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        • KCI등재

          광양제철소에 대한 지역 시민들의 기업이미지 분석: CFI를 이용하여

          김창곤,김명수 한국유통과학회 2013 유통과학연구 Vol.11 No.1

          Purpose - This study aims to (a) analyze local citizens’ perception of a local company, the Gwangyang Steel and Iron Company (GSIC); (b) compare the perception toward the local company with that of national citizens’ perceptions towards many other unspecified companies, which were surveyed biannually by The Korea Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KCCI); and (c) analyze how such companies evaluate perceptions towards them, in relation to citizens’ socioeconomic position, such as their education status. Research design, data, methodology - The data were collected using a questionnaire, which was given to a sample of local citizens in cities. To test the hypotheses, factor analyses, a t-test, and an ANOVA were conducted. The total number of respondents was 1798. The data gathered from the respondents of the sample were analyzed using SPSS Win 19.0 software. Perception towards the company was evaluated on the corporate favorite index (CFI). The CFI index shows how positive citizens feel towards a company. It is calculated using five leading factors, consisting of the following: contribution to the economy, productivity, international competitiveness, social contribution, and ethical management. The higher the level of positive feelings exhibited, the closer the index will come to 100. Results - As a result of the analysis, the CFI index towards the GSIC stood at 67.3. The CFI index towards the company is 16.5 points higher than that of the index towards the many other unspecified companies, which were surveyed by the bi-annual KCCI study in the first half of 2011. The other five indexes stood as follows: contribution to the economy, productivity, social contribution, and ethical management was 69.2, 71.2, 64.6, and 58.6, respectively. These indexes are 18.3, 4.6, 27.6, and 35.6, respectively, higher than those found by the KCCI study. However, international competitiveness is 73.0 (9.8 points lower than that of the KCCI study). This survey thus shows that the CFI of the local citizens towards the global company GSIC is very high when compared with the CFI index towards the many other unspecified companies that was determined by the KCCI survey. Conclusions - This survey shows that local citizens have high expectations of economic activity, increasing working opportunities, and regional cooperation projects from the local company, GSIC. In addition, the CFI index towards GSIC evaluates results depending on the respondent's relationship with the company, and their educational status. Respondents, whose family or relatives were working as employees of GSIC, have relatively positive perceptions of GSIC, and respondents with a relatively higher educational status also share positive perceptions. Local citizens expect the profit-making of the company to operate in accordance with management activities, and at the same time, they expect that the wealth generated by the company will return to wider society.

        • KCI등재후보

          정악아쟁의 정통성에 관한 연구

          김창곤 서울대학교 동양음악연구소 2017 동양음악 Vol.42 No.-

          현재 국립국악원 정악단에서는 당악 연주에는 7현 아쟁, 향악 연주에는 9현 아쟁을 중심으로 연주하고 있다. 고려시대 도입된 7현 아쟁과 달리 9현 아쟁은 1960년대 이후 개량된 것으로 정악아쟁으로서의 정통성을 의심받고 있다. 본고에서는 정악아쟁의 정통성에 관한 문제를 살펴보았는데, 연구된 결과는 다음과 같다. 아쟁은 고려시대 이후 현행에 이르는 과정에서 몇 차례 큰 변화를 겪는다. 첫 번째는 아쟁이 도입 당시 당악만 연주하던 것에서 조선 초에 이르러 향악을 겸하여 연주하게 된 것이다. 두 번째는 조선후기 발생한 향악곡을 9현 아쟁으로 연주하기 시작한 것이다. 즉 조선후기에 완성된 평조회상・관악영산회상 등은 음역대가 넓어 7현 아쟁으로 연주하기 어려웠다. 그런데 1960년대에 이르러 창작 음악 연주를 위한 9현 아쟁이 등장했고, 이들 음역 넓은 향악곡을 9현 아쟁으로 연주하기 시작하면서 정악아쟁의 레퍼토리가 크게 확장되었다. 이런 과정을 거쳐 현재는 7현 아쟁과 더불어 9현 아쟁이 정악아쟁의 필수악기로 자리 잡게 된 것이다. 세 번째는 10현 아쟁의 등장이다. 10현 아쟁은 현의 재질이 합성줄로 제작되어 전통 현악기 음색과 다르고, 초상을 사용하지 않는 등의 이유로 정악아쟁으로서의 정통성을 부여하기 어렵다는 것을 알았다. 본고를 통하여 고려시대에 도입된 이래 지금까지 변함없이 사용되고 있는 7현 아쟁과 더불어 7현 아쟁으로 연주 불가능한 음역 넓은 향악곡의 연주를 가능하게 한 9현 아쟁도 이제는 정악 연주의 주요 악기로서 정통성을 부여해야 한다는 것을 알았다. The National Gugak Center uses a 7-stringed Ajaeng for the Dangak performance and a 9-stringed Ajaeng for the Hyangak performance. Unlike a 7-stringed Ajaeng which was introduced in the Gorea era, the legitimacy of 9-stringed Ajaeng is suspected to have been made in the 1960s. The aim of this study is to investigate the legitimacy of Jeoungak Ajaeng. The results of the present study are as follows; the Ajaeng has experienced several major changes from the Gorea era to the present. First, although the Ajaeng played only Dangak in the Gorea era, it came to play Dangak and Hyangak as well since early Choseon Dynasty. Second, the 9-stringed Ajaeng started to play thewide-scaled Hyangak songs such as ‘Pyeonjohaesang(平調會上)’ and ‘Gwanakyeongsanhaesang(管樂靈山會上)’ which were difficult to play with a 7-stringed Ajaeng due to their wide scales. Since 1960s, the 9-stringed Ajaeng for creative music was established as one of key musical instruments of the Jeongak. Third, 10-stringed Ajaeng was newly introduced. As 10-stringed Ajaeng made of artificial thread produces a different tone color unlike a traditional Ajaeng, it is very hard to endow the legitimacy to it. In conclusion, not only the 7-stringed Ajaeng which was introduced in the Gorea era but also the 9-stringed Ajaeng which can play the wide-scaled Hangak songs need to be given the legitimacy as the main instruments of the Jeongak.

        • KCI등재

          Comprehensive Studies on the Free Energies of Solvation and Conformers of Glycine: A Theoretical Study

          김창곤,이해황,박병호,김찬경 대한화학회 2011 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.32 No.6

          The stable conformers of glycine and the inter-conversions between them were studied theoretically at various levels of theory, B3LYP, MP2, CCSD and CCSD(T), in the gas phase and in aqueous solution. In aqueous solution, the structures examined by use of the conductor-like polarizable continuum model (CPCM) with various cavity models, UA0, UAHF, UAKS, UFF, BONDI and PAULING, and by use of a discrete/continuum solvation model with eight water clusters. The Gibbs free energy differences between the neutral (NE) and zwitterionic conformers (ZW), ΔG_(Z-N) [= G_(ZW) – G_(NE)], in aqueous solution were well reproduced by using the BONDI and PAULING cavity models. However the ΔGZ-N values were underestimated in other cavity models,although the ZW conformers existed as stable species in aqueous solution. In the studies of a discrete/continuum solvation model with eight water clusters, gas phase results are still insufficient to reproduce the experimental findings. However the ΔG_(Z-N) values calculated by use of CPCM method in aqueous solution agreed well with the experimental ones.

        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재
        • KCI등재

          한반도 주변의 회색지대(the Gray Zone) 위협과 대응방향

          김창곤 육군군사연구소 2020 군사연구 Vol.- No.149

          A series of recent events in the North-East Asia is blurring the conceptual boundaries between 'peace and war' and the definition of friend and adversary. These unconventional actions by various states are posing serious challenges to the current norms and rules of the international order and to the threshold of "acceptable" responses by a state. Consequently, the power dynamics in the region are being contested, fueled by these actors engaging in continuous competition with various tool-kits. This paper defines this uncharted arena as the "gray zone" and classifies various unconventional threats emerging from it. In this purpose, it analyzes the Senkaku(Diaoyu) islands dispute and the THAAD issues as the cases of the gray-zone conflicts in the North-East Asia. Furthermore, the paper prospects the types of the gray zone threats possibly occurring on the Korean peninsula in near future. Considering implications from this study, it provides several policy recommendations on how the Republic of Korea could counter these inevitable challenges. 한반도 주변에서 발생되고 있는 위협들은 ‘전쟁과 평화’, ‘군사와 비군사’, ‘영역’과 ‘수단’의 한계와 같은 일반적인 인식의 경계, 전제와 고정관념을 파고들며 점차 복합적인 형태로 진화해가고 있다. ‘회색지대(the Gray Zone)’라 불리는 규정하기 어려운 영역에서 벌어지고 있는 전략적 경쟁은 힘의 구조와 질서의 변화, 상호의존성과 정보환경의 확대와 같은 환경요인들과 결합하여 향후 더욱 공격적이고 집요한 방식으로 나타날 것으로 예상된다. 본 연구는 회색지대의 실체에 대해 올바르게 이해하고, 효과적인 대응방향을 모색하는 데 그 목적이 있다. 이를 위해 최근 논쟁이 되고 있는 유사한 개념들을 분석함으로써 회색지대의 실체를 구체적으로 살펴보고, 회색지대 전략의 특징과 국가 행위자가 필연적으로 경험하게 되는 딜레마를 설명하였다. 이를 종합하여 회색지대의 개념을 정립하였다. 정의된 회색지대 개념에 기초하여, 중·일간의 센카쿠/댜오위다오 분쟁과 한·중 간의 사드(THAAD) 갈등을 회색지대 사례로써 분석하였다. 이를 통해 두 사례에서 나타난 회색지대 전략의 특성과 국가 대응의 딜레마를 구체적으로 분석하였다. 이를 기초로 마지막 장에서는 한반도 주변에서 발생할 수 있는 회색지대 위협의 양상을 전망하고, 국가 차원의 대응방향을 제시하였다. 현재 한국은 회색지대에서 벌어지는 다양한 갈등과 경쟁을 직·간접적으로 경험하고 있으며, 향후 주변국의 회색지대 전략은 보다 공격적이고 집요하게 진화될 것으로 보인다. 본 연구가 전략의 패러다임 변화를 이해하고, 보다 포괄적이고, 능동적인 관점에서 안보전략을 발전시키는 계기가 되길 바란다.

        • KCI등재

          예비 고령자의 경제적 은퇴계획에 따른 고령자 주택선택에 관한 연구

          김창곤,이주형,Kim, Chang-Gon,Lee, Joo-Hyung 한국국토정보공사 공간정보연구원 2015 지적과 국토정보 Vol.45 No.2

          본 연구는 예비 고령자의 노년기 경제적 은퇴계획 특성에 따른 고령자 주택의 주택유형별 선택요인을 분석하고, 향후 고령자 주택의 개발방안을 도출하는 데 연구의 목적이 있다. 본 연구에서는 기존 선행연구의 변수를 통제변수로 하고, 새로이 '노년기 경제적 은퇴계획'의 변수를 본 모형을 통해 검증했다는 점에 의의가 존재하며, 세부 모형 간 차이가 있음을 도출했다. 분석결과를 종합해보면 고령자 주택유형 선택모형에서는 노년기 경제적 은퇴계획에서 노인복지시설을 기준으로 단독주택, 공동주택의 선택요인의 차이가 존재하는 것을 알 수 있었다. This study analyzed the determinant factors of elderly housing by housing type according to the Financial Retirement plan of preliminary elders and it aimed to draw a future development scheme of elderly housing. This study used parameters of existing research as control variables and it has a meaningful point that the variables of Financial Retirement plan of elders were verified through the research model which this study used. In addition, there was a difference between the detailed models. As a comprehensive analysis result, the Choice Model of elderly housing type has a difference between determinants, the single-family housing and the multi-family housing, based on the Welfare Facility for the Aged from Financial Retirement plan of elders.

        • 在韓中國留學生의 여가태도와 삶의 질에 관한 연구

          김창곤 중국인문학회 2009 中國人文科學 Vol.0 No.42

          There is a growing interest in quality of life research, especially in relation to foreign students. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the quality of life on leisure attitudes of chinese students studying in Korea. In total, 220 self-administered questionnaires were distributed and 195 usable questionnaires were obtained. In this study five factors were extracted; 'health', 'personal relationship', 'family', 'education conditions', 'living conditions' and 'leisure'. To accomplish the research objective, the literature study and the empirical study have been carried out simultaneously. In conclusions, we should efforts to raise the quality of chinese students' life and enhance the positive leisure attitudes.

        • KCI등재

          Computational Studies on the Reaction from Silyl 1,4-Dilithio 1,3-butadiene to Lithio Silole

          김창곤,Ahmed A. K. Mohammed,Eugene Wee,손창국,김찬경 대한화학회 2016 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.37 No.1

          The reaction mechanisms forming lithio silole, 2, from silyl 1,4-dilithio 1,3-butadiene, 1, were examined theoretically at the CCSD/6-31+G(d)//B3LYP/6-31+G(d) level of theory in the gas phase. To account for the solvent effects, the reactions in diethyl ether were examined using the polarizable continuum model of the integral equation formalism (IEFPCM) with the united atom topological (UA0) cavity model at the IEFPCM-CCSD/6-31+G(d)//IEFPCM-B3LYP/6-31+G(d) level of theory. Without hexamethyl-phosphoramide (HMPA) as a cosolvent, the lithio silole, 2, was not produced due to the higher activation barrier, which is comparable to the homolytic cleavage of CC and/or CS bonds. On the other hand, the reaction could be feasible if HMPA solvates strongly or dissociates two Li+ cations from the reaction system. This suggests that HMPA plays a decisive role in the reaction. The optimized structures of the stationary point species on the potential energy surfaces in diethyl ether were similar to those in the gas phase, suggesting that the solvent effects on the structures of stationary species were not so large. On the other hand, theΔ E ZPVE ≠ values in diethyl ether showed larger changes from the corresponding values in the gas phase.

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