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약 3주령된 80 g의 암컷 치와와견이 두부 촉진 시 두개골이 확인되지 않으며, 어미젖을 먹을 시 이상을 보이고 성장 저하의 증상을 지닌 채 내원하였다. 신체 검사에서 입과 두부의 좌측 기울어짐과 좌측 안구 각막의 손상을 확인하였다. 방사선 검사에서 전두골과 두정골의 골음영이 관찰되지 않았으며, 초음파 검사에서 측뇌실의 확장을 관찰하였다. 컴퓨터단층촬영 검사를 통해 전두골과 두정골의 결손, 뇌실의 확장, 지주막 낭종을 확인하였다. 환자는 내원 익일에 폐사하였다. 부검에 의해 원발성 acalvaria로 확정 진단하였다. A three-week old female Chihuahua dog weighing 80 g was presented with the absence of skull palpation, suckling disability, and growth retardation. Physical examination revealed asymmetry of the lips slanting to the left side when feeding milk. Also there were head tilt to the left side and corneal ulcer of the left eye. The absence of the frontal and parietal bones were shown on radiographs. Lateral ventricular enlargement was identified on the ultrasonographic examination. On computed tomographs, frontal and parietal bone defect, ventricle enlargement, and intracranial arachnoid cyst were observed. The dog was dead after 1 day of presentation. The dog was diagnosed as the primary acalvaria by necropsy.
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Objective: This study intended to analyze parenting characteristics, difficulties and support needs of multi-cultural families that had children under 3 years old, in order to develop their supporting resources. Methods: This study performed semi-structured interviews with 7 mothers from multi-cultural families that had their young children enrolled at child care and education centers in Gyeonggi Do. The interview data transcribed were analyzed using the successive contents analysis, and led to 4 themes and 12 sub-themes. Results: First, the mothers from multi-cultural families were married without understanding the Korean language and culture. Second, the multi-cultural mothers didn’t properly respond to their children s needs in interaction and language aspects. As a result, the multi-cultural support centers and child care and education centers gave help to them. Third, in the view of the difficulties facing mothers, parenting problems caused by the lack of information concerning child education, the biased burden of parenting, and the different parenting values of Korean families were all expressed by the mothers. Fourth, regarding support needs, providing individual professional support for children and child-raising support for mothers, customized language and employment support for mothers and parenting education for fathers and family education on multi-culturalism are needed. Conclusion/Implications: Suggestions for decreasing the difficulties facing multi-cultural families that had children under 3 years old were discussed.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the nature and meaning of the experience of the women who participated in the forgiveness group art therapy. Methods: A phenomenological methods of van Manen"s perspective was adopted in this study. Participants in the study were the six women who participated in forgiveness group art therapy. To collect data - Data were collected using, in-dept interviews with respective participants were conducted from Feb 2014 to Mar 2014 after they received forgiveness group art therapy. Results: The five thematic statements in this study were as follows: "Organized their feeling by keeping distance from the traumatic experiences and feeling", "Their fixed idea on the subjects of forgiveness changed", "They started exploring the pattern of their interpersonal relationship", "Their inner world was associated with the art media, " An artwork enabled them to handle their wounded heart". Conclusion: Forgiveness art therapy allows women not only to recognize the conception of forgiveness but to have a meaningful experience for treating wounded heart and reflecting their own attitude towards the whole life. This study is meaningful it that it has established a foundation for the forgiveness group art therapy.
Ho-jung Choi(최호정),Ki-ja Lee(이기자),Sang-kyu Kang(강상규),Hee-chun Lee(이희천),Dong-woo Chang(장동우),Ki-chang Lee(이기창),Seong-mok Jeong(정성목),Sung-whan Cho(조성환),Young-won Lee(이영원) 한국임상수의학회 2006 한국임상수의학회지 Vol.23 No.2