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        • KCI등재

          Effect of Temperature on Resistivity of CFRP Materials with Added Carbon Powder or Nano-silica

          Dan Liu,Jie Yin,Rong-gui Liu,Shu Ping,Hui-guang Yin,Gui-hua Xie 대한토목학회 2019 KSCE JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING Vol.23 No.4

          This paper presents an experimental investigation on the effect of temperature on resistivity of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) materials. A series of tests were conducted on three types of CFRP materials, namely pure CFRP material, CFRP with carbon powder (4% in weight) and CFRP with nano-silica (4% in weight). Test results showed that adding carbon powder into the epoxy resin decreases the initial electric resistance R0 and initial volume resistivity ρ0 while adding nano-silica increases R0 and ρ0 compared to pure CFRP material. Preheating cycle test results showed that the volume resistivity of all three types of specimens linearly increases with increasing temperature. CFRP with added nano-silica exhibits higher temperature sensitivity than CFRP with added carbon powder compared to the lowest temperature sensitivity for pure CFRP material. In addition, temperature cycle test results showed that CFRP specimens have approximately stable values of volume resistivity. Both CFRP specimens with added carbon powder or nano-silica exhibit a recognizable trend of first decrease and then increase in volume resistivity with increasing temperature both during heating and cooling cycles. CFRP with added carbon powder mainly shows Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC) effect in the temperature range of −40 to 40oC and Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC) effect from 40 to 80oC. CFRP with added nano-silica mainly exhibits PTC effect in the temperature domain of −15 to 80oC and NTC effect from −40 to −15oC. A mathematical-physical model with respect to the thermal effect was presented based on the Eshelby-Mori-Tanaka (EMT) approach and mesomechanics method. The results obtained with the model agree well with the test results considering the temperature domain of PTC effect, which indicates that the proposed model is effective in characterizing the variation of fractional change in resistance (ΔR/R0) at varying temperature.

        • A Measure Model for Synergy Degree between Technology Innovation and Institution Innovation and Its Empirical Analysis

          Liu Dan,Yao Ping 보안공학연구지원센터 2016 International Journal of u- and e- Service, Scienc Vol.9 No.10

          Technological innovation and institutional innovation has a certain relative independence, at the same time, there is a co-evolution relationship between them, which interdependence and mutual promotion. In this paper, from the perspective of co-evolution analysis, Research on the relationship between technological innovation and institutional innovation in the process of resource-based city development, construct a measure model for synergy degree of compound system. A case study of Jixi city in resource based cities, analysis of the collaborative development of technological innovation and institutional innovation.

        • KCI등재

          Effects of L-proline on the Growth Performance, and Blood Parameters in Weaned Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged Pigs

          Ping Kang,Lili Zhang,Yongqing Hou,Binying Ding,Dan Yi,Lei Wang,Huiling Zhu,Yulan Liu,Yulong Yin,Guoyao Wu 아세아·태평양축산학회 2014 Animal Bioscience Vol.27 No.8

          This trail was conducted to study the effect of L-proline on the growth performance, and blood parameter in the weaned lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged pigs. Thirty six pigs (9.13±0.85 kg) were assigned randomly to dietary treatments in a 2×3 factorial arrangement in a 20-d growth assay. Factors were intraperitoneal injection with saline or LPS, and three dietary L-proline supplement levels (0%, 0.5%, or 1.0%). On d 10, blood samples were collected at 3 h after LPS (100 μg LPS/kg body weight [BW]) or saline injection. On d 20 of the trial, all pigs were orally administrated D-xylose (0.1 g/kg BW) at 2 h, and blood samples were collected at 3 h after LPS or saline injection. As a result, dietary supplementation with 0.5% proline had a tendency to increase average daily gain (ADG) in piglets during d 10 to 20 (p = 0.088). Without LPS challenge, dietary supplementation with 1.0% proline had no effect on growth hormone (GH) concentrations on d 10 (p>0.05), but decreased it after LPS challenge (p<0.05). There was LPS challenge×proline interaction for GH concentrations on d 10 (p<0.05). Dietary supplementation with 1.0% proline decreased glucagon concentration on d 10 after LPS challenge (p<0.05). In addition, dietary supplementation with proline increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity significantly on d 10 and 20 (p<0.05), and 1.0% proline increased heat shock proteins-70 concentration on d 10 (p<0.05). Moreover, proline supplementation increased diamine oxidase (DAO) concentrations after LPS challenge (p<0.05). There was LPS challenge×proline interaction for DAO (p<0.05). Furthermore, dietary supplementation with 1.0% proline increased the D-xylose level when no LPS challenge (p<0.05). These results indicate that proline supplementation could improve growth performance, increase SOD activities, and has a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract digestibility in early weaned pigs.

        • KCI등재

          A study on submerged rotating MBR for wastewater treatment and membrane cleaning

          Dan-Ying Zuo,Hong-Jun Li,Hong-Tao Liu,Gui-Ping Wu 한국화학공학회 2010 Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering Vol.27 No.3

          A submerged rotating membrane bioreactor (SRMBR), with a rotatable, rounded, flat-sheet Poly(vinyldiene fluoride) (PVDF) membrane module fixed on hollow axes and moved by an electromotor, was used for wastewater reclamation. It was found that the effluent COD became stable and lower than 20 mg/L after one day running. The equilibrium permeate flux increased from 42.5 to 47.5 L/m2·h with the rotation speed increasing from 15 r/min to 25 r/min. Prolonging relaxation time could alleviate membrane fouling and enhance the flux. Finally, membrane cleaning was studied. The results showed that flushing the membrane surface with water, water/NaOH and water/NaOH/HCl recovered permeate flux to 48.4%, 83.5% and 90.2% of that of the initial operation, respectively.

        • Verification of the Correlation between Progression-free Survival and Overall Survival Considering Magnitudes of Survival Post-progression in the Treatment of Four Types of Cancer

          Liu, Li-Ya,Yu, Hao,Bai, Jian-Ling,Zeng, Ping,Miao, Dan-Dan,Chen, Feng Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention 2015 Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention Vol.16 No.3

          Background: With development and application of new and effective anti-cancer drugs, the median survival post-progression (SPP) is often prolonged, and the role of the median SPP on surrogacy performance should be considered. To evaluate the impact of the median SPP on the correlation between progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), we performed simulations for treatment of four types of cancer, advanced gastric cancer (AGC), metastatic colorectal cancer (MCC), glioblastoma (GBM), and advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (ANSCLC). Materials and Methods: The effects of the median SPP on the statistical properties of OS and the correlation between PFS and OS were assessed. Further, comparisons were made between the surrogacy performance based on real data from meta-analyses and simulation results with similar scenarios. Results: The probability of a significant gain in OS and HR for OS was decreased by an increase of the SPP/OS ratio or by a decrease of observed treatment benefit for PFS. Similarly, for each of the four types of cancer, the correlation between PFS and OS was reduced as the median SPP increased from 2 to 12 months. Except for ANSCLC, for which the median SPP was equal to the true value, the simulated correlation between PFS and OS was consistent with the values derived from meta-analyses for the other three kinds of cancer. Further, for these three types of cancer, when the median SPP was controlled at a designated level (i.e., < 4 months for AGC, < 12 months for MCC, and <6 months for GBM), the correlation between PFS and OS was strong; and the power of OS reached 34.9% at the minimum. Conclusions: PFS is an acceptable surrogate endpoint for OS under the condition of controlling SPPs for AGC, MCC, and GBM at their limit levels; a similar conclusion cannot be made for ANSCLC.

        • KCI등재

          Functions of Membrane-bound Alcohol Dehydrogenase and Aldehyde Dehydrogenase in the Bio-oxidation of Alcohols in Gluconobacter oxydans DSM 2003

          Liu-Jing Wei,Ji-lai Zhou,Dan-ni Zhu,Bai-yi Cai,Jin-Ping Lin,Qiang Hua,Dong-Zhi Wei 한국생물공학회 2012 Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering Vol.17 No.6

          In this study a new insight was provided to understand the functions of membrane-bound alcohol dehydrogenase (mADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (mALDH) in the bio-oxidation of primary alcohols, diols and poly alcohols using the resting cells of Gluconobacter oxydans DSM 2003 and its mutant strains as catalyst. The results demonstrated that though both mADH and mALDH participated in most of the oxidation of alcohols to their corresponding acid, the exact roles of these enzymes in each reaction might be different. For example,mADH played a key role in the oxidation of diols to its corresponding organic acid in G. oxydans, but it was dispensable when the primary alcohols were used as substrates. In contrast to mADH, mALDH appears to play a relatively minor role in organic acid-producing reactions because of the possible presence of other isoenzymes. Aldehydes were, however, found to be accumulated in the mALDH-deficient strain during the oxidation of alcohols.

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

          Effects of L-proline on the Growth Performance, and Blood Parameters in Weaned Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged Pigs

          Kang, Ping,Zhang, Lili,Hou, Yongqing,Ding, Binying,Yi, Dan,Wang, Lei,Zhu, Huiling,Liu, Yulan,Yin, Yulong,Wu, Guoyao Asian Australasian Association of Animal Productio 2014 Animal Bioscience Vol.27 No.8

          This trail was conducted to study the effect of L-proline on the growth performance, and blood parameter in the weaned lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged pigs. Thirty six pigs ($9.13{\pm}0.85$ kg) were assigned randomly to dietary treatments in a $2{\times}3$ factorial arrangement in a 20-d growth assay. Factors were intraperitoneal injection with saline or LPS, and three dietary L-proline supplement levels (0%, 0.5%, or 1.0%). On d 10, blood samples were collected at 3 h after LPS (100 ${\mu}g$ LPS/kg body weight [BW]) or saline injection. On d 20 of the trial, all pigs were orally administrated D-xylose (0.1 g/kg BW) at 2 h, and blood samples were collected at 3 h after LPS or saline injection. As a result, dietary supplementation with 0.5% proline had a tendency to increase average daily gain (ADG) in piglets during d 10 to 20 (p = 0.088). Without LPS challenge, dietary supplementation with 1.0% proline had no effect on growth hormone (GH) concentrations on d 10 (p>0.05), but decreased it after LPS challenge (p<0.05). There was LPS challenge${\times}$proline interaction for GH concentrations on d 10 (p<0.05). Dietary supplementation with 1.0% proline decreased glucagon concentration on d 10 after LPS challenge (p<0.05). In addition, dietary supplementation with proline increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity significantly on d 10 and 20 (p<0.05), and 1.0% proline increased heat shock proteins-70 concentration on d 10 (p<0.05). Moreover, proline supplementation increased diamine oxidase (DAO) concentrations after LPS challenge (p<0.05). There was LPS challenge${\times}$proline interaction for DAO (p<0.05). Furthermore, dietary supplementation with 1.0% proline increased the D-xylose level when no LPS challenge (p<0.05). These results indicate that proline supplementation could improve growth performance, increase SOD activities, and has a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract digestibility in early weaned pigs.

        • KCI등재

          The complete mitochondrial genome of fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae)

          Bo-Ping Tang,Qiu-Ning Liu,Xin-Yue Chai,Dan-Dan Bian,Bao-Ming Ge,Chun-Lin Zhou 한국유전학회 2016 Genes & Genomics Vol.38 No.2

          The mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) can provide important information for understanding molecular evolution and phylogenetic analyses. The complete mitogenome of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae) was determined to be 15,365 bp in length and has the typical gene order found in Noctuidae mitogenomes, it includes 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and a A?T-rich region. The nucleotide composition was biased toward A?T nucleotides (81.09 %) and the AT skew of this mitogenome was slightly positive (0.004). All PCGs were initiated by ATN codons, except for cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene which was initiated by CGA. Eight of the 13 PCGs have the incomplete termination codon, T or TA. All the tRNA genes displayed the typical clover-leaf structure of mitochondrial tRNAs, with the exception of trnS1 (AGN). The A?T-rich region was 328 bp in length and consisted of several features common to the Noctuidae insects. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the S. frugiperda was within the Noctuidae.

        • An Investigation of The Oblique Detonation Wave Structure

          Yan Liu,Yu-Si Liu,Dan Wu,Jian-Ping Wang 한국전산유체공학회 2014 한국전산유체공학회 학술대회논문집 Vol.2014 No.10

          The structure of the oblique detonation wave (ODW) is investigated via numerical simulations and Rankine-Hugoniot analysis. The two-dimensional Euler equations coupled with a two-step chemical reaction model are solved. Four types of the reflection wave configuration of the CJ ODW are observed with the increase of the inflow Mach number Ma, i.e., overall Mach reflection (oMR), Mach reflection, regular reflection and non-reflection. The oMR is formed by the collision between the CJ ODW and the reflected shock wave of the oblique shock wave. At higher Ma, the oMR becomes a Mach reflection and then a regular reflection of the CJ ODW. At about Ma = 8.8, the reflected shock wave will be erased by the centered expansion wave and its reflected expansion wave.

        • KCI등재

          ORIGINAL ARTICLES : Gastroenterology ; Diagnostic value of alcoholic liver disease (ALD)/nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) index combined with γ-glutamyl transferase in differentiating ALD and NAFLD

          ( Junling Wang ),( Ping Li ),( Zhilong Jiang ),( Qiuhui Yang ),( Yuqiang Mi ),( Yonggang Liu ),( Ruifang Shi ),( Yonghe Zhou ),( Jinsheng Wang ),( Wei Lu ),( Si Li ),( Dan Liu ) 대한내과학회 2016 The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine Vol.31 No.3

          Background/Aims: This study aimed to verify the reliability of the alcoholic liver disease (ALD)/nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) index (ANI) for distinguishing ALD in patients with hepatic steatosis from NAFLD, and to investigate whether ANI combined with γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) would enhance the accuracy of diagnosis in China. Methods: A hundred thirty-nine cases of fatty liver disease (FLD) were divided into two groups of ALD and NAFLD. The ANI was calculated with an online calculator. All indicators and ANI values were analyzed using statistical methods. Results: ANI was significantly higher in patients with ALD than in those with NAFLD (7.11 ± 5.77 vs. .3.09 ± 3.89, p < 0.001). With a cut-off value of .0.22, the sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of diagnosed ALD cases was 87.1%, 92.5%, and 0.934 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.879 to 0.969), respectively. The corresponding values for aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine transaminase (ALT), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and GGT were 75.29%, 72.94%, and 0.826 (95% CI, 0.752 to 0.885); 94.34%, 83.02%, and 0.814 (95% CI, 0.739 to 0.875) and 80.23%, 79.25%, and 0.815 (95% CI, 0.740 to 0.876), respectively. ANI AUROC was significantly higher than the AST/ ALT, MCV, or GGT AUROCs (all p < 0.001), moreover, ANI showed better diagnostic performance. The combination of ANI and GGT showed a better AUROC than ANI alone (0.976 vs. 0.934, p = 0.016). The difference in AUROCs between AST/ALT, MCV, and GGT was not statistically significant (all p > 0.05). Conclusions: ANI can help distinguish ALD from NAFLD with high accuracy; when ANI was combined with GGT, its effectiveness improved further.

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