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      • KCI등재

        기능성 신발을 활용한 보행운동이 만성 요통에 미치는 효과

        구지영,이승훤,권기순,조성우,윤현민,장경전,송춘호,김철홍,홍상훈 대한침구의학회 2011 대한침구의학회지 Vol.28 No.3

        Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of 12 weeks-walking exercise with functional shoes on chronic low back pain. Methods : The subjects of this study were 18 females from thirty to sixty years old who had suffered from low back pain over 12 weeks. They wore S shoes with curved out-sole and soft material in arch of foot We asked them to walk wearing shoes for 1 hour a day over 4 days a week for 12 weeks. Improvement of the symptoms was evaluated by pain rating scale, Oswestry low-back pain disability index. We measured lumbar lordotic angle, Ferguson’s angle, bone mineral density, body composition. The measurements were checked before and after exercise. Results : This study showed significant improvement in pain rating scale, oswestry low-back pain disability index, and body composition. And lumbar lordotic angle, Ferguson’s angle and bone mineral density decreased. Conclusions : These results showed that walking exercise with functional shoes could decrease the symptoms of chronic low back pain. But, it’s too difficult to conclude whether the efficacy was due to functional shoes or walking exercise because we didn’t set the control group wearing general shoes.

      • KCI등재

        이동하는 사람들과 국가의 길항관계 - 중국 조선족과 국적에 관한 고찰 -

        구지영 동북아시아문화학회 2011 동북아 문화연구 Vol.1 No.27

        Korean Chinese refer to those who moved from the Korean peninsula to the northeast area of China from late 19 century to early 20 century, and the people who have gathered in group as minority ethnics and their descendents in China during the establishment of northeast Asia as modern nation. Originally, Korean Chinese has maintained ethnic community with strong homogeneity while 90% or more of the population resided together in the northeast area of China. However, through political and economical modification of northeast Asia in the 1990s, mass immigration occurred to their homeland Korea and seaport city in China under development, so they are rapidly changing from ‘Local agricultural group’ anchoring in the place to an ‘Transnational civil group’ exceeding boundaries. Such existence of moving Korean Chinese became social issue in Korean and China, and is bringing up many debates related to their legal position such as ‘brother’ and ‘foreigner’, ‘legal’ and ‘illegal’, ‘recovery of nationality’ and ‘dual nationality’. The paper will review the movement of Korean Chinese and the change of their legal status in a contemporary view, and holds its purpose to consider how individuals interpret・utilize nationality through the case of families. Today, mutual reaction between the intangible ‘Transnational social space’, which forms・ maintains through movement over the boundaries of nations, and the tangible ‘nation-state space’, which restricts movement within the territory, is becoming gradually complex. The nationality which this paper focuses on as ‘legal bond linking the nation and the people’ will be the keyword for showing such relation. In addition, individual interpretation and utilization regarding nationality will become an example which provides multi-meaning of nationality in the age of total globalization, that is, ‘nomadic vision’ which differs from ‘settler essentialism’.

      • KCI등재

        농촌의 인구유입과 지역변화- 전라남도 장흥군의 귀촌을 사례로 -

        구지영,안영진 국토지리학회 2014 국토지리학회지 Vol.48 No.4

        The rural return migration increased around in the late 1990s in Korea. This is a phenomenon that the people who have various social experience and backgrounds move from urban to rural areas. It causes not only an increase in population, but also a change in quality of life in the rural areas. This study aims to look into the characteristics of rural return migrants and then to consider the regional changes. We chose Jangheung-county, Jeollanamdo-province for this research where the repopulation is increasing and then categorized the return migrants based on the reasoning of returning to the rural areas from the urban areas. We made certain of the general characteristics, the preparation for returning to the rural areas, the regional choice for returning and the economic and social activities after returning to the rural area among return migrants, and then we analyzed it through the frequency-cross analysis and the deep interviews. With this study, we can predict some changes and impacts on the rural areas due to returning from the urban area. 우리나라 농촌지역은 1990년대 후반을 기점으로 도시에서 농촌으로 인구가 이동하는 ‘귀촌’이 증가하고 있다. 이는 다양한 사회적 경험과 배경을 지닌 인구집단들이 도시에서 농촌지역으로 이주하는 현상으로, 농촌인구의 수적 증가뿐 아니라 질적 변화까지 수반하는 인구이동의 한 형태이다. 이 연구의 목적은 이러한 귀촌의 특성을 살펴보고, 그에 따른 지역적 영향을 고찰하는 것이다. 이를 위해 우리나라 서남권에 위치하며 귀촌 양상이 활발한 전라남도 장흥군을 사례지역으로 하여, 장흥군으로 이주한 귀촌인을 귀촌 목적에 따른 유형화를 시도하였다. 그리고 이 연구는 귀촌 유형의 일반적 특징과 아울러 귀촌 준비 형태, 귀촌지역의 선택, 귀촌 후 사회 및 경제적 활동 등을 파악하고 그 차이를 비교 분석해 보았다. 그리고 이 연구는 이에 바탕으로 하여 향후 발생할 농촌의 지역변화에 미칠 영향을 고찰해 보았다.

      • KCI등재

        글로벌 가치사슬에서의 부가가치 획득 영향요인 연구: 개발도상국가를 대상으로

        구지영 한국경제지리학회 2022 한국경제지리학회지 Vol.25 No.2

        현대 세계 경제 체제의 주요 특징인 글로벌 가치사슬은 주로 선진국에 의해 주도되어왔고 개발도상국은상대적으로 저부가가치 활동을 담당함에 따라 가치분배의 지리적 불균형이 발생하였다. 그러나 이러한 가치분배의 불균형은 점차 완화되기 시작하였는데, 이와 같은 변화에 영향을 미치는 요인을 분석하는 것이 본 연구의목적이다. 연구 목적의 달성을 위하여 다양한 영향요인 중 글로벌 가치사슬에서의 산업 업그레이딩 방식에 초점을 맞춰 개발도상국의 부가가치 획득에 미치는 영향을 분석하였다. OECD 부가가치 기준 교역자료(TiVA)의전산업, 식료품·담배산업, 섬유·의류 산업, 컴퓨터·전자산업, 자동차산업을 대상으로 패널분석을 실시하였다. 분석결과 전산업의 경우 개발도상국의 부가가치 획득은 총생산량을 증가시키고 고부가가치 제품을 생산하며 전방참여도를 높일수록 증가하는 것을 확인할 수 있었으며, 세부 산업별 분석결과는 산업별 특성에 따라 조금씩다른 양상으로 나타났다. The global value chain, as a major feature of the contemporary global economic system, has been mainly led by developed countries. Whereas developing countries have taken the relatively low value-added activities and this made geographical imbalances in value distribution. This imbalance in value distribution, however, began to gradually alleviated. Related to this phenomenon, the purpose of this research is to analyze the factors affecting factors. Focused on the method of upgrading the industry in the global value chain, the impact on the acquisition of value-added in developing countries was analyzed among the various factors to achieve the research purpose. Panel analysis was conducted on all industries, food and tobacco industries, textile and clothing industries, computer and electornics industries, and automobile industries of the OECD Value-Added Trade Data (TiVA). As a result of the analysis, it was confirmed that in all industries, value-added acquisition in developing countries was improved by increased total production, high value-added product production and participation in early stage. The analysis results by detailed industry showed slightly different patterns depending on the characteristics of each industry.

      • KCI등재

        동북아시아 이주와 장소구성에 관한 사례연구 - 중국 청도(靑島) 한인 집거지를 통해

        구지영 동북아시아문화학회 2013 동북아 문화연구 Vol.1 No.37

        Qingdao is the “special district of Korea in China”. This study took a field survey between 2003 and 2013 and examined the process of downtown Korean enclaves being formed, growing, and becoming extinct. The study looked into the commercial spaces of the Korean enclaves in the southern districts dense with the city hall, financial institutions, and upscale apartment buildings among the representative Korean enclaves in Qingdao; first, the study divided approximately 120 establishments run by South Koreans and ethnic Korean residents in China into the category of food service, non-food service, technological service, and professional service. The ethnic Korean residents in China engaged in accommodation and brokerage like real estate, whereas South Koreans distinguished themselves in the areas of relatively high value added such as fashion and beauty. Second, the establishments were mostly in a bad management state due to the rapid rise of rents, unsystematic store contracting system, and smaller customer groups than expected. The duration of business was short within six months, and 30% went bankrupt within a year. However, there was an ongoing inflow of new self-employers until 2008. Finally, the increasingly massive size of the service category and the external growth of the Korean enclaves were directly connected to South Korea and northeastern areas where they came from. In addition, the self-employers there attracted manpower, capital and resources from their native towns, thus maintaining the management of their establishments. Large-scale service providers backed up by multinational capital entered the city in full scale due to the urban development projects between the local government and market in the second half of the 2000s, which resulted in the higher prices of land and commodities in the downtown. The cases show that the living spaces of migrants during the age of globalization cannot settle down at one place and float around the places formed by power and market.

      • KCI등재

        지구화 시대 한국인의 중국 이주와 초국적 사회공간의 형성 ―칭다오(靑島)의 사례를 통해

        구지영 부산대학교 한국민족문화연구소 2011 한국민족문화 Vol.40 No.-

        This study is to consider the meaning of transnational social space and migration of people in the era of globalization by the example of Korean town in Qingdao, China. So far, most of the study on Korean immigrants in China were focusing on corporate activities. However, if we change the focus to everyday life of Korean people (which is not directly related to corporate activities), we can find that diverse people are in it. This study is to identify the aspect of transnational social space of Koreans by focusing on the following three themes based on the filed research on daily life of Koreans in the Qingdao Korean community. First of all, this study deals with not only the Korean business related population, but also various peoples of the Korean community in Qingdao from the early 1990s to 2008. It was found that the number of Korean immigrants surged within a short period in relation to the economic changes of Korea in the initial stage and there was a internal segmentation in that process. Secondly, this study consider the subject meaning of the action crossing the borders through the rhetoric regarding the immigration motives of the self- employed running small business. These people belonged to the fringe group at the hierarchy system of Korean society and their movement to Qingdao means the escape from the fringe. Such movement was also the process of incorporating China symbolized in their imagination into the structure of center and fringe. It has duality since this symbolized China make the 'current China' become the fringe and attempted to be equal to the 'future China'. Thirdly, as the Qingdao was incorporated into the spacial hierarchy system, the daily life of Koreans there was based on the standards of Korean society. This resulted in continuous copying of Korea in the land of China. Since 2008, the global economic changes and policy changes of Chinese government has affected the Korean community in Qingdao. Many Koreans moved again to the third country because of appreciation of yuan and endangered position as the investor. This study is about one example of transnationalKorean community in the era of globalization. To sum up, this transnationalcommunity seems to be floated, not to be rooted in one place, through the process of construction and re-construction of the conceptual boundary. 본 연구는 중국 칭다오 한인사회를 사례로 지구화시대 한국인의 이동과 초국적 사회공간의 형성에 대해 고찰하는 것이다. 지금까지 중국으로 이동한 한국인에 대한 연구는 거의 대부분 기업 활동이 중심이었다. 하지만, 연구의 초점을 기업에서 일상공간으로 옮겨보면, 실제로는 기업 활동과 직접적인 관련이 없는 다양한 사람들이 이 속에 포함되어 있다는 것을 알 수 있다. 본고에서는 칭다오시 시남구(市南區)의 한인 집단거주지의 일상공간에 대한 현지조사를 바탕으로, 다음 세 가지 연구 주제에 초점을 맞추어 오늘날 한국과 중국을 잇는 초국적 사회공간의 양상에 대해 파악하고자 했다. 첫째, 1990년대 전반에서 2008년까지 칭다오의 한국인 사회를 기업관계자뿐만 아니라 다양한 배경을 가진 사람들을 포함하여 총체적으로 파악하였다. 이를 통해 기업진출을 계기로 시작된 한국인의 이동은 모국의 사회경제적 변화와 밀접하게 연동되어 단기간에 급증하였고, 이 과정에서 이주사회의 내적 분화가 이루어졌다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 둘째, 이주 동기에 대한 수사(rhetoric)를 통해 경계를 넘는 행위의 주관적 의미에 대해 고찰하였다. 조사지의 영세 자영업자들은 대체로 한국사회의 중심-주변의 위계구도에서 주변화된 사람들로, 칭다오로의 이동은 주변으로부터의 탈출로 그려지고 있었다. 또 이 공간적 이동은 그들의 상상 속에서 상징화된 ‘중국’을 그 중심-주변의 구조에 편입하는 과정이기도 했다. 이 상징화된 ‘중국’이란 ‘지금의 중국’을 주변화시키고, ‘앞으로의 중국’에 동일시하는 양면성을 내포하고 있다. 셋째, 이렇게 칭다오를 공간적 위계질서로 편입하는 것은 이곳에서의 일상을 한국 사회의 기준에 맞춰서 계획하고 실천하게 했다. 이는 끊임없이 한국적인 공간을 복제하는 것으로 귀결되었다. 2008년 이후 지구적 규모의 경기변동과 중국의 정책변화는 이 공간에 직접적인 타격을 주었다. 위안화 평가절상으로 인한 생계의 압박과 ‘투자자’라는 사회적 지위가 흔들리는 상황에서 많은 사람들이 제3국으로 이동하거나 귀국하였다. 본 연구는 지구화시대 사람의 이동은 상상된 경계를 구성․재구성하며 국경을 넘어 부유(浮游)하는 사회공간을 형성한다는 것(형성할 수 있다는 것), 다른 한편 이 공간은 권력과의 관계에서 그 한계를 지닌다는 것을 드러내는 하나의 사례가 될 것이다.

      • KCI등재

        중국 다롄의 한국인과 일본인 사회에 대한 비교 연구

        구지영 동북아시아문화학회 2019 동북아 문화연구 Vol.1 No.60

        The aim of this study is to review the characteristics of immigration and negotiation in Northeast Asia in Globalization era by comparative analysis between Korean and Japanese community in the Chinese coastal city. I conducted the fieldwork in Dalian, Liaoning Province from 2013 to 2016. The results could be summarized into the four categories. First, I looked at the characteristics and pending issues of Korean and Japanese community in China through the previous research. The keywords of Korean society study included national ethnic relationships and social mobility. Those of Japanese were gender, generation, self-initiated expatriates, and active migration. All these were constructed during the processes in which business companies extended to China were trying to continue the corporate culture of one’s home country cheaply, and had flexibilities in the labor market as their backgrounds. Second, I examined the growth and shrinkage of economical space. Investment and bankruptcy of STX in Dalian affected the growth and reduction of Korean Society definitely. Otherwise, the Japanese had an overwhelming influence in Dalian economy. Although the scale of Japanese society was reduced because of political conflicts between China and Japan, the importance of Dalian as a mediator between two countries is growing more. Third is about change and response of the social space. The life of immigrants was unstable ones that affected directly by the fluctuation of global, national and local scale. Thus, the representative organizations of immigrants were carrying out many activities to show that they were members of local society. Finally, there were individuals who acted as intermediaries throughout the community. Those had a legal foreigner status and strong tendency to stay. The role of Korean-Chinese as a mediator between both Korean and Japanese society was important.

      • KCI등재

        중국 다롄의 한국인과 일본인 사회에 대한 비교 연구

        구지영 동북아시아문화학회 2019 동북아 문화연구 Vol.1 No.60

        The aim of this study is to review the characteristics of immigration and negotiation in Northeast Asia in Globalization era by comparative analysis between Korean and Japanese community in the Chinese coastal city. I conducted the fieldwork in Dalian, Liaoning Province from 2013 to 2016. The results could be summarized into the four categories. First, I looked at the characteristics and pending issues of Korean and Japanese community in China through the previous research. The keywords of Korean society study included national ethnic relationships and social mobility. Those of Japanese were gender, generation, self-initiated expatriates, and active migration. All these were constructed during the processes in which business companies extended to China were trying to continue the corporate culture of one’s home country cheaply, and had flexibilities in the labor market as their backgrounds. Second, I examined the growth and shrinkage of economical space. Investment and bankruptcy of STX in Dalian affected the growth and reduction of Korean Society definitely. Otherwise, the Japanese had an overwhelming influence in Dalian economy. Although the scale of Japanese society was reduced because of political conflicts between China and Japan, the importance of Dalian as a mediator between two countries is growing more. Third is about change and response of the social space. The life of immigrants was unstable ones that affected directly by the fluctuation of global, national and local scale. Thus, the representative organizations of immigrants were carrying out many activities to show that they were members of local society. Finally, there were individuals who acted as intermediaries throughout the community. Those had a legal foreigner status and strong tendency to stay. The role of Korean-Chinese as a mediator between both Korean and Japanese society was important.

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