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This study is to examine 'Modernity' shown in Kim Gyu-dong's poetics in the 1950s and to clarify its direction. Especially, starting from similarities between Kim Gyu-dong's poetics and Kim Gi-rim's early poetics, this paper considers how his desire worked for the world literature in his poetics. Kim Gyu-dong's poetics is very similar to Kim Gi-rim's early poetics composed in the middle and late 1930s, in that his poetics established directivity in terms of the Western modern literature, but there are some differences found between them. Thus, this paper attempted to consider how the differences composed his poetics, while ultimately investigating the planning of literary coteries of 'Hubangi (the second half of the year)' in the 1950s, who agonized over the Korean literature in the magnetic field of the world literature. In Kim Gyu-dong's poetics in the 1950s, the literature of 'Modern Times' and 'Modern Times' introduced the Western modern styles and modes, while the premodern literature became prominent with the poetic styles and modes oriental, lyrical and melodious. His poetics was ver similar to Kim Gi-rim's early poetics in such an aspect, but there was a large difference left between them that his poetics didn't introduce the enjoyment of literature, which Kim Gi-rim recognized, and its possibility of literature as well. Moreover, since it didn't introduce the possibility of embracing literature, Kim Gyu-dong's poetics could advance into the world literature as literature for a few intellectuals, rather than as the Korean literature in a specific historical context called the South Korean society right after the Korean War. Nevertheless, as the contemporary Korean literature he introduced within the world literature could not reject the specific historical context as well, it came to be confronted with limitations. In other words, he desired the Korean literature to be within the world literature, but due to such a desire, the characteristics of the Korean literature ended up being ignored in a specific circumstance like Korea in the 1950s. That is, the reason why his 'Modernity' went blank can be explained with the results of his inferior complex for the world literature unlike Kim Gi-rim's 'Modern Times' and his overwhelming desire to situate the Korean literature within the world literature. Furthermore, such a case as Kim Gyu-dong's shows one of the aspects of imagination for the Korean literature within the world literature, which modernists might have had right after the Korean War.
The study examines trends of gardening in apartment complexes which is currently making progress, and aims to draw implications for vitalizing vegetable garden within apartment complexes through survey and analysis on the sites with gardening cases that are constructed and managed in various forms. By summarizing the trends of vegetable garden in an apartment complex, firstly, it can be said that vegetable garden in an apartment complex has a good possibility to become activated by utilizing constructed spaces, facilities, and human resources. Secondly, vegetable garden in an apartment complex can be classified into three cases according to construction and management method, and they are the case that gardens constructed by a self-community, the case that gardens constructed by a local government, and the case that gardens constructed by a construction company when establishing a new complex. Thirdly, features, strengths, and weaknesses of each category appeared differently as the result of survey and analysis. It should make an effort to arrange cooperation plan of each subject"s features and strengths in steps from constructing gardens to managing and supporting.
본 연구의 목적은 상담자들이 진로상담에서 대학생 내담자들의 문제를 사례개념화 할 때 탐색하는 요소들을 살펴보는 것이다. 이를 위해 대학생을 상담한 경력이 5년 이상 된 상담자 9명을 연구 참가자로 모집하였다. 분석을 위해 합의적 질적 연구방법(Consensual Qualitative Research)을 사용하였으며, 2-3개의 질문을 미리 작성하여 제시하였다. 면접은 평균적으로 90분정도 진행되었으며, 연구결과의 타당성을 확보하기 위해 대학생 진로상담 및 합의적 질적 연구 경험이 있는 외부전문가 3인에게 연구를 통해 도출된 전체 영역 및 범주의 적절성에 대한 자문을 받았다. 최종적으로 ‘내담자의 개인배경 및 적응수준', ‘진로 관련 당면 문제', ‘가족배경', ‘내담자의 심리적 특성', ‘진로상담 전략' 총 5개의 영역과 26개의 범주가 도출되었다. 본 연구의 결과를 바탕으로 상담자들의 진로상담 사례개념화를 조력하기 위한 방안과 시사점을 기술하였으며, 마지막으로 본 연구의 제한점과 후속연구를 제안하였다. The purpose of this study is to help the conceptualization of cases in career counseling by exploring the factors that counselors consider for case conceptualization when counseling clients who complain about career problems. In order to explore the conceptualization factors of career counseling cases, nine counselors with college student counseling experience over 5 years were recruited as research participants. Questions of semi-structured form were prepared and presented in advance and semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants for an average of 90 minutes. Consensual qualitative research method was used. For ensuring the validity of the study results, three external experts who had experience in counseling and consensus-qualitative research of university students were consulted about the appropriateness of the whole area and category derived through the research. Finally, there were 5 categories and 26 categories of ‘personal background and adaptation level of client', ‘career related problem', ‘family background', ‘psychological characteristics of client', and ‘career counseling strategy'. Based on the results of this study, a method and an implication for helping counselors in career counseling were described. Finally, the limitation of this study and the follow-up study were suggested.
With the golf players registered with KPGA and KLPGA as the subject, this research was proceeded with the purpose of investigating the causation of the structural relationships among coaches' instruction types, education and technology satisfaction, and the flow given to professional golf players so that they can receive more methodical and effective instructions. In this research, 252 copies of the materials were used and the questionnaire is composed of 50 questions altogether, including 19 questions on coaches' instruction types, 6 questions on the education satisfaction, 9 questions on the technology satisfaction, 10 questions on the immersion, and 6 questions on the demographic characteristics. In order to accomplish the objective of the research, the analysis was carried out by using the SPSS 18.0 and the AMOS 20.0. Above all, with SPSS 18.0, frequency analysis was carried out to analyze the general characteristics of the research subjects whereas reliability analysis was conducted to verify the internal consistency of the questions by factors. With the AMOS 20.0, the confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and structural equation modeling analysis were performed to examine the validities of the variables, multicollinearity, and the hypothesis of the research respectively and then the results are as follows. Firstly, it appeared that the types of the instructors for the professional golf players had the influences on the level of education satisfaction. Secondly, it was shown that the types of the instructors of professional golf players had the influences on the level of technological satisfaction. Thirdly, it appeared that the level of the educational satisfaction of the professional golf players had the influence on the immersion. Fourthly, it appeared that the level of the technological satisfaction of the professional golf players had an influence on the immersion.
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본 연구에서는 거시적 관점에서 배달외식 서비스에 참여하는 다양한 주체인 배달앱, 배달외식업체, 배달직원이 제공하는 서비스품질이 배달앱만족, 배달외식업체만족, 배달앱행동의도 미치는 영향 관계를 밝히고자 하였다. 총 302부의 표본이 분석에 사용되었으며 서비스품질을 주체에 따라 배달앱, 배달외식업체 품질, 배달직원 품질 2차 요인으로 구성하고 세부 요인을 주체에 맞춰 분류하였다. 그 결과, 배달앱품질, 배달외식업체품질, 배달직원품질 모두 배달앱만족과 배달외식업체만족에 유의한 정의 영향을 미쳤으며 배달앱만족, 배달외식업체만족은 모두 배달앱 행동의도에 유의한 정의 영향을 미쳤다. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of service quality upon customer's satisfaction and behavioral intention from a macro perspective by considering the three parties participating in the food delivery service; delivery app, delivery restaurant and delivery agency. A total of 302 valid samples were used for the statistical analysis. The factors of the food delivery service quality were classified as delivery app quality, delivery restaurant quality and delivery employee quality, and primary factors were organized based on secondary factors. The results showed that three service quality factors have a significant impact on customer satisfaction of delivery app and delivery restaurant. and customer satisfaction of delivery app and delivery restaurant have a significant impact on behavioral intentions of delivery app in a positive direction.
Objectives: The vestibular system detects head movement and serve to regulate and maintain the equilibrium and orientation of the body. It is known that the vestibular imbalance leads to vestibular symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, vertigo and postural disturbance. The objectives of the present study were to examine a modification of the dynamic activities of medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) neurons following electroacupuncture (EA) of GB43 (Hyepgye). Methods: In Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 250~300g, dynamic responses induced by sinusoidal whole body rotation about vertical axis at 0.2 ㎐were observed in MVN of rats during EA of GB43 (Hyepgye) with 0.2 ms, 40 Hz and 600±200 ㎂. Also, expression of cFos protein was observed 2 hours after EA for 30 mins. Results: In dynamic response of vestibular neuron, the excitatory or inhibitory responses of gain were predominant in the ipsilateral MVN neurons during EA but not predominant in the contralateral MVN. Most neurons showing decreased gain were classified to inhibitory responses of spontaneous firing discharge during EA and ones showing increased gain were classified to excitatory response of spontaneous firing discharge during EA. Also, EA of the left GB43 (Hyepgye) for 30 mins produced the expression of cFos protein in MVN, inferior olive (IO) and solitary tract nuclei (SOL). Spatial expressions of cFos protein were predominant in the contralateral MVN, ipsilateral IO and bilateral SOL. Conclusion: These results suggest that the excitability of MVN neurons was influenced by EA of GB43 (Hyepgye) and EA may be related to the convergence on MVN.
A new concept of an Eco-friendly desalination method is introduced in this study. The main idea of the desalination method of seawater is the condensation of the vaporized seawater by solar heat energy on the surface of seashore. The wind turbine blade plays a role of heat exchanger condensing the vaporized water in the air. Fig. 1 shows the details of the operating concept of the Eco-friendly desalination system with the wind power generation turbine. In this analytical study, the availability of the proposed desalination system was studied. First, an analytical condensation theory of the vaporized water in air was arranged and the parametric study was conducted to estimate the amount of freshwater produced from the system with the change of the temperature difference between the humid air and turbine blade, and the relative humidity in air, and wind speed. From the analytical calculation, 44,229(ton/year) of freshwater was produced at the vertical-type wind turbine (Diameter=4m, Height=3m) as the relative humidity is 80%, the temperature difference between the impeller blade and the humid air is 35℃ and the wind speed is10m/s.
김선웅(Seon-Woong Kim), 김남석(Nam-Seok Kim), 오미진(Mi-Jin Oh), 김하림(Ha-Rim Kim), 김민선(Min-Sun Kim), 이다영(Da-Young Lee), 윤석후(Suk-Hoo Yoon), 정문웅(Mun-Yhung Jung), 김훈중(Hun-Jung Kim), 이창현(Chang-Hyun Lee), 오찬호(Chan-Ho Oh) 한국식품영양과학회 2017 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.46 No.3
본 연구에서는 발효콩 유지가 비만 억제 및 예방, 3T3-L1 지방전구세포의 성장 및 분화 억제 효과를 관찰하기 위해 실험을 실시하였다. 3T3-L1 지방전구세포에 발효콩 유지를 처리하여 세포생존율을 측정한 결과, NF군 100 μg/mL에서 3T3-L1 지방전구세포의 생존율을 유의적으로 감소시켜 세포독성이 나타났다. 분화를 유도한 다음 세포 내 triglyceride 함량을 측정한 결과, 비발효콩 유지(NF) 처리군보다 발효콩 유지처리군에서 triglyceride 함량 저해 효과가 높게 나타났으며, 특히 BS, LBA, BLO군 순으로 높게 나타났다. 또한, BS군, LBA군, BLO군 순으로 지방세포분화 관련 유전자인 PPARγ의 mRNA 발현을 농도 의존적으로 감소시켰으며, PPARγ 유전자와 상관관계에 있는 C/EBPα 유전자도 농도 의존적으로 감소시켰다. 그리고 adiponectin 유전자 발현은 농도 의존적으로 증가시켰다. 고지방식이로 비만을 유도한 C57BL/6J 생쥐를 이용하여 항비만 활성을 관찰한 결과, 총 체중증가량은 대조군에 비해 4주째에 감소하는 경향이 나타났다. 혈액 내 지질농도를 측정한 결과 중성지방, 총콜레스테롤, LDL-콜레스테롤 함량은 LBA, BLO군에서 유의적으로 낮게 나타났으며(P<0.05), HDL-콜레스테롤 함량은 대조군보다 증가하였으나 유의적인 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 동맥경화 지수인 AI(atherogenic index)는 대조군보다 감소시키는 경향을 보였다. 비만관련 호르몬인 adiponectin의 농도는 SO, BS, LBA, BLO군에서 유의적으로 증가하였고(P<0.05), insulin 농도는 유의적으로 감소하였다(P<0.05). Leptin은 대조군보다 감소하였으나 유의적인 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 따라서 이러한 결과를 종합하여 볼 때 발효콩 유지가 3T3-L1 지방전구세포의 mRNA 단계에서부터 지방분화를 억제하여 항비만 활성을 가지고 있는 것으로 추정되고, 고지방식이로 비만이 유도된 C57BL/6J 생쥐에서 총체중을 감소시키고, 혈액 내 지질농도인 triglyceride와 총콜레스테롤, LDL-콜레스테롤 및 HDL-콜레스테롤과 비만관련 호르몬인 adiponectin, insulin, leptin을 조절하여 항비만 활성을 가지고 있는 것으로 확인되었다. 이 결과로 발효콩 유지가 항비만 생리활성을 나타내는 새로운 식품 소재로서 이를 활용한 기능성 식품 개발의 가능성이 있다고 생각된다. This study investigated the manufacturing of fermented soybean oil using a fermenting strain commonly processed for soybeans [Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (BA), Bacillus subtilis (BS), Lactobacillus acidophilus (LBA), and B. subtilis+L. acidophilus (BLO)] and evaluated its anti-obesity activities. Cytotoxicity of four kinds of fermented soybean oils was not observed in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes at 10 and 50 μg/mL. Triglyceride content was reduced by 20.6% in the BLO group at a treatment concentration of 50 μg/mL. The simultaneous treatment of fermented soybean oil and differentiation induction medium decreased PPARγ and C/EBPα gene expression at a concentration of 50μg/mL and blocked adipocyte differentiation by increasing adiponectin gene expression. The inhibitory effect of adipocyte differentiation was greatest in the BLO group. C57BL/6J mice were examined for 4 weeks after being separated into seven groups [normal diet group (N), high fat diet group (C), group fed high fat diet combined with regular soybean oil (SO), group fed non-fermented soybean oil (NF), and groups fed high fat diet combined with 5% fermented soybean oil (BA, BS, LBA, and BLO)] to identify the effects of soybean oil on body weight, serum lipid, adiponectin, insulin, and leptin levels in mice with high fat diet-induced obesity. The body weight and serum lipid level of the C group increased drastically compared to those of the N group. In contrast, the group fed a diet combined with fermented soybean oil showed decreases in weight, serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride levels compared to those of the C group. Moreover, soybean oil was found to be effective in the BLO group. In conclusion, fermented soybean oil has positive effects in prohibiting adipocyte differentiation increased by high fat diet and improving serum lipid composition. Therefore, fermented soybean oil can be used as a functional food material with anti-obesity activity.
A new concept of an Eco-friendly desalination method is introduced in this study. The main idea of the desalination method of seawater is the condensation of the vaporized seawater by solar heat energy on the surface of seashore. The wind turbine blade plays a role of heat exchanger condensing the vaporized water in the air. Fig. 1 show the details of the operating concept of the Eco-friendly desalination system with the wind power generation turbine. In this analytical study, the vaporized water in air was arranged and the parametric study was studied. First, an analytical estimate the amount of freshwater produced from the system with the change of the temperature difference between the humid air and turbine blade, and the relative humidity in air, and wind speed. From the analytical calculation, 44,229(ton/year) of freshwater was produced at the vertical-type wind turbine(Diameter = 4m, Height = 3m) as the relative humidity is 80%, the temperature difference between the impeller blade and the humid air is 35℃ and the wind speed is 10m/s.