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이 연구의 목적은 DACUM 직무 분석기법을 적용하여 초등 로봇지도교사의 직무를 분석하는 것이다. 연구의 내용은 초등 로봇지도교사의 직무를 구성하는 임무와 과업을 도출한 후, 과업별 중요도, 난이도, 빈도를 밝히고, 특정 과업이 입직 초기에 갖추어야 할 필수 능력인지의 여부를 구분하는 것이다. 또한 직무 분석 결과를 바탕으로 초등 로봇지도교사의 DACUM 차트를 제시하고자 하였다. DACUM 직무 분석을 위해 1명의 직무 분석가, 8명의 데이컴 위원(내용 전문가), 1명의 서기, 1명의 실무자로 이루어진 DACUM 위원회를 구성하여 직무분석을 수행하였다. 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 초등 로봇지도교사를 초등학생을 대상으로 교육기관에서 로봇교육을 수행하는 자로 정의하였다. 둘째, 로봇지도교사의 역할 수행을 위해 요구되는 9개의 임무(로봇 수업 준비, 로봇 수업 활동, 로봇 수업 평가, 로봇 관련 대회지도, 학생 생활 지도, 로봇 관련 진로지도, 로봇 수업 연구 활동, 로봇 교사 자기계발, 로봇 교육 행정 업무)로 확인되었으며, 각 임무별 과업은 총 100개로 분석되었다. 셋째, 분석된 각 과업별 중요도, 난이도, 빈도 및 특정과업이 입직 초기에 갖추어야 할 필수 능력인지의 여부를 구분하여 제시하였다. 넷째, 직무 분석 결과를 바탕으로 초등 로봇지도교사의 데이컴 차트를 개발하였다. 또한 로봇지도교사에게 필요한 일반 지식과 능력, 공구, 기계 자재 및 소모품, 태도, 장래 전망과 특성에 대해 의견을 수렴하여 제시하였다. The purpose of this study is to analyze job of robotics teachers for elementary education using DACUM method. The contents of this study were to identify the duties, specific tasks performed and the level of importance, difficulty, frequency and entry level on each task. This study also make out a DACUM chart of robotics teachers for elementary education. A DACUM committee was consisted of a facilitator, 8 panel members, a recorder and a coordinator. The conclusions are as follows; First, this study defines a robotics teacher for elementary education as ‘a person who conducting the robotics education for elementary education.' Second, duties in job of robotics teachers for elementary education were total 9 (preparation of robotics teaching, robotics teaching, evaluation of robotics teaching, teaching of robotics contest, students guidance, guidance counseling, research activities of robotics education, self-development, administrative work) and total tasks in job of robotics teachers for elementary education were 100. Third, this study determine the level of importance, difficulty, frequency and entry level about each task. Finally, this study make out a DACUM chart of robotics teacher for elementary education based on the results of DACUM job analysis. And knowledge, skills, tools, and positive behaviors, future trends/concerns about robotics teachers for elementary education were presented.
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This paper examines how Charlotte Brontë's literary text and the 1944 film and the 1996 film of Jane Eyre are connected in the theme of female sexuality. My analysis is based on the adaptation theories of Kamilla Elliott and her major concepts of film adaptations. The 1944 film by Robert Stevenson follow the ventriloquist concept of adaptation that Elliott defines as one of concepts of adaptations. The 1944 film of Jane Eyre omits Brontë's feminist's learning, replacing them with the submissive and meek roles of women(Jane). This film describes a romantic love that was more permissible in the 1940's, evacuating the conflict between Jane and Rochester in the novel. On the other hand, the 1996 film directed by Franco Jeffirelli expresses the Victorian female sexuality which is repressed in the literary texts.” This film revised many scenes from the novel into feministic and postcolonial visions, as the literary critics added critical narratives. The 1996 film demonstrates Elliott's idea in the manner that films claims to trump the novels they adapt.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the function of art represented in Keats's two great odes, “Ode to a Nightingale” and “Ode on a Grecian Urn.” “Ode to a Nightingale” appeals to auditory art, while ignoring the visual. “Ode on a Grecian Urn” stresses the visual and representational features. The former depicts the transitoriness and temporality of musical art, while the latter reveals social features of visual art which soothe the sufferings of human world. The nightingale flies away from the speaker who remains in pain, whereas the urn allows the speaker(audience) to connect with the art in eternity. The poet in “Ode to a Nightingale” realizes that the bird's song cannot deliver him from his painful life. The nightingale of “Ode to a Nightingale” is separated from humanity and therefore has no human concerns. However, the physicality of the urn serves as a component in describing the relationship between art and humanity. The urn requires audience to interact with humanity. The narrator rejoices in happy aspects of the scene, in a manner which reverses the claims made about art in “Ode to a Nightingale.” The figures on the urn are able to enjoy their beauty and passion because of their artistic permanence.
This essay explores the essence of the self in Virginia Woolf's The Waves through Deleuze and Guattari's concept of becoming. The essence of the self, for Deleuze and Guattari, is based on the ethics of becoming. For them, writing is to contact with "minorities" which does not write, and "each draws on to its line of flight in a combined deterritorialization." Bernard in The Waves has a minority-becoming in his writing: his concern is to follow "the line of flight." Becoming-imperceptible, which is the final stage of "becoming," is not a collapse of being into non-being, but rather a reversal of all negativity into the cosmic form of infinite becomings. As an example of becoming-imperceptible, Deleuze and Guattari present "to be 'like' everybody else." Bernard becomes everybody/ everything, as demonstrated in his ideas that he is not able to discern himself from the others and that he can become his friends or anybody else. Bernard makes becoming-imperceptible with the world, which is the point of fusion between the self and cosmos as a whole. Deleuze and Guattari and Woolf emphasize the function of percept, "nonhuman landscapes of nature," independent of our supposed perceptions and memories. 본 논문은 들뢰즈와 가따리의 되기 이론을 통해 버지니아 울프의 「파도」에 나타난자아 문제에 대해 분석한다. 들뢰즈와 가따리에게 존재의 본질은 고정된 실체가 아니라 변화하고 변모하는 되기이다. 되기가 모방이나 유사성도 아니고 각각은 서로를 탈영토화하게 하는 특성을 지닌다. 들뢰즈와 가따리에게 글쓰기는 소수자-되기의 행위이다. 글쓰기 자체가 곧 글을 쓰지 않는 소수자들과 접촉을 하는 행위라는 것이다. 서로가 서로에게 탈영토화되는 가운데 서로를 위해 탈주선으로 밀어 붙이는 만남이 있다.「파도」에서 버나드의 글쓰기는 자아의 생성과 탈주에 대한 관심 등 소수자-되기의 면모를 보인다. 들뢰즈와 가따리에 의하면 이런 모든 되기가 향하는 것은 지각 불가능한 것-되기이다. 그것은 존재가 무존재로 없어지는 것이 아니라, 무한한 되기의 우주 공식으로 바뀌는 더 높은 차원의 되기이다. 지각 불가능한 것-되기의 구체적인예가 세상 모든 사람 되기이다.「파도」에서 자아의 개별성에 대한 버나드의 지각 불능과 자신이 어떤 사람도 된다는 그의 사고에서 세상 모든 사람 되기가 구체화되어나타난다. 이것은 인간과 세계의 경계를 넘어서서 우리가 우주가 되는 지각 불가능한것-되기의 무한한 되기를 제시한 것이다. 들뢰즈와 가따리와 울프 모두는 지각 불가능한 것을 지각하게 하는 “자연의 비인간적 풍경”인 “퍼셉트”의 중요성을 제시하고있다.
A valid speech-sound block can be classified to provide important information for speech recognition. The classification of the speech-sound block comes from the MRA(Multi-Resolution Analysis) property of the DWT(Discrete Wavelet Transform) which is used to reduce the computational time for the pre-procession of speech recognition. The merging algorithm is proposed to extract valid speech-sounds upon consideration of its position and frequency range. The merging algorithm needs some numerical methods for an adaptive DWT implementation and shows an unvoiced/voiced classification and a denoising. Since the merging algorithm can decide the processing parameters only at the standpoint of voices and is independent of system noises, it is more useful to extract valid speech-sounds. The merging algorithm has the adaptive feature for arbitrary system noises and an excellent denoising SNR (Signal-to-noise ratio).
This paper presents a lip print recognition by pattern kernels for a person identification. A lip print recognition has been developed less than the other human physical attributes of a fingerprint, a voice pattern, a retinal blood/vessel pattern, or a facial recognition. The merit of a lip print recognition by CCTV camera is linked with other recognition systems such as retinal/iris eye and face. A new method with multi-resolution architecture is proposed to recognize a lip print by the pattern kernels. A set of the pattern kernels is a function of some local lip print pattern masks. This function converts the information on a lip print into the digital data. The recognition in the multi-resolution system is more reliable than recognition in the single resolution system. The results show that the proposed algorithm by the multi-resolution architecture can be efficiently realized.
Many studies examining the relationships between customers and service providers in hospitality have gained attention due to the various human interactive characteristics of the industry. In the hotel industry, which provides services through teamwork, employee relationships are very important. However, research on interaction among workplace peers in the field is scarce. The objective of this study is to identify hotel employees' subjectivity toward workplace peer interaction conflict and facilitation and to extract the themes of subjectivities and significances from the human resource management viewpoint using a Q methodology approach. A total of 35 hotel employees were included in the P-set and participated in the Q sorting process. Respondents were all Korean nationals who had been working in a hotel in the past 12 months or more. As a result, five types of hotel employees' subjectivity for peer interactions were identified: the role of managers, the personal traits of members, off-work communication, teamwork, and on-the-job communication. The results suggest that various policies (using KakaoTalk for business purposes, peer review, compliance with peer-to-peer etiquette, etc.) were necessary to improve the mutual relationships of hotel employees with colleagues.
생체인식 시스템은 인간 고유의 물리적인 특성들을 이용하여 인간을 인식하는 기술이다. 그리고 특정한 물리적인 특징들을 얻기 위하여 센서를 사용하고 디지털 패턴으로 변환시켜서 저장된 패턴과 비교한다. 구순문 인식은 지문, 음싶 패턴, 홍태 패턴과 얼굴 인식과 같은 신체적 특징에 비하여 상대적으로 연구가 많이 이루어지지 않았다. 구순문은 CCD 카메라를 이용할 경우 홍채나 얼굴 패턴 같은 다른 특징 요소와 연결하여 인식 시스템을 구축할 수 있는 장점을 가지고 있다. 구순문 인식을 위해 패턴 커널을 이용한 새로운 방법을 제시하였다. 패턴 커널은 여러 개의 국부 구순문 마스크 (local lip print mask)들로 구성된 함수이며, 구순문의 정보를 디지털 데이터로 전환시켜 준다. 복수 해상도를 가지는 인식 시스템은 단일 해상도의 시스템보다 더욱 신뢰적 이며 인식률도 높다. 복수해상도 구조는 오인식률을 현저히 감소시키므로 복수해상도를 갖는 구순문 인식은 생체인식 시스템에 잘 활용될 수 있다. Biometric systems are forms of technology that use unique human physical characteristics to automatically identify a person. They have sensors to pick up some physical characteristics, convert them into digital patterns, and compare them with patterns stored for individual identification. However, lip-print recognition has been less developed than recognition of other human physical attributes such as the fingerprint, voice patterns, retinal at blood vessel patterns, or the face. The lip print recognition by a CCD camera has the merit of being linked with other recognition systems such as the retinal/iris eye and the face. A new method using multi-resolution architecture is proposed to recognize a lip print from the pattern kernels. A set of pattern kernels is a function of some local lip print masks. This function converts the information from a lip print into digital data. Recognition in the multi-resolution system is more reliable than recognition in the single-resolution system. The multi-resolution architecture allows us to reduce the false recognition rate from 15% to 4.7%. This paper shows that a lip print is sufficiently used by the measurements of biometric systems.
This paper will examine how the protagonists in Wuthering Heights achievetheir identities and recognize their own desire. Their ego identities are formed through the ambivalent feelings that they experience in the relationships with their doubles. The narcissistic identification and hatred that both Catherine and Heathcliff feel toward each other can be observed through Freud's theory of the uncanny and Lacan's concepts of mirror stage and objet a. Both Freud and Lacan believe that the ego experiences narcissistic identity toward its double, yet has trouble with the double. Freud states that the double is the best example of the uncanny: the double is considered identical with the ego (canny) because they look alike, but the double is regarded as “the uncanny harbinger of death.” Like Freud's uncanny, Lacan's mirror stage demonstrates the ego's ambivalent feelings toward its double. In the mirror stage, the infant identifies with a visual image of itself, and thus is jubilant. This joyous affirmation of bodily unity in the image is followed by a recognition of the gap between the unity of the image and the continuing fragmentary character of the infant's lived experience of the body. The infant experiences a moment of “jubilation” to “alienation.” Lacan insists that the ego recognizes desire in the body of the other, and thus the ego is alienated. Borrowing this theory, Catherine, for example, is alienated by surrendering her desire to her double Heathcliff. Lacan's objet a is similar to Freud's uncanny in that both of them share the characteristics of repetition. Freud argues that the uncanny comes from infantile complexes of psychic reality and the infantile experience repeats throughout the whole life. Like the repetitive uncanny, Lacan's objet a demotes the object which can never be attained: thus, lack and loss set desire in motion repetitively. Objet a for both Catherine and Heathcliff is their childhood at Wuthering Heights; this object is already lost. However, the object is the cause of desire which leads them to repetitively seek other objects. This novel, with repetitive reference to the past and names of characters, can be read as canny and familiar and yet as uncanny and strange.