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Literally, the mean of Tae-gye is highest brook. And on the basis of the acupuncture theory, Tae-gye point is the Soo earth point and source point of the Kidney Channel as well. In addition, Tae-gye point is one of the Yang-Returning Nine points. We were trying to study bibliographically on the Tae-gye point because Tae-gye point can be used very broadly across the symptoms in the theoretical aspect described above. As a results, we found out that according to the classical books of acupuncture, Tae-gye point is entering point of the Meridian Water as a source point and can be used at both Kidney-Sufficient Syndrom and Kidney-Deficient Syndrom. And Tae-gye can be applied to the disease of kidney or bladder that is urogenital symtoms, Also, Tae-gye is an useful option of tooth-ache, asthma, indigestion, constipation, edema etc whose cause is related with decrease of Kidney ki.
Background : During seasonal influenza epidemics and previous pandemics, pregnant women have been at increased risk for complications related to influenza infection. Although influenza vaccination has been widely recommended to pregnant women and immunocompromised hosts, the vaccination rate is presumed to be low in pregnant women. This study was aimed to evaluate the vaccination rate and factors associated with Influenza vaccination among pregnant women, who are at high risk for developing complications from the influenza. Materials and Methods : This study was carried out by telephone survey from April, 2007 to August, 2007. Women who were in their second trimester of pregnancy or above,- during October, 2006 and February, 2007, the recommended vaccination period, and had given birth at Inha University Hospital were selected as the study population. Immunization status, general understanding, and factors associated with vaccination were evaluated. Results : Among a total of 506 eligible pregnant women, 227 (44.8%) responded to the questionnaires. The influenza vaccination rate among the pregnant women was only 4% (9/227). Major reasons for not receiving vaccination were first, not awaring the necessity of immunization during pregnancy (48.5%, 110/227) and second, misunderstanding that it is prohibited during pregnancy (36.1%, 82/227). The major factors that influenced the compliance of vaccination were correct understanding and doctor's recommendation on the influenza immunization during pregnancy. Conclusions : The influenza vaccine coverage on pregnant women was very low and the awareness of influenza vaccination during pregnancy in general was inaccurate. Shift in perception is required and this can be achieved by educating the pregnant women on the safety and efficacy of vaccination. In addition, doctors' active encouragement to vaccination is highly recommended.
임상적으로 후두부에 병변이 없는 지원자 27명을 대상으로 성대의 초음파소견을 분석해본 결과 진성대는 저에코로, 가성대는 고에코로, 성인대는 진성대의 자유연에서 고에코의 선으로 보였으며 갑상연골, 피열연골등은 고에코의 구조물로 나타나 초음파영상에서 정상 해부학적 구조를 잘 볼 수 있었다. 뿐만아니라 역동적 검사를 통해 진성대 및 가성대의 움직임을 실시간영상으로 확인할 수 있었는데 진성대는 평상호흡상태에서 흡기시와 호흡중지상태의 중간정도에 위치하였으며 흡기시에는 외전, 호흡중지상태에서는 내전운동을 보였고 그 움직임은 항상 대칭적이었다. 가성대는 진성대와는 달리 호흡중지상태에서도 기도를 완전히 폐쇄시키지 못함을 알 수 있었으며 가성대의 움직임은 항상 진성대의 움직임과 일치하였다. 현재로서는 후두병변의 진단에 있어 초음파의 역할이 확립된 것은 아니지만, 앞으로 CT나 MR과의 비교연구가 계속되어진다면 후두병변의 진단 및 병기결정에 있어 중요한 역할을 하게될 것이라 기대된다. In diagnosis and staging of laryngeal pathology, CT has been used as a method of choice, and a recent study showed that MR is more sensitive and specific than CT. High-resolution ultrasound is not a routine examination in laryngeal disese, however, several studies using ultrasound insisted the usefulness of the ultrasound in evaluation of laryngeal disease. We analized dynamic sonographic findings of the vocal cords in 27 healthy volunteers. Length of the true vocal cords, distance of rima glottids, distance between two false cords were measured in quiet breathing, deep inspiration, breath holding, and Valsalva manuever state. We also evaluated change of the vocal cord shape during phonation True vocal cords are hypoechoic, false vocal cords are hyperechoic, and vocal ligaments are hyperechoic in free margin of the true cords. The thyroid cartilage shows hyperechoic cortical margin with variable inner echogenicity. The arytenoid cartilages are indentified as echogenic dots. During quiet breathing, postion of the true cords is intermediate between deep inspiration as echogenic dots. During quiet breathing, position of the true cords is intermediate between deep inspiration and breath holding. Vocal cords are adducted during breath holing, and abducted in deep inspiration state. Movement of the vocal is always symmetrical. We concluded that ultrasound is a potentially useful technique for examination of the vocal cords. Comparative studies between sonography and CT and MR is necessary to determine the role of sonography.
Anal Therapy is taken valid compound of herb med and has many kinds of treatments. As one of the anal therapy, retention enema is most common and useful way. This study was performed in order to literatural basements of clinical treatments. we had cleared manifest about the origin and literatural basement of anal therapy, methods of management, classification of indication, clinical application and so forth. The results were summerised as follows. 1. It explained relationships between anus and Ojang-yukbu(五臟六腑), Sibie-geongmaek(十二經脈). But in fact the origin of anal therapy is Milgeon-dobub(蜜煎導法) and Jedamjib-dobub(猪膽汁導法) in Sanghan-jabbyungron(傷寒雜病論) of Han Dynasty. 2. The effect of anal therapy can be reached to the destination through theory of the organism which is called Jung-chei theory(整體論) and local medical action. We can find a little in Naegeong(內經), which is basement of Hang-jang therapy. 3. Anal Therapy have Kwanjaogbub(灌腸法), Guhangbub(灸肛法), Dohangbub(塗肛法), Hoonhangbub(熏肛法), Saekhangbub(塞肛法), Youkhangbub(浴肛法), Jwajeombub(坐점法) e.t.c. 4. Anal Therapy is available when person can't taken by mouth. Its benefits are fast effect and low side effect about liver because it is not taken trough liver mostly. 5. Anal Therapy has been used for the treatment of diseases such as stroke, high fever, pneumonia, ulcerative colitis, prostatitis, renal failure, pelvic inflammation. cancer and so on.
( Moon Jung Goo ),( Hye Rim Lee ),( Mi Ran Ki ),( Hae Young Chung ),( Akihito Ishigami ),( Kyu Shik Jeong ),( Jin Kyu Park ),( Da Hee Jeong ),( Ho Yong Park ),( Kwang Hee Son ),( Dong Ha Sin ),( Sun H 한국수의병리학회 2006 학술대회 Vol.10 No.-
Moon-Jung Goo(구문정),Il-Hwa Hong(홍일화),Jin-Kyu Park(박진규),Hai-Jie Yang(양해걸),Dong-Wei Yuan(위엔동웨이),Mi-Ran Ki,(기미란),Hye-Rim Lee(이혜림),Kyung-Sook Hong(홍경숙),Jung-Youn Han(한정연),Ok-Kyung Hwang(황옥경),Tae-Hwan Kim,( 한국생명과학회 2007 생명과학회지 Vol.17 No.12
본 증례는 개의 유선에서 발생한 골형성성의 악성 혼합 유선 종양으로 샘포의 암종성 변화를 동반하고 있다. 종양은 12년령 암캐의 좌측 5번째 유선에서 절제되었으며 직경 2~2.5㎝의 단단한 mass로 절단 시 경도가 높은 골성의 구조를 가지고 있었다. 현미경학적 관찰 시, 골유사 물질이 미네랄 침착되고 있었으며 다수의 골형성 세포와 일부 파골세포가 골생성 종양 기질 전반에 걸쳐서 관찰되었다. 이러한 골유사 병변은 높은 밀집도를 보이는 근상피 세포와 연접하고 있었으며 이러한 세포들은 수 개의 유사분열상을 나타내고 있었다. 이와 더불어, 유선세관과 샘포의 암종성 변화를 보이는 세포들이 인접 기질로 침습하고 있는 모습이 관찰되었고 이것 역시 증가된 근상피 세포들로 둘러싸여 있었다. 본 증례에서 볼 수 있는 이러한 세포들의 출현은 동시 발생된 악성 종양의 형태를 제시할 수 있으며 종양의 기원은 상피 유래의 암종성 조직과 중간엽 유래의 육종성 연골 및 골 조직으로 구별할 수 있겠다. We describe here a case of malignant mixed osteogenic tumor of the mammary gland with alveolar carcinomatous appreance. A firm, 2 to 2.5cm (in diameter) mass under the 5th nipple, showing the structure of extraosseous osteogenic sarcoma, was removed from the left 5th mammary gland of 12-year-old female dog. When investigated under the microscope, the osteoid material undergoing mineralization was surrounded by numerous scattered osteoblasts and a few osteoclastic cells throughout the osteoid tumorous stroma. The osteoid lesions were continuous with hypercellular myoepithelial cells of a very immature character with several mitotic figures. In addition, there were also carcinomatous tubules and alveoli, with invading cells into peripheral stroma, surrounded by myoepithelial cells in the mammary gland. In these lesions, emanating cords of tumor cells appear to be continuous with the myoepithelial cell layer of a duct. The presence of all these cell types suggests the existence of a common malignant origin, the stem cell being differentiated into epithelial carcinomatous and mesenchymal sarcomatous chondral and osteogenic tissues.
( Moon Jung Goo ),( Hai Ji Yang ),( Dong Wei Yuan ),( Il Hwa Hong ),( Jin Kyu Park ),( Mi Ran Ki ),( Hye Rim Lee ),( Kyung Sook Hong ),( Jung Youn Han ),( Ok Kyung Hwang ),( Seung Geun Lee ),( Sun Hee 한국수의병리학회 2007 학술대회 Vol.11 No.-
( Moon Jung Goo ),( Il Hwa Hong ),( Jin Kyu Park ),( Dong Wei Yuan ),( Mi Ran Ki ),( Kyung Sook Hong ),( Jung Youn Han ),( Ok Kyung Hwang ),( Ae Ri Ji ),( Sun Hee Do ),( Tae Hwan Kim ),( Kyu Shik Jeon 한국수의병리학회 2008 학술대회 Vol.12 No.2
This study investigated the effects of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) in secondarily-induced cerebral chronic ischemia models using rats with permanent ligation of bilateral common carotid arteries (BCCL) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Additionally, we used normal aged rats as a primary dementia model. Chronic ALC administration at 100 mg/kg (p.o.) for 4 weeks significantly attenuated neurodegenerative changes. In groups receiving 50 mg/kg or 100 mg/kg, ALC inhibited the active astrocyte increase in cerebral tissues of both BCCL and SHR models. In BCCL rats, ALC administration (50 mg/kg or 100 mg/kg, p.o.) resulted in significant promotion of glutathione levels in brain tissues. We also confirmed behavioral improvement after ALC treatment (100 mg/kg for 8 weeks, p.o.) on learning-memory function using aged rats (18 months old) in a passive avoidance task and preservation of CA1 pyramidal neurons was coincided on histopathological observation. In conclusion, chronic ALC administration may ameliorate cerebral ischemia progress after a cerebrovascular disorder as well as spontaneous ageing-related cerebral dysfunction via hippocampal protection.