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      • KCI등재

        거골 골연골병변 치료 동향: 대한족부족관절학회 회원 설문조사 분석

        조병기,조재호,양기원,이동연,배서영,2021 대한족부족관절학회 학술위원회 대한족부족관절학회 2021 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.25 No.4

        Purpose: Given the lack of definite evidence-based guidelines in clinical practice, there may be a wide variation in treatment protocols for osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLT). Based on the Korean Foot and Ankle Society (KFAS) member survey, this study aimed to report the current trends in the management of OLT. Materials and Methods: A web-based questionnaire containing 30 questions was sent to all KFAS members in September 2021. The questions were mainly related to clinical experience and preferences in diagnosis, conservative, and surgical treatments for patients with OLT. Answers with a prevalence of ≥50% of respondents were considered a tendency. Results: Sixty-two (11.3%) of the 550 surgeons queried responded to the survey. The responses to 9 (30.0%) of the total of 30 questions established a tendency. Answers exhibiting a tendency were as follows; additional diagnostic tools except for plain radiograph (mag- netic resonance imaging), most common conservative treatment method (oral medication, rest), most important radiological factor in decision making for surgical treatment and method (size of the lesion, ankle instability, loose bodies), most important patient factors in decision making for surgical treatment and method (age, activity or occupation), infrequently requiring posterior arthroscopy (less than 3%), most common revision surgery for failed bone marrow stimulation procedure (osteochondral autograft transplantation [OAT]), not requiring additional procedure for donor site in OAT, the main reason for unsatisfactory result after OAT (persistent pain without radiological abnormality), no generalization of autologous chondrocyte implantation or chondrogenesis using stem cells. Conclusion: This study presents updated information on current trends in the management of OLT in Korea. Both consensus and varia- tions in the approach to patients with OLT were revealed through this survey. Since recent biologic efforts to regenerate cartilage have been unsuccessful, further studies to identify clinical evidence would be needed.

      • KCI등재

        무지외반증 치료 동향: 대한족부족관절학회 회원 설문조사 분석

        조재호,조병기,박현우,성기선,배서영,2021 대한족부족관절학회 학술위원회 대한족부족관절학회 2021 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.25 No.4

        Purpose: This study aimed to report the current trends in the management of the hallux valgus (HV) deformity over the last few decades through a survey of the Korean Foot and Ankle Society (KFAS) members. Materials and Methods: A web-based questionnaire containing 34 questions was sent to all KFAS members in September 2021. The questions were mainly related to the preferred techniques and clinical experience in correction in patients with an HV deformity. Answers with a prevalence of ≥50% of respondents were considered a tendency. Results: One hundred and nine (19.8%) of the 550 members responded to the survey. The most common symptom for determining sur- gical treatment was bunion pain (68.8%), and different surgical techniques were selected according to the following radiological param- eters: HV angle 30 to 40 degrees and intermetatarsal angle 15 to 20 degrees. The two procedures most preferred by the respondents were distal chevron osteotomy (55.0%), and proximal chevron osteotomy (21.1%). In an average of 71.6% of respondents, Arkin osteotomy was performed simultaneously during HV surgery. HV accompanied by an overriding deformity of the second toe was most often ad- dressed with a combination of second metatarsal osteotomy and soft tissue rebalancing procedure (35.8%). After HV surgery, the recur- rence rate of HV deformity was found to be 12.2% on average and the surgeons who had performed minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for HV comprised 34.9% of the total respondents. Conclusion: This study provides updated information on the current trends in the management of the HV deformity in Korea. Both consensus and variation in the approach to patients with HV were identified by this survey study. Although MIS for HV has increased, it appears the consensus for selecting this method has not yet been established.

      • KCI등재

        족관절 관절염 치료 동향: 대한족부족관절학회 회원 설문조사 분석

        조병기,조재호,Gwak Heui-Chul,Kim Hak Jun,Bae Su-Young,2021 대한족부족관절학회 학술위원회 대한족부족관절학회 2021 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.25 No.3

        Purpose: Variations in the preferred conservative and operative treatment methods for ankle arthritis may be observed in the practice of orthopedic surgeons. This study is based on the Korean Foot and Ankle Society (KFAS) member survey and aims to report the current trend and changes in the management of ankle arthritis over the last few decades. Materials and Methods: A web-based questionnaire containing 24 questions was sent to all KFAS members in July 2021. The questions were mainly related to the preferred techniques and clinical experience in osteotomy, arthrodesis, and total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) for patients with ankle arthritis. Results: Sixty-three out of 550 surgeons (11.5%) responded to the survey. The responses to 6 out of the total of 24 questions (25.0%) achieved the levels needed to reflect a tendency. Answers that showed a tendency were related to the following: a surgical approach for arthrodesis (anterior approach), use of auto-bone graft for arthrodesis (iliac bone), a nonunion rate of more than 10% following arthrod- esis, main reason related to unsatisfactory results after arthrodesis (nonunion or delayed union), the main reason to change total ankle prosthesis (unstable supply of prosthesis), the unusualness of revision TAA and conversion of fusion to TAA. Diversity was found in sev- eral aspects of treatment (degree of experience and satisfaction in supramalleolar osteotomy, fixation method for arthrodesis, preferred TAA prosthesis and longevity, degree of experinece, annual number of TAA operation. Conclusion: This study proposes updated information with regard to the current trends in the management of ankle arthritis in Korea. Both consensus and variations in the approach to patients with ankle arthritis were identified through this survey. With an increasing preference for TAA, the need for the development of a prosthesis optimized for Koreans and a stable supply of prostheses were the sug- gestions made by the study.

      • KCI등재후보

        매우 불안정한 족관절 골관절병증에서 지주형태 자가 비골을 이용한 관절유합술(1예 보고)

        서진수,정현욱,이우천,문정석,최준영,Suh, Jin-Soo,Chung, Hyun-Wook,Lee, Woo-Chun,Moon, Jeong-Seok,Choi, Jun-Young 대한족부족관절학회 2009 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.13 No.1

        Charcot arthropathy of the foot and ankle is characterized by a combination of sensory, motor and autonomic peripheral neuropathy leading to gross swelling, bony destruction and finally severe bony deformity with joint instability. We report a case of very unstable Charcot arthropathy in ankle joint managed with ankle arthrodesis using fibular strut bone grafting technique.

      • KCI등재후보

        거골하 유합술 시 전방 및 후방 관절면 고정술식과 후방 관절면 단독 고정술식의 비교

        정홍근,조형원,박현우,박종태,Jung, Hong-Geun,Cho, Hyeoung-Woen,Park, Hyun-Woo,Park, Jong-Tae 대한족부족관절학회 2012 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.16 No.2

        Purpose: Subtalar arthrodesis has been the gold standard for the painful subtalar joint disorders. Successful subtalar arthrodesis requires fusion of the 3 facet joints. The purpose of the study is to compare the clinical outcome of the posterior fixation (P2) and anterior-posterior (A1P1) fixation technique for subtalar arthrodesis which enhance anterior and middle facet fixation. Materials and Methods: The study is based on the 20 feet (19 patients) of the subtalar arthrodesis utilizing cannulated screws from September 2006 to September 2009 with at least 1-year follow-up. Two fixation techniques were utilized for the subtalar arthrodesis: 1) posterior fixation only (P2, 7 feet, 35%) and 2) anterior-posterior (A1P1) fixation method (13 feet, 65%). Visual Analog Scale Pain (VAS) score, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score (maximum: 94 points), the time for returning to daily living and the patient satisfaction were also evaluated. Results: Average follow-up period were 13.2 months (12-3 mo). The AOFAS score improved from preoperative average 45 (0-68) to 81.6 (62-94), while VAS score was decreased from average 8.0 (3-10) to 1.8 (0-5) at final follow-up. Ninety-five percent of the patients were satisfied with surgery. All the patients returned to daily living at average 7.2 months (2-15 mo) post-surgery. Radiographically, 2 techniques both showed 100% fusion of the posterior compartment of the subtalar joint. Postoperative complications were 1 case of low grade infection and 1 case of sural nerve neuralgia. Conclusion: The subtalar arthrodesis using A1P1 fixation technique showed better fusion rate of the anterior compartment of the subtalar joint compared to P2 fixation technique although the 2 techniques both showed similar favorable clinical outcome. Therefore the A1P1 fixation technique is found to be a viable option to address chronic painful subtalar joint disorders to enhance the anterior compartment fixation.

      • KCI등재

        거골하 관절에서 발생한 통풍성 관절염을 동반한 골연골종(1예 보고)

        곽희철,김전교,Gwak, Heui Chul,Kim, Jeon Gyo 대한족부족관절학회 2012 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.16 No.4

        Osteochondroma, which is an osteocartilaginous exostosis, is essentially the most common primary bone tumor. These benign neoplasms are generally asymptomatic and have a relatively small potential for adverse effects. Calcaneal osteochondroma is rare, furthermore osteochondroma accompanying with gouty arthritis is very rare. Also, the subtalar joint is not a classic site of acute gout. In this report, we report the case of a patient who experienced an unusual calcaneal osteochondroma with undiagnosed gouty arthritis of the subtalar joint.

      • KCI등재

        원위경비골인대 손상의 치료 동향: 대한족부족관절학회 회원 설문조사 분석

        배서영,조재호,조병기,정비오,정진화 대한족부족관절학회 2022 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.26 No.2

        Purpose: This study was based on the Korean Foot and Ankle Society (KFAS) member survey and aimed to report the current trends in the management of syndesmotic injuries over the last few decades. Materials and Methods: A web-based questionnaire containing 36 questions was sent to all KFAS members in September 2021. The questions were mainly related to the preferred techniques and clinical experiences in the treatment of patients with syndesmotic injuries. Answers with a prevalence ≥50% of respondents were considered a tendency. Results: Seventy-six (13.8%) of the 550 members responded to the survey. The results showed that the most preferred method to diagnose a syndesmotic injury was magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Intraoperatively, the external rotation stress test and the Cotton test were most frequently used to confirm syndesmotic diastasis. The reduction was usually done by a reduction clamp. One 3.5-mm screw was used most frequently over three cortices at 2~4 cm above the ankle joint. The preferred ankle position during fixation was 0° dorsiflexion. Removal of the syndesmotic screw was routinely done by most surgeons, mainly because of the limitation of movement and risk of screw breakage. Factors that affect suture button selection included non-rigid fixation which enables adequate fixation, early weight-bearing, and an infrequent need to remove the hardware. Inadequate reduction was considered the main factor that affects poor prognosis. Conclusion: This study proposes updated information about the current trends in the management of syndesmotic injuries in Korea. Consensuses in both the diagnostic and therapeutic approach to patients with syndesmotic injury were identified in this survey study. This study may raise the awareness of the various possible approaches toward the injury and should be used to further establish a standard protocol for the management of syndesmotic injuries.

      • KCI등재

        족근 관절 관절염에서 족관절 유합술의 결과: 전방 도달법과 경비골 도달법 비교

        박치형,이준영,정연주,Pak, Chi Hyoung,Lee, Jun Young,Jeong, Yeon Joo 대한족부족관절학회 2014 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.18 No.4

        Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiologic results of arthrodesis between anterior approach and transfibular approach arthrodesis in ankle arthritis. Materials and Methods: There were 61 cases of ankle arthritis treated by anterior or transfibular ankle arthrodesis in our hospital from April 2008 to March 2012. We investigated 29 cases (27 patients) who underwent ankle arthrodesis with an anterior approach (15 cases) and transfibular approach (14 cases), and were followed for over two years. Clinically, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, pain visual analogue scale (VAS), and subjective satisfaction degrees were evaluated. In addition, ankle coronal and sagittal alignments were evaluated using plain radiographs at 6 and 24 months, postoperatively. Results: Clinically, preoperative mean AOFAS score and VAS was 41.3 and 6.4, and were changed to 58.9 and 3.3 postoperatively in the anterior approach group. In the transfibular approach group, preoperative mean AOFAS score was 36.6 and VAS was 7.1, and they were changed to 54.9 and 3.4 postoperatively. However, no significant differences in the clinical results were observed between the two groups (p=0.297). Duration of attaining union was 8.1 weeks in the anterior approach group and 10.4 weeks in the transfibular approach group. Complications were delayed union in one case, nonunion in three cases, cancellous screw breakage in three cases, and complex regional reflex syndrome in one case. Conclusion: After transfibular ankle arthrodesis as treatment of ankle osteoarthritis, the tendency for valgus angulation of the ankle at the final follow-up was observed and 6.5 mm cancellous screw breakage occurred frequently. Therefore, in order to achieve better stability, it is necessary to use 6.5 mm cannulated screws rather than 6.5 mm cancellous screws for ankle arthrodesis.

      • KCI등재

        족근 관절 연부조직 충돌 증후군에서 MRI의 진단적 의의 및 관절경적 치료 결과

        이진우,문은수,김성재,한수봉,강응식,Lee, Jin-Woo,Moon, Eun-Su,Kim, Sung-Jae,Hahn, Soo-Bong,Kang, Eung-Shick 대한족부족관절학회 2003 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.7 No.2

        Introduction: Soft-tissue impingement syndrome is now increasingly recognized as a significant cause of the chronic ankle pain. As a method to detect soft-tissue ankle impingement, a characteristic history and physical examination, routine MR imaging, and direct MR arthrography were used. The efficacy of routine MR imaging has been controversial for usefulness because of low sensitivity and specificity. Direct MR artrhography was recommaned for diagnosis because of the highest sensitivity, specificity and accuracy, but it requires an invasive procedure. The purpose of this study is to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of Fat suppressed, contrast enhanced, three-dimensional fast gradient recalled acquisition in the steady state with rediofrequency spoiling magnetic resonance imaging(CE 3D-FSPGR MRI) and to evaluate the clinical outcome of the arthroscopic treatment in assessing soft-tissue impingement associated with trauma of the ankle. Materials and Methods: We reviewed 38 patients who had arthroscopic evaluations and preoperative magnetic resonance imaging studies(3D-FSPGR MRI) for post-traumatic chronic ankle pain between January 2000 and August 2002. Among them, 24 patients had osteochondral lesion, lateral instability, loose body, malunion of lateral malleoli, and peroneal tendon dislocation. The patient group consisted of 23 men and 15 women with the average age of 34 years(16-81 years). The mean time interval from the initial trauma to the operation was 15.5 months(3 to 40 months), The mean follow-up duration of the assessment was 15.6months(12-48 months). MRI was simultaneously reviewed by two radiologists blinded to the clinical diagnosis. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRI was obtained from radiologic and arthroscopic finding. Arthroscopic debridement and additional operation for associated disease were performed. We used a standard protocol to evaluate patients before the operation and at follow-up which includes American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Score. Results: For the assessment of the synovitis and soft tissue impingement, fat suppressed CE 3D-FSPGR MR imaging had the sensitivity of 91.9%, the specificity of 84.4 and the accuracy of 87.5%. AOFAS Ankle-Hindfoot Score of preoperative state was 69.2, and the mean score of the last follow-up was 89.1. These were assessed as having 50% excellent(90-100) and 50% good(75-89). The presence of other associated disease didn't show the statistically significant difference(>0.05). Conclusion: Fat suppressed CE 3D-FSPGR MR imaging is useful method comparable to MR arthrography for diagnosis of synovitis or soft-tissue impingement, and arthroscopic debridement results in good clinical outcome.

      • KCI등재후보

        관절 내 종골 골절의 수술적 치료에 있어 관절 내시경 사용의 유용성

        정경칠,곽희철,김창완,김정한,박대현,Chung, Kyung-Chil,Gwak, Heui-Chul,Kim, Chang-Wan,Kim, Jung-Han,Park, Dae-Hyun 대한족부족관절학회 2009 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.13 No.1

        Purpose: We tried to evaluate the usefulness of the arthroscopy in the operative treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fracture. Materials and Methods: Between March 2005 and May 2008, 9 patients with intra-articular calcaneal fractures(Tongue type or Sanders type IIC) were treated with arthroscopically assisted percutaneous reduction and screw fixation. American orthopedic foot and ankle society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, visual analogue scale (VAS), preoperative and postoperative Bohler's angle and the rate of complication were evaluated. Results: AOFAS score at postoperative 1 year was 88.2 (range, 71-92), and mean VAS score was 2.8 (range, 1-4). Bohler angle was improved from preoperative mean $16.2^{\circ}$ to postoperative mean $29.7^{\circ}$. There were no complications such as wound problem, infection or nerve injury. Conclusion: Subtalar arthroscopy provides precise view of posterior facet during the operation. Therefore, it can be a useful tool in treating intra-articular calcaneus fractures, especially tongue type and Sanders type IIC fractures.

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