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The purpose of this study is to examine the trends of North Korean culture and art in 2012, which is the Kim Jeong-eun's sole dominion period, and to discuss its outlook for the future. When North Korean culture and art in 2012 are closely examined in discourses and works, Kim Jeong-eun's aspiration, at the beginning of the year, of making his country a military-first ‘socialist civilized country' is considered successful to a certain extent. Kim Jeong-eun kept on practicing his New Year aspiration through the idolization of Kim Jeong-il, putting women in front, and interchanges with the outside world while having military-first discourses continue. What is noteworthy is that the performing arts that emphasize spectacles are freed from the obsession of the military-first or socialist ideological implications. Acrobatic Chunhyangjeon is only a public performance in which superior abilities of actors and actresses and colorful spectacles are prominent. Moranbong Band's playing of the theme song of Rocky is only a performance. Of course, North Korea clothes Chunhyangjeon and Moranbong Band's performance with political rhetoric. But rhetoric is only rhetoric and it is confirmed that the performance has nothing to do with rhetoric Then, in what direction will North Korea's culture and art develop in the future「Roughly two directions are predicted. The first direction is, as can be easily guessed, the idolization phenomena. As North Korea's Rodong Sinmun newspaper showed in 2012, after the death of Kim Jeong-il, the enactment of Gwnagmyeongseong Holiday, the publication of completed works of Kim Jeong-il, the organization of Kim Jeong-il achievements become the preview of the direction of future North Korean culture and art circles. The second direction is the attention payed to house wives and the outside world. What was particularly noticeable in 2012 was that the leading characters of dramas, movies, and novels which North Korea evaluated as success were all women. Particularly, the fact that middle-aged women, rather than young women, were placed in front is noteworthy. At the same time, North Korea is paying attention to the outside world. The performing of Chinese and Russian works has been practiced since 2009, but broadcasting Lion King, whose prototype is Shakespeare's Hamlet, is certainly a new phenomenon. North Korea is actively paying attention to the West. It is most probable for Kim Jeong-eun who has to stand alone to perform the works like Lion King in order to obtain emotional supports from the people and to interact with the West. North Korea's paying attention to women and the outside world will continue for some time to come.
동진강 수계의 수질현황을 파악하기 1994∼1998년 까지 4∼9월에 월 1회에 걸쳐 5개년간 조사한 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 월별로는 빗물에 의한 희석효과로 7, 8월에 수질이 가장 양호하였으며, 4월이 다소 불량하였으나 수도생육 피해 한계농도에는 미치지 못하는 수준이었다. 지점별 수질현황은 생활하수 유입지인 정읍천과 지천의 폭이 좁은 원평천의 무기성분 함량이 높았으며 동진천 상류지역에서 가장 양호하였다. 연도별 현황은 '94년 이후 '95년까지는 수질이 악화되는 경향을 보였으나 '95년 이후로는 각 성분 함량이 낮았지는 등 점점 양호해지고 있으며 COD함량으로 볼 때 특히, 정읍천의 수질이 개선되고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 양이온과 음이온의 총당량온 4월에 가장 높았고 7, 8월에 가장 낮았으며 양이온/음이온의 당량비는 5월에 높았고 7월이 가장 낮았으며 지점에 따라서는 총당량은 정읍천, 원평천, 동진천 하류, 중류, 상류의 순위였으며 양이온/음이온 총당량 비율은 원평천이 상대적으로 작은 수치를 보였지만 지역간 큰 차이는 보이지 않았다. 수질 중 각 성분 상호간의 상관관계를 보면, 대개의 성분 상호간에 유의성이 높게 나타났으나, NO₄^--N는 대개의 성분과 유의성이 없었고, PO₄^(3-)-P도 COD, NH₄^+-N, NO₃^--N, SO₄^(2-)과는 유의성을 보이지 않았다. This study was conducted to monitor the irrigation water qualities along Dong-Jin river watershed. The water quality was surveyed at 6 sites from April to september during 1994∼1998. And the results were as follows : In July and August, water quality was better than that of any other months due to dilution with rainwater. Whereas, it became worse in April but it involved lower contents than limitted contents affected to the crop damage. Content of inorganic components was higher at Jeong-up and Won-pyeong stream. The reason for it that Jeong-up stream was deteriorated with sewage water from Jeong-up city, and Won-pyeong stream has narrow width. Water quality in upstream of Dong-Jin river, was evaluated best conditions in all sampling sites. For investigated period, water quality got worse from 1994 to 1995 but it was getting better to 1998 after 1995, especially at Jeong-up stream. The total equivalent of cation and anion was the highest at April through all months and at Jeong-up stream in sampling sites. Equivalent ratio of cation to anions(∑C/∑A) was higher at May than any other months and lower at Won-pyeong streams than any other sites. The value of most inorganic components was highly correlated with those of other components. But the value of NO₃^--N was not correlated with that of most components, and PO₄^(3-)-P was not correlated with COD, NH₄^+-N, NO₃^--N, SO₄^(2-_.
Kim,,Jeong,Hun,Jeong,,Myung,Ho,Park,,In,Hyae,Choi,,Jin,Soo,Rhee,,Jung,Ae,Lee,,Doo,Hwan,Park,,Soo,Hwan,Kim,,In,Soo,Jeong,,Hae,Chang,Cho,,Jae,Yeong,Jang,,Soo,Young,Lee,,Ki,hong,Park,,Keun-Ho,Sim,,Doo,Su The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences 2014 Journal of Korean medical science Vol.29 No.4
정지용의 가톨리시즘에 대한 기존의 평가는 크게 두 가지 양상으로 나타난다. 하나는 이른바 ‘영육의 갈등'으로 불리는 내면성을 결여함으로써 시적 진정성을 확보하지 못하고 피상적인 수준의 종교인식에 머물렀다는 것이며, 다른 하나는 신과 자아의 관계를 숭배와 복종의 ‘주/종' 관계로 수용함으로써 신앙의 단순성을 면치 못했다는 점이다. 그리하여 정지용의 종교시는 일시적 퇴행현상으로 간주되고 그것의 실패는 기정사실처럼 받아들여졌다. 그러나 이러한 평가는 존재자의 근원적인 비애를 망각하지 않으면서 어떻게든 삶의 비극성을 신앙의 본질적 계기로 껴안고자 한 시인의 의지를 간과하고 있다. 정지용의 가톨리시즘은 삶의 비극성을 신앙의 본질적인 계기로 긍정하고자 한다. 비애는 결여가 아니라 우리를 삶의 근원적인 장소로 되돌리는 충만한 힘이자 신앙의 원동력이다. 이러한 정지용의 사유는 기독교적 시 정신으로서 사랑의 의미에 대한 탐구로 이어진다. 신앙의 아름다움은 삶의 비극성을 부정하지 않고 껴안으며 하나님을 향하여 피어오른다는 데 있다. 이 상승과정 속에서 ‘천상/지상'의 이원론적 구도는 허물어지고 상호귀속의 친밀한 관계가 솟구쳐 오른다. 정지용의 종교시는 신과 인간의 이원론적인 구도와 신의 외재적 초월성이 허물어지는 과정을 형상화하고 있는 것이다. Till now, it is understood that Ji Yong Jeong"s poetry in his mid-period readily depends on a religion and seeks religious transcendence (escapism) and, therefore, his catholic poetry is just a model of failed religious poems. However, this criticism neglects the intent of a poet who wanted to accommodate tragedy of life as the essential drive of the religion, without forgetting fundamental sadness of an existence. The base of Ji-Yong Jeong"s catholicism is the understanding that "religion and sadness", which look like to be in confrontation with each other, in fact, belong to each other and can coexist. Ji-Yong Jeong"s catholicism admits fatalistic tragedy of life as the intrinsic motive of the religion. The religion he sought goes toward the God, accommodating ugliness contained in tragedy of life, rather than denying it. In the accelerating process that transforms from discontinuity of "sadness/religion, reality/ideal or hopeless/transcendence" to continuity between them, the dualistic structure of "Heaven/Earth" collapses and a close relationship of mutual belonging arises. Catholic poetic spirit starts from this relationship of love. The one thing that should not be neglected is that religious ecstasy comes from sadness of the ego. He poetically confesses that people can truly experience a transcendental existence and its love when they accommodates such tragedy as the essence of life without denying it, rather than forgetting or avoiding troubles given to them.
Kyu-shik,Jeong,정원일,Jae-yong,Chung,Mi-young,An,Chae-yong,Jung,Gyoung-jae,Lee,Jong-soo,Kang,Byeong-cheol,Kang,Young-heun,Jee,Bruce,H,Williams,Young-oh,Kwon,Da-hee,Jeong 대한수의학회 2003 JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE Vol.4 No.2
Cirrhosis Occurring in a Young Woodchuck (Marmota monax) Due to Vertical Transmission of Woodchuck Hepatitis Virus (WHV)Da-hee Jeong, Won-il Jeong, Jae-yong Chung, Mi-young An, Chae-yong Jung, Gyoung-jae Lee1, Jong-soo Kang1, Byeong-cheol Kang2, Young-heun Jee3, Bruce H Williams4, Young-oh Kwon5 and Kyu-shik Jeong*College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea1Shinwon Scientific Co., LTD, Research Institute, Suwon, Korea2Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 110-744, Korea3College of Veterinary Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju 690-756, Korea
It is difficult to think about Kim Soo-Young's literature without considering the context of ‘novelty' or ‘avant-garde'. But, what makes his literature genuinely ‘cutting edge' comes from self-reflection about it. This refers to the ‘gloom' and ‘grief' which appears in the poems of Kim Soo-Young. What is interesting is that this ‘condolence' is not unrelated to the reality of the peripheral capitalism. The more a poet in the peripheral capitalism tries ‘a cutting edge song', the bigger gap he experiences between the reality where he is in and his song. The condolence is also an expression of the recognition and self-awakening about this ‘gap'. It is also an acknowledgement about the ‘retardation' of our poetic reality itself. Kim Soo-Young, by acknowledging the ‘retardation', seeks the ‘paradox' to lead to becoming ‘cutting edge'. It is in this context where Kim Soo-Young's so-called remarks on ‘tradition' become problematic. The ‘tradition' here is irrelevant to chauvinism or populism. This relates to the pursuit of density in modern poetry by the poet who belongs to the peripheral capitalism. By detaching socio-cultural context from ‘traditional language' and seeking for its true nature, he works on transforming it into the most cutting edge ‘vacuum language'. Through this ‘disturbance' and ‘arrangement', Kim Soo-Young dreams of the possibility to be able to change the reality through poetry (literature). This is the moment when the history of Korean literature arrives at the new recognition of the political power of the poetry. This is the very implication in the history of literature that Kim Soo-Young's recognition of modern poetry has.
<P><B>Abstract</B></P> <P>In this research, a miniature mechanical SAD (Safety and Arming Device) with arming delay was developed for actual munitions application. Reliable arming delay performance was achieved by applying a runaway escapement system that operates by a rack-and-pinion motion. The miniature mechanical SAD was fabricated using a stainless steel wet etching process that provided not only miniaturization but also a high processing yield. The miniature mechanical SAD performed successfully under the desired safety and arming conditions in lab tests and showed fine agreement with the finite element method simulation results. Field tests were performed with a grenade launcher to validate its performance under the actual firing conditions. One hundred samples that were shot 23.6 m (safety distance) and 200 m (arming distance), and every specific test criterion was met successfully. The new SAD was also found to be appropriate for safe use in artillery fuzes by conducting environmental tests under a variety of temperature, vibration, and impact conditions.</P> <P><B>Highlights</B></P> <P> <UL> <LI> Miniature mechanical safety and arming device is proposed for actual munition firing. </LI> <LI> Reliable arming delay performance was achieved by runaway escapement mechanism. </LI> <LI> Compact design of the device was available by stainless steel wet etching process. </LI> <LI> The device showed successful safety and arming performance under actual field tests. </LI> <LI> The device found to be appropriate under variety of environmental conditions. </LI> </UL> </P>
Jeong,,Tae-Won,Yu,,Se-Gi,Yi,,Whi-Kun,Lee,,Chang-Soo,Lee,,Jeong-Hee,Heo,,Jung-Na,Yoo,,Ji-Beom,Kim,,Won-Seok,Lee,,Y.H.,Kim,,J.M. The Korean Infomation Display Society 2001 Journal of information display Vol.2 No.4
Field emission characteristics of carbon nanotubes(CNTs) on four kinds of metallic substrates have been investigated under the irradiation of a laser. The field emission measurement reveals that after laser irradiation the current was increased and new humps at the field emission current was found. The current enhancement was thought to have occurred due to the fact that the electrical contact between CNTs and metals was improved due to the irradiation of the laser.