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      • KCI등재

        남양홍저 동족사회집단의 지역화 과정 : 화성군 홍법리 동족촌의 사회지리학적 연구 Social Geographical Study on the Clan Village of Hongbeob - ri , Sunshin - myun , Whasung - hun , Kyunggi - do

        최기엽,홍현옥 한국지리교육학회 1985 국토지리학회지 Vol.10 No.1

        PURPOSE AND METHOD (1) This study intends to examine the regional diffusion of Nam Yang Hong Clan (Hong Clan whose place of origin is Nam Yang, Kyunggi province) and discuss the origin, the regional structure arid the regional development of Nam Yang Hong clan village; Hongbeobri , S,uhshiri-myun , Whasung country , Kyunggi province Special emphasis is laid on the examination of characteristics of feng-shui aspect of burial grounds which induced colonization. (2) Settlement space is considered to be a symbolic space and the interpretation of the settlement landscape is needed. Accordingly this study is based on semantics and hermeneutics theory as well as objective spatial theory methodologically. (3) This settlement space was regarded as the reflections of the value system of the Yi dynasty's upper social groups. (4) Discussion is evolved by explaining that how the conflict between the need for livelihood base and the creation of meaning space did affect the regionalization process of settlement. (5) Research has been carried out by the participant observation in field work. And many records such as genealogy books of Nam' Yang Hong family, prose collections and authentic notes of ancient sage related with Hong family, literary remains of Ko-San , the Yi-dynasty's famous writer and geomancer, arid the town chronicles of the Yi dynasty are used for this study. CONCLUSIONS (1) The Nam Yang Hong name group is divided into two sub-groups: Tang Hong (Chinese Hong ) and To (ta)-Hong (native Hong). It is believed that two groups are the quite different families with same place of origin, but there are no proofs that support this fact. Tang Hong's first progenitor is said to be Chun Ha Hong who was a leader of 8 scholars came from Tang in 7th century. But on the clan genealogy Eun Yeol Hong , 11th son of first progenitor, is recorded as the progenitor of Tang Hong family. On the other hand, To-Hong's progenitor is said to be Sun Haeng Hong in Koryo dynasty, delayed 300 years by the former. This study concerns mainly the regional diffusion and settlement development of To-Hong's clan. (2) On the origin of clan village, it has been generally accepted by many scholars until now Geographical Journal of Korea, VoL 10. 1985. 12, pp. 383-424. that escape from the purge or retirement from the public life in Yi dynasty was the main reason. But in the case of Hongbeob-ri: To-Hong's clan village, although the clan was the meritorious family and many ancestors were the high officials in Yi dynasty, the area of cultivated land as livelihood base and village space are very narrow. The selection of village site was not carried out to seek after the land base for livelihood but to seek after the fortunate burial ground of upper classes in Yi dynasty. They believed that good burial sites could assure the prosperity of descendants. the formation of many traditional clan villages in that time was deeply related to the cult of ancestors. (3) The feng-shui aspect of this clan village is formed by Mt. Chung Myung (160 m) as a guardian mountain and two ridges streching from it. Narrow dissected valley is formed between the two ridges and this valley provides the basis of agricultural land use. This place was foretold by Ko-San (Yun Sun Do ) and other geomancers of Yi dynasty as the fortunate grave site which would produce 3 prime ministers and 8 ministers. Really ToHong family produced 2 prime ministers and 7 ministers in Yi dynasty. (4) The first settler of this village was the 9th son in descent from To-Hong fam>7y. He settled at village Keun-mal in about 1430. The most graves after 9th son of To-Hong family concentrate on the upper edge of the vlllage Keun-mal. About 150 graves including 12th son, Eeon Pil Hong and 13th son, Sum Hong that were the prime ministers at King Joong-jong and King Myung-jong in Yi dynasty respectively are located here. After the first village Keun-mal was settled, village Sambatgal , and village Moraeji were developed on the outskirts of the feng-shui aspect in turn according to population and the branch family growth. (5) 70 years between 9th son (about 1430) and 11th son (about 1500) in descent correspond to the phase of colonization and the following 400 years to about 1900 correspond to the phase of spread for the development of this settlement. During the spread phase, To-Hong family also diffused through the nation. After 1900, the abolishment of class distinctions and other mordernization measures resulted in the retard phase of development of village. (6) The spatial conflict relationships between the settlement space expressed by the feng-shui aspect as a mythical space and the weaknesss of the livelihood base caused by it might be considered as a specific fact which could affect the process of the regional development of the traditional Korean settlements.

      • KCI등재

        진도홍주의 만족도와 재구매 의도에 관한 실증적 분석

        이제홍 ( Je Hong Lee ) 한국도서(섬)학회 2011 韓國島嶼硏究 Vol.23 No.1

        Dynasty period, using Ji-Cho as the main ingredient. The official name of Jindo Hong-Ju is Traditional Red Liquor. Also, Hong-Ju which is red has a unique taste. The urpose of this study is to analyze the satisfaction and re-purchase intention of Jindo Hong-Ju. This paper investigates what determines the satisfaction and re-purchase intention of Jindo Hong-Ju for a consumer. There have been 300 samples and 250 returns. 212 of them are used for this study. The 212 samples are used to analyze the Jindo Hong-Ju. he main results are as follows. First, the multiple regression result shows that the consumer`s satisfaction for the Jindo Hong-Ju is affected by the ``Taste and Perfume``, ``Sales and distribution``, ``Price service``, and Hangover and health. Second, ``Advertisement and publicity` has no effect on satisfaction. Third, Jindo Hong-Ju`s satisfaction is positively affected by the re-purchase intention.

      • KCI등재

        홍씨 앞방각측정법의 임상적 유용성

        강신희,박기호,홍철,김동명,Shin Hee Kang,M,D,Ki Ho Park,M,D,Chul Hong,M,D,Dong Myoung Kim,M,D 대한안과학회 2007 대한안과학회지 Vol.48 No.3

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Purpose: To compare the Hong`s grading method, utilized for slit-lamp grading of the mid-peripheral angle, with other conventional grading methods. Actual angle was measured by ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) for comparison. Methods: Fifteen eyes with narrow angles and eighteen eyes with wide angles were studied. The average age of thirty-three subjects was 46.8±19.2, and the male to female ratio was 1:3.7. The mid-peripheral angle was graded by Hong`s, van Herick`s and Spaeth`s grading system. The actual anterior chamber angle was evaluated by UBM and the correlation between each grading system and actual angle was investigated. Results: The results from the Hong`s grading (r=0.802, R2=0.643, p<0.01), Spaeth`s grading (r=0.728, R2=0.530, p<0.01) and van Herick`s grading (r=0.618, R2=0.382, p<0.01) methods correlated significantly with the actual angles. Conclusions: The Hong`s grading method was an easy and effective tool to evaluate anterior chamber angle. In addition, the results of the Hong`s grading method were closer to the actual angle than the other methods.

      • KCI등재

        Hong JeongHa's Tianyuanshu and Zhengcheng Kaifangfa

        홍성사,홍영희,김영욱,Hong, Sung Sa,Hong, Young Hee,Kim, Young Wook The Korean Society for History of Mathematics 2014 Journal for history of mathematics Vol.27 No.3

        Tianyuanshu and Zengcheng Kaifangfa introduced in the Song-Yuan dynasties and their contribution to the theory of equations are one of the most important achievements in the history of Chinese mathematics. Furthermore, they became the most fundamental subject in the history of East Asian mathematics as well. The operations, or the mathematical structure of polynomials have been overlooked by traditional mathematics books. Investigation of GuIlJib (九一集) of Joseon mathematician Hong JeongHa reveals that Hong's approach to polynomials is highly structural. For the expansion of $\prod_{k=11}^{n}(x+a_k)$, Hong invented a new method which we name Hong JeongHa's synthetic expansion. Using this, he reveals that the processes in Zhengcheng Kaifangfa is not synthetic division but synthetic expansion.

      • KCI등재후보

        엮기의 조형을 통한 "매달기" 설치오브제의 생명 개념에 관한 연구 - 박홍필의 작품을 중심으로

        박홍필 ( Hong Pil Park ) 한국영상미디어협회 2015 예술과 미디어 Vol.14 No.3

        박홍필의 매달기의 조형개념은 설치미술의 영역을 확장하는 작업으로서 인체에서 벗어나 생물과 인간 사고의 대상인 사물과 유기적으로 연결되어 있는 생명의 실체를 탐구하고 있다. 박홍필의 ‘엮기’는 들뢰즈의 리좀과 같이 인간과 자연의 생명들을 보이지 않게 연결시키는 망을 표현하고 있다. 엮기는 지속적인 반복을 통하여 형태를 만들어 내며, 형태는 원초적인 단순한 고리의 형태를 벗어나 새로운 형태를 만들어 낸다. 이러한 형태는 들뢰즈의 리좀의 개념과 같이 형태와구조상에서 위계적이지 않고 어느 것이 먼저고 어느 것이 나중이라는 개념으로서 원초적인 단순한 고리의 형태를 벗어나 새로운 형태를 만들어 낸다. 박홍필의 매달기의 조형 개념은 엮기의 오브제의 개념과 밀접한 관련을 맺고 있다. 박홍필의 조형 개념은 공산품보다는 자연 재료를 소재로 가느다란 그물망으로 제작한 엮기의 오브제에서 비롯된다. 박홍필의 엮기 오브제와 매달기의 조형 개념은 엮기의 형태가 끊임없이 반복되며, 바람에 흔들리는 순간 움직임이 있으며 관람자가 그 앞을 지나는 순간에도 움직임이 있다. 그렇기에 박홍필의 엮기의 오브제는 니코스 스탠코스가 현대미술의 특징이라고 말한 ‘우연’의 요소를 지니고 있다. 엮기 오브제의 매듭에 있는 원형의 사각형과 설치를 통해 생기는 그림자의 형태 또한 박홍필의 매달기의 조형 개념을 구성하는 주된 요소이다. 원형의 사각형은 생명체의 상징을 의미하며, 그물망은 생명체 간의 보이지 않게 연결되어 있는 유기적인 선들을 표현 한 것이다. 그림자는 생명체의 죽음 이후의 세계 이다. 이러한 조형의 상징은 들뢰즈의 개념을 수용하였으며, 살아있는 생명의 이미지를 상징적으로 표현하고 있는 것이다. 그것은 들뢰즈. 가타리의 생명의 개념을 차용한 것으로써 생명인 동시에 죽음으로써의, 생명의 실체라고 말할 수 있는 데, 들뢰즈의 의미에서 해석하자면 이 신체나 저 신체의 죽음은 전혀 부정적인 것이 아니며, 유기체의 죽음이 없다면 변화도 진정한 생명도 그 근본적인 의미에서 존재하지 않는다는 것을 의미하는 것이다. 즉 박홍필의 매달기의 조형 개념은 인체에서 벗어나 유기적으로 연결되어 있는 생명의 실체를 엮기의 오브제를 통해 상징적으로 표현한 것이며, 현대 미술의 주된 주제가 되는 생명의 개념을 인간 중심에서 벗어나 생물을 비롯하여 인간사고의 대상인 사물과 죽음이후의 세계까지 확장하고 있는 것이다. Park Hong-pil, whose modeling conception of Hanging is the extending work for the installation art. I have made a study for the true of life on connecting to the organism with free to human``s body and the object on the subject with human``s thought.My ``weaving`` which is expressed as the net on connecting the human as like Gilles Deleuze’s ``rhizome`` to life of nature invisibly. ``Weaving`` has to create forms trough the repetition continuously and forms has to create another new forms departing from the form, that is basic and simple linked with. This form,as like the conception of rhizome by Deluze,is not hierarchical on the form and the structure as like the conception, also, that is creat to new form depart form the basic, simple link with as the concept what comes first or later. The modeling conception of ``hanging`` by Park Hong pil means closely related to the conception of ``weaving`` object. My modeling concept derived from the woven object with thin nets made of natural materials, not from any industrial products. I have incarnated both of my modeling concepts of hanging and weaving with recurring square nets. Moreover, there are the movent at the moment when the wind blows, also, they repetitively move back and forth and even when a viewer passes in front of thework, the square nets also move. This explains that my work depends on the element of ``contingency`` Nikos Stangos referred to as one of the hallmarks of Contemporary art. The shadows shifting every minute by the movement of woven and suspended squares and nets are also a primary element of shaping on Park’s modeling concept of hanging. The squares in my works stand for life while the nets stand for organic lines invisibly linking life forms to one another. The shadows are the world after death for life. These modeling symbols are founded on the notion Deleuze underlined, symbolically representing the image of living bodies. They are also based on the notion appropriated from Deleuze and Guattari’s concept of life, referring to the nature of life. In Deleuze’s view, the death of bodies is by no means negative: it means that in an elemental sense any change and life would not exist without the death of organisms. That is, Park’s modeling concept of hanging is to represent the true of life on connecting to the organism and the object on the subject with human``s thought and the world after death for life.

      • KCI등재

        구글 기계 발음번역에서의 구조적 중의성의 문제: 영어 사역명령문과 완료의문문의 사례

        홍성심 ( Hong¸ Sungshim ) 한국현대영어영문학회 2021 현대영어영문학 Vol.65 No.1

        According to Schmelzer (Feb., 2020), there are at least 45 Machine Translation (MT) companies operating around the world, letting alone the super cloud vendors such as Amazon, Google, Microsoft, and Facebook, etc. Although the accuracy of machine translation has always been a challenge, the recent technological advances seem quite striking. Among those, an AI-enhanced Google Neural Machine Translation (GNMT) is perhaps the most versatile MT in the world, as many have accepted. In 1999, Jackendoff has argued that no matter how simple grammatical matters might seem at first sight, even the most advanced computers are no match for the abilities of the human brain. Jackendoff (1999), not having done any actual implementation of his data-set, Hong (2020) has tested what is referred to as, “Jackendoff’s problem”, using AI-based Google Neural Translate (or GNMT). In this paper, on the basis of Hong’s pivot study, it is confirmed that GNMT makes a series of errors in its phonetic outputs of particular words in some specific constructions. As a sequel of Hong’s study, the current paper thoroughly compares English Causative Imperatives and Perfective Aspectual Interrogatives, arriving at the conclusion that in spite of the phonetic errors that GNMT has produced, the corresponding semantic interpretations are normal and non-erroneous. It is argued that GNMT’ erroneous phonetic outputs are closely related to the structural ambiguity between the causative imperative construction and the perfective aspectual interrogatives, whereas its matching semantics is with no such errors. The implications of this research apparently show that GNMT, as the way it is at least, has separate parsing algorithms for semantics from its phonetic/phonological components.

      • KCI등재

        Chosun Mathematics in the early 18th century

        홍성사,홍영희,Hong, Sung-Sa,Hong, Young-Hee The Korean Society for History of Mathematics 2012 Journal for history of mathematics Vol.25 No.2

        1592년과 1636년 양대 전란으로 전통적인 조선 산학의 결과는 거의 소멸되어, 17세기 중엽 조선 산학은 새로 시작할 수밖에 없었다. 조선은 같은 시기에 청으로 부터 도입된 시헌력(時憲曆, 1645)을 이해하기 위하여 서양수학에 관련된 자료를 수입하기 시작하였다. 한편 전통 산학을 위하여 김시진(金始振, 1618-1667)은 산학계몽(算學啓蒙, 1299)을 중간(重刊)하였다. 이들의 영향으로 이루어진 조태구(趙泰耉, 1660-1723)의 주서관견(籌書管見)과 홍정하(洪正夏, 1684-?)의 구일집(九一集)을 함께 조사하여 이들이 조선 산학의 발전에 새로운 전기를 마련한 것을 보인다. After disastrous foreign invasions in 1592 and 1636, Chosun lost most of the traditional mathematical works and needed to revive its mathematics. The new calendar system, ShiXianLi(時憲曆, 1645), was brought into Chosun in the same year. In order to understand the system, Chosun imported books related to western mathematics. For the traditional mathematics, Kim Si Jin(金始振, 1618-1667) republished SuanXue QiMeng(算學啓蒙, 1299) in 1660. We discuss the works by two great mathematicians of early 18th century, Cho Tae Gu(趙泰耉, 1660-1723) and Hong Jung Ha(洪正夏, 1684-?) and then conclude that Cho's JuSeoGwanGyun(籌 書管見) and Hong's GuIlJib(九一集) became a real breakthrough for the second half of the history of Chosun mathematics.

      • KCI등재

        사카모토 료마의 국가 건설사상

        임태홍(Lim Tai-hong) 한국정치사상학회 2004 정치사상연구 Vol.10 No.2

        이 연구는 사카모토 료마의 ‘선중팔책’이 나오게 된 배경과 그 사상적인 특징을 살펴본 것이다. 그의 제안은 단순한 구상에 머문 것이 아니라 이후 ‘대정봉환’이나 ‘메이지유신’ 등으로 현실화되었다. 그의 정치적 입장은 분열되어 있는 각 정치세력을 하나로 묶어 강력한 통일정부를 만드는 데에 있었기 때문에, 그에 대한 연구는 일본 근대의 정치사상을 이해하는데 있어 그리고 아직도 진정한 의미의 민족국가 수립을 못하고 있는 우리 민족에게는 매우 중요하다고 할 수 있다. 본론에서는 ‘선중팔책’을 중심으로 사카모토 료마의 행적과 그 배경을 살펴보고 ‘선중팔책’의 내용과 특징을 고찰하였다. 특징을 명확히 하기위해서 멀리 중국과 한국의 사례와 비교해보았다. 중국의 경우는 태평천국시기에 룽훙(容?)이 태명천국에 제시한 방안과 청말의 쑨원(孫文)이 리홍장(李鴻章)에게 제출한 건의안, 그리고 한국은 동학 운동시기의 폐정개혁안과 갑신정변시 개화파가 제시한 신 정령 14개 조항을 참고하였다. 사카모토 료마의 ‘선중팔책’은 메이지 유신 직전에 제시되었는데, 그 당시 일본의 대표적인 건국 방략이라고 할 수 있다. 그의 제안은 국가의 정체(政體), 사법, 행정, 의회, 외교, 헌법, 군대 등 범위가 광범위하며 어느 한쪽으로 편증되어 있지 않다. 그리고 지국의 문제를 일본을 넘어선 국제적인 시간에서 파악하려는 특징이 강하다. 또한 ‘선중팔책’에는 서구의 의회정치나 법률, 외교 등의 제도를 적극적으로 받아들이려고 한 사카모토 료마의 노력이 뚜렷이 드러나 있다. 중국이나 우리나라의 개혁안과 비교해 보면, 사카모토 료마와 그 주변 사람들의 상황인식이 얼마나 폭이 넓고 깊이가 있었는가를 잘 알 수 있다. ‘선중팔책’은 이미 서양에서 진행되고 있었던 근대 국가 건설의 핵심을 정확히 짚어내고 또 그러한 시대적인 방향을 정확히 제시하였다는 점에서 매우 평가할 만한 방책이었다고 할 수 있을 것이다. This paper examines the Sakamoto Ryoma's "Great Plan at Sea" or eight-point plan, which he wrote aboard ship in 1867. Especially, It is focused on the background of the plan's formation and its feature as a nation building thought. Sakamoto's plan was very important. Because it was not merely an idea, but became a real after a few months. For example by his proposal, Yoshinobu Tokugawa, the 15th Shogun of the Tokugawa Shogunate, returned his political power to the Emperor, that is the so-cold "The Return of Sovereignty"(Taisei Houkan) of November 1867. In the main part, the writer examines the Sakamoto Ryoma's circumstance and analyzes the contents and the feature of the Sakamoto's plan. In order to clarify the plan's feature, this paper attempts to compare the plan to the Long Hong's(容?) proposal to Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the Sun yatsen's(孫文) suggestion to Lee Hong-Chang(李鴻章), the Jeon Bong-Jun's(全琫準) reforming politics plan in the Dong Hak movement, and the reformists' 14 suggestions of the Military Revolution (the Kapshin coup) in 1884. The eight-point plan of Sakamoto Ryoma was suggested right before Meiji Restoration(1868). It was a representative plan for nation building in the era of Modern Japan. Sakamoto's proposal broadly included the system of government, judicature, administration, assembly, diplomacy, constitution, and troops, etc. Although the plan was concern with the domestic affairs of Japan, it had the international judgment, and was most distinctively beyond the boundary of the country. In the Sakamoto's plan, there was a remarkable effort to receive the Westem civilization of the times. Comparing with the cases of Long Hong's, Sun yatsen's, and Jeon Bong-Jun's, Sakamoto's recognition about the era and the circumstance around his country was very spacious and very deep. In conclusion, Sakamoto Ryoma seemed to have a clear grasp of the essence of nation building movement of Western Countries, and his eight-point plan for Modern Japan showed his country the correct way of the new times.

      • KCI등재

        A note on T-sum of bell-shaped fuzzy intervals

        Hong, Dug-Hun Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems 2007 한국지능시스템학회논문지 Vol.17 No.6

        The usual arithmetic operations on real numbers can be extended to arithmetical operations on fuzzy intervals by means of Zadeh's extension principle based on a t-norm T. Dombi and Gyorbiro proved that addition is closed if the Dombi t-norm is used with two bell-shaped fuzzy intervals. Recently, Hong [Fuzzy Sets and Systems 158(2007) 739-746] defined a broader class of bell-shaped fuzzy intervals. Then he study t-norms which are consistent with these particular types of fuzzy intervals as applications of a result proved by Mesiar on a strict f-norm based shape preserving additions of LR-fuzzy intervals with unbounded support. In this note, we give a direct proof of the main results of Hong.

      • 논문 : 단국대학교와 백범 김구

        이홍구 ( Hong Goo Lee ) 단국사학회 2012 史學志 Vol.45 No.-

        단국대학과 백범 김구와의 관계는 대학 설립자 범정 장형이 해방 후 만주에서 돌아와 백범 김구를 만나게 되면서 시작된다. 범정은 해방을 맞이한 후 한교 처리를 위해서 만주에 가 있던 김홍일의 주선으로 백범과 인연을 맺게 된다. 백범은 1945년 11월 환국 후 여러 가지 방향으로 건국구상을 실천하기 위해 노력하였고, 그 중 하나가 대학을 설립하여 인재를 양성하는 것이었다. 이에 국민대학설립기성회가 만들어졌으며, 범정은 서울에 도착 후 기성회에 참여하여 백범의 구상 실천을 돕는 한편, 이사로서 대학 설립의 실무를 맡아 1946년 9월 국민대학관을 설립하게 된다. 그러나 기성회장이었던 신익희가 임시정부 및 한독당과 결별하면서 범정은 국민대학에서 나와 새로운 대학을 설립하게 되고, 그것이 지금의 단국대학이었다. 단국대학은 백범이 꿈꾸었던 통일국가의 수립을 위한 민족의 동질성을 단군에서 찾아 교명을 ‘단국’이라 하였으며, 동지였던 박기홍의 미망인 조희재와 함께 1947년 11월 3일 단국대학을 설립하였다. 백범은 단국대학 전문부 1회 졸업식에 참석하고, 범정의 집을 방문하기도 하는 등 범정과 교육사업에 대해 칭찬을 아끼지 않았다. 범정 또한 백범이 주도하여 운영한 건국실천원 양성소 이사장을 맡아 재정적인 지원은 물론, 교수진, 교육생까지 지원을 아끼지 않았다. 이러한 범정과 백범의 관계는 두 인물의 사후 그의 후손에게 계승되었고, 자연스레 단국 대학과의 관계도 이어졌다. 범정의 아들 장충식 회장은 백범김구선생기념사업협회 회장을 맡으면서 백범의 아들 김신 장군과 함께 협회의 법인화, 백범일지 중국어판 보급, 백범강좌의 지속적 진행, 백범 추도식의 위상 강화 등 백범에 대한 기념사업을 같이 추진하였다. The relationship between Dankook University and Baekbeom Kim Koo began when the university founder Beomjung Jang Hyung met him after returning from Manjoo following the liberation of Korea from Japan. Beomjung was introduced to Baekbeom by Kim Hong-il who was in Manjoo to deal with overseas Koreans after liberation. After Baekbeom returned home in November 1945, he strived to practice the founding initiatives in many different ways, one of which was to produce talents by establishing an university. Thus, Kookmin University Foundation Supporting Association was established, which was joined by Beomjung after he returned to Seoul. He helped Baekbeom to practice the founding initiatives, while serving as a director for establishing an university. As a result, Kookmin University Hall was established in September 1946. However, as the association president Shin Ik-hee left the provisional government of the republic of korea and the Independence Party of Korea, Beomjung left Kookmin University and established a new university, which became today`s Dankook University. The name came from Dangun (legendary founding father of Korea`s first nation) who contained ethnic homogeneity for creating a unified country that Baekbeom was dreaming of. He established Dankook University on November 3, 1947, along with Cho Hee-jae, a widow of his friend Park Ki-Hong. Baekbeom attended the first graduation ceremony of Dankook University and visited the home of Beomjung, giving lots of compliments on his educational projects and achievement. Beomjung also provided tremendous financial support as a chairman of ‘Center for Training People for Founding Country’ led by Baekbeom, as well as support for faculty and students. Such relationship between Beomjung and Baekbeom was passed down to their descendants in connection with Dankook University. After the son of Beomjung, Jang Chung-shik, became the president of ‘association Commemorative services for Patriot Kim Koo’, he promoted various Baekbeom commemoration projects including incorporation of the association, distribution of Chinese edition of Baekbeom Journal, providing ongoing classes on Baekbeom, and elevating the status of Baekbeom memorial services, along with the son of Baekbeom, general Kim Shin.

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