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        • KCI등재

          한국인 사체에서의 정상 종골의 실측: 예비보고

          김정한,곽희철,김전교,정양환,Kim, Jung-Han,Gwak, Heui-Chul,Kim, Jeon-Gyo,Jung, Yang Hwan 대한족부족관절학회 2014 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.18 No.1

          Purpose: The purpose of this report is to evaluate the measured values of normal Korean calcaneus by conduct of a cadaveric study. Materials and Methods: A total of 42 calcanei were obtained from Korean cadavers. A digital goniometer was used for measurement of B$\ddot{o}$hler's angle, Gissane angle, posterior facet articular inclination angle, and Fowler-Philip angle of calcaneus. A vernier caliper was used for measurement of the maximal antero-posterior length, maximal transverse width, and maximal height of calcaneus. Results: The average B$\ddot{o}$hler's angle, Gissane angle, posterior facet articular inclination angle, and Fowler-Philip angle was $32.3^{\circ}{\pm}5.0^{\circ}$, $114.4^{\circ}{\pm}8.2^{\circ}$, $61.2^{\circ}{\pm}4.4^{\circ}$, and $60.3^{\circ}{\pm}7.6^{\circ}$. The average maximal antero-posterior length, maximal transverse width, and maximal height of calcaneus was $74.2{\pm}3.0mm$, $43.0{\pm}4.0mm$, and $42.5{\pm}3.0mm$. Conclusion: The measured values of normal Korean calcaneus were lower than the values reported in the international literature. Therefore, development of appropriate instruments reflecting the anatomical characteristics of Koreans will be needed.

        • KCI등재

          시퀀셜 로테이션 분배기 구조를 이용한 X-band 마이크로스트립 4×4 광대역 원형 편파 배열 안테나

          김정한,김중관,김용진,이홍민,Kim, Jung-Han,Kim, Joong-Kwan,Kim, Yong-Jin,Lee, Hong-Min 한국전자파학회 2007 한국전자파학회논문지 Vol.18 No.2

          본 논문은 X-band에서 동작하는 마이크로스트립 원형 편파 $4{\times}4$ 배열 안테나의 설계와 제작에 대해 다룬다. 단일 안테나는 정사각형 패치를 사용하고 비대칭 십자 개구 결합 급전 구조를 사용하여 RHCP(Right Handed Crcularly Polarization)로 동작하도록 하였다. 기존의 배열 안테나의 소자간의 간격을 0.8 ${\lambda}_0$에서 0.45 ${\lambda}_0$로 간격을 줄여 실장 면적을 감소시켰다. 급전 선로는 시퀀셜 로테이션 분배기로 $2{\times}2$ 배열 안테나를 설계하여 양호한 이득과 축비 대역폭을 나타내었다 ${\lambda}/4$ Transformer와 T-junction 전력 분배기로 $4{\times}4$ 배열 안테나로 확장하였다. 시뮬레이션으로 확인한 결과 최대 방사 이득은 15.09 dBi로 나타났으며, 축비 대역폭은 3 dB 기준 $9.05{\sim}10.4$ GHz(13.5%)의 양호한 특성을 보였다. 제작된 $4{\times}4$배열 안테나는 10 GHz에서 측정 결과 임피던스 대역폭($VSWR{\leq}2$)은 $8.45{\sim}11.84$ GHz(33.9%)로 나타났으며, 최대방사 이득은 11.10 dBi를 얻었다. 또한 측정된 축비 대역폭은 $9.42{\sim}10.47$ GHz(10.5%)를 얻었다. In this paper, the circularly polarized $4{\times}4$ array antenna is proposed for the X-band. A single antenna consists of square patch and unequal cross-aperture coupled feeding. The RHCP(Right Handed Circularly Polarization) is generated by unequal cross-aperture coupled feeding. By reducing space among elements of way antenna from 0.8 ${\lambda}_0$ to 0.45 ${\lambda}_0$, the mounting area of array antenna is miniaturized. The $2{\times}2$ array antenna is designed using sequential rotation feeding network. The good level of gain, axial ratio, and impedance bandwidth are achieved. The $4{\times}4$ array antenna is extended by ${\lambda}/4$ transformer and T-junction power divider. The simulated maximum radiation gain is 15.09 dBi at 10 GHz. The simulated 3 dB Axial Ratio bandwidth is from 9.05 to 10.4 GHz(13.5%). Also the measured impedance bandwidth($VSWR{\leq}2$) of manufactured $4{\times}4$ array antenna is from 8.45 to 11.84 GHz(33.9%). The measured maximum radiation gain is 11.10 dBi at 10 GHz. The measured 3 dB Axial Ratio bandwidth is from 9.42 to 10.47 GHz(10.5%).

        • KCI등재

          족근골 유합의 발생 빈도: 단일 기관 자기공명영상 분석

          김정한,곽희철,이창락,김영준,김전교,이선주,이정한,박준호,Kim, Jung-Han,Gwak, Heui-Chul,Lee, Chang-Rak,Kim, Young-Jun,Kim, Jeon-Gyo,Lee, Sun-Joo,Lee, Jeong-Han,Park, Jun-Ho 대한족부족관절학회 2016 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.20 No.3

          Purpose: Tarsal coalition results from defects during the developmental stage and produes ankle pain and limitations in the range of motions. Its incidence has been reported to be 1%, but there has not been any reports with respect to Koreans. Therefore, we evaluated the prevalence of tarsal coalition in Koreans. Materials and Methods: Between 2005 and 2014, we analyzed a total of 733 cases of foot and ankle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in our hospital. There were 391 men and 342 women. All MRI readings were read by a radiologist in our hospital. We classified the coalitions in accordance with the histological and anatomical characteristics, and calculated the prevalence in each group. Moreover, we tried to determine the prevalence of tarsal coalitions in accordance with sex, age, and proportion of the symptomatic tarsal coalitions. Results: There were a total of 11 MRIs of tarsal coalition - 9 talocalcaneal coalitions, 1 calcaneocuboidal coalition, and 1 calcaneonavicular coalition. Nine tarsal coalitions were observed in men and 2 in women. Conclusion: Through this study, we found that the prevalence of tarsal coalition, including the asymptomatic patients, is similar to the previously known prevalence (1%). By getting more MRIs of the foot and ankle, we could better represent the prevalence of tarsal coalitions in Koreans.

        • KCI등재

          Isoguanosine과 Berberine 1 : 1 혼합물의 항암효과

          김정한,이상준,한영복,문정조,김종배,Kim, Jung-Han,Lee, Sang-Jun,Han, Young-Bok,Moon, Jung-Jo,Kim, Jong-Bae 대한약학회 1994 약학회지 Vol.38 No.2

          Isoguanosine and berberine 1:1 mixture[l:[1(mole:mole)] has been prepared and evaluated by measuring antitumor effects against various tumor cell lines in culture and in mice. We reported that the synergistic effect of isoguanosine and berberine mixture has been revealed compared with each of isoguanosine and berberine increased by $3{\sim}8$ times than that of each components in various tumor cell lines in vitro. The most effective dose of isoguanosine and berberine mixture was 60 mg/kg/day in mice bearing S-180 solid tumor, the %(1-T/C) values were 70%. Against the P-388 leukemia, isoguanosine-berberine mixture was the most effective at the dose of 60 mg/kg/day, the %T/C values were 163%.

        • KCI등재

          원위 경골 골절에서 금속정 및 금속판 고정술의 결과 비교

          김정한,곽희철,이창락,정양환,Kim, Jung-Han,Gwak, Heui-Chul,Lee, Chang-Rack,Jung, Yang-Hwan 대한족부족관절학회 2015 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.1 No.2

          Purpose: We analyzed and compared the clinical and radiologic results between minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis and internal fixation using intramedullary (IM) nail in the treatment of distal tibia fractures. Materials and Methods: From March 2005 to June 2013, 65 cases of distal tibia fractures treated with either plate fixation or IM nail fixation were analyzed retrospectively by clinical and radiologic evaluations. The clinical results were compared using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, Olerud-Molander ankle score (OMAS), and visual analogue scale (VAS) score at the last follow-up. The radiologic results were compared by time to bone union, complications such as nonunion, delayed union, and malunion. Results: The clinical results (according to OMAS, AOFAS score, and VAS score) were 77.47, 84.76, and 1.75, respectively, in the plating group, and 90.21, 91.00, and 1.25, respectively, in the nailing group, and there was no statistically significant difference. Plating group showed earlier union than the nailing group and the nailing group showed higher frequency of non-union and delayed union than plating group. Conclusion: In treatment of distal tibia fractures, two methods showed appropriate results. Therefore, thorough investigation of the types of fracture, state of soft tissues, and advantages and disadvantages of the two methods should be conducted in the treatment of distal tibia fractures.

        • KCI등재

          종골의 사체 실측 결과와 방사선학적 측정 결과의 비교

          김정한,곽희철,이창락,정동우,노상명,Kim, Jung-Han,Gwak, Heui-Chul,Lee, Chang-Rack,Jeong, Dong-Woo,Roh, Sang-Myung 대한족부족관절학회 2015 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.1 No.2

          Purpose: We wanted to compare the results between cadaveric and radiological measurements of calcaneus. Materials and Methods: Sixty three calcaneus of 33 cadavers donated between December 2012 and December 2014 were actually measured. Computed tomography (CT) images of 244 calcaneus in 122 patients of the same age group with cadavers were radiologically measured. Maximum length, maximum width, maximum height, $B{\ddot{o}}hler$ angle, Gissane angle, Fowler-Phillip angle, and tala-articular angle were measured. Results: In cadaveric measurement, the mean maximal height, length, and width were $41.8{\pm}3.3mm$, $73.3{\pm}3.4mm$, and $40.7{\pm}2.2mm$, respectively. In radiological measurement, the mean maximal height, length, and width were $38.5{\pm}4.3mm$, $74.0{\pm}5.7mm$, and $44.7{\pm}1.4mm$, respectively. In cadaveric measurement, the mean $B\ddot{o}hler$ angle, Gissane angle, Fowler-Phillip angle, and tala-articular angle were $32.1^{\circ}{\pm}6.2^{\circ}$, $110.8^{\circ}{\pm}8.1^{\circ}$, $55.8^{\circ}{\pm}6.8^{\circ}$, and $59.7^{\circ}{\pm}4.6^{\circ}$, respectively. In radiological measurement the mean $B{\ddot{o}}hler$ angle, Gissane angle, Fowler-Phillip angle, and tala-articular angle were $32.6^{\circ}{\pm}3.8^{\circ}$, $113.7^{\circ}{\pm}5.7^{\circ}$, $62.2^{\circ}{\pm}3.9^{\circ}$, and $61.6^{\circ}{\pm}6.3^{\circ}$, respectively. The mean maximal height was significantly higher in the cadaveric measurement group (p<0.001) and the mean maximal length and width were significantly higher in the radiologic measurement group (p<0.001, p<0.001). The mean Gissane angle, Fowler-Philip angle, and $B{\ddot{o}}hler$ angle were significantly higher in the CT group (p=0.001, p<0.001, p=0.016, respectively). There was no significant difference in the mean tala-articular angle (p=0.352). Conclusion: Significant differences in length parameters were observed between the cadaveric measurement group and the radiologic measurement group. However, no significant differences in angular measurements were observed between the two groups. The authors carefully conclude that radiological measurement values may be different from actual values in the calcaneus.

        • KCI등재후보

          부신 질환에 대한 외과적 치료의 최근 경향

          김정한,Jung-Han Kim,M.D. 대한갑상선-내분비외과학회 2011 The Koreran journal of Endocrine Surgery Vol.11 No.4

          '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

          Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) has become the standard for the management of benign adrenal tumors since Gagner reported a successful surgery in 1992. Conventional open adrenalectomies have been replaced by LA because of significant advantages such as reduced wound pain and hospital stays, decreased transfusion requirements, and postoperative complications. In addition to the development of laparoscopic surgery, robot-assisted adrenalectomies are gaining popularity worldwide. The robotic system offers several advantages: it magnifies a surgeon's view with 3D optics, offers excellent resolution and depth perception, and the robotic wrists offer 7 degrees of freedom, allowing for precise movements. Another new technique of laparoscopic adrenal surgery is single-port surgery, which is an effort to reduce the number of trocars and their related wound complications. Although this is technically more difficult compared to conventional laparoscopic surgeries, patients are satisfied with a single-site scar and reduced pain. In this paper, the recent development of new techniques in adrenal surgery are introduced and their specific advantages and disadvantages are discussed. Also, this article reviews the clinical results of a partial adrenalectomy for small benign adrenal tumors and adrenalectomies for single adrenal metastasis from extra-adrenal malignancy. (Korean J Endocrine Surg 2011;11:229-233)

        • KCI등재

          두 개의 기생 패치를 갖는 고 이득.광대역 SAP 안테나

          김정한,김용진,이홍민,Kim, Jung-Han,Kim, Yong-Jin,Lee, Hong-Min 한국전자파학회 2007 한국전자파학회논문지 Vol.18 No.8

          본 논문에서는 SDMB(Satellite Digital Multimedia Broadcasting) 시스템에서 동작하는 고 이득 광대역 안테나를 구현하였다. 제안된 안테나는 표면파를 억제하기 위한 SAP(Shorted Annular Patch) 구조와 이득, 대역폭 그리고 지향성을 개선시키기 위하여 $0.25 {\lambda}_0$ 간격을 갖는 3차원 배열의 기생 SAP로 구성되었다. 원형 패치상의 서로 반대 방향으로 농인 두 개의 슬릿을 이용하여 RHCP(Right Hand Circular Polarization)로 동작하도록 하였다. 모의 실험 결과, 제안된 안테나의 최대 방사 이득은 기존의 마이크로스트립 패치 안테나에 비해서 5.22 dBi 개선된 12.6 dBi로 나타났다. 제작된 안테나는 동작 주파수 2.63 GHz에서 최대 방사 이득이 10.5 dBi로 나타났다. 측정된 임피던스 대역폭$(VSWR{\leq}2)$은 기존의 마이크로스트림 패치 안테나에 비해서 300 MHZ 개선된 $360 MHz(2.488{\sim}2.848 GHz)$이며, HPBW(Half Power Beam Width)는 $45.8^{\circ}$, FBR(Front Back Ratio)은 15.49dBi로 나타났다. 3dB 축비 대역폭은 220 MHz$(2.54{\sim}2.76 GHz)$를 얻었다. In this paper, the high gain and broadband antenna operating for SDMB(Satellite Digital Multimedia Broadcasting) system is realized, The proposed antenna consists of the SAP(Shorted Annular Patch) structure, which inhibits surface-wave and the parasitic SAP element with spacing of $0.25 {\lambda}_0$ in order to improve gain, bandwidth and directivity. The RHCP(Right Hand Circular Polarization) is generated by two slits, which are made along the periphery of the circular patch at the diametrically opposite points, The simulated maximum gain of the proposed antenna is 12.6 dBi, which is better 5.22 dBi than maximum gain of the conventional microstrip patch antenna. The measured maximum gain is 10.5dBi at operating frequency 2.63GHz. Also, the measured impedance bandwidth$(VSWR{\leq}2)$ of the proposed antenna is $360MHz(2.488{\sim}2.848 GHz)$, which is better 300 MHz than the bandwidth of the conventional microstrip patch antenna. The measured HPBW(Half Power Beam Width) of the proposed antenna is $45.8^{\circ}$, and the measured FBR(Front to Back Ratio) is 15.49 dBi, The 3dB axial ratio bandwidth is 220 MHz$(2.54{\sim}2.76 GHz)$.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재
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