RISS 학술연구정보서비스

검색
다국어 입력

http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.

변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.

예시)
  • 中文 을 입력하시려면 zhongwen을 입력하시고 space를누르시면됩니다.
  • 北京 을 입력하시려면 beijing을 입력하시고 space를 누르시면 됩니다.
닫기
    인기검색어 순위 펼치기

    RISS 인기검색어

      검색결과 좁혀 보기

      • 좁혀본 항목

      • 좁혀본 항목 보기순서

        • 원문유무
        • 음성지원유무
          • 원문제공처
          • 등재정보
          • 학술지명
          • 주제분류
          • 발행연도
          • 작성언어
          • 저자

        오늘 본 자료

        • 오늘 본 자료가 없습니다.
        더보기
        • 무료
        • 기관 내 무료
        • 유료
        • KCI등재

          Molecular Cloning and Overexpression of Phytoene Desaturase (CrtI) from Paracoccus haeundaensis

          최성석,서용배,임한규,남수완,김군도 한국미생물·생명공학회 2018 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.46 No.2

          Among the carotenoid biosynthesis genes, crtI gene encodes the phytoene desaturase (CrtI) enzyme, and phytoene desaturase convert phytoene to lycopene. Phytoene desaturase is involved in the dehydrogenation reaction, in which four single bonds in the phytoene are introduced into a double bond, eliminating eight hydrogen atoms in the process. Phytoene desaturase is one of the key regulating enzyme in carotenoid biosynthetic pathway of various carotenoid biosynthetic organisms. The crtI gene in genomic DNA of Paracoccus haeundaensis was amplified and cloned into a T-vector to analyze the nucleotide sequence. As a result, the crtI gene coding for phytoene desaturase from P. haeundaensis consists of 1,503 base pairs encoding 501 amino acids residues. An expression plasmid containing the crtI gene was constructed, and Escherichia coli cells containing this plasmid produced the recombinant protein of approximately 55 kDa, equivalent to the molecular weight of phytoene desaturase. The expressed protein in cell lysate showed enzymatic activity similar to phytoene desaturase. Phytoene and lycopene were analyzed by HPLC and measured at wavelength of 280 nm and 470 nm, respectively. The Km values for phytoene and NADPH were 11.1 μM and 129.3 μM, respectively.

        • KCI등재후보

          Meta-analysis for Efficacy and Safety of Propofol during Dental Sedation

          최성석,서광석,김현정 대한치과마취과학회 2012 Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine Vol.12 No.2

          Background: Dental sedation reduces fear and phobia during dental treatment and helps patients get quality treatment by inducing adequate consciousness control. Propofol has recently grabbed the spotlight, but no meta-analysis for efficacy and safety of propofol in dentistry has yet been performed. Thus, the purpose of this study was to perform meta-analysis to verify the efficacy and safety of propofol for use in dental sedation. Methods: Articles published between 1980 and 2010 were searched in the web sites, journals and medical database including The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE. And a total of 22 studies were selected among the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the use of propofol with other sedatives (control group). The data was collected from these studies and meta-analysis for efficacy and safety was performed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 5.0 (CMA 5.0). Results: The patient recovered significantly faster and discharged significantly earlier in the propofol group (SMD = -1.442,P < 0.001). The satisfaction of patient and that of operator was higher in the propofol group (P < 0.05). The incidence of arrhythmia and apnea/ hypoventilation was significantly lower in the propofol group (OR = 0.071, P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference in the other side effects. On the level of sedation, although the sedation score was significantly lower in the propofol group (SMD = -0.430, P < 0.05). Conclusions: The present analysis showed that the use of propofol resulted in high satisfaction levels on the part of the patients and operators, a shorter recovery time, and faster hospital discharge. The incidence of complications, however, was lower in the propofol groups or not much different between the propofol and control groups. Thus, the adequate use of propofol in dentistry is believed to be helpful for the effective and safe sedation of the patients. Background: Dental sedation reduces fear and phobia during dental treatment and helps patients get quality treatment by inducing adequate consciousness control. Propofol has recently grabbed the spotlight, but no meta-analysis for efficacy and safety of propofol in dentistry has yet been performed. Thus, the purpose of this study was to perform meta-analysis to verify the efficacy and safety of propofol for use in dental sedation. Methods: Articles published between 1980 and 2010 were searched in the web sites, journals and medical database including The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE. And a total of 22 studies were selected among the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the use of propofol with other sedatives (control group). The data was collected from these studies and meta-analysis for efficacy and safety was performed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 5.0 (CMA 5.0). Results: The patient recovered significantly faster and discharged significantly earlier in the propofol group (SMD = -1.442,P < 0.001). The satisfaction of patient and that of operator was higher in the propofol group (P < 0.05). The incidence of arrhythmia and apnea/ hypoventilation was significantly lower in the propofol group (OR = 0.071, P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference in the other side effects. On the level of sedation, although the sedation score was significantly lower in the propofol group (SMD = -0.430, P < 0.05). Conclusions: The present analysis showed that the use of propofol resulted in high satisfaction levels on the part of the patients and operators, a shorter recovery time, and faster hospital discharge. The incidence of complications, however, was lower in the propofol groups or not much different between the propofol and control groups. Thus, the adequate use of propofol in dentistry is believed to be helpful for the effective and safe sedation of the patients.

        • KCI등재

          Multiplex PCR과 Real-Time PCR을 이용한 창난젓과 가이양젓 원료 검사법 개발

          최성석,서용배,김종오,양지영,신지영,김군도 한국식품위생안전성학회 2021 한국식품위생안전성학회지 Vol.36 No.4

          In this study, multiplex PCR and real-time PCR were performed on Theragra chalcogramma (walleye pollock), Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (iridescent shark) and their processed foods, such as changnan-jeot and gaiyang-jeot (salted iridescent shark intestine). Species-specific primers for T. chalcogramma and P. hypophthalmus were designed, and genomic DNA was directly extracted from each sample to perform single PCR and multiplex PCR. As a result of PCR, in the case of single PCR, PCR bands of T. chalcogramma (297 bp) and P. hypophthalmus (132 bp) were identified, and in the case of multiplex PCR, it was confirmed that amplification occurred without cross-reaction between T. chalcogramma and P. hypophthalmus. As a result of checking the PCR sensitivity, the concentration of genomic DNA was detected up to 0.1 ng/µL in both single PCR and multiplex PCR. The real-time PCR results showed that the average Ct value of T. chalcogramma was 20.765±0.691, and the average Ct value of P. hypophthalmus sample was 35.719±1.828 in the T. chalcogramma species-specific primers. In the P. hypophthalmus species-specific primers, the average Ct value of the T. chalcogramma sample was 35.996±1.423, and the mean Ct value of the P. hypophthalmus sample was 20.096±0.793. These results demonstrated the significant differences in the efficiency, specificity and cross-reactivity of species-specific primers in real-time PCR. Based on these findings, 7 of changnan-jeot or gaiyang-jeot products were confirmed by multiplex PCR and real-time PCR, and valid results were confirmed in all samples. 본 연구에서 multiplex PCR과 real-time PCR을 이용하여 창난젓의 원료를 감별할 수 있는 새로운 판별법을 개발하였다. 명태와 가이양의 종 특이 프라이머를 디자인하고, 명태와 가이양의 genomic DNA를 template로 single PCR과 multiplex PCR을 실시하였다. PCR을 실시한 결과, single PCR에서 명태(297 bp)와 가이양(132 bp)에 해당하는 PCR 밴드를 확인하였으며 교차 반응이 일어나지 않는 것을 확인하였다. Multiplex PCR에서 명태와 가이양 사이에 교차반응 없이 증폭이 일어나는 것을 확인하였다. Real-time PCR 결과, 명태 종 판별 프라이머에서 명태의 Ct 평균값은 20.765±0.691, 가이양 시료에서 Ct 평균값은 35.719±1.828이었으며, 가이양 종 판별 프라이머에서 명태 시료의 Ct 평균 값은 35.996±1.423, 가이양 시료의 Ct 평균값은 20.096±0.793 으로 프라이머의 효율성, 특이성 및 교차 반응성에서 유의한 차이가 나타났다. 이러한 결과를 바탕으로 시중에서 판매되는 7개 제품을 multiplex PCR 및 real-time PCR로 확인 하였으며, 모든 시료에서 유효한 결과를 확인하였다. 본 연구에서 제작된 명태와 가이양에 대한 종 특이적 프라이머는 가공된 젓갈 시료의 원료의 판별 가능하며, 이러한 결과는 식품안전관리에 기여할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

        • 원환풀내에서 Quencher Device에 의한 고온수 분출로 일어나는 혼합유동에 관한 연구

          최성석,김종보,Choi, Seong-Seok,Kim, Jong-Bo 대한설비공학회 1985 설비저널 Vol.14 No.1

          One of the problems with the Boiling Water Reactor involves the flow and thermal mixings in the suppression water pool high pressure steam discharge into the pool in case of emergency core relief. Varioos heat sensitive devices and pumps for the reactor core cooling are installed in the middle of the suppression pool. Especially the pumps utilize pool water in order to cool the reactor core in emergency cases. In this case, the water temperature for the reactor cool ins should be below a certain temperature specified by the reactor design. In the present investigation, in other to determine the optimum locations of these pumping devices, numerical solutions have been obtained for the model to determine the f low mixing characteristics. Experimental investigations have also been carried out for the flow mixing and for the thermal mixing in the pool during the discharge. Considering that the discharge steam through the Quenching Device becomes hot water immediately in the water pool, the steam- equivalent hot water has been utilized. Examining these characteristices, it becomes possible to deform me the best locations for RCIC, LPCI , HPCI pumps in the suppression water pool for the emermency reactor core cooling.

        • KCI등재

          초고열성 고세균 Pyrococcus horikoshii 유래 샤페로닌의 ATPase 활성 특성

          최성석,김세원,서용배,김군도,이혜영,김연희,전숭종,남수완 한국미생물·생명공학회 2019 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.47 No.4

          ATP drives the conformational change of the group II chaperonin from the open lid substrate-binding conformation to the closed lid conformation to encapsulate an unfolded protein in the central cavity. It is thought that the folding activity of group II chaperonin is strongly correlated with the ATP-dependent conformational change ability. In order to confirm the dependence of the reaction temperature and ATP concentration of PhCpn, the ATPase activities were measured under different reaction temperatures and ATP concentrations. The maximal ATPase activity of PhCpn was observed at 80℃ and 3 mM ATP concentration. As a result of ATPase activity according to the type of salt ions, the highest activity was observed at 300 mM LiCl among the univalent cations and 5 mM MgCl2 among the divalent cations, respectively. The values of Km and Vmax for ATP substrate were estimated as 2.17 mM and 833.3 μM/min, respectively. This results provide the enzymatic information of PhCpn when the prolonged and high activities of pharmaceutical and industrial proteins (or enzymes), by using chaperonin molecules, are required. Group II형 샤페로닌은 단백질의 캡슐화를 유도하기 위해열린 기질 결합 형태에서 닫힌 형태로 형태를 변화시키며, 이 때 ATP를 필요로 한다. 샤페로닌의 폴딩 유도는 ATP에의한 샤페로닌의 구조 변화와 관련이 있는 것으로 보여진다. 본 연구에서는 Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3의 group II형샤페로닌인 PhCpn의 ATPase 활성을 다양한 조건에서 측정하였다. PhCpn의 반응온도(37−85℃)와 ATP 농도(1.5− 10 mM) 의존성을 확인한 결과, 반응 온도는 80℃에서, ATP 농도는 3 mM에서 최적 활성을 보였다. 염의 종류에 따른ATPase의 활성을 분석한 결과, 1가 양이온은 300 mM LiCl, 2가 양이온은 5 mM MgCl2에서 최적 활성을 나타내었다. ATP 기질에 대한 Km 값은 2.17mM, Vmax 값은 833.3 μM/ min으로 계산되었다. 이러한 결과는 의약학용 및 바이오 산업용 단백질(효소)을 장기간 활성유지하는데 PhCpn을 이용할 경우에 귀중한 기초 자료를 제공할 것이다.

        • KCI등재

          오징어류 종 판별을 위한 다중 유전자 검사법 개발 및 검증

          김현수,서용배,최성석,김진희,신지영,양지영,김군도 한국식품위생안전성학회 2015 한국식품위생안전성학회지 Vol.30 No.1

          In this study, single PCR and multiplex PCR tests were examined for identification of four types of squid species (giant squid, cuttlefish, octopus, beka squid) purchased from fish market as well as aquatic processed products in Busan. To design the specific primers against each species, the nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial 16s rRNA gene of Architeuthis dux, Todarodes pacificus, Enteroctopus dofleini, Enteroctopus megalocyathus, Uroteuthis chinensis, Uroteuthis duvauceli, Uroteuthis edulis groups were analyzed for the identification of each species registered in the GeneBank (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) and have been used for comparative analysis. In order to obtain the size variation of amplified fragments on multiplex PCR, we designed KOJ-F, OJ-F, OCT-F, HAN-F, ALLR primers for each species. The optimal PCR conditions and primers were selected for four types of squid species to determine target base sequences in its PCR products. In the case of single PCR, giant squid was only amplified by KOJ-F/ALLR primer; cuttlefish was only amplified by OJ-F/ALLR primer; octopus was only amplified by OCT-F/ALLR primer; and beka squid was only amplified by HAN-F/ALLR primer. For multiplex PCR, the mixture of four kinds of genomic DNA (giant squid, cuttlefish, octopus, beka squid) been prepared as a template and used together with the mixture of KOJ-F/OJ-F/OCT-F/HAN-F/ALLR primers in the reaction. By the multiplex PCR, it is confirmed that four samples are correspond to multiple simultaneous amplicon. Finally, we validated the established methods of multiplex PCR in the aquatic processed products. Although the mitochondrial 16s rRNA primers used in this study was useful as a marker for detection of each species among them, the study indicated that the established multiplex PCR method can be more useful tool for monitoring the processed products.

        • KCI등재

          물리·화학적 돌연변이 유도를 통한 Paracoccus haeundaensis의 astaxanthin 생산량 증대

          서용배,정태혁,최성석,임한규,김군도,Seo, Yong Bae,Jeong, Tae Hyug,Choi, Seong Seok,Lim, Han Kyu,Kim, Gun-Do 한국생명과학회 2017 생명과학회지 Vol.27 No.3

          Carotenoid는 천연 지용성 색소이며, 세균, 조류, 식물 등이 생산한다. 세계 시장의 대부분을 차지하는 합성 염료의 대안으로서 현재는 조류나 세균, 갑각류 등의 원료로부터 아스타잔틴의 생산, 정제, 이용이 주목 받고 있다. 이 연구는 UV와 EMS를 이용하여 P. haeundaensis의 돌연변이를 유도하고, 결과적으로 astaxanthin을 과잉 생산하는 돌연변이주를 선별하고 특성을 확인하기 위해 다양한 배양 및 영양 조건을 이용하여 astaxanthin 생산량을 확인하였다. 실험 결과 UV 조사 시간이 증가하거나, EMS 농도가 증가할수록 균주의 생존율이 감소하였다. Astaxanthin 과잉 생산 돌연변이 균주의 경우 400 mM EMS와 UV 20분을 순차적으로 처리한 방법에서 선별된 변이주가 가장 높은 astaxanthin 생산량을 보이는 것을 확인하였으며, 이 균주의 이름을 PUE로 명명하였다. PUE의 최적 배양 조건은 $25^{\circ}C$, pH 7-8, 3% NaCl이며, 1% raffinose, 3% potassium nitrate 첨가 시 astaxanthin 생산량이 증가하는 것으로 밝혀졌다. PUE에서는 wild type 균주에 비해 astaxanthin 생산량이 1.58배 증가함을 확인할 수 있었다. 본 연구의 실험 결과, 돌연변이 유도에 의해 선별된 변이주는 astaxanthin의 산업적 생산에 활용 가능한 후보가 될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다. Carotenoids are natural lipid-soluble pigments, which are produced primarily by bacteria, algae, and plants. Many studies have focused on the identification, production, and utilization of natural sources of astaxanthin from algae, yeast, and crustacean byproducts as an alternative to the synthetic pigment, which is mostly used today. The aim of the present study was to identify a mutant of Paracoccus haeundaensis by exposure to UV and ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS). The mutant was then exposed to nutrient stress conditions to isolate an astaxanthin-hyperproducing strain, followed by characterization of the mutant. The survival rate decreased in accordance with an increase in the UV exposure time and an increase in the EMS concentration. A mutant of the original P. haeundaensis strain was identified that showed hyperproduction of astaxanthin following exposure to UV irradiation (20 min) and EMS treatment (0.4 M concentration). The optimal culture conditions for the PUE mutant were $25^{\circ}C$, pH 7-8, and 3% NaCl. The effects of various carbon and nitrogen sources on the growth and astaxanthin production of PUE were examined. The addition of 1% raffinose and 3% potassium nitrate influenced cell growth and astaxanthin production. The selected mutant exhibited an increase of 1.58 folds in astaxanthin content compared to initial wild type strain. A genetically stable mutant strain obtained using mutagen (UV irradiation and EMS treatment) may be a suitable candidate for further industrial scale production of astaxanthin.

        • KCI등재

          Kocuria gwangalliensis 유래 phytoene desaturase 유전자의 cloning과 특성 연구

          서용배 ( Yong Bae Seo ),최성석 ( Seong Seok Choi ),남수완 ( Soo-wan Nam ),김군도 ( Gun-do Kim ) 한국미생물생명공학회(구 한국산업미생물학회) 2017 한국미생물·생명공학회지 Vol.45 No.3

          Phytoene, lycopene, β-carotene과 같은 카로티노이드는 식품의 착색제나 영양보조제, 사료첨가제, 화장품의 원료로 사용된다. 이전 연구에서 본 연구진은 분홍색의 색소를 생산하는 새로운 해양 세균인 K. gwangalliensis를 분리 동정하였다. Phytoene desaturase (CrtI) 효소는 crtI 유전자에 암호화되어 있으며, phytoene을 lycopene으로 전환하며, 카로티노이드 합성 초기 단계에 있어서 필수적이다. CrtI는 카로티노이드 생합성 조절의 주요 효소 중 하나이며, 다양한 카로티노이드를 생합성하는 생물들의 카로티노이드 생합성 경로에 있어서 속도 조절 단계에 관련이 있다. 본 논문에서는 K. gwangalliensis로부터 lycopene 생합성을 담당하는 crtI 유전자를 클로닝 하였으며, 이 유전자는 1,584개의 염기서열을 가지며, 527개의 아미노산을 암호화하고 있다. crtI 유전자의 염기 서열을 Kocuria rhizophila와 Myxococcus xanthus 를 포함한 다른 종의 염기 서열과 비교한 결과, 진화 과정에서 잘 보존되어 있음을 확인하였다. crtI 유전자를 포함하는 발현 플라스미드를 구축하여 발현시킨 결과, 이 플라스미드를 함유하는 대장균은 약 57 kDa의 재조합 단백질을 생산화였으며, 이는 phytoene desaturase의 분자량에 해당한다. lycopene의 생합성은 lycopene 생합성에 필요한 crtE, crtB 유전자를 포함한 pRScrtEB plasmid를 E. coli에 형질전환했을 때, Escherichia coli에서 합성되는 것을 확인하였다. 이 연구의 결과는 분자 수준에서 K. gwangalliensis CrtI의 1차 구조에 대한 폭 넓은 지식 기반을 제공할 것이다. Carotenoids such as phytoene, lycopene, and β-carotene are used as food colorants, animal feed supplements, and for human nutrition and cosmetic purposes. Previously, we reported the isolation of a novel marine bacterium, Kocuria gwangalliensis, which produces a pink-orange pigment. Phytoene desaturase (CrtI), encoded by the gene crtI, catalyzes lycopene formation from phytoene and is an essential enzyme in the early steps of carotenoid biosynthesis. CrtI is one of the key enzymes regulating carotenoid biosynthesis and has been implicated as a rate-limiting enzyme of the pathway in various carotenoid synthesizing organisms. Here, we report the cloning of the crtI gene responsible for lycopene biosynthesis from K. gwangalliensis. The gene consisted of 1,584 bases encoding 527 amino acid residues. The nucleotide sequence of the crtI gene was compared with that of other species, including Kocuria rhizophila and Myxococcus xanthus, and was found to be well conserved during evolution. An expression plasmid containing the crtI gene was constructed (pCcrt1), and Escherichia coli cells were transformed with this plasmid to produce a recombinant protein of approximately 57 kDa, corresponding to the molecular weight of phytoene desaturase. Lycopene biosynthesis was confirmed when the plasmid pCcrtI was co-transformed into E. coli containing the plasmid pRScrtEB carrying the crtE and crtB genes required for lycopene biosynthesis. The results from this study will provide valuable information on the primary structure of K. gwangalliensis CrtI at the molecular level.

        맨 위로 스크롤 이동