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This study intended to determine the protein requirements when subjects ate the Korean mixed diet at the intake of energy level of 45 kcal/Kg of body weight per day. Six healthy Korean female college students, aged 20 to 25 years old, and 46 to 61Kg of body weight participated as study subjects. They were given isocaloric diets with four different protein levels for five days each successively. These diets contained protein levels of 0.45, 0.60, 0.75, and 0.90g per Kg of body weight per day, respectively. It was attempted to observe energy and protein intake, urinary and fecal nitrogen losses, true digestibility of protein, net protein utilization of protein in the body over last two days of period of eating each diet, arid nitrogen balances were calculated. The body weight change and hematological observation were also performed. The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. True digestibility of protein of Korean mixed diets ranged from 83.1% to 86.5% and the average of which was 84.7±1.7%. 2. Net protein utilization rate of Korean mixed diets ranged from 49% to 55% and the average of which was 52±3%. 3. The body weight of subjects were slightly increased and the values of hemoglobin and hematocrit of the blood were also little increased during the experimental periods of 20 days. 4. Protein requirements of Korean mixed diets with the energy level of 45 kcal/Kg body weight per day of Korean young female adults were estimated as 1.00g/Kg/day on this experimental condition.
본 연구는 의료복지사회적협동조합(이하 의료사협)에서 BSC 관점의 학습·성장, 내부 프로세스, 고객과 같 은 비재무요인과 재무성과 간의 인과관계를 분석하는 것이 목적이다. 의료사협은 비영리기관으로 다양한 이해관계자들이 참여하고 의료복지라는 사회적 가치를 창출해야 할뿐만 아니라 조직의 유지와 발전을 위해 적정한 경제적 가치를 창출할 수 있어야 한다. 이에 본 연구는 Kaplan & Norton(1996)의 균형성과표 (BSC)의 4가지 관점, 즉, 학습·성장, 내부 프로세스, 고객, 재무 관점으로 의료사협의 성과를 확인하고, 직 원과 조합원으로부터 수집된 데이터를 통해 이들 간의 관계를 분석한다. 분석결과, 학습·성장 요인은 내 부 프로세스 요인에 정(+)의 영향을, 내부 프로세스 요인은 고객 요인에 정(+)의 영향을, 고객 요인은 재무 성과에 정(+)의 영향을 미친다는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 즉, 의료사협의 비재무요인들이 재무성과에 영향 을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 의료사협은 그 목적과 가치, 의료 공공성을 달성하기 위해 다양한 역량들이 필 요한데, 본 연구에 따르면 의료사협은 내부역량을 강화하고 이해관계자들을 관리하는 것이 그들의 재무성 과를 향상시키는데 도움이 될 수 있을 것으로 보인다. 본 연구는 처음으로 의료사협을 대상으로 BSC 관점 을 적용하고 네 가지 관점의 관계를 확인하는데 의미가 있다고 볼 수 있다. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship betweennon-financial factors and financial performance of health welfare socialco-operatives(HWSCs) by using BSC framework. HWSCs as nonprofitorganizations involved by various stakeholders should not only create socialvalues, especially heath welfare, but also make enough profits for their growth. In this study, we identify the performance of HWSCs in four perspectives ofBalanced Scorecard(BSC) of Kaplan & Norton(1996); learning & growth, internalprocess, customer, and financial performance. We also analyze the relationshipbetween four factor through the data collected from staff and members. Theresults show that the learning & growth factor affects the internal processfactor positively, the internal process factor has positive effect on the customerfactor, and the customer factor is positively related to financial performance. In other words, non fincial factors seem to have positive effects on financialperformance in HWSCs. HWSCs need a variety of abilities to achieve publicgoods of medical service. According to this study, HWSCs should enhanceinternal competency and manage their stakeholders, which could help improvetheir financial performance. This study has an implication in adopting BSC forHWSCs in first, and identifying the relationship between four perspectives ofBSC.
The purpose of this study is to analyze structural relations among the life goals, grit, athletic identity, and sports happiness perception of adolescent athletes and also the mediating effects of grit and athletic identity between life goals and sports happiness perception. For this purpose, the investigator applied the purposive sampling method to male and female athletes in physical education and general middle and school schools around the nation and used 319 final valid samples in total in an analysis. Data was treated with SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 22.0. A fitness test was conducted for the entire models and followed by the testing of hypotheses. The findings were as follows: first, orientation toward life and achievement under life goals had positive effects on the grit of adolescent athletes; secondly, grit had significant effects on their athletic identity; thirdly, athletic identity had significant impacts on their sports happiness perception; and finally, grit and athletic identity had significant mediating effects on relations between their life goals and sports happiness perception. In short, instructors in the field of sports and parents need to take a lot of interest and make much effort to help adolescent athletes have harmonious life goals before having worries over such negative outcomes as their quitting decision, stress, exhaustion, and depression.
The purposes of this study are to examine structural relations among the multidimensional perfectionism, sport confidence, and coping behavior strategies of professional golfers and analyze the mediating effects of sport confidence on relations between their perfectionism and coping behavior strategies. For these purposes, the study applied convenience sampling to the professional golfers that were registered at KPGA and KLPGA in 2018 and played in tournaments of the first and second division tours and selected total 235 valid samples. Collected data was tested for the fitness of the overall model and hypothesis testing with the SPSS 20.0 and AMOS 20.0 programs. The analysis results were as follows: first, self-orientedness, a subfactor of multidimensional perfectionism, had significant positive(+) effects on sport confidence, whereas other-orientedness and social imposition had no significant effects on it; second, sport confidence had positive(+) impacts on problem-oriented, emotion-oriented, and detached coping behavior and negative(-) impacts on avoidance; third, other-orientedness of multidimensional perfectionism had no significant effects on all the factors of coping behavior strategies, whereas self-orientedness had positive(+) effects on problem-oriented, emotion-oriented, and detached coping behavior and no significant effects on avoidance. In addition, social imposition had significant negative(-) and positive(+) influences on emotion-oriented coping behavior; and finally, sport confidence had mediating effects on relations between multidimensional perfectionism(self-oriented) and coping behavior strategies.