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      • 도덕·윤리교육의 내용구성 방향과 틀

        최문기 서원대학교 교육대학원 1977 교육논총 Vol.1 No.-

        Through six times' reform. the curriculum of moral and ethical education has been considerably complemented. Nevertheless. because the scope and sequence of contents organization are still rely upon the principle of lifefiel extension(individual. family, society, state, international, etc.), it can not satisfy demands toward future. Thus, we need new direction and framework for contents organization. This paper trys to find a solution to this problem by evolutionary learning and human systems model. In a word, moral and ethical education seek to humjan systems health. The comcept of human systems health is appropriate for the ultimate value that moral and ethical education aims at. Human systems consist of three environments : natural, social, spiritual. These environments are subsystems interacting within human systems. Also humans effect these environments as well as being effected. For enhancing quality of our lives, it is very important to consider multidimensionaly the interrelations and interactions. We can get insights from evolutionary learning. It expand our evolutionary consciousness and capability for human systems evolution. It makes us to predict problems that humans will be faced in future, urges us to reflect directions to be chosen, and enforces us to prepare solutions systematically. In this sense, evllutionary learning is a useful learning to moral ethical education. Human systems model offers new framework for contents organization. Upon it, we can organize main units related with three environments. Contents organizing framework by human systems model are as follows : Related with natural environment, spiritual conditions of human life, comparison of oriental and western thoughts, critical systems thinking and recognition, evaluation of human systems evolution, choice of alternatives, design of human systems, understanding of culture, etc. With social environment, social conditions of human life, structure and institution of social systems, paticipant democracy, economic justice, management of social conflicts, communication, food and resource to population, energy watershed and civilization change, structure reform for sustainable system, etc, With natural environment, natural conditions of human life, nature of technology and it's social responsibility, pollution of ecosystem, management and conservation of natural environment, etc.

      • KCI등재

        COVID-19 위기 거버넌스에 대한 시스템 접근

        최문기 한국윤리학회 2021 倫理硏究 Vol.134 No.1

        The characteristics of the world in the 21st century can be summarized as complexity and vulnerability. The closer the world is connected and dependent, the more vulnerable it is, and the more likely it is to face global crises such as ecosystem destruction, global warming, new infectious diseases and economic downturns. It is necessary to establish ‘global and domestic governance’ to cope with these crises in a holistic context. COVID-19 occurred in December 2019 caused a serious health crisis. It has been a year and a half, but it shows no signs of abating, and it is trapping daily lives by producing enormous human and material damage. It is evolving into new viruses which is several times more powerful. The purpose of this paper is to study health governance that can address the COVID-19 health crisis through systems approach. The main content is 1) that the COVID-19 crisis is a ‘systemic crisis’ in nature, and 2) that it needs an approach that strengthens the fundamental ‘systems-resilience’ rather than ‘crisis-management’ approach. 3) After presenting tasks to establish ‘global health governance’ related to legal and institutional as well as norm and value aspect to deal with the COVID-19 crisis, 4) apply them to ‘Korea’s comprehensive and democratic health governance’ and explore our major tasks. 세계가 긴밀하게 서로 연결되고 의존할수록 그만큼 더 취약성에 노출되기 쉽고, 그래서 생태계 파괴, 지구 온난화, 해수면 상승, 새로운 전염병, 경제 침체 같은 글로벌 위기에 직면할 가능성은 더 커진다. 그 중의 하나인 COVID-19 위기는 전 세계적으로 엄청난 인적 및 물적 피해를 양산하였고, 변이 바이러스로 진화하면서 갈수록 심각하게 위협하고 있다. 이러한 보건 위기 상황을 전체적 맥락에서 다루기 위해서는 ‘국내외 거버넌스’ 구축이 요구된다. 본 연구는 ‘시스템 접근’(systems approach)을 통해 COVID-19 위기를 다룰 수 있는 ‘보건 거버넌스’(health governance) 문제를 다루었다. 주요 내용은 1) COVID-19 위기가 본성상 ‘시스템 위기’임을 밝혔고, 2) 이를 다루기 위해서는 단순한 ‘위기-관리’(crisis-management) 접근이 아니라 근본적인 ‘시스템-회복’(systems- resilience)을 강화하는 접근이 필요함을 강조하였다. 3) 그리고 COVID-19 위기에 대처하기 위한 ‘글로벌 보건 거버넌스’ 강화 과제를 제시한 후, 4) 이를 ‘우리나라의 포괄적이고 민주적인 보건 거버넌스’ 강화에 적용해서 주요 과제를 탐구하였다.

      • 서원대 [도덕과ㆍ윤리과] 교육실습 평가와 과제:1994~7년 설문조사를 중심으로

        최문기 서원대학교 교육연구소 1998 敎育發展 Vol.1998 No.17

        The purpose of my article is to evaluate the moral-ethical education practice in SEOWON university and to bring up tasks upon it. I have posed questions about education practice from 1994 to 1997. Survey Questions are consisted of 9 iterms. I analyse mainly the distribution of practice schools, self-satisfaction of education practicer, practice activities on subjects and nonsubject. This analysis shows that the distribution of practice schools concurs with our students's native place. And it shows that most of our students are satisfied with practice activities in general. These surveys are useful for me to understand education field and to plan my lecture on [Theory of Ethics Education] & [Analysis of Teaching Materials & Teaching Methods in Ethics Education]. For efficient education practice, professors should concern with teaching curricula on it more. SEOWON university authorities should interest in administrative and financial supporting programs more.

      • KCI등재

        공공 리더십의 통합 접근 연구

        최문기 한국윤리학회 2021 倫理硏究 Vol.132 No.1

        The purpose of this paper is to study on the integrated approach to public service leadership. The integrated approach to public service leadership seeks 1) the development of the legally or institutionally imposed task-performance ability and skills of public officials, and 2) the enhancement of their characteristics and behaviors as ethical leaders. It uses two approaches complementally. In general, lots of researches about public service leadership have tended to focus on a law-based compliance approach. Therefore, in this study, I think it is desirable to use jointly a normative or ethical approach. and further to supplement a theoretical framework for the integrated approach of public service leadership through ethical leadership. I utilize responsibility ethics and systems theory in order to a theoretical framework for integrating compliance approach and ethical approach. My study has a limit in staying on theoretical research only. 본 연구의 목적은 공공 리더십의 통합 접근을 탐구하는 것이다. 공공 리더십의 통합 접근이라 함은 공직자, 공공기관의 1) 업무 수행 능력과 기능의 발달을 위한 접근, 2) 윤리적 리더로서의 특성과 행동 증진을 위한 접근을 합친 개념이다. 즉 공공 리더십을 구성하는 두 가지 축인 법적, 제도적으로 부과된 업무 역할 수행에 초점을 맞춘 ‘준수’ 접근, 그리고 윤리적 리더로서의 자질과 인격 발달에 초점을 맞춘 ‘윤리’ 접근을 병용하는 것을 말한다. 기존의 공공 리더십 논의와 연구들은 주로 공직자들의 업무 수행 역량이나 기능을 개발하기 위한 법적, 행정적, 제도적 차원에서의 준수 접근을 다루는 것에 비해 윤리 접근이 상대적으로 덜 다루어진 경향이 있었다. 이에 연구자는 이를 보완하기 위한 하나의 대안으로 ‘윤리적 리더십’ 개념의 수용을 제안하였다. 그리고 본 연구에서는 ‘책임윤리’와 ‘시스템 이론’을 원용하여, 공공 리더십 통합 접근의 이론적 틀의 완성도를 더 높이고자 하였다. 다만 경험 연구가 아닌 이론 연구에 머물고, 공공 리더십 발달을 위한 교육 프로그램까지 다루지 못한 한계를 지닌다.

      • KCI등재후보

        효 의무 근거의 비판적 고찰

        최문기 한국효학회 2013 효학연구 Vol.0 No.18

        동서고금을 막론하고, 모든 사회들은 부모에 대한 자녀의 효 의무를 강조해왔다. 그리고 자녀가 왜 부모에게 효를 행해야 하는가의 이유나 근거를 다루는 논변도 다양하게 제시되었다. 효 의무의 근거에 관한 논의는 주로 호혜성, 우정, 부모의 필요(need)나 취약성, 관습이나 사회적 약속, 부모-자녀의 특수 관계에서의 특수 선 등을 통해 전개된다. 본 연구에서는 1) 이러한 논의들에서 밝힌 효 의무의 이론적 근거를 비교하고, 2) 각각의 논의들이 지닌 장단점을 평가해서, 오늘날 서구화된 현대사회에서 우리의 전통적 효 의무의 근거를 어떻게 조화롭게 수용할 것인지를 비판적으로 탐색하였다. From the long time, all societies have emphasized filial piety on parent. And There have been presented various arguments about rationale why children must do filial piety to their parent. Arguments about rationale of filial piety were mainly stated through reciprocity, friendship, need of parent, social custom, and special good in parent-children relation. In this paper, I search for two themes, 1) comparison on rationale of filial piety, 2) how to receive rationale of filial piety. But these arguments about filial piety have lots of limitation. They focus on individual level, and too theoretical or abstract to be lack of possibility of practice. As complemental alternatives to strength practice, I present institutionalization of legal or financial support system, and strengthening of filial piety education or activities programs. These complemental alternatives will contribute to build more comprehensive filial piety model, and enlarge capability of filial piety practice.

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