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The purpose of this study is to examine Baek Seok's poems which were created while he was living in Manju It has been reported that Baek Seok left for Manju around between 1939 and 1940 and came back to North Korea after our nation's Liberation and Division His poems can be categorized into two stages, that is, the first stage covers his works written before our liberation and the second stage covers his works written after Liberation and Divisionp In the meantime, this study intends to explore his works written for the later part of the first stage While his poems of the former part of the first stage has been highlighted, his later poems of the first stage has not been given enough considerations Thus, this study is to look into briefly the meaning and efficacy of the term "Poetry on the Northen Area" and further scrutinize his works
MRSA strains cause serious nosocomial infections. The rate of MRSA among Staphylococcus aureus isolated in Korea is about 70 - 80%. The treatment for MRSA infection is vancomycin. But vancomycin has several side effects and its therapeutic rate is 60-75%. Therefore the disinfectants play an important role in preventing and treating MRSA infection. In this study, 44 MRSA isolates were obtained from Wonkwang University Hospital, and examined for the efficacy of disinfectants commonly used in hospital. The tested disinfectants were chlorohexidine (Hibitan), H2O2, tego, Gentian Violet, potadine, chlorohexidine gluconate (Microshield), boric acid, alcohol, zepanon, acetic acid, and combinations of these disinfectants. MRSA studied were killed after exposure to chlorohexidine gluconate (Microshield), alcohol, zepanon, alcohol+potadine, and alcohol+Gentian Violet within 30 seconds. But, tego, boric acid, and Gentian Violet+acetic acid could not kill MRSA after 30 minutes. Agar dilution minimal inhibitory concentration test was done with cephalothin, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, erythromycin, fusidic acid, gentamicin, mupirocin, oxacillin, penicillin G, rifampin, tetracycline, and vancomycin. We found that bactericidal activity of vancomycin, fusidic acid, and mupirocin were good. In conclusion, this study provided useful information: 75% alcohol is the best disinfectant for wound dressing, 4% chlorohexidine gluconate(Microshield) is useful for hand washing, and zepanon is useful for ward cleansing. Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was not found in our study.
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Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) are used to evaluate the function of saccule and measure myogenic potentials evoked at the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) by the high level acoustic stimulation. It is also easy and objective to test and doesn't cause dizziness. The purpose of this study was to determine the normative VEMP data in healthy newborns. Forty six ears from 23 healthy newborns (14 boys, 9 girls) were used in this study. The results were as follows; First, the latency of p13 and n23 in healthy newborns were 16.65 ± 2.57 ms and 26.34 ± 3.14 ms, respectively. The interpeak latency of p13-n23 was 9.69 ± 2.41 ms with the amplitude of .47 ±.70 μV. Second, the latency of the VEMP was significantly longer in the newborns under 30 days than in the newborns over 30 days [P13 latency: t-test, t(44) = 0.80, p < .05; N23 latency: t-test, t(44) = 1.77, p < .05]. Third, the latency of the VEMP was significantly longer in all newborns than in adults [P13 latency: t-test, t(90) = 8.29, p < .05; N23 latency: t-test, t(90) =3.62, p < .05]. In conclusion, normative VEMP data of healthy newborns were partially demonstrated. It is suggested that vestibular function test as well as hearing test be conducted to diagnose vestibular dysfunction at an early age, especially for newborns with high risk factors. Following research is required for clinical application.