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장재영 ( Jae Young Jang ), 박상연 ( Sang Yeon Park ), 홍정아 ( Jung A Hong ), 장재익 ( Jae Ik Jang ), 김경식 ( Kyung Sik Kim ), 김재효 ( Jae Hyo Kim ), 손인철 ( In Chul Sohn ) 대한경락경혈학회 2006 Korean Journal of Acupuncture Vol.23 No.4
Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze how to treat various symptoms through the combination of Yoelgyoel (LU7) and Johae (KI6), according to reviewing the contents and data since Ling Shu (靈樞經) to recent Literatures including thirty-five medical books. Methods: It was arranged and considered that the Location, needling, and symptoms of each acupoint were described in various Literatures before the publication of Chim Kyung Ji Nam (鍼經指南). Through various Literature since the publication of Chim Kyung Ji Nam, it was examined how to be recognized and be referred about Yoelgyoel (LU7) and Johae (KI6). Results and Conclusions: The Location of Yoelgyoel is the superior 1.5 cun at wrist joint striation, medial of extensor carpi radialis Longus; the Location of Johae is the depression part under foot medial condyle. Yoelgyoel is often used for respiratory organ disease, urinary organ disease, neuopsychiatory disease, musculoskeletal system disease; Johae is often used for urinary organ disease, circulatory organ disease. At Chim Kyung Ji Nam, Yoelgyoel is often used for thoraco-abdominal pain, gynecological disease, digestive organ disease; Johae is often used for abdominal pain, gynecological disease, digestive organ disease. Therefore, these points are used together for general internal disease. As well, these are not directly continuous with previous Literatures from Chim Kyung Ji Nam. The combination of Yoelgyoel and Johae have been developed to the three categories as follows; it is quoted from as it is; it is reconstructed in the form of song; it has new symptoms enlarged. Consequently, the combination of Yoelgyoel and Johae was not bind to the rule of Up-Bottom harmony (上下配合), but asserted for the rule of Ju-Eng harmony (主應配合), which add specific acupoints to the combination of Yolgyol and Chohae as the complication of the symptoms.
Woo,Seong,KIM,Young-Hun,YANG,Sailesh,MALLA,Jae-Kyung,SONG,Hee-Chan,LEE,Kwang-Kyung,LEU,Byung-Gee,KIM,Jae-Kyung,SONG,Hee-Chan,LEE,Kwang-Kyung,LEU,Jae-Kyung,SONG,Hee-Chan,LEE,Kwang-Kyung,LEU 한국생물공학회 2007 한국생물공학회 학술대회 Vol.2007 No.10
Background/Aims: Biliary strictures remain one of the most challenging aspects after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). The aim of this study was to assess long-term outcome of endoscopic treatment of biliary strictures occurring after LDLT and to identify risk factors of recurrent biliary strictures following endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD) in LDLT. Methods: A total of 1,106 patients underwent LDLT from May 1995 to May 2014. We compared the risk factors between patients with and without recurrent biliary strictures. Results: Biliary strictures developed in 24.0% of patients. Technical success rate of ERBD for biliary stricture after LDLT was 66.2% (145/219). Among 145 patients managed by endoscopic drainage, stricture resolution occurred in 69 with median duration of stent indwelling of 13.6 months (range, 0.5 to 67.3 months), and stricture recurrence was seen in 20 (21.3%) out of 94. The median recurrence-free duration after final endoscopic success was 13.1 months (range, 0.5 to 67.3 months). Older donor age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03 to 1.17; p=0.004) and non-B, non-C liver cirrhosis (HR, 5.10; 95% CI, 1.10 to 25.00; p=0.043) were associated with higher recurrence of biliary stricture. Conclusions: Long-term stricture resolution rate after ERBD insertion for biliary stricture occurring after LDLT was 73.4%. Clinicians should pay careful attention during following-up to decide when to remove ERBD in patients who have factors associated with recurrent biliary strictures.
A capillary malformation usually presents as one or more erythematous macules or patches principally on one side of the face or neck in newborns. Some reports have described eczema within pre-existing capillary malformations as the “Meyerson phenomenon”, but cases of psoriasis within capillary malformations has not been yet reported. A 22-year-old male presented with mildly itching scaly plaques on his right scalp and neck that had developed 2 months earlier to admission. The lesion was confined to the erythematous plaque, which he had since birth. A punch biopsy revealed dilated vessels throughout the dermis and elongation of the overlying rete ridges and parakeratosis in the epidermis. The patient was diagnosed with psoriasis within a capillary malformation and was prescribed a combination of calcipotriol/betamethasone ointment for 2 weeks, which resulted with mild improvement of the psoriatic lesions. Capillary malformations usually become nodular and more pronounced with age. Therefore, doctors are likely to miss other skin disorder that occur such malformations. Thus, we report this case because it is a rare case that may be of interest to dermatologists and demonstrates that accurate diagnosis is required for appropriate treatment of the patient.
Development of microbial cell factories via metabolic engineering, protein engineering and synthetic biology has revolutionized the maximum use of microbial systems for biosynthesis and modification of valuable flavonoids and anthraquinone. From a single enzyme expression to complex metabolic pathway, it has been possible to manipulate strains such as Escherichia coli and Streptomyces for target based modification of compounds to industrial level in laboratory. Biotransformation, a biotechnological approach can be applied to structurally modify and generate library of natural products such as flavonoid and anthraquinone derivatives. Basically E. coli has been engineered by expressing secondary metabolites post modifying enzymes such as glycosyltransferases (GTs) and O-methyltransferases (OMTs) in particular to generate the natural and non-natural flavonol and anthaquinone derivatives.
( Kyung Ah Jeong ), ( Ki Hyun Park ), ( Jeong Yoen Kim ), ( Chul Woo Ahn ), ( Sang Wook Bai ), ( Byung Seok Lee ), ( Sei Kwang Kim ), ( Kyung Seo ), ( Dong Jae Cho ), ( Chan Ho Song ) 대한산부인과학회 2001 대한산부인과학회 학술대회 Vol.87 No.-
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Purpose - This study's the ultimate goal is to analyze competitiveness improvement on multinational enterprises as firstly providing which factors are to strengthen or weaken competitiveness, secondly investigating if hypotheses development and research design is correct and thirdly finding significant implications for research and practices across country specific advantage. Design/methodology - Using feedback data provided by 250 firms, we extracted variable factors and hypotheses, which were empirically carried out by reliability and validity testing, correlation analysis, path analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis to prove which factors are to make the positive effect on the improvement of overseas subsidiaries' management performance and competitiveness. Findings - Through proceeding empirical analysis study, we found out that technology management capability, knowledge management capability, and local management capability had a statistically significant effect on the improvement of overseas subsidiaries' competitiveness, while linked activity capability revealed a negative effect. Originality/value - During business globalization, overseas investments and establishment of overseas subsidiaries have been essential. It is anticipated that this study results would be meaningful for analysis on multinational enterprises' competitiveness and helpful in promoting their entry into Korean market and enhancing their competitiveness. This paper would also help Korea government develops new FDI model and induce more investment from global major companies to Korea region.