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          • KCI등재

            설상형 Sanders 제 II형 종골 골절에 대한 관절경하의 정복 및 경피적 고정술의 결과

            박재우,박철현 대한족부족관절학회 2017 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.21 No.4

            Purpose: To assess the clinical and radiographic results and complications of arthroscopy-assisted reduction and percutaneous fixation for patients with tongue-type Sanders type II calcaneal fractures. Materials and Methods: Between August 2014 and December 2015, 10 patients who underwent surgery using subtalar arthroscopic assisted reduction and percutaneous fixation for tongue-type Sanders type II calcaneal fractures were reviewed. The mean age was 50.8 years (36∼62 years), and the mean follow-up period was 24 months (12∼40 months). The clinical results were evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score at the regular follow-ups, and the foot function index (FFI) at the last follow-up. The subtalar range of motion (ROM) was evaluated and compared with the uninjured limb at the last follow-up. The radiographic results were assessed using the Böhler's angle from the plain radiographs and the reduction of the posterior calcaneal facet using computed tomography (CT). The postoperative complications were assessed by a chart review. Results: The VAS and AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score improved until 12 months after surgery. The FFI was 15 (1.8∼25.9) and subtalar ROM was 75.5% (60%∼100%) compared to the uninjured limb at the last follow-up. The Böhler's angle was increased significantly from 2° (–14°∼18°) preoperatively to 21.8° (20°∼28°) at the last follow-up. The reduction of the posterior facet was graded as excellent in five feet (50.0%) and good in five (50.0%) on CT obtained at 12 months after surgery. One foot (10.0%) had subfibular pain due to a promi『nent screw head. One foot (10.0%) had pain due to a longitudinal tear of the peroneal tendon that occurred during screw insertion. Conclusion: Subtalar arthroscopic-assisted reduction of the posterior calcaneal facet of the subtalar joint and percutaneous fixation is a useful surgical method for tongue-type Sanders type II calcaneal fractures.

          • KCI등재

            역행성 압박 골수내 금속정을 이용한 경골거골종골 관절 유합술

            송무호,김부환,안성준,강석웅,김영준,김동환,유성호,Song,,Moo,Ho,Kim,,Bu,Hwan,Ahn,,Seong,Jun,Kang,,Suk,Woong,Kim,,Young,Jun,Kim,,Dong,Hwan,Yoo,,Seong,Ho 대한족부족관절학회 2014 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.18 No.4

            Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiological and clinical outcomes of tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using retrograde compressive intramedullary nail for patients with complex hindfoot problems, including Charcot arthropathy, osteonecrosis of talus, combined arthritis of the ankle and subtalar joint, failure of previous ankle arthrodesis, and failed total ankle arthroplasty. Materials and Methods: Eighteen consecutive patients (10 men and 8 women) with an average age of 54 years (range, 42~72 years) underwent tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using retrograde compressive intramedullary nail fixation. The mean duration of follow-up was 16 months (range, 12~23 months). Radiological evaluation included assessment of the union status of ankle and subtalar joints. Clinical evaluations included visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain and patient satisfaction, and postoperative complications were analyzed. Results: Radiological union was achieved in 14 ankle joints (77%) and 16 subtalar joints (88%) at an average of 16 weeks (range, 14~40 weeks) and 14 weeks (range, 12~24 weeks), respectively. The preoperative VAS were 4.6 (range, 4~8) at rest and 8.2 (range, 7~10) during walking, and the postoperative VAS were 2.2 (range, 0~3) and 4.6 (range, 4~6), respectively (p<0.05). There were 6 nonunions (4 ankle joints and 2 subtalar joints), 3 tibia fractures, 2 delayed union of ankle joints, and 2 breakage of the implant. Conclusion: Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using retrograde compressive intramedullary nail may be considered as a viable option in patients with complex hindfoot problems.

          • KCI등재

            관절 내 종골 골절의 골절양상에 따른 수술적 치료

            라종득,박현수,임창석,장영수,박상원,정태원,전용수,Rha,,Jong-Deuk,Park,,Hyun-Su,Lim,,Chang-Suk,Jang,,Young-Soo,Park,,Sang-Won,Chung,,Tae-Won,Jeon,,Yong-Soo 대한족부족관절학회 2004 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.8 No.2

            Purpose: We evaluated the clinical results of operative treatment of the intraarticular calcaneal fracture according to fracture classification. Materials and Methods: There were 25 cases (24 patients) which had at least one year follow up, 17 men and 7 women who were treated from June 1997 to March 2003. We have analysed the Bohler's angle, cruciate angle, width and posttraumatic osteoarthritis in radiological evaluation, and evaluated clinical results according to the Creighton-Nebraska health foundation score. Results: Excellent results were noted in 7 cases, good results in 6 cases, fair results in 4 cases and poor results in 8 cases. Radiological changes showed as follows: Bohler angle $17^{\circ}$, Crucial angle $0.1^{\circ}$, Width 6mm. Conclusion: Type II showed satisfactory results and type IV showed unsatisfactory results in Sanders classification. Proper evaluation of the intraarticular calcaneal fracture by X-ray and CT scan is necessory to predict prognosis and decise method of operative treatment.

          • KCI등재

            관절 내 종골 골절에서 금속판 고정을 이용한 수술적 치료

            홍기도,김재영,하성식,심재천,강정호,박광희,Hong,,Ki-Do,Kim,,Jae-Young,Ha,,Sung-Sik,Sim,,Jae-Chun,Kang,,Jung-Ho,Park,,Kwang-Hee 대한족부족관절학회 2007 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.11 No.1

            Purpose: We evaluated the results of operative treatment with F or H plates and screws using extensile lateral approach in intraarticular calcaneal fractures. Materials and Methods: From August 2003 to July 2006, twenty intraarticular calcaneal fractures which were operated with open reduction and internal fixation with F or H plates and screws were evaluated retrospectively. According to the Essex-Lopresti classification, 3 cases were tongue type and 16 were joint depression type. With the Sanders classification, 2 cases were IIA type, 7 were IIB, 5 were IIIAB, 2 were IIIAC and 3 were IV. We have analysed the $B{\ddot{o}}hler$ angle, Gissane angle, and calcaneal width in radiologic evaluation, and evaluated clinical result according to the Creighton-Nebraska Health Foundation Score. Results: Radiologic changes showed as follows: $B{\ddot{o}}hler$ angle improved from $5.8^{\circ}$ to $25.9^{\circ}$, Gissane angle from $119.0^{\circ}$ to $113.3^{\circ}$, and calcaneal width from 50.4 mm to 37.8 mm. In the clinical results, excellent cases were noted in 8 cases, good in 8 cases, fair in 2 cases, poor in 1 case. Conclusion: Operative treatment with F or H plates and screws using extensile lateral approach in intraarticular calcaneal fractures was thought to be a useful operative method allowing anatomical reduction.

          • KCI등재

            거골의 골연골 병변의 원주형 생검에서 관절 연골과 연골하 골의 조직병리학적 변화

            이호승,장재석,이종석,조경자,이상훈,정홍근,김용민,Lee,,Ho-Seong,Jang,,Jae-Suk,Lee,,Jong-Suk,Cho,,Kyung-Ja,Lee,,Sang-Hoon,Jung,,Hong-Keun,Kim,,Yong-Min 대한족부족관절학회 2006 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.10 No.2

            Purpose: This study was aimed at elucidating the pathogenesis of talar osteochondral lesion by analyzing the histopathological findings. Materials and Methods: Twenty specimens from 20 patients who underwent surgical treatment for talus osteochondral lesions were studied. Preoperative MRI images including T1, T2, and stir images were taken and cases were classified according to modification of the Anderson's classification. There were 5 cases of MRI group 1, 6 cases of group 2, 7 cases of group 3 and 2 cases of group 4. A full thickness osteochondral plug including the osteochondral lesion of the talus was harvested from each patient and reviewed histopathologic changes of osteochondral fragment using H-E staining. Mean diameter of specimens was 8.5 mm and mean depth was 10.3 mm. Pathologic changes of articular cartilage and subchondral bone were observed. Subchondral bone was divided into superficial, middle and deep zones according to depth. Cartilage formation, trabecular thickening and marrow fibrosis were observed in each zone. Results: There were detachment of the joint cartilage at the tidemark in 16 cases of 20 cases and the separated cartilages were almost necrotic on the histopathologic findings. Cartilage formation within subchondral bone was discovered beneath the tidemark in 12 cases. Trabeculae were increased and thickened in 17 cases. These pathologic changes were similar to fracture healing process and these findings were more conspicuous near the tidemark and showed transition to normal bone marrow tissue with depth. No correlation between the pathological progression and MRI stages was found. A large cyst shown on MRI's was microscopically turned out to be multiple micro-cysts accompanied by fibrovascular structure and newly formed cartilage tissue. Conclusion: The histopathologic findings of osteochondral lesions are detachment of overlying cartilage at the tidemark and subsequent changes of subchondral bone. Subchondral bone changes are summarized as cartilage formation, marrow fibrosis and trabecular thickening that mean healing process following repeated micro fractures of trabecular. These osteochondral lesions should have differed from osteochondral fractures.

          • KCI등재

            족근 관절 연부조직 충돌 증후군에서 MRI의 진단적 의의 및 관절경적 치료 결과

            이진우,문은수,김성재,한수봉,강응식,Lee,,Jin-Woo,Moon,,Eun-Su,Kim,,Sung-Jae,Hahn,,Soo-Bong,Kang,,Eung-Shick 대한족부족관절학회 2003 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.7 No.2

            Introduction: Soft-tissue impingement syndrome is now increasingly recognized as a significant cause of the chronic ankle pain. As a method to detect soft-tissue ankle impingement, a characteristic history and physical examination, routine MR imaging, and direct MR arthrography were used. The efficacy of routine MR imaging has been controversial for usefulness because of low sensitivity and specificity. Direct MR artrhography was recommaned for diagnosis because of the highest sensitivity, specificity and accuracy, but it requires an invasive procedure. The purpose of this study is to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of Fat suppressed, contrast enhanced, three-dimensional fast gradient recalled acquisition in the steady state with rediofrequency spoiling magnetic resonance imaging(CE 3D-FSPGR MRI) and to evaluate the clinical outcome of the arthroscopic treatment in assessing soft-tissue impingement associated with trauma of the ankle. Materials and Methods: We reviewed 38 patients who had arthroscopic evaluations and preoperative magnetic resonance imaging studies(3D-FSPGR MRI) for post-traumatic chronic ankle pain between January 2000 and August 2002. Among them, 24 patients had osteochondral lesion, lateral instability, loose body, malunion of lateral malleoli, and peroneal tendon dislocation. The patient group consisted of 23 men and 15 women with the average age of 34 years(16-81 years). The mean time interval from the initial trauma to the operation was 15.5 months(3 to 40 months), The mean follow-up duration of the assessment was 15.6months(12-48 months). MRI was simultaneously reviewed by two radiologists blinded to the clinical diagnosis. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRI was obtained from radiologic and arthroscopic finding. Arthroscopic debridement and additional operation for associated disease were performed. We used a standard protocol to evaluate patients before the operation and at follow-up which includes American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Score. Results: For the assessment of the synovitis and soft tissue impingement, fat suppressed CE 3D-FSPGR MR imaging had the sensitivity of 91.9%, the specificity of 84.4 and the accuracy of 87.5%. AOFAS Ankle-Hindfoot Score of preoperative state was 69.2, and the mean score of the last follow-up was 89.1. These were assessed as having 50% excellent(90-100) and 50% good(75-89). The presence of other associated disease didn't show the statistically significant difference(>0.05). Conclusion: Fat suppressed CE 3D-FSPGR MR imaging is useful method comparable to MR arthrography for diagnosis of synovitis or soft-tissue impingement, and arthroscopic debridement results in good clinical outcome.

          • KCI등재

            족관절 내측 퇴행성 관절염의 방사선적 분류와 관절 연골 손상의 관계

            이우천,문정석,이강,최홍준,Lee,,Woo-Chun,Moon,,Jeong-Suk,Lee,,Kang,Choi,,Hong-Jun 대한족부족관절학회 2007 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.11 No.2

            Purpose: To investigate the relationship between classification based on simple radiographic findings and arthroscopic findings of the cartilage lesions in medial degenerative arthritis of the ankle joint. Materials and Methods: We studied 41 ankles of 36 patients with asymmetrical narrowing of the medial joint space. Degenerative arthritis following fracture and those with generalized arthritic disease were excluded, but those with a history of ankle sprain were included. Standing radiographs of all patients were graded according to the Takakura classification and the Kellgren-Lawrence (K/L) classification. Arthroscopic findings were classified according to the depth, width, and anteroposterior dimension of articular cartilage damage. Results: According to the Takakura classification, 29 ankles were classified as stage II, 7 cases as stage IIIA and 2 cases as stage IIIB. According to our classification of arthroscopic findings of 29 ankles in stage II, 1 ankle was graded as Grade I, 3 ankles as grade II, 10 ankles as grade III, and 15 ankles as grade IV. Spearman correlation coefficient between Takakura classification and arthroscopic classification was 0.342 (P=0.028), and coefficient between K/L classification and arthroscopic classification was 0.480 (P=0.001). Conclusion: Degenerative changes of the articular cartilage are more advanced than radiographic findings in many patients with ankle degenerative arthritis with asymmetrical narrowing of medial joint space. Therefore, we conclude that more aggressive effort should be made for correct diagnosis and treatment of degenerative arthritis.

          • KCI등재

            관절 조영술을 이용한 족관절 염좌의 진단과 치료

            김석중,옥인영,주인탁,송석환,하기용,김용훈,Kim,,Seok-Jung,Ok,,In-Young,Chu,,In-Tak,Song,,Seok-Whan,Ha,,Kee-Yong,Kim,,Yong-Hoon 대한족부족관절학회 2003 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.7 No.2

            Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of ankle arthrography in diagnosis and treatment of the ankle sprain. Materials and Methods: Arthrography was performed to eighteen patients who were diagnosed as ankle sprain clinically from September, 1990 to April, 2003. Splint immobilization for three days and return to daily life were for the eleven patients who showed normal limits of extension of joint and no dye leakage on arthrography, cast for 3 weeks and compression brace wearing were for 4 patients who showed anterior talofibular ligament tear on arthrography. 3 patients diagnosed as anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligament tears were treated with cast for 6 weeks and then brace for 3 weeks. Results: The range of motion of the injured joint was recovered normally at the time of 3 month of postoperative follow up examination. But two patients complained a mild pain after exercise but it did not affect ordinary activities. Eleven patients who were normal on arthrography returned to daily activities in a week. Conclusion: It is reasonable to determine the extent of ankle sprain and treatment method for it using arthrography.

          • KCI등재

            동통을 동반한 제2 중족 족지 관절 불안정성의 치료경험 - 1예 보고 -

            서동현,박용욱,김도영,이상수,서영진,박현철,강승완,Suh,,Dong-Hyun,Park,,Yong-Wook,Kim,,Do-Young,Lee,,Sang-Soo,Seo,,Young-Jin,Park,,Hyun-Chul,Kang,,Seung-Wan 대한족부족관절학회 2004 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.8 No.2

            An unstable second metatarsophalangeal joint may produce pain in the forefoot. Plication of stretched lateral ligament and capsule and transfer of the extensor digitorum brevis under the transverse intermetatarsal ligament performed as the primary procedure to stabilize this painful joint. But the pain was not subsided and the proximal phalanx was resubluxated. So, we osteotomized the second metatarsal to restore a normal alignment of the second toe. Then the symptom was subsided. We report a case of painful instability of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the second toe.

          • KCI등재

            족근 관절 외과 부위의 압박궤양과 괴사

            박인헌,송경원,신성일,이진영,서동현,Park,,In-Heon,Song,,Gyung-Won,Shin,,Sung-Il,Lee,,Jin-Young,Suh,,Dong-Hyun 대한족부족관절학회 2002 대한족부족관절학회지 Vol.6 No.1

            Pressure sores are an ulceration and necrosis of the skin and underlying tissue usually occur after prolonged or repeated pressure by interruption of blood flow from the small. vessels to the skin and deep tissue. The management of pressure sores is mostly difficult and requires prolonged hospitalization or repeated surgical interventions with a high recurrence rate. In this article we reviewed 14 cases of National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Pannel staging III, IV over the lateral malleolar area of the ankle in 2 years period from January 1999 to October 2001. The pressure over lateral malleolar area was mainly due to unique Korean sitting position with cross legs at flexed hips and knees or supine position of patient with external rotation of low extremity. Male to female ratio was 11: 3 and ages were between 36 and 83 (mean age: 67.1 years). Associated diseases were DM(7 cases), Hemiparesis caused by CVA(2 cases), Liver cirrhosis(2 cases), disarticulation of opposite hip due to squamous cell ca.(1 case), Intertrochanteric Fx.(1 case). Wound cultures reported Staphylococus, Pseudomonas and others. Abnormally elevated ESR and CRP were seen in 6 cases. Operative treatments were irrigation and debridement, direct closure with gravity drainage and skin grafting. The most important aspect of pressure sore treatment is pressure relief of the lateral malleolar area. Pressure-relieving Cast or Brace was helpful for local management and preventing recurrence.

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