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      • KCI등재

        고등학교 가정과 피복재료 탐구실험학습 모형 개발

        라상숙,이전숙,김용숙 한국 가정과 교육 학회 1998 한국가정과교육학회지 Vol.10 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The purposes of this study were todevelop the scientific experimental model, experimental guidelines for teachers, experiment planing & report form forstudents, and evaluation scales for the Home Economics Textiles claass in high school. First, through review of literature concerned, scientific experimental model was defined, and the usefulness of this model on the teaching situation testified on other subjects such as Physics and Biology, was reviewed, Secondly, scientific experimental model, experimental guidelines for teachers, experiment planning & report form for students, and evaluation scale were developed on the basis f APU evaluation model, was applied to the Home Economics Textiles class in high school teaching situation, and then evaluated and revised by researchers. Thirdly, scientific experimental model, experimental guidelines for teachers, experiment planning & report form for students, evaluation scale aplicable to the teaching situation were estaboished by analysing the significant differences scientifically.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        성인 물질남용 환자의 치료결과와 관련된 요인

        김길숙,박용천,남정현,안동현,오동열 大韓神經精神醫學會 1998 신경정신의학 Vol.37 No.5

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        목 적 : 본 연구는 성인 물질남용 환자의 치료프로그램 탈락율, 치료결과 및 예후에 영향을 미치는 요인을 알아보기 위해 시행되었다. 방 법 : 1992년 9월 1일부터 1997년 4월 15일까지 국립서울정신병원 물질남용 입원치료프로그램에서 치료를 받고 퇴원한 환자 97명을 대상으로 병록지 검토를 통해 인구학적 특징, 물질남용상의 특징, 입원전 위험 행동력, 치료기간중의 특징이 치료완료여부와 관련이 있는지 분석해 보았고, 이중 전화추적조사가 가능했던 53명을 대상으로 물질남용 중단여부를 조사하고, 이와 관련된 요인을 알아보았다. 결 과 : 1) 퇴원형태에 따라 59명의 탈락군(60.8%)과 38명의 완료군(39.2%)으로 나누어 비교한 결과 탈락군은 입원기간이 짧고, 자의 입원율이 낮으며, 난폭행동의 과거력이 많고, 규칙위반의 횟수가 많은 것으로 나타났다(p〈.05), 프로그램에서 탈락한 주 이유는 병동내 규칙위반(45.3%), 산책중 도망(23.7%), 외출, 외박중 미귀원(15.2%)의 순이었다. 2) 전화로 추적조사가 가능했던 53명중 32명이 물질남용을 중단했고(60.4%). 21명이 아직 남용중인 것으로(39.6%) 나타났다. 남용군은 공존정신질환의 빈도가 높고, 과거 정신과적 입원 횟수가 많으며, 자살기도력의 빈도가 높은 것으로 나타났다(p〈.05). 3) 물질남용을 중단하게 된 계기는 국립서울정신병원의 치료프로그램에 참여하고 난 후가 45.3%로 가장 많았고, 치료를 완료한 환자일수록 퇴원후 치료결과가 좋은 것으로 나타났다. 그리고 물질남용을 중단한 환자일수록 직업을 가지고 있는 경우가 더 많았다(p〈.05). 결 론 : 물질남용 여부는 공존정신질환, 과거정신과적 입원횟수, 자살기도력등 동반된 정신과적 문제와 관련이 많은 것으로 나타나 이런 요인들에 대한 철저한 평가 및 치료가 필요할 것으로 추측되고, 환자의 동기는 치료를 완료하는 중요한 요인으로 나타나 입원 과정에서 치료에 대한 동기를 강화시킬 수 있는 정신과적 면담이나 전략이 필요할 것으로 생각된다. Objectives : We investigated the factors related to the treatment outcome for substance abuse inpatients. Methods : We reviewed the medical records of 97 patients who were discharged from the substance abuse treatment unit in Seoul National Mental Hospital. We then had follow-up telephone interview with 53 family members and / or patents of 97 patients. Results : 1) Among 97 discharged patients, 59 patients were dropped out, 38 patients graduated successfully from the treatment program. The dropout group had shorter treatment period, were more often admitted involuntarily, had greater incidence of violence history and violated ward rules more often(P<0.5). The main reasons for dropout were violation of rules(45.3%), escape during outdoor activities(3.7%), and refusal of return to the hospital(15.2%). 2) At the follow-up interview, 32 patients were abstaining from substances whereas 21 patients resumed use. The abuser group had more previous psychiatric admissions, more comorbid psychiatric disorders, and higher percentage of history of suicide attempts than the abstaining group(P<0.5). 3) After the discharge from the hospital, 45% of patients showed to discontinue substance. Treatment graduates were more in recovery from substance abuse. The abstaining group had a higher percentage of employment than the abuser group(P<0.5). Conclusion : The treatment outcome was more likely to be related with co-existing psychiatric problems such as previous psychiatric admission, comorbid psychiatric disorders, and history of suicide attempts. Therefore it is suggested that careful evaluation and appropriate treatment for such factors are needed for better treatment outcome. And psychiatric interview to enhance the motivation of patients is needed for completion of treatment.

      • KCI등재

        행동장애

        곽영숙 韓國學校保健學會 1990 韓國學校保健學會誌 Vol.3 No.2

        행동장애는 아동이나 청소년이 반복적으로 그리고 지속적으로 다른 사람의 권리를 침해하고 사회적인 규범이나 규칙을 무시하고 남에게 해를 끼치는 행동을 되풀이하는 것을 말한다. 따라서 다른 정신질환과는 달리 본인 스스로 고통을 느껴 치료를 원하기 보다는 이를 걱정하는 가족이나 학교에 의해 의뢰하거나 타인에게 해를 끼쳐 사회적, 법적 문제가 생기므로 치료적 관심의 대상이 되게 된다. 흔히, 비행청소년으로 불려지는데 비행(delinquence) 이란 의학적 용어가 아니고 법적 용어이며 겉으로 드러난 문제행동만을 나타내며 행동장애보다 더 일반적으로 쓰여진다. 즉, 비행청소년이 전부 행동장애를 앓고 있는 것은 아니다. 비행 그 자체는 청소년기의 정상적 발달에 수반되는 내적 갈등이나 정서적 문제의 표현일 수 있고 불안증, 우울증과 같은 신경증을 포함한 정신질환의 증세로 나타날 수 있다. 그러므로 비행청소년을 무조건 문제아나 고질적 반사회적 인격장애의 후보고 낙인 찍는 것은 위험하다. 그런 의미에서 행동장애에 관한 지식과 올바른 이해, 이와 더불어 타 정신질환과의 연관성을 이해하는 것은 아동이나 청소년을 다루는 부모, 교육현장, 전문가들에게 매우 필요한 것이라 생각된다. 본 특집에서는 행동장애 전반에 걸친 임상적 특징, 역학, 나이에 따른 차이, 임상유형에 따른 분류와 원인, 가족특징 감별진단, 치료 등을 요약정리하여 소개하겠다.

      • KCI등재

        대학생들의 영어책 읽기를 통한 듣기능력 향상방안

        조경숙,김용출 새한영어영문학회 1999 새한영어영문학 Vol.41 No.2

        The development of listening ability in English has gained much attention among Korean college students in recent years. Thus, this study was designed to investigate the effects of a combination of written and aural language input on the improvement of the listening comprehension of college students. Subjects were 367 sophomores. The book/movie 'Beauty and the Beast' was chosen as written and aural language material for the study, because it was considered appropriate to be read in a short period of time with high interest, containing many attractive pictures. Pre-and post-survey questionnaires including self-assessment for listening ability were distributed to examine the changes of listening comprehension. The results of the post questionnaire showed that reading helped to understand the movie. In addition, most subjects reported that they were interested in reading books and related video-tapes in English for their self-improvement of language in the future. The results of the study showed reading could make a contribution to the development of listening comprehension. It is suggested that we provide a wide variety of books and audio or video tapes so that students are able to select materials of their own interest and level.

      • Snatch & Jerk 동작의 생체역학적 연구

        이중숙,김용재 신라대학교 자연과학연구소 1997 自然科學論文集 Vol.4 No.-

        The purpose of this study was to prepare some useful data for the improvement of weightlift performance ability and the prevention of injury by analyzing the biomechanic in snatch & jerk of weightlifter. Biomechanic variables were analyzed with the aid of the visual materials with a high speed video camera, such as the displacement of barbell, the time during the motion and moment of the snatch & jerk motion. The analysis of EMG data by the EMG system revealed the action potential of muscles. The subjects for the research were 8 in male and female Korean national team weightlifter ; 4 of them male, 4 of female in both sexes. The analytic results of the mechanism of the snatch & jerk motion were as follows: 1. The vertical displacement of barbell in the snatch, both male, female weightlifter group had the highest vertical displacement of barbell in the 4th step. 2. The vertical displacement of barbell in the clean, there was little significant difference between male and female weightlifter. 3. The vertical displacement of barbell in the jerk, the change width of barbell of the female weightlifter group was wither, and higher of COG was the reason of failure. 4. The vertical displacement of barbell in the weightlifting, the more time of 4th step got short, the more maximum extension effect of body segment large. It was the main reason to increase the added rising height of barbell. 5. The time during the motion in the weightlifting, it was efficient to use possible the shorter time. 6. The moment was loaded in elector spinae(L5, S1) joint, there was showed a rapid increase of extension moment in the 2nd step. 7. In the EMG analysis, snatch and jerk in male weightlifter, commonly was very higher used in order of vastus lateralis muscle(1st step), biceps femoris muscle(2nd step), trapezius muscle(4th step), and elector spinal(2nd step). The purpose of this study was to prepare some useful data for the improvement of weightlift performance ability and the prevention of injury by analyzing the biomechanic in snatch & jerk of weightlifter. Biomechanic variables were analyzed with the aid of the visual materials with a high speed video camera, such as the displacement of barbell, the time during the motion and moment of the snatch & jerk motion. The analysis of EMG data by the EMG system revealed the action potential of muscles. The subjects for the research were 8 in male and female Korean national team weightlifter ; 4 of them male, 4 of female in both sexes. The analytic results of the mechanism of the snatch & jerk motion were as follows: 1. The vertical displacement of barbell in the snatch, both male, female weightlifter group had the highest vertical displacement of barbell in the 4th step. 2. The vertical displacement of barbell in the clean, there was little significant difference between male and female weightlifter. 3. The vertical displacement of barbell in the jerk, the change width of barbell of the female weightlifter group was wither, and higher of COG was the reason of failure. 4. The vertical displacement of barbell in the weightlifting, the more time of 4th step got short, the more maximum extension effect of body segment large. It was the main reason to increase the added rising height of barbell. 5. The time during the motion in the weightlifting, it was efficient to use possible the shorter time. 6. The moment was loaded in elector spinae(L5, S1) joint, there was showed a rapid increase of extension moment in the 2nd step. 7. In the EMG analysis, snatch and jerk in male weightlifter, commonly was very higher used in order of vastus lateralis muscle(1st step), biceps femoris muscle(2nd step), trapezius muscle(4th step), and elector spinal(2nd step).

      • 음운제시와 표면구조 : 불어의 억양과 통사구조에서 보이는 분석층위의 관계를 중심으로

        金蓉淑 이화여자대학교 한국문화연구원 1983 韓國文化硏究院 論叢 Vol.43 No.-

        La theorie generative connaitrait certains problemes de I'analyse hierarchique parce que la composante syntaxique d'une grammaire assigne a chaque pharse une structure de surface qui determine completement la forme phonerique de la phrase. En considerant qu'il existe une contradiction dans le procede de communication, nous proposons une structure linguistique don't la base contient la composante intonative sousjacente. Cette composante qui est liee a la structure de surface syntaxique, done la reajustement: regle de frontiere intonative qui pourrait representer une autre structure de surface morphophonologique. A partir de ce niveau de represenatation toutes les reges phonologoques dont l'objet est le phoneme, sont ramenees au niveau en question. Le niveau d'analyes intonatif se situe au-dessus de celui de la suntaxe. Meme si l'intonation s'organise selon ses lois propres, elle n'est ni tout a fait independante de la syntaxe ni de l'enonciation. Cela serait justifie par l'opinion que la Base Contient les regles d'intonation, d'une part qui se montreront directement sur la structure de surface, d'autre part, qui subsisteront en traversant les transformations.

      • 인장력을 받는 ㄷ형강 고력볼트 접합부의 감소계수 U값에 관한 연구

        김진숙,표영석,나승욱,신영록,김보영,최문식 대한건축학회 2003 대한건축학회 학술발표대회 논문집 - 계획계/구조계 Vol.23 No.2(구조계)

        The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of reduction coefficient according to the limit state design of steel structures in the bolted joints of tension members. It was carried out the tensile testing about high strength bolted connections performed in structural steel channels. Considered parameters are the number and row of bolts, the connection length, connection eccentricity of the specimen. The test results showed that failures generally came (a) classic net section, (b) block shear failures. We found that the professional factor, obtained by calculating the test failure load divided by the nominal specification strength, is lower than 1.00. We thought that the reason was the moment produced by eccentric loading depends upon the connection geometry as well as the rotational stiffness of the connection.

      • 도시지역 보건사업에서 컴퓨터의 활용방안에 관한 연구

        염용태,이명숙,조병희,송동빈 고려대학교 의과대학 1990 고려대 의대 잡지 Vol.27 No.2

        Nacessity of new communication media in information society is repidly increasing in many fields of Korea. It includes the field of primary helath care in the courses of collecting informations on demographic feature, social characteristics and health behavior of peoples. In light of above reasons, the authors attempted to utilize personal computers for the primary health services to promote health of unban people as a pilot study in Guro-6- Dong, Seoul. Five nurses working in Guro-6-Dong Health Subcenter completed family health records of 3,930 households among the total of 4,270. A total of 3,904 family health records among 3,930 were computerized and sorted out in categories of population characteristics, population dymanics, characteristics of householders, housing, family planning, maternal and child health(M.C.H), health status of residents and of others. Names of risky category in M.C.H, and family planning were listed and the lists were handed to the nurses concerned in order to practice proper cares in time. Sorted data were compared with ones of City of Seoul, average of other cities, and ones of nationwide. With the results of above practice, in terms of utilization of computer in uban primary health sevices, the following strategy was proposed. In order to provide proper health services the unban people demanded, efficient devices of information collection, processing and interpretation systems on health were urgently needed in every dong unit(health subcenter) of health centers. Recommended was personal computer network as a new communication media. Additional advantages of the devices were continuity and efficiency in services, and utilization in evaluation of health services and analysis of cost -effectiveness.

      • 저수준 문자 영상의 인식에 관한 연구

        공용해,김명숙,최인석 순천향대학교 부설 산업기술연구소 1999 순천향 산업기술연구소논문집 Vol.5 No.2

        Low quality character images include a lot of variousness and noises, so the use of a single classifier is difficult to achieve a high recognition performance. For this, we experimented various feature extraction methods suitable for low quality images and constructed a classifier-pair that uses two complementary features. The experimental result using this classifier-pair was very effective for the recognition of low quality character images.

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