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The present study was conducted to compare the growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat quality of the eggtype male growing chicken (EM), white-mini broiler (WB), and commercial broiler (Ross 308, CB). A total of 360 1-d-old chicks were reared together using a completely randomized design with 4 replicates for each group under the identical feeding and rearing conditions. The ADG and gain:feed were the highest in CB, intermediate in WB, and the lowest in EM (p< 0.05), and the live and carcass weights of CB and EM were significantly higher than those of WB (p<0.05). The pH of breast meat from WB and CB was significantly higher (p<0.05) than that from EM with a similar body weight. The EM had the lowest moisture (p<0.05) and the highest protein content (p<0.05), whereas the fat and ash contents were not different among groups. The mystiric acid (C14:0), palmitoleic acid (C16:1 ω7), and oleic acid (C18:1 ω9) levels were significantly higher in breast meat from CB (p<0.05). The monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) content showed the highest (p<0.05) levels in CB. In contrast, the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) contents of breast meat, including linoleic acid (C18:2 ω6) and arachidonic acid (C20:4 ω6), were higher (p<0.05) in EM and WB than in CB. In conclusion, the EM and WB had less growth performances in comparison with CB, but they each had some unique features (taste, flavor, and physiological characteristics) when raised under the identical rearing and feeding conditions.
<P><I>Objective. </I>The aim of this study was to identify the patient demographics, health issues, and type of acupuncture treatments who visited a traditional Korean medical hospital for acupuncture treatment. <I>Methods. </I>We retrospectively analysed the data using the electronic medical records (EMRs) of patients treated with at least one treatment of acupuncture from 1 January 2010 to December 2012 in the Chung-Ju Korean hospital at Semyung University. <I>Results.</I> The total number of identified patients was 1189 inpatients and 10138 outpatients. The 50–59 age group received acupuncture treatment in the hospital the most, followed by the 40–49 age group. Among the patients undergoing acupuncture treatment because of a diagnosis of pain, 82.74% were outpatients and 72.85% were inpatients. Additionally, all patients with a spine condition received acupuncture treatment. The most common musculoskeletal conditions of patients at the traditional Korean medicine (TKM) hospital were associated with spine conditions, such as low back pain and neck pain. Various treatments have been performed at the hospital in conjunction with acupuncture. The study results show a high prevalence of acupuncture treatment for diagnosed diseases. <I>Conclusion.</I> Our study suggests the need to investigate additional TKM hospitals to analyse characteristics of patients who received specific treatments. Analysis of the characteristics of patients treated with Korean acupuncture at the TKM hospital in this study will help future researchers who want to implement strong clinical evidence. However, we cannot completely discount all symptoms because of the retrospective nature of this study, and only one hospital was used, which limits the generalisation of our findings.</P>
본 연구는 목표지향적 행동모델(MGB)를 통해 직장인들의 hybrid 창업의도(직장을 유지하면서 창업을 하려는 의도)에 대하여 직장인의 hybrid 창업 관련 자기결정성 동기(내재적 동기, 외재적 동기), 사전지식 등의 영향을 파악하였다. 2020년 6월 13일부터 7월 3일까지 직장인을 대상으로 판단추출법에 의해 수집된 126개의 유효한 표본에 대하여 통계프로그램 SmartPLS 3.0이라는 PLS-SEM을 사용하였으며, 측정모델 평가(내적 일관성 신뢰도, 집중 및 판별타당도)와 구조모델 평가(다중공선성, 결정계수, 효과크기, 예측적 접합성 등)로 실증적 분석을 하였다. 직장인들의 hybrid 창업목표 실현에 대한 내재적 동기만 hybrid 창업태도와 주관적 규범에 유의한 정의 영향을 주었으며, hybrid 창업 관련 사전지식이 hybrid 창업열망과 창업의도에 유의한 정의 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 고용이 불안 정한 직장인들의 hybrid 창업을 유도하기 위해 직장인들에게 내재적 동기를 고취시키고 hybrid 창업 관련 지식을 제공하는 제도와 프로그램이 필요하므로 향후 연구에서는 hybrid 창업을 활성화할 수 있는 정부의 제도와 컨설팅 지원에 대한 분석이 필요하다. This study identified the influence of employees' hybrid start-up intention (intention to start a business while maintaining a job) on the employees' self-determination motivation (intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation) and prior knowledge through the Model of Goal-directed Behavior (MGB). We used a PLS-SEM called SmartPLS 3.0 for 126 valid samples collected by judgement extraction for office workers throughout June 13, 2020 to July 3, 2020, and empirically evaluated the measurement model (internal consistency reliability, convergent and discriminant validity) and the structural model (multicollinearity, determination coefficient, effect size, predictive relevance, etc.). Only the intrinsic motivation for realizing the hybrid start-up goal of office workers had a significant impact on the hybrid start-up attitude and subjective norms, and the prior knowledge of hybrid start-up had a significant impact on the hybrid start-up desire and the hybrid start-up intention. In order to induce hybrid start-ups for workers with unstable employment, we need systems and programs that can inspire employees with intrinsic motivation and knowledge about hybrid start-up, so follow-up researches are necessary to analyze about government systems and consulting support that can promote hybrid start-up.
( Kyung Hwan Kim ), ( Mi Sun Kim ), ( Kwang Hyub Han ), ( Do Young Kim ), ( Jin Sub Choi ), ( Gi Hong Choi ), ( Jong Yun Won ), ( Do Yun Lee ), ( Jin Sil Seong ) 대한간학회 2013 춘·추계 학술대회 (KASL) Vol.2013 No.1
Background/Aim: Huge hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been known to be a fatal disease for its high rate of major vascular invasion and satellite nodule formation. We attempted to define the role of localized concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in patients with huge HCC. Methods: Between July 2001 and March 2012, a total of 403 consecutive patients with HCC larger than 10cm without distant metastasis were identified. Patients classified as Barcelona Clinic for Liver Cancer stage D were excluded. We divided the patients into five groups according to the initial treatment; CCRT in 156 patients (38.7%), TACE in 124 patients (30.8%), intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) in 97 patients (24.1%), resection in 14 patients (3.5%), and palliative aimed systemic chemotherapy or radiotherapy to primary tumor in 12 patients (3.0%). Patients were staged according to the modified International Union Against Cancer (UICC) staging system. The overall survival (OS) rate of patients who received CCRT and TACE were compared stage for stage. Results: Over a median follow-up of 33 months (range, 12- 127 months), the 1- and 2-year survival rates of the whole cohort were 40.0% and 17.3%, respectively. The 1-yr survival rate for the CCRT, TACE, IAC, resection, and palliative treatment group were 54.5%, 33.3%, 21.6%, 92.9%, and 8.3%, respectively (P<0.0001). Comparing the CCRT group and TACE group, no significant difference was observed in Child-Pugh class, performance status, and modified UICC stage distribution. The median OS of CCRT group was significantly higher compared to that of TACE group in stage II (36.7 vs. 15.3 months; P=0.033) and stage IVA (8.0 vs. 6.1 months; P=0.020), and the difference in stage III patients showed borderline significance (13.6 vs. 8.5 months; P=0.060). Conclusion: Localized CCRT showed superior survival rate in patients with huge HCC compared to other nonsurgical treatments. For patients with unresectable huge HCC, localized concurrent chemoradiotherapy may be considered as a treatment option.
Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality among diabetic patients, and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been shown to be an important inflammatory marker for predicting cardiovascular events. This study aimed to evaluate the combined impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) and NLR on the prevalence of significant CAD and carotid artery atherosclerosis. Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography and carotid ultrasonography (US) were included in this study. Significant CAD was defined as at least onevessel with stenosis greater than 50%. Diabetic status, NLR value and their correlation with parameters of carotid atherosclerosis were analyzed. Results: DM was observed in 190 of 839 patients (22.6%). Compared to the non-diabetics, they were older, had higher NLRs (2.23 ± 1.77 vs. 2.85 ±3.52, p=0.018), higher-risk cardiovascular profile and a greater prevalence of CAD. Additionally, diabetic patients had a higher prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis. Patients were classified into four groups based on diabetic status and optimal cut-off values for the NLR by receiver operating characteristic analysis. Diabetic patients with a high NLR (≥2.0) had the greatest prevalence of significant CAD, severe CAD, and carotid artery atherosclerosis among all groups. On binary logistic multivariate analysis, an NLR ≥2.0 [odds ratio (OR) 1.85, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.31 to 2.60, p<0.001] and the presence of DM(OR 1.94, 95% CI 1.28 to 2.93, p=0.002) were independent predictors of significant CAD after adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors. Moreover, the presence of DM with as NLR ≥2.0 was a synergistic predictor of CAD (OR 3.47, 95% CI 2.08 to 5.76, p<0.001). Conclusions: The NLR is increased in T2DM patients, and a high NLR and the presence of T2DM are independent and synergistic predictive risk factors for the prevalence and severity of CAD. Further studies are needed to confirm the present results and to evaluate the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms behind our findings.