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      • KCI등재

        가감좌귀음(加減左歸飮)의 알레르기성 기관지천식(氣管支喘息) 반응(反應) 조절(調節) 효과(效果)

        박은정,이해자,박종익,박영주,Park, Eun-Jung,Lee, Hai-Ja,Park, Jong-Ik,Park, Young-Joo 대한한방소아과학회 2004 대한한방소아과학회지 Vol.18 No.2

        Objective : KagamJwagwiEum(KJE) has been used for the purpose of prevention and treatment of bronchial asthma and allergic asthma in Korea. To investigate the biological effect of KJE, the author examined cytotoxicity and inflammatory cytokines secretion with human leukemic mast cell line, HMC-1. Methods: HMC-1 was stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate(PMA) and calcium ionophore A23187. KJE by itself had no effect on viability of HMC-l. The effects of KJE on the secretion of tumor necrosis $factor-alpha(TNF-{\alpha})$, interleukin(IL)-6 and IL-8 from HMC-1 were evaluated with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results : KJE inhibited PMA plus A23187-induced $TNF-{\alpha}$ and IL-6 secretion. But KJE had no effect IL-8 secretion: KJE had immunoregulatory effects on cytokines, increased secretion of NO and $TNF-{\alpha}$ but did not effect IL-12 secretion when the cells were primed and trigged with $IFN-{\gamma}$ in the peritoneal macrophages of C57BL/6 mice. Conclusions : Taken together, these results suggest that KJE inhibit the production of inflammatory cytokines in HMC-1 cells and activate macrophages.

      • KCI등재

        독사 교상후 발생한 전신적 합병증 - 혈액학적 합병증과 신경학적 합병증을 중심으로 -

        박은정,윤상규,안정환,최상천,김기운,민영기,이국종,정호성,정윤석,Park, Eun-Jung,Yoon, Sang-Kyu,Ahn, Jung-Hwan,Choi, Sang-Cheon,Kim, Gi-Woon,Min, Young-Gi,Lee, Kuk-Jong,Jung, Ho-Sung,Jung, Yoon-Seok 대한임상독성학회 2009 대한임상독성학회지 Vol.7 No.2

        Purpose: This study explored and evaluated the systemic complications resulting from the bite of Korean venomous snake, focussing on hematologic and neurologic features. Methods: Medical records (demographic data, clinical measurements including laboratory results, severity score, and amount of antidote administration, and hospitalization course) of consecutive patients who presented with snakebites to two university teaching hospital during a 10-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Subgroup analysis was conducted for evaluations of anti-acetylcholine esterase administration in complicated victims. Results: The 170 patients displayed occurrence rates of hematologic and neurologic complications of 12.9% and 20.6%, respectively. Among 22 patients with hematologic complications, isolated thrombocytopenia was evident in eight patients (36.4%), prothrombin time (PT) / activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) prolongation in 11 patients (50.0%), and both in three patients (13.6%). The mean time to recovery was $4.5{\pm}1.8$ days for isolated thrombocytopenia, and $5.1{\pm}1.8$ days for PT and aPTT prolongation. Hematologic complications could occur suddenly 1?4 days after hospitalization. Among 35 patients with neurologic complications, dizziness was evident in 16 patients (45.7%), and diplopia / blurred vision in 19 patients (54.3%). The mean time to recovery was $3.4{\pm}0.6$ days in patients receiving anti-acetylcholine esterase and $6.9{\pm}1.8$ days in those not receiving anti-acetylcholine esterase (p=0.00). Conclusion: Occurrence rates of hematologic and neurologic complications following venomous snake bite differed as compared to other studies conducted in Korea. Onset of hematologic complications can occur rapidly days after admittance. Anti-acetylcholine esterase administration may be effective in treating neurologic complications.

      • KCI등재

        Embedded System Design을 위한 Real-Time System의 최적화된 Timing효과의 구현

        박은정,정태경,Park, Eun-Jung,Jeong, Tai-Kyeong 한국정보통신학회 2006 한국정보통신학회논문지 Vol.10 No.3

        본 고에서는 임베디드 시스템을 위한 새로운 이벤트 중심의 실시간 시스템의 디자인의 최적화에 대한 연구를 논하고자 한다. 이를 위해서는 대단위의 분산처리시스템을 만족하기 위한 종료시한 초과 처리기의 구현이 필수적이며, 이때 실시간 시스템에서의 타이밍을 조절하고 계측할 수 있는 종료시 한이 사용되어야 한다. 이러한 타이밍의 요소들은 보통 모델과 실제 시스템사이의 인터페이스에서 동작하는데, 여기서 실시간 시스템의 디자인을 위한 다양한 그래픽 언어들이 종료시한을 효과적으로 처리하도록 제고한다. 이 연구를 통하여 사용자수준에서의 임베디드 시스템을 위한 종료시한 초과 처리와 함께, RonRT라는 툴을 이용한 최적화된 종료시한 초과 처리기를 증명해 보이고자한다. This paper presents a new real-time system design methodology for embedded system as well as event-driven real time application. It is required to implement a deadline handling mechanism in order to satisfy a large-scale distributed real time application. When we design real time system, it has handled a deadline and is important to measure / control a timing issue. These timing constraints usually associated with an interface between model and system. There are many case tools that supporting a real time application, for example, UML, graphic language for designing real time system, but they cannot provide efficient way to handle deadline miss. Therefore, users have to design deadline handler manually when they need to use it. This paper contributes solving the problems of user-level deadline handling for an embedded system. Also, it also discusses an efficient deadline handler design mechanism using on RoseRT, which is a graphical CASE tool supporting from UML.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        학습경험을 바탕으로 학생들이 제시하는 고등학교 화학교과 내의 어려운 개념과 문지방개념 분석연구

        박은정,Park, Eun Jung 대한화학회 2014 대한화학회지 Vol.58 No.1

        본 연구는 과학학습의 어려움이나 낮은 흥미도의 한 원인으로 과학 교과학습에서의 중요한 통로 혹은 입구에 해당하는 문지방개념의 존재를 가정하고 특히 화학의 어떠한 개념들이 여기에 해당하는지를 알아보았다. 또한, 각 개념의 속성이 무엇이며 개념을 이해하고 "아~하"의 깨달음을 얻는 경험은 어떠했는지도 함께 알아보았다. 이를 위해, 화학 II를 학습한 239명의 고등학생이 연구에 참여하였고 설문에 대한 응답으로 화학 교과의 어려운 개념이 무엇인지, 문지방에 해당하는 개념이 무엇인지, 혹은 문지방개념을 이해한 경험이 화학 학습에 어떠한 영향을 주었는지를 설명하였다. 몰과 원자구조가 화학 교과의 문지방개념으로 제시되었고 구체적으로는 제시된 두 개념이 문지방개념이 되는 속성이 무엇인지를 집중적으로 분석하였다. 문지방을 극복하고 이해하는 것은 각자의 경험에 따르지만, 문지방개념을 분석하는 기준은 각각의 경험에 일정한 준거를 제시하여 서로 다른 경험들을 객관화 시킬뿐 아니라 개념의 과학적 의미와 본성을 잘 드러내어 준다. 특히, 교사가 제시하는 화학의 문지방개념을 조사한 사전연구와의 비교는 문지방개념의 통합적 속성이 학생들의 학습과 과학흥미도 증진에 중요함을 보여준다. Concerning the difficulty of learning science and reduced interest in science, the authors of this study searched for potential threshold concepts which are portals or gateways in the field of science (particularly chemistry). The nature of these concepts and how to overcome their troublesomeness were further questioned. For this study, 239 high school students completed chemistry II provided information about what difficult concepts and potential threshold concepts in high school chemistry are and how they affect learning chemistry. In particular, the mastery experience of the threshold concepts was explored in detail. Two, "mole and atomic structure" were selected as threshold concepts in chemistry. Not only as important but also as threshold, this study emphasized the importance of the two concepts in terms of features characterizing them as threshold concepts. In particular, the features objectify subjective experiences of students and provide information describing the scientific meaning and distinctive nature of threshold concepts in science. Along with the data from teachers, this study shows the integrative feature as key criteria for students to make meaningful understanding of the two threshold concepts.

      • KCI등재

        형개연교탕(荊芥連翹湯)과 가미형개연교탕(加味荊芥連翹湯)이 소염(消炎).진통(鎭通) 및 항(抗)알레르기에 미치는 영향(影響)

        박은정,신소영,Park Eun-Jeong,Shin So-Young 대한한방소아과학회 1997 대한한방소아과학회지 Vol.11 No.1

        Hyunggyeyungyotang has been used for treatment of sinusitis and otitis media in oriental medicine since ancient times. It is reported that Hyunggyeyungyotang has good effects on inflammatory and allergic diseases of otorhinolaryngology in clinical medicine. Kamihyunggyeyungyotang was made by adding several herbs to Hyunggyeyungyotang which has such good effects. To investigate the effects of Hyunggyeyungyotang and Kamihyunggyeyungyotang on inflammatory, algesic and allergic diseases, the author examined the analgesic effect by acetic acid reaction, studied the anti-inflammatory effect through the experiments of the protein thermo-denaturation and circumscribed edema. Besides researched the anti-allergic effect through the vascular permeability response to Chemical Mediator and the delayed type hypersensitivity response to Picryl Chloride. The obtained results were as follows ; 1. In the analgesic effect of Hyunggyeyungyotang and Kamihyunggyeyungyotang extract by acetic acid method, both of the sample groups showed the analgesia, but didn't show useful effect. 2. In the anti-inflammatory effect on the protein thermo-denaturation, the sample groups revealed the inhibitory effect in proportion to concentration as compared with the control group. 3. In the inhibitory action on circumscribed edema induced by Caraggeenin, both of Hyunggyeyungyotang and Kamihyunggyeyungyotang administration showed the significant effect after 4 hours in comparison to the control group. 4. In the delayed type hypersensitivity response to Picryl Chloride, both of the sample groups revealed the significant effects. 5. Both of the sample groups decreased the vascular permeability induced by Histamine in comparison with the control group, but the significancy was admitted in only Hyunggyeyungyotang administration. According to above results, Hyunggyeyungyotang and Kamihyunggyeyungyotang are considered to be used for treament of the inflammatory diseases including sinusitis.

      • KCI등재

        청기산(淸肌散)과 가미청기산(加味淸肌散)이 마우스의 항(抗)알레르기 및 면역반응(免疫反應)에 미치는 영향(影響)

        박은정,김양귀,Park Eun-Jeong,Kim Yang-Gwi 대한한방소아과학회 1998 대한한방소아과학회지 Vol.12 No.1

        Cheonggisan(CGS) is well known for its effect on such allergic disease as urticaria and atopic dermatitis. Gagamcheonggisan(GCGS) was formulated by subtracting several herbs from CGS and adding several herbs to CGS. Even though it is being used frequently in the clinicai medicine for the treatment of above hypersensitivity diseases, basic study to make sure the mechanism of its action is rare. In this study the author tried to know the effect of CGS and GCGS on the vascular permeability, contact dermatitis, granular secretion from mast cells and function of macrophages. The results obtained in this study are as follows : 1. Administration of CGS and GCGS decreased the vascular permeability induced by serotonin and histamine. The decrease by serotonin is more typical and dose-dependent. 2. Administration of CGS and GCGS inhibited foot-pad and ear swelling responses induced by sheep red blood cells and picryl chloride respectively, the inhibition of foot-pad swelling responses is bigger than that of ear swelling responses and both of them are not dependent on the dose3. Treatment of peritoneal mast cells with CGS and GCGS water extract decreased the histamine release triggered by compound 48/80 in a dose dependent fashion 4. Administration of CGS and GCGS increased the phagocvtic activity of peritoneal macrophages and treatment of peritoneal macrophages with CGS activated phagocytic function in a dose dependent fashion. 5. Administration of CGS and GCGS enhanced such reactive oxygen intermediates(ROIs) as superoxide and hydrogen peroxide production from peritoneal macrophages. 6. Treatment of CGS and GCGS activated peritoneal macrophages for the production of ROIs. The above results show that CGS and GCGS decreased the hypersensitivity reactions by inhibiting non-specific inflammatory mediator release and vascular permeability without affecting general immune responsiveness.

      • KCI등재후보

        Henoch-$Sch{\ddot{o}}nlein$ 자반증에서 항인지질 항체의 임상적 의의

        박은정,백지영,신재일,이재승,김현숙,Park, Eun-Jung,Baek, Ji-Young,Shin, Jae-Il,Lee, Jae-Seung,Kim, Hyon-Suk 대한소아신장학회 2009 Childhood kidney diseases Vol.13 No.2

        목적 : Henoch-$Sch{\ddot{o}}nlein$ 자반증에서 항인지질 항체에 대한 연구가 외국에서 몇몇 보고되고 있지만 국내에서는 소아 환자를 대상으로 한 연구가 거의 없는 실정이며 또한 항인지질 항체가 양성인 그룹과 음성인 그룹을 비교하여 연구한 논문은 아직 없는 상태이다. 따라서 한국 소아 Henoch-$Sch{\ddot{o}}nlein$ 자반증에서 항인지질 항체가 양성인 환아의 항인지질 항체의 임상적 의의를 알아보고자 본 연구를 시행하였다. 방법 : 2007년 1월부터 2009년 6월까지 신촌 세브란스 병원 소아청소년과에 내원하여 Henoch-$Sch{\ddot{o}}nlein$ 자반증으로 진단받은 62명의 환아를 대상으로 의무기록을 후향적으로 조사하여 분석하였다. 환아의 일반적인 특징으로 성별, 나이, 복통, 관절통과 자반증 등의 임상 증상을 조사하였고, 검사 소견으로는 백혈구수, 혈색소, 혈소판수, 호산구수, C-반응 단백, 혈침 속도, 단백뇨, 대변 잠혈 검사, 혈청 면역 글로불린(IgG, IgA, IgM, IgE), 혈청 보체(C3, C4), 항핵 항체(ANA), 알부민과 항인지질 항체(루프스 항응고인자, 항카디오리핀 항체, 항${\beta}$ 2GPI 항체) 등을 조사하였다. 결과 : 총 62명의 환아중 남녀 각각 31명이었고 평균 연령은 $6.0{\pm}3.1$세(범위: 1-16세)였다. 루프스 항응고인자 양성인 그룹과 음성인 그룹으로 나누어 비교한 결과 복통, 자반증, 관절통, 신염 등의 임상 증세에서는 두 그룹 간에 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 없는 걸로 나타났으나 검사 소견을 비교하였을 때 양성인 그룹에서 C-반응 단백($4.3{\pm}7.2$ mg/dL vs. $1.3{\pm}1.8$ mg/dL, P=0.035), 혈침 속도($37.5{\pm}26.2 mm/hr vs. $25.1{\pm}22.6$ mm/hr, P=0.039), IgM ($148.1{\pm}48.4$ mg/dL vs. $114.9{\pm}41.5$ mg/dL, P=0.024), C3 ($143.1{\pm}21.9$ mg/dL vs. $129.7{\pm}24.5$ mg/dL, P=0.048), C4 ($30.9{\pm}6.3$ mg/dL vs. $24.9{\pm}7.8$ mg/dL, P=0.002)가 통계학적으로 유의하게 높았다. 결론 : Henoch-$Sch{\ddot{o}}nlein$ 자반증에서 루프스 항응고인자는 29%에서 양성 소견을 보였으며 양성인 그룹에서 염증 인자인 C-반응단백, 혈침 속도 그리고 IgM, C3, C4 수치가 유의하게 높게 측정되었다. 이것은 루프스 항응고인자가 Henoch-$Sch{\ddot{o}}nlein$ 자반증에서 질병의 활성과 병인에 어떤 역할을 수행함을 암시한다고 볼 수 있다. Purpose : We performed this study to evaluate the incidence and clinical significance of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL Ab) in Korean children with Henoch-$Sch{\ddot{o}}nlein$ purpura (HSP). Methods : The medical records of 62 patients (31 boys and 31 girls) aged $46.0{\pm}3.1$ (1-16) years with a clinical diagnosis of HSP based on the EULAR/PReS criteria were reviewed retrospectively. From the years 2007 to 2009, the sera from children with acute HSP were tested for aPL Ab such as LA, anti-cardiolipin antibody and anti-${\beta}_2$ glycoprotein I antibody. Results : LA was positive in 18 (29%) of the 62 patients with HSP and We divided the patients into the two groups LA positive group (N=18) and LA negative group (N=44). There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to abdominal pain, arthralgia and renal involvement, but LA positive group had significantly higher C-reactive protein ($4.3{\pm}7.2$ mg/dL vs. $1.3{\pm}1.8$ mg/dL, P=0.035), erythrocyte sedimentation rate ($37.5{\pm}26.2$ mm/hr vs. $25.1{\pm}22.6$ mm/hr, P= 0.039), IgM ($148.1{\pm}48.4$ mg/dL vs. $114.9{\pm}41.5$ mg/dL, P=0.024), C3 ($143.1{\pm}21.9$ mg/dL vs. $129.7{\pm}24.5$ mg/dL, P=0.048) and C4 levels ($30.9{\pm}6.3$ mg/dL vs. $24.9{\pm}7.8$ mg/dL, P=0.002) compared with LA negative group. Conclusion : We found that the incidence of positive aPL Ab tests was relatively higher in Korean children with HSP and the presence of aPL Ab was associated with acute inflammatory process of HSP. These results suggest that the aPL Ab are involved in the pathogenesis of HSP in children.

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