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This study examines how metadramatic traditions are revived in the works of Samuel Beckett and Lee Yen Taek two modem dramatists representing English and Koran literature. Beckett`s Waiting for Godot explores the fundamental role of stage, actors and audience through metadramatic features, eventually invalidating the boundary between stage and auditorium. In Citizen K and Oku, Lee Yen Taek also makes significant use of metadraramatic devices such as play-within-a-play as well as co-existence of stage and auditorium. In order to gain these effects, he especially deconstructs and reconstructs gut, a traditional Korean ritual in which life and death interacts. In this respect, the two dramatists, transcending the space and tune of their activities, successfully achieve the reconstruction of the inherent dramatic tradition and extend literary horizon, thus satisfying the metadramatic premise that life is a dream and that the world is a stage.
This paper is an analysis of Ki Taek Kim's poems and David Lynch's film, The Straight Story, using the concept of de-alienation refined by philosopher Jin Sok Kim. De-alienation stands in opposition to transcendental speculation and to alienation found in traditional philosophy. A new grasp of philosophical boundaries is needed in order to understand de-alienation. This is, in part, because of many philosophical questions which arise during the interpretation of this abstract boundary. While drawing on the texts of Kant and Hegel, this paper attempts to graspthe somewhat dubious logic surrounding dialectical thinking and suggest new ideas to explain de-alienation. De-alienation needs to be understood as a new concept in existential philosophy and as one worthy of individual consideration. Through the vision of de-alienation it is possible to achieve a closer sense of things and beings, not only in theoretical areas, but also with an existential force. It is important to distinguish de-alienation from ethical concepts which unconditionally defend theoretical and practical attitudes from a distorted solitude. Even though Ki Taek Kim and David Lynch are not philosophers, we come to realize that their creative insights represent a remarkable penetration into grasping the veritable meaning of things. It is an imagination refined from a vision of de-alienation that is attested to through their serious and thought provoking works.
Many practitioners and researchers have been paying considerable attention to Value Engineering(VE) methodology. The present application status of VE in the construction industry has shown not to be satisfied and some problems might be expected when applying the VE methodology. The computerization system for VE, where practitioners could preserve related information during VE study, has not been established. As a result, the data gained from the other VE studies are not managed efficiently and not shared with stakeholders. So, practitioners couldn't utilize valuable information from previous VE studies. It results in a poor communication between builders and designers. For the purpose of preventing such problems and pursuing more effective ways of applying VE, some practical suggestions are made in this paper. This paper presents how VE techniques could be used as an effective tool for project integration in the construction process. When using constructability and partnering concepts, a Hybrid VE model is suggested. With this model, designers and builders can interact effectively from the early phase of the project and, use VE as a powerful tool for the improvement activities including design review, and make a cooperative environment without regard to organizational boundaries. Furthermore, the Database system for VE proposals and related information is developed. With this system, VE practitioners can store, share, exchange, and retrieve related information of the previous studies. They can also save the time in processing VE job plan, develop VE proposals more efficiently, and improve the quality of those proposals.
Pentagraphs are used to supply electric power to train via trolley lines. The higher train speed is, the higher voltage and current levels are. Since electric power is supplied with slinding contact, localized abrasion is inevitable. It is difficult and dangerous to measure their shape manually. Measurement system of pentagraph slider with ultrasonic processing has been reported. In this paper, measurement system with image processing is proposed. The system consists of CCD cameras, image grabber board, and PC operated on Windows"95. Image processing algorithms are presented and some results are illustrated.
For safety reason ATS(Automatic Train Stop) system is being used, which is a kind of communication system with a feedback amplifier and a transformer on the train and wayside coils. The coils are highly resonant LC circuits, also have very high Q(Quality) factors. The Q factors of wayside ATS coils are to be maintained high enough for the amplifier to operate reliably. In this paper a novel Q measurement system is proposed. The system measures the resonant frequency and the bandwidth of the ATS coils, by controlling the phase difference between the transformer and the coil using digital PLL(Phase Locked Loop). The overall configuration and algorithms of the proposed system and the digital PLL control schemes are presented in details. The experimental waveforms are shown to verify the system performances.
Chong-Taek Yu(1993). Verb-Rasing and Case-Agreement. Linguistics. Vol 1. This paper follows the Johnson's (1989) assumption that verbal inflection is always mediated by verb raising. All the verb heads-main verb, modal, be/have and participle heads-raise to the inflectional head positions and amalgamate with the fusible affixes. While the verb heads undergo a head-to-head movement, VP-internal subject(SU) and object(OB) raise to the Spec positions of AgrP by means of the Mutually Agreement-resisting Properties(MAP). This paper assumes that MAP makes SU and OB skip over the minimal domain. The raising SU and OB are always assigned agreement Case(AC). Even Genitive NP and indirect object(10) in the double object construction are also assigned AC, but direct object(DO) in it and prepositional object are assigned governed Case(GC). Besides, this paper proposes that the Stowell's (1981) CRP be refined in relation to Case agreement.
<P>A new form of the probabilistically strongest neighbor filter (PSNF) algorithm taking into account the number of validated measurements is proposed. The probabilistic nature of the strongest neighbor (SN) measurement in a cluttered environment is shown to be varied with respect to the number of validated measurements. Incorporating the number of validated measurements into design of the PSNF produces a consistent and cost effective data association method. Simulation studies show that the new filter is less sensitive to the unknown spatial clutter density and is more reliable for practical target tracking in nonhomogeneous clutter than the existing PSNF. It has similar performances to the probabilistic data association filter amplitude information (PDAF-AI) with much less computational complexities.</P>
Yu, Chong-Taek. 1999. The Deletion of Q-Feature of C. Linguistics 7-2, 143-162. The Q-feature of C checks the Q-feature of a non-wh- or (a) wh-phrase(s) through the Attract or Agree in syntax, deleting there right after the new whole syntactic structure was copied into phonology. The Q-feature of a non-wh-phrase is covertly Attracted from inner C to outer C in C^omax. All the non-wh- or wh-phrases move covertly or overtly to C or Spec-CP for checking their Q-features. An EQ seems to have double Specs-CP-inner Spec and outer Spec. English never permits more than one lexical wh-phrase in the same CP. Nevertheless, the Q-feature of C can Attract the Q-features of multiple wh-phrases. (Howon University)