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The information display control system is designed and implemented on an automobile in which the conventional panel displays are replaced by electronic ones. The system hardware consists of three main parts, i. e., (i) the function select keyboard (ii) the central processing unit (iii) the displays, The system software consists of main routine and several interrupt service routine such as keyboaiuand display interrupt service routine:. The main routine handles various sensor inputs to generate the appropriate information for the driver such as running speed, available fuel quantity. coolant temperature, battery voltage, remaining distance to the destination , time of day, and so on. Finally the results of the field test of the system and some associated difficulties of realization problems are discussed. 자동차의 패널에 전자식 표시장치를 도입하고, 마이크로프로셋서를 사용하여 운전자에게 차의 동작상태 및 여행자료와 같은 정보를 표시하는 정보 표시시스템(information display system)을 설계 개발하였다. 본 시스템의 하드웨어로는 기능 선택 keyboard, 중앙 처리장치 표시공(displays)등이 있으며, 소프트웨어로는 여러 가지 감지기(Sensors)의 입력으로 부터, 주행속도, 사용 가능한 연료량, 냉긱수 은도, 바테리전압, 목적지까지 남은 거리, 현재의 시긱등 12가지의 여행자료등 운전자가 원하는 정보로 바꾸어 주는 main routine을 비롯하여, keyboard 및 연splay를 위한 interrupt service routine으로 구성하였다. 마지막으로, 본 시스템을 실제로 실장시험한 결과와 문제점을 논의하였다.
기존의 기계적인 점화장치를 전자식 점화장치로 대치한 엔진 제어시스템에 대하여 연구하였다. 점화차단기(Breaker)의 기계적인 접점을 없애고, 무접점 magnetic pick up sensor를 사용하여 속도신호 및 크랭크축의 기준점을 얻은 후, 연소 효률을 높이기 위하여 점화코일의 2차측 spark 전압을 종래의 10000∼15000볼트로 부터 30000∼40000볼트로 높이고 에너지 점화장치(High Energy Ignition System)을 설계 개발하여 실장시험(field test)을 행하였고, 점화시간의 조정을 위하여 종래의 기계적인 진각장치 대신에 microprocessor를 사용하여 엔진속도 및 흡입기관의 진공도(intake manifold vacuum)에 의한 점화시기 데이타가 결정되도록 하는 방법을 연구하였다. An engine control system in which the conventional mechanical ignition system is studied. The contact point of the breaker is replaced by the contactless magnetic pick up sensor from which the information of the speed and the position of the crankshaft is extracted , and further an electronic High Energy Ignitim System Is designed, implemented and tested . The High Energy Igniticwl System increases the secondary spark voltage of the ignition coil from the conventional 10000~15000 volts to the 30000~40000 volts resulting in improving the combustion efficiency. Also, instead of the conventional advimce mechanism forigniliontiming control, a microprocessorbased timinng mechanisn is installed to determine the ignition timing data in response to the engine rpm and the intake manifold vacuum.
Background : The bioavailability of a generic preparation of aceclofenac (Omenol from Korea United Pharmaceutical Company) was evaluated in comparison with a proprietary product (Losec from Astra Pharmaceutical Company). Methods : Sixteen healthy male volunteers participated in the study conducted according to a two-way crossover, open-labeled Latin square design. The bioavailability was compared using the parameters total area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC0-∞ ), peak plasma concentration (Cmax) and time to reach peak plasma concentration (Tmax) Results : No statiscally significant difference was observed between the values of the two products in all three parameters. The difference of mean of AUC0-∞ and Cmax values of Omenol over those of Losec was found to lie between 8.05% and 2.49%, respectively, being within the acceptable bioequivalence limit of 20%. Conclusion : These findings indicate that the two preparations are comparable in the extent and rate of absorption.
A new stabilization scheme is proposed in which the local state feedback is utilized in each decentralized controller for large-scale interconnected systems. In the proposed scheme, the controller is designed in two steps. First, the feedback gain of each decentralized controller is temporarily chosen so that the eigenvalues of each isolated subsystem are placed at the desired locations in the complex plane. Secondly, the feedback gain of each controller is compensated so that the time derivative of the Lyapunov function candidate for the overall closed-loop system should be negative. A sufficient condition which assures the global system to stable is given.
The S-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylase (CYP2C19) metabolizes a number of clinically used drugs and shows a marked interethnic difference in the incidence of the poor metabolizer (PM). Recent studies have found a third (CYP2C19*4) and forth (CYP2C19*5) mutations in Caucasians. In the present study, we genotyped 536 healthy unrelated Koreans for functionally defective alleles, CYP2C19*2, CYP2C19*3, CYP2C19*4, and CYP2C19*5. Detection of the normal (CYP2C19*1) and defective alleles was performed by polymerase chain reaction/restriction enzyme analysis. The genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood. The allelic frequencies of the wild-type (CYP2C19*1) and CYP2C19*2 were 72.6% and 27.4%, and the wild-type (CYP2C19*1) and CYP2C19*3 were 85.1% and 14.9%, respectively. For each CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3 the observed number of three genotypes were similar to those calculated in accordance with the Hardy-Weinberg equation. The frequencies of homozygotes for CYP2C19*2, CYP2C19*3 and compound heterozygotes were 9.7%, 2.8% and 4.2%, respectively. The mutants of CYP2C19 were identified in 36 subjects (16.7%). The mutated CYP2C19*4 and CYP2C19*5 alleles were not detected in this study. These results suggest that frequency of mutants of CYP2C19 in Koreans resembled the Orientals rather than Caucasians, and we founded the racial variability of the frequencies of the CYP2C19*4 and CYP2C19*5 alleles in the Orientals.
The white-balance system for color tevision is characterized by 5 input-5 output nonlinear process. A design strategy of fuzzy control rules is treated in which it can be adopted to the white balance adjustment for color television. A fuzzy rule based on an expert's knowledge is constructed, and then a multivariable fuzzy control rule is designed. Since human has just two hands, he can manipulate two variables simutaneously. In case when the process to be controlled has more than three control variables, expert's control rule is much different from the multivariable control rule. A multivariable fuzzy control rule is constructed by utilizing the expert' knowledge and rough relations between input and output variables, and its usefulness is shown by experiments.