http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
This study was conducted to investigate the optimal number of pinching and daminozide spray application rates for a quality crop production of two newly bred garden mum cultivars (Chrysanthemum × morifolium ‘Candy Ball' and ‘Fancy Ball') from Floriculture Research Institute, Chungchungnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services, Yesan, Korea. To investigate the optimal number of pinching treatment, one-, two-, three-times pinching treatments were conducted one week after transplanting with 2 weeks intervals. Pinching treatments caused no considerable decrease in plant heights, but increased the number of flowers in both ‘Candy Ball' and ‘Fancy Ball' garden mum cultivars as the number of pinching increased, thus improving product quality. To find the optimal concentration of daminozide application for quality garden mum production, daminozide were sprayed three times at the concentration of 0, 1000, 2500, and 5000 mg • L−1. Both ‘Candy Ball' and ‘Fancy Ball' cultivars displayed shorter plant heights and peduncle lengths with increasing concentration of daminozide. Although flower sizes of both cultivars were not affected by daminozide treatment regardless of the concentration, ‘Fancy Ball' cultivar displayed lighter red flower color with increasing daminozide concentration. In both cultivars the number of flowers increased with increasing daminozide concentration, which increased the total flower dry weight and shoot dry weight, thus improving the product quality. Overall, daminozide spray treatment with the concentration at 2500-5000 mg • L−1 was more effective than pinching treatment for the height and flowering control to improve product quality of the two newly bred garden mum cultivars ‘Candy Ball' and ‘Fancy Ball'. 본 연구는 충청남도농업기술원 화훼연구소에서 새롭게 육성된 가든멈 신품종 Chrysanthemum × morifolium ‘Candy Ball'과 ‘Fancy Ball'의 고품질 생산을 위한 최적 적심 처리횟수와 식물생장조절제 daminozide 살포 최적 농도를 알아보고자 수행하였다. 적심 처리횟수를 정식 1주 후 2주 간격으로 1, 2, 3회 하였을때 ‘Candy Ball'과 ‘Fancy Ball' 두 품종 모두 적심 처리에 의하여 초장이 크게 줄어들지는 않았으나 적심횟수가 많을수록 개화수가 증가하는 경향을 보여 생산 품질을 향상할 수 있을 것으로 판단되었다. Daminozide 처리 농도 실험에서는 0, 1000, 2500, 5000mg • L−1의 농도로 3회 엽면 살포시 두 품종 모두 daminozide 처리 농도가 증가함에 따라 초장과 화경장이 감소하였다. 두 품종 모두 daminozide 처리에 의한 꽃 크기 변화는 없었으나, ‘Fancy Ball' 품종의 경우 daminozide 처리 농도가 높아질수록 붉은 화색이 옅어짐을 보였다. 두 품종 모두 daminozide 처리 농도가 증가함에 따라 개화수가 증가하는 결과로 전체 화기 건물중 및 지상부 건물중이 증가하여 가든멈 품질이 향상됨을 알 수 있었다. 결과적으로 가든멈 신품종 ‘Candy Ball'과‘Fancy Ball'의 고품질 생산을 위하여 단독 적심 처리보다는 2500-5000mg • L−1 농도의 daminozide 처리가 초장을 줄이고 개화수를 높이는데 효과적인 것으로 나타났다.
Purpose: We report the clinical manifestations of dry eye syndrome after cataract surgery involving meibomian gland structure, meibomian gland function, and tear lipid layer analysis. Methods: The clinical manifestations of dry eye syndrome were retrospectively evaluated in 34 eyes of 31 patients who underwent cataract surgery from September to November 2017. The ocular surface disease index (OSDI), tear break-up time (tBUT), Oxford stain score, presence or absence of blepharitis, and meibomian gland expression were measured preoperatively and at 1 week, 1 month, and 2 months postoperatively. Lipid layer thickness (LLT), partial blinks, and meibomian gland images were measured using LipiView® (TearScience, Morrisville, NC, USA), an interferometric eye surface measuring device. Results: The postoperative OSDI was significantly higher than preoperative OSDI (17.09 ± 1.81): 22.76 ± 1.99 at 1 week, 23.12 ± 1.91 at 1 month, and 22.68 ± 1.92 at 2 months (p < 0.05). The postoperative tBUT was significantly lower than preoperative tBUT (5.07 ± 0.39): 3.99 ± 0.31 at 1 week, 3.49 ± 0.27 at 1 month, and 4.72 ± 0.39 at 2 months (p < 0.05). The Oxford staining score increased after surgery, but the difference was not statistically significant. Postoperative meibomian gland expression was significantly lower preoperative values (4.9 ± 2.8): 4.4 ± 2.8 at 1 month, and 3.9 ± 2.8 at 2 months (p < 0.05). The LLT decreased at 1 month postoperatively and increased at 2 months postoperatively, but these differences were not statistically significant. Conclusions: Cataract surgery resulted in a short-term meibomian gland dysfunction, leading to deterioration of dry eye after cataract surgery. However, we could not confirm structural changes in the meibomian gland, so it will be necessary to observe the clinical features of dry eye syndrome over a longer period of time. 목적: 마이봄샘의 구조, 기능 및 눈물 지질층 분석을 통해 백내장수술 후 발생하는 안구건조증의 임상양상에 대하여 보고하고자 한다. 대상과 방법: 2017년 9월부터 11월까지 백내장수술을 받은 34안(31명)을 대상으로 후향적으로 안구건조증의 임상양상을 분석하였다. 수술 전, 수술 후 1주, 1개월, 2개월에 안구표면질환지수, 눈물막파괴시간, 안구표면염색점수, 안검염, 마이봄샘 배출 평가를 시행하였다. 간섭을 이용한 안구표면측정장치로 눈물 지질층 두께, 부분 눈꺼풀 깜빡임, 마이봄샘을 촬영하여 분석하였다. 결과: 안구표면질환지수는 수술 전 17.09 ± 1.81, 1주 22.76 ± 1.99, 1개월 23.12 ± 1.91, 2개월 22.68 ± 1.92로 수술 전보다 유의하게 증가하였다(p<0.05). 눈물막파괴시간검사는 수술 전 5.07 ± 0.39, 1주 3.99 ± 0.31, 1개월 3.49 ± 0.27, 2개월 4.72 ± 0.39로 유의하게 감소하였다(p<0.05). 안구표면염색점수는 수술 후 증가하는 양상이었으나 유의한 차이는 없었다. 마이봄샘 배출력은 수술 전 4.9 ± 2.8, 1개월 4.4 ± 2.8, 2개월 3.9 ± 2.8로 유의하게 감소되었다(p<0.05). 눈물 지질층 두께는 유의한 차이는 없었다. 결론: 이 연구는 백내장수술이 단기적으로 마이봄샘 기능 저하를 일으켜 백내장수술 후 안구건조증이 악화된다는 것을 보여주었다. 하지만 유의한 마이봄샘의 구조적인 변화 양상은 확인할 수 없어 안구건조증의 임상양상에 대한 장기적 경과관찰이 필요할 것이다.
Objective: Overactive bladder syndrome refers to the symptom of frequent urination, as the function of the bladder is so sensitive that the bladder muscles contract regardless of the patient's intent and the patient feels the need to urinate quickly. Overactive bladder syndrome is common among the elderly, especially in women, and the prevalence increases with increasing age. Overactive bladder can decrease social activity, increase isolation, and decrease quality of life due to sleep disorders caused by night urination; therefore, active treatment is required. In this study, we report the effects of Korean medical treatment on a Korean hospital patient with overactive bladder symptoms, including urine frequency, urine incontinence, and night urination that began at a similar time to an onset of coughing. Methods: We treated the patient with herbal medicines and acupuncture therapy. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), and a numeric rating scale (NRS) were used to assess symptom changes. Results: The patient with urine frequency, urine incontinence, and nocturia was hospitalized for 8 days, and the overall symptoms of overactive bladder syndrome were improved. Conclusion: The results indicate that Korean medical treatment is effective in patients with overactive bladder syndrome.
A differential diagnosis of ascites is always challenging for physicians. Peritoneal tuberculosis is particularly difficult to distinguish from peritoneal carcinomatosis because of the similarities in clinical manifestations and laboratory results. Although the definitive diagnostic method for ascites is to take a biopsy of the involved tissues through laparoscopy or laparotomy, there are many limitations in performing biopsies in clinical practice. For this reason, physicians have attempted to find surrogate markers that can substitute for a biopsy as a confirmative diagnostic method for ascites. CA 125, which is known as a tumor marker for gynecological malignancies, has been reported to be a biochemical indicator for peritoneal tuberculosis. On the other hand, the sensitivity of serum CA 125 is low, and CA 125 may be elevated due to other benign or malignant conditions. This paper reports the case of a 66-year-old male who had a moderate amount of ascites and complained of dyspepsia and a febrile sensation. His abdominal CT scans revealed a conglomerated mass, diffuse omental infiltration, and peritoneal wall thickening. Initially, peritoneal tuberculosis was suspected due to the clinical symptoms, CT findings, and high serum CA 125 levels, but non-specific malignant cells were detected on cytology of the ascitic fluid. Finally, he was diagnosed with primary malignant peritoneal mesothelioma after undergoing a laparoscopic biopsy.
Introduction: Stroke refers to a sudden brain disease that results in disorders in the anatomy of the brain. The cause is a sudden circulatory disorder of the cerebrovascular system that creates a consciousness disorder and hemiplegia. Despite aggressive treatment after the onset, stroke is a social problem because the patient has difficulty in recovering from sequelae that can include limb movement disorders, language disorders, and emotional disorders. In this study, we describe the effect of traditional Korean medicine treatment on the sequelae in a subacute cerebral infarction patient admitted to a Korean medical hospital. Case presentation: A 67-year-old male patient was diagnosed with cerebral infarction circa 2005, and his condition had not improved. Around March 15, 2018, he experienced the sudden onset of a cerebral infarction in his daily life. This was confirmed by a brain MRI, and he was hospitalized at other hospitals, but he showed no improvement. We conducted a manual muscle test (MMT) to evaluate the patient's exercise and strength. His gait level was measured to evaluate his degree of walking. He was treated with Bojungikgi-tang and acupuncture twice a day. After 34 days of inpatient treatment, the patient's exercise strength improved from Grade 2+~Grade 3 to Grade 3+ determined by the MMT, and his walking ability improved from Gait Level 3 to Gait Level 4. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that acupuncture and herbal medicine treatment can help treat patients with hemiplegia due to cerebral infarction.