatment was used in oriental medical hospital. (4) Relationship between cancer and constitutions is that to the relationship between cancer and constitutions, about 75% responded and most were considered to be Um. About Experimental Study - to evaluate the direct cytotoxicity of hot water and methanol extracts of 34 oriental medical presciptions on stomach cancer cell, SRB assay was carried out. (1) The IC50 value of water extract of Samsoum was 19㎍/㎖ and that of methanol extract was 15㎍/㎖, so that we confirmed Samsoum has a strong direct cytotoxicity. (2) The IC50 values of water extract of Coptidis Rhizoma, methanol extract of Caesalpiniae Lignum and Draba Semen were 10㎍/㎖, 19㎍/㎖ and 12.5㎍/㎖ respectively, so that we confirmed Coptidis Rhizoma, Caesalpiniae Lignum and Draba Semen have a strong direct cytototoxicity. (3) The IC50 value of combinatory prescription of Rhei Rhizoma, Forsythie Fructus and Caesalpiniae Lignum was about 40㎍/㎖.

      • KCI등재

        맞벌이 가정 아동의 스트레스와 문제행동 감소를 위한 미술치료 사례연구

        천혜경(CHun, Hye-koung),이은주(Lee, Eun-Joo) 한국미술치료학회 2021 美術治療硏究 Vol.28 No.5

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        본 연구는 맞벌이 가정 아동을 대상으로 미술치료가 스트레스와 문제행동 감소에 미치는 효과를 알아보는 데 목적을 두었다. 연구 대상자는 맞벌이 가정 아동으로, 주로 가정에서 문제행동을 보이며 본인 스스로는 스트레스가 많다고 호소하고 있다. 아동은 S 시에 소재한 D 초등학교 4학년에 재학 중인 여자아이로, 매주 1회 50분씩, 총 20회기로 프로그램을 진행하였다. 측정 도구는 K-CBCL 6-18로 학령기 아동과 청소년의 문제행동을 측정하는 검사와 주은숙(2005)이 사용한 스트레스 지각검사, 투사검사로는 빗속의 사람 그림 검사로 손무경(2007)이 번안한 채점 체계를 사용하여 사전․사후 비교 분석하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 스트레스 검사의 하위영역 점수가 전체적으로 감소하여 긍정적인 변화를 보였다. 둘째, 문제행동 검사의 하위영역 중 규칙 위반, 불안 우울 점수가 감소하여 긍정적인 변화를 보였다. 이는 가정 내에서보다 원활한 상호작용이 이루어지도록 하고 올바른 정서 인식 표현과 자유로운 감정 발산을 통해 부정적인 감정을 해소하고, 자신의 감정 또는 분노를 잘 다룰 수 있는 능력을 길러주어 아동의 스트레스 및 문제행동 감소에 긍정적인 변화가 있음을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 연구결과를 바탕으로 본 연구의 의의와 제한점에 대하여 논의하였다. This study aimed to investigate the effects of art therapy on the reduction of stress and abnormal behaviors of children in dual-income families. The subject of this study was a child of a dual-income family who is mainly having abnormal behaviors at home and complains of a high level of stress. The client, a fourth-grade girl at D Elementary School in S. City, participated in the program for 50 minutes once a week for 20 sessions. The measurement tools were K-CBCL 6-18, which was used for the test to measure the abnormal behavior of school-aged children and adolescents, the stress perception test used by Joo Eun-sook (2005), and the projection test for the person in the rain. The results of this study were as follows: First, all of sub-criteria of the stress test were reduced as a whole, in a positive way. Second, the sub-criteria of the abnormal behavior test showed a decrease in violation and anxiety depression scores. These results show that the reduction of stress and abnormal behaviors in children can be achieved through art therapy so that children have smoother interactions with their families and can express and stay aware of their own emotions. In other words, art therapy helps children develop the ability to deal with their anger, stress, and abnormal behavior. Based on these results, the implications and limitations of this study are discussed.

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