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        • A Novel Small-Molecule Inhibitor Targeting the IL-6 Receptor β Subunit, Glycoprotein 130

          Hong, Soon-Sun,Choi, Jung Ho,Lee, Sung Yoon,Park, Yeon-Hwa,Park, Kyung-Yeon,Lee, Joo Young,Kim, Juyoung,Gajulapati, Veeraswamy,Goo, Ja-Il,Singh, Sarbjit,Lee, Kyeong,Kim, Young-Kook,Im, So Hee,Ahn, Sun The American Association of Immunologists, Inc. 2015 JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY Vol.195 No.1

          <P>IL-6 is a major causative factor of inflammatory disease. Although IL-6 and its signaling pathways are promising targets, orally available small-molecule drugs specific for IL-6 have not been developed. To discover IL-6 antagonists, we screened our in-house chemical library and identified-LMT-28, a novel synthetic compound, as a candidate IL-6 blocker. The activity, mechanism of action, and direct molecular target of LMT-28 were investigated. A reporter gene assay showed that LMT-28 suppressed activation of STAT3 induced by IL-6, but not activation induced by leukemia inhibitory factor. In addition, LMT-28 downregulated IL-6-stimulated phosphorylation of STAT3, gp130, and JAK2 protein and substantially inhibited IL-6-dependent TF-1 cell proliferation. LMT-28 antagonized IL-6-induced TNF-alpha production in vivo. In pathologic models, oral administration of LMT-28 alleviated collagen-induced arthritis and acute pancreatitis in mice. Based on the observation of upstream IL-6 signal inhibition by LMT-28, we hypothesized IL-6, IL-6R alpha, or gp130 to be putative molecular targets. We subsequently demonstrated direct interaction of LMT-28 with gp130 and specific reduction of IL-6/IL-6R alpha complex binding to gp130 in the presence of LMT-28, which was measured by surface plasmon resonance analysis. Taken together, our data suggest that LMT-28 is a novel synthetic IL-6 inhibitor that functions through direct binding to gp130.</P>

        • KCI등재

          Evaluation of ‘TNF-α, IL-6, and MMP-9’ Test Kit for Screening of Meibomian Dysfunction in Patients with Inflammatory Dry Eye Syndrome

          Min-Hye Park,Jung-Eun Park,Jang-Won Byun,Min-Ji Choi,Il-Hoon Cho,Myeong-Jin Jeong,Yoon-Jung Choy,Koon-Ja Lee 대한시과학회 2020 대한시과학회지 Vol.22 No.1

          목적 : 마이봄샘기능저하증(meibomian gland dysfunction, MGD)을 수반하는 염증성 건성안의 감별진단에 대한 ‘TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9’ 검사키트의 유용성을 평가하였다. 방법 : 건성안 이외의 안질환이 없는 20~30대 중 OSDI 설문 검사에 따른 건성안 총 118안을 대상하였고, 결막낭 메니스커스로부터 소량의 눈물을 채취하여 TNF-α, IL-6 및 MMP-9 검사를 하였다. 각막염색과 결막충혈 이 모두 Grade 1 이상인 경우는 염증성 건성안으로, 마이봄샘폐쇄와 마이봄샘구멍막힘이 모두 grade 1 이상인 경우는 MGD 관련 건성안으로 평가하였다. 염증성 건성안 및 MGD와 TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9과의 상관성은 카 이제곱검정(Chi-square test)으로 분석하였고, ‘TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9’ 검사키트의 염증성 건성안과 MGD를 수반하는 염증성 건성안 감별능력은 ROC 커브를 이용하여 민감도, 특이도 및 AUC(Area under the curve)를 구하고 정확도를 평가하였다. 결과 : 염증성 건성안은 TNF-α와 IL-6와 유의한 상관성을 보였고(p<.050), ‘TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9’ 검사 키트는 MMP-9 검사키트와 80.20%의 높은 일치도를 나타냈으나(p<.050), 염증성 건성안 감별에 대한 민감도, 특이도, 정확도는 MMP-9 검사키트보다 낮았다. MGD는 MMP-9 검사와 상관성을 보이지 않았고, TNF-α와 IL-6 검사와는 유의한 상관성을 보였으며, MGD 감별에 대한 민감도, 특이도, 정확도는 각각 85.50%, 34.70%, 0.601, 85.50%, 32.70%, 0.591로 나타났다. MGD 수반한 염증성 건성안 감별에 대한 ‘TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9’ 검사키트의 민감도, 특이도 및 정확도는 100.00%, 34.10%, 0.670로 MMP-9 검사키트보다 더 높았다. 결론 : MGD 진단에는 TNF-α, IL-6 검사가 유용하며, ‘TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9’ 검사키트는 MGD를 수반한 염증성 건성안 평가에 유용할 것으로 사료된다. Purpose : To evaluated the ‘TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9’ test kit for screening of inflammatory dry eye and IDE (inflammatory dry eye) with MGD (meibomian gland dysfunction). Methods : A total of 118 dry eyes were selected using OSDI (ocular surface disease index) questionnaire among participated 20~30s without ophthalmologic diseases except for dry eye. Small amount of tear obtained from meniscus of the conjunctiva were tested with TNF-α, IL-6, and MMP-9 kit. IDE refers to the criteria which specifies the corneal staining and conjunctival hyperemia more than grade 1 and MGD refers to the criteria which specifies meibomian gland blockage and meibomian orifice obstruction with more than grade 1. Chi-square test was performed to analyze the correlation between the IDE, MGD and the results of ‘TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9’ tests. and ROC (receiver operate characteristics) curve was used for the sensitivity, specificity and AUC (area under the curve) for the accuracy of ‘TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9’ tests. Results : TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly correlated with IDE (p<.050) and ‘TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9’ test kit showed a high agreement of 80.20% with MMP-9 test kit(p<.050) although the accuracy was lower than MMP-9 test kit. The MMP-9 showed no correlation with MGD, however TNF-α, IL-6 were significantly correlated with MGD (p<.050). sensitivity, specificity, and AUC of TNF-α, IL-6 tests for MGD were 85.50%, 34.70%, 0.601, 85.50%, 32.70%, and 0.591. The sensitivity, specificity, and AUC of ‘TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9’ test kit for IDE with MGD were 100.00%, 34.10%, and 0.670, respectively, which shows higher accuracy than MMP-9. Conclusion : TNF-α and IL-6 tests are useful for the diagnosis of MGD, and ‘TNF-α, IL-6, MMP-9’ test kit is useful for screening IDE with MGD.

        • 이질아메바에 의한 인체 대장상피세포주 HT-29에서의 interleukin-8 유전자의 발현

          김정목,정현채,임경일,조양자,김정룡 INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL MEDICINE YONSEI UNIVERSITY 1995 YONSEI REPORTS ON TROPICAL MEDICINE Vol.26 No.1

          이질아메바에 의한 장염 환자의 조직 또는 이질아메바를 실험적으로 감염시킨 동물의 조직 검사에서 호중구의 침윤이 특징적으로 관찰된다. 그러나 이와같은 호중구의 침윤을 설명할 수 있는 기전에 대한 연구는 매우 미흡하다. 따라서 본 연구자들은 아메바 감염 초기에 인체 대장상피세포에서 interleukin-8(IL-8)이 유도되어 호중구 침윤과 같은 염증반응이 유발될 것이라는 가설을 설정하였다. 이를 위하여 인체 대장상피세포주인 HT-29에 이질아메바 영양형을 실험적으로 노출시킨 뒤 발현되는 IL-8 mRNA를 역전사 중합효소법(reverse transcriptional polymerase chain reaction, RT-PCR)으로 검사함과 동시에 발현된 IL-8 mRNA를 인공적으로 합성시킨 표준 RNA와 RT-PCR법을 이용하여 정량하였다. 실험 결과 이질아메바 영양형에 노출된 30분 후 부터 IL-8 mRNA가 발현되기 시작하였다. 그리고 그 발현 분자수는 노출 시간의 증가에 따라 계속 증가하여 3시간 대에는 3.1×10(7) molecules/㎍ total RNA를 나타내었다. 동시에 IL-8 mRNA의 발현은 노출시킨 이질아메바 영양형의 수에 비례하였다. 즉, HT-29/아메바 영양형의 비율이 10:1인 경우 IL-8 mRNA의 발현 분자수는 1.2×10(7) molecules/㎍ total RNA로 나타났다. 이와같은 IL-8 mRNA의 발현은 IL-8 단백질 분비로 이어짐을 ELISA 검사로 확인할 수 있었다. 한편 이질아메바 파쇄액(lysate)도 대장상피세포주인 Caco-2에서 IL-8 mRNA발현을 유도하였다. 결론적으로 본 실험은 이질아메바 감염 초기에 대장상피세포로 부터 IL-8이 발현되며 이에 의하여 염증반응이 촉발될 가능성이 있음을 시사해 준다. The protozoan parasite, Entamoeba histolytica, is one of major causative agents of intestinal disease all over the world. In acute experimental infection, the early host response to E. histolytica is characterized by an infiltration of neutrophils. However, the chemotactic signal for this response is not well known. Based on the finding that human epithelial cells produce the potent neutrophil chemoattractant and activator, interlukin-8 (IL-8), IL-8 gene expression was examined thoroughly in human colon epithelial cells exposed to E. histolytica trophozoites. Cellular RNAs were extracted from HT-29 or Caco-2 human colon epithelial cells exposed to E. histolytica trophozoities for 30 minutes. 1 and 3 hours. IL-8 mRNA transcripts were measured by reverse transcriptional polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using synthetic standard RNA. The number of IL-8 mRNA molecules increased from 30 minutes to 3 hours of exposure period, reaching 3.1×10(7) molecules/㎍ of total RNA. Expression pattern of IL-8 mRNA transcripts was parallel to the amounts of IL-8 protein measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Lysates of E. histolytica also induced expression of mRNA for IL-8 in colon epithelial cells. These results suggest that acute inflammatory reaction by E. hisstolytica may be initially triggered by proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-8 secreted from epithelial cells of the colon.

        • GM-CSF Promotes Antitumor Immunity by Inducing Th9 Cell Responses

          Kim, Il-Kyu,Koh, Choong-Hyun,Jeon, Insu,Shin, Kwang-Soo,Kang, Tae-Seung,Bae, Eun-Ah,Seo, Hyungseok,Ko, Hyun-Ja,Kim, Byung-Seok,Chung, Yeonseok,Kang, Chang-Yuil American Association for Cancer Research 2019 Cancer immunology research Vol.7 No.3

          <P>Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) functions as an adjuvant for antitumor immunity through an unclear mechanism. By activating monocyte-derived dendritic cells, GM-CSF induces Th9 development and IL9 production, which facilitates antitumor cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses.</P><P>GM-CSF as an adjuvant has been shown to promote antitumor immunity in mice and humans; however, the underlying mechanism of GM-CSF–induced antitumor immunity remains incompletely understood. In this study, we demonstrate that GM-CSF potentiates the efficacy of cancer vaccines through IL9-producing Th (Th9) cells. GM-CSF selectively enhanced Th9 cell differentiation by regulating the COX2–PGE<SUB>2</SUB> pathway while inhibiting the differentiation of induced regulatory T (iTreg) cells <I>in vitro</I> and <I>in vivo</I>. GM-CSF–activated monocyte-derived dendritic cells converted tumor-specific nai¨ve Th cells into Th9 cells, and delayed tumor growth by inducing antitumor CTLs in an IL9-dependent manner. Our findings reveal a mechanism for the adjuvanticity of GM-CSF and provide a rationale for the use of GM-CSF in cancer vaccines.</P>

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          Protective Effects of Acorn (Quercus acutissima CARR.) against IgE-mediated Allergic and Ovalbumin (OVA)-Induced Asthmatic Responses via Inhibition of Oxidative Stress

          Chung, Mi-Ja,Jo, Hang-Soo,Choi, Ha-Na,Cho, Soo-Muk,Park, Yong-Il The Korean Society of Pharmaceutical Sciences and 2011 Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation Vol.41 No.6

          This work was performed to investigate the protective effect of ethanol extract (AEx) from acorn (Quercus acutissima CARR.) against allergic mediated responses in asthma model cells and mice. The AEx inhibited antigen-stimulated cytokine production such as interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13 and tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$) and AEx also inhibited intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation against IgE-mediated allergic response in rat basophilic leukaemia RBL-2H3 cells. The ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice were orally administered with AEx (100 or 300 mg/kg) and authentic tannic acid (75 mg/kg) every day for 15 days. Increased TNF-${\alpha}$ production by OVA-sensitization/challenge was significantly reduced by administration of AEx. The serum triglyceride levels of asthma mice were significantly reduced after feeding for 15 days with tannic acid or AEx. The mice fed with tannic acid or AEx also exhibited a significant reduction in body weights compared to those of asthma control group. The AEx increased the heme oxygenase (HO)-1 mRNA expression in the asthma model mice and showed DPPH radical scavenging activity. These results indicate that AEx protects against IgEmediated allergic and OVA-induced asthmatic responses via direct and indirect antioxidant activities. Reduced triglyceride and body weights may provide additional protective benefits of AEx on allergic asthma.

        • SCISCIESCOPUS

          Gomisin A decreases the LPS-induced expression of iNOS and COX-2 and activation of RIP2/NF-κB in mouse peritoneal macrophages

          Jeong, Hyun-Ja,Han, Na-Ra,Kim, Kyu-Yeob,Choi, Il-Sook,Kim, Hyung-Min Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. 2014 IMMUNOPHARMACOLOGY AND IMMUNOTOXICOLOGY Vol.36 No.3

          <P>Gomisin A (GA), a lignan component contained in the fruit of <I>Schisandra chinensis</I> Baillon, improves hepatic cell degeneration, vasodilatory activity and insulin sensitivity. These effects also impact the immune system, including various inflammatory mediators and cytokines. In this study, the anti-inflammatory effect of GA on lipopolysaccharide-stimulated mouse peritoneal macrophages was studied. Pretreatment with GA attenuated the expression of receptor-interacting protein 2 (RIP2) and IκB kinase-β (IKK-β) as well as IKK-β phosphorylation. The activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in the nucleus, the phosphorylation of IκBα and degradation of IκBα in the cytosol were suppressed by GA. GA decreased the production and mRNA expression of the inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL)-6. In addition, expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and production of nitric oxide were decreased by pretreatment with GA. In conclusion, these results show that the anti-inflammatory properties of GA potentially result from the inhibition of COX-2, iNOS, IL-6, TNF-α and NO through the down-regulation of RIP2 and NF-κB activation. These results impact the development of potential health products for preventing and treating inflammatory diseases.</P>

        • Effects of the water of yellow soil, Ji-Jang-Soo on cell viability and cytokines production in immune cells

          Jeong, Hyun-Ja,Hwang, Gab-Soo,Myung, No-Il,Lee, Joon-Ho,Lee, Ju-Young,Um, Jae-Young,Kim, Hyung-Min,Hong, Seung-Heon Kyung Hee Oriental Medicine Research Center 2006 Oriental pharmacy and experimental medicine Vol.6 No.1

          Ji-Jang-Soo (JJS) is known to have a detoxification effect. However, it is still unclear how JJS has these effects in experimental models. In this study, we investigated the effect of JJS on the viability of cells and production of cytokines in human T-cell line, MOLT-4 cells, and human mast cell line, HMC-1 cells. The MOLT-4 cells were cultured for 24 h in the presence or absence of JJS. As the result, JJS (1/100 dilution) significantly increased the cell viability about 78% (P < 0.05) and also increased the interleukin (IL)-2, and interferon $(IFN)-{\gamma}$ production compared with media control at 24 h. But had no effect on IL-4 production. Hypoxia mimic compound, desferroxamine (DFX) decreased the immune cell viability. Cell viability decreased by DFX was increased by JJS. In conclusion, these data indicate that JJS may have an immune-enhancing effect.

        • KCI등재

          검정콩 껍질 유래 안토시아닌의 RBL-2H3 세포에서 탈과립화와 사이토카인 생성 저해 효과

          정미자(Mi Ja Chung),하태정(Tae Joung Ha),최하나(Ha Na Choi),이지선(Ji Sun Lee),박용일(Yong Il Park) 한국식품영양과학회 2011 한국식품영양과학회지 Vol.40 No.12

          안토시아닌(anthocyanins)은 플라보노이드에 속하고 항산화 활성들을 포함한 그들의 다양한 건강 유익성에 대해 알려져 있다. 그들 중 검정콩 껍질에서 분리한 주요 안토시아닌은 glycopyranose를 함유하고 있는 배당체이다. 천식은 호염기성 세포(basophils)와 비만세포(mast cells)를 포함한 다양한 면역세포와 관련된 알레르기 관련 질병이다. 호산구 (eosinophils), 호염기성 세포, 비만세포는 탈과립화에 의한 천식-특이적 보조 2(T-helper 2) 사이토카인 분비 그리고 계속해서 일어나는 증폭과 같은 염증을 일으키는 매개체의 증가를 통해 알레르기 천식(allergic asthma)에서 중요한 역할을 한다. 흰쥐 호염기성 백혈병(rat basophilic leukemia) RBL-2H3 세포는 알레르기 반응을 측정하기 위해 가장 일반적으로 사용되는 in vitro 모델이다. 본 연구에서는 검정콩 껍질 안토시아닌이 항원으로 자극한 RBL-2H3 세포에서 탈 과립 그리고 Th2 사이토카인 생산에 미치는 효과를 조사하였다. 세포 탈과립은 β-hexosaminidase의 방출을 검출함으로써 평가하였다. IgE-항원 복합체로 자극한 RBL-2H3 세포내 β-hexosaminidase 방출과 Th2 사이토카인 생산이 무 처리군의 그것과 비교하여 더 높았다. 안토시아닌은 RBL-2H3 세포의 IgE-항원 복합체 유도 탈과립을 현저하게 억제 시켰고 RBL-2H3 세포내 IgE-항원 복합체-매개체 interleukin( IL)-4, IL-13 그리고 TNF-α 생산을 저해하였다. 이러한 결과는 검정콩 껍질 유래 안토시아닌이 알레르기 반응(allergic reaction)을 현저히 저해하는 효과가 있음을 보였고, 이들 안토시아닌이 향후 알레르기 천식을 억제하거나 개선하는데 유용한 물질로 사용될 가능성이 있을 것으로 판단되었다. Anthocyanins belong to a group of flavonoid compounds and are well known for their various health beneficial effects, which include antioxidative activities. Among them, the major anthocyanins isolated from seed coat of black soybean (Glycine max L.) were previously characterized as glycosides containing glucopyranose. Asthma is an allergic disease that is strongly associated with various immune cells, including basophils and mast cells. Eosinophils, basophils, and mast cells play important roles in allergic asthma through the release of inflammatory mediators such as asthma-specific T-helper 2 (Th2) cytokines and subsequent amplification of asthma symptoms via degranulation. Rat basophilic leukemia RBL-2H3 cells are the most common in vitro models for evaluating allergic reactions. In this study, we examined the effects of anthocyanin from seed coat of black soybean on antigen-stimulated degranulation and Th2 cytokine production in RBL-2H3 cells. Cell degranulation was evaluated by measuring the release of β-hexosaminidase. β-Hexosaminidase release and Th2 cytokine production in RBL-2H3 cells was much higher upon stimulation with IgE-antigen complex than those in untreated control cells. Anthocyanins significantly suppressed IgE-antigen complex-induced degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells and inhibited IgE-antigen complex-mediated interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) production in RBL-2H3 cells. These findings suggest that anthocyanins from seed coat of black soybean effectively inhibit allergic reactions and may have beneficial effects against allergic asthma.

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