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Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine child care center directors' personalities in different types of institutes and teaching experiences. Methods: A cluster random sampling of 236 child care center directors in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do was taken. The participants answered a set of questionnaires measuring child care center directors' personalities. The collected data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA analysis, and Scheffé test. Results: The results of this study were as follows. First, national and private child care center directors' personalities were rated higher than family child care center directors' personalities. Second, child care center directors with more than of 16 years of experience were rated higher than child care center directors with 6-10 years experience in regards to personality. Conclusion/Implications: Academic and educational systematic support is needed to cultivate the personality of the child care center director, who has to perform various roles for young children, infants, parents, staff, and the community.
Background and Objectives: Mechanical circulatory support with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and ventricular assist device has always been the optimal choice for treating the majority of medically intractable low cardiac output case. We retrospectively investigated our institution's outcomes and variables associated with a high risk of mortality. Subjects and Methods: From 1999 to 2014, 86 patients who were of pediatric age or had grown-up congenital heart disease underwent mechanical circulatory support for medically intractable low cardiac output in our pediatric intensive care unit. Of these, 9 grown-up congenital heart disease patients were over 18 years of age, and the median age of the subject group was 5.82 years (range: 1 day to 41.6 years). A review of all demographic, clinical, and surgical data and survival analysis were performed. Results: A total of 45 (52.3%) patients were successfully weaned from the mechanical assist device, and 25 (29.1%) survivors were able to be discharged. There was no significant difference in results between patients over 18 years and under 18 years of age. Risk factors for mortality were younger age (<30 days), functional single ventricle anatomy, support after cardiac operations, longer support duration, and deteriorated pre-ECMO status (severe metabolic acidosis and increased levels of lactate, creatinine, bilirubin, or liver enzyme). The survival rate has improved since 2010 (from 25% before 2010 to 35% after 2010), when we introduced an upgraded oxygenator, activated heart transplantation, and also began to apply ECMO before the end-stage of cardiac dysfunction, even though we could not reveal significant correlations between survival rate and changed strategies associated with ECMO. Conclusion: Mechanical circulatory support has played a critical role and has had a dramatic effect on survival in patients with medically intractable heart failure, particularly in recent years. Meticulous monitoring of acid-base status, laboratory findings, and early and liberal applications are recommended to improve outcomes without critical complication rates, particularly in neonates with single ventricle physiology.
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of motion-correction algorithm (MCA) in improving coronary artery image quality and measurement accuracy using an anthropomorphic dynamic heart phantom and 256-detector row computed tomography (CT) scanner. Materials and Methods: An anthropomorphic dynamic heart phantom was scanned under a static condition and under heart rate (HR) simulation of 50–120 beats per minute (bpm), and the obtained images were reconstructed using conventional algorithm (CA) and MCA. We compared the subjective image quality of coronary arteries using a four-point scale (1, excellent; 2, good; 3, fair; 4, poor) and measurement accuracy using measurement errors of the minimal luminal diameter (MLD) and minimal luminal area (MLA). Results: Compared with CA, MCA significantly improved the subjective image quality at HRs of 110 bpm (1.3 ± 0.3 vs. 1.9 ± 0.8, p = 0.003) and 120 bpm (1.7 ± 0.7 vs. 2.3 ± 0.6, p = 0.006). The measurement error of MLD significantly decreased on using MCA at 110 bpm (11.7 ± 5.9% vs. 18.4 ± 9.4%, p = 0.013) and 120 bpm (10.0 ± 7.3% vs. 25.0 ± 16.5%, p = 0.013). The measurement error of the MLA was also reduced using MCA at 110 bpm (19.2 ± 28.1% vs. 26.4 ± 21.6%, p = 0.028) and 120 bpm (17.9 ± 17.7% vs. 34.8 ± 19.6%, p = 0.018). Conclusion: Motion-correction algorithm can improve the coronary artery image quality and measurement accuracy at a high HR using an anthropomorphic dynamic heart phantom and 256-detector row CT scanner.