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      • 絹絲 LOUSINESS에 對한 硏究 (Ⅱ)

        崔炳熙,金洛禎,朴光義,南重熙 서울대학교 1964 서울대학교 論文集 Vol.15 No.-

        This treatise was carried out to study the heredity phenomenon of silk lousiness and the interaction of genes related with silk lousiness. It was also studied how to improve the silk lousiness of general raw silk by refining process because the mutational or selective process was found as unsatisfactory method. The conclusion reached were as follows. A. Conclusions related with genetic problem. 1. The decreased effects of the lousiness were 11% in the F₁hybrids. 2. Lousiness was considered to inherit as the incomplete dominance. 3. The effects of the lousiness gene were additive, and the lousiness of raw silk might be influenced by more than two genes. 4. The quantitative characters of cocoons were not genetically correlated with the occurance of lousiness. 5. Lousiness could not be said to occur more in the heavy-cocoon strains. 6. The microscopic lousiness test of this paper showed the same result of the international exforiation test. B. Conclusions related with lousiness improvement. 1. Raw silk was able to refine by the employment of 0.2% cationic softener solution for 30 minutes at 95℃ refining bath without the occurance of lousiness. 2. Anionic chemical softener was not available for silk refining process. 3. The above cationic softener refining process did not cause any physical defect for the silk fiber. 4. Soap refining process caused silk lousiness easily.

      • 자동조사기 기술체계확립을 위한 시험 (I)

        최병희,송기언,유시환,김화연,이용우 한국잠사학회 1971 한국잠사곤충학회지 Vol.13 No.2

        본 시험은 우리나라의 원료견질에 적합한 자동조사기의 기술체계를 확립하기 위한 연구로서 다음 결과를 얻었다. 1) 원료견 성상에 따른 생사량 및 조사능률을 감안한 합리적인 조사속도는 해서량호견(해서사장 850m)은 150m/min 내외, 해서중용견(해서사장 650m)은 120m/min 내외, 해서하량견(해서사장 500m)은 90~120m/min 이었다. 2) 건견온도별에 있어서 저온구(T$_3$)는 표준구(T$_1$) 및 고온구(T$_2$)에 비하여 해서율은 향상되나 사조고장은 증가하고 생사품위가 저하되었으며 생사량비율 및 부잠사양비율에 있어서는 유의차를 인정할 수 없었다. 3) 건견정도별에 있어서는 약건구(T$_3$)는 표준구(T$_1$) 및 과건구(T$_2$)에 비하여 해서율은 향상되었으나 사조고장이 증가하고 생사품위가 저하되었으며 생사량비율 및 부잠사량비율에 있어서는 유의차를 인정할 수 없었다. 따라서 자동조사의 합리적인 건견조건으로는 건견온도에 있어서 저온건견을 피하여 표준건견 내지 고온건견으로 하고 건견정도에 있어서는 약건을 피하여 표준건견내지 과건하는 방향으로 건조하는 것이 생사품위를 향상시키는데 적합하다고 사료된다. 4) 자동조사의 적합한 자견정도는 적자, 조사탕온도 4$0^{\circ}C$ 또는 약자, 조사탕온도 45$^{\circ}C$로 조절하여 주는것이 좋았다. This experiment was carried out to investigate the cocoon reeling condiditions required to technical balance work on the automatic silk reeling machine. The results obtained were as follows. 1) Reasonable reeling velocity with regard to raw silk yield and to reeling efficiency varied according to cocoon reelability. It was observed to be about 150m/min on good reelability cocoon (850m of nonbreaking bave length), about 120m/min on medium reelability cocoon (650m of nonbreaking bave length) and from 90m/min to 120m/min on bad reelability cocoon (500m of nonbreaking bave length) 2) Low temperature drying of cocoon (T$_3$) improved the reelability of cocoon, but increased the reeling accidance with deteriorating the quality of raw silk more than the control(T$_1$) or high temperature drying of cocoon (T$_2$). No significant difference was observed in its raw silk yield and silk by-product with regard to cocoon drying temperature. 3) Incomplete drying of cocoon (T$_3$) improved the reelability of cocoon, but increased the reeling accidance with deteriorating the quality of raw silk more than the control(T$_1$) or over drying of cocoon(T$_2$). No significant difference was observed in its raw silk yield and silk by-product with regard to cocoon drying degree. It was cocoon drying condition of cocoon was the control(T$_1$) or high temperature(T$_2$) rather than low temperature (T$_3$) in cocoon drying process. Control (T$_1$) or over drying of cocoon (T$_2$) was adequate rather than incomplete drying of cocoon (T$_3$) for the improvement of the quality of raw silk on the automatic silk reeling process. 4) It was found that the reasonable cooking condition of cocoon was optimum cooking with 4$0^{\circ}C$ of reeling temperature or incomplete cooking with 45$^{\circ}C$ of the reeling temperature in the automatic silk reeling of the domestic cocoon.

      • 잔류응력을 고려한 SS400재의 피로특성에 관한 연구

        최병희,이종범,정장만,장경천,최병기 朝鮮大學校 機械技術硏究所 2007 機械技術硏究 Vol.10 No.2

        In this study is about the fatigue characteristics which appears in the welding residual stress field. The welding residual stress takes place mostly at the portion where SS400 materials are automatical welded. The effects of the welding residual stress in the growth and propagation of fatigue crack, so as to study the fatigue behavior in the welding residual stress field. The results, in case of the load range is constant, as the stress ratio is changing to 0.1, 0.33. 0.5 the propagation life is constant but the growth life decreases. And than, when maximum load or minimum load is constant, as the stress ratio increases the growth life and propagation life increase. The fatigue crack propagations rate da/dN appears to accelerate when the stress intensity factor range △K is less than 15MPa-m^(1/2). The growing and propagation fatigue crack in the welding residual stress field is similar to original specimen after being passed the original residual stress field.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재후보
      • 해설 : 발파진동 및 발파소음의 측정 및 자료처리

        최병희 ( Byung Hee Choi ), 류창하 ( Chang Ha Ryu ) 대한화약발파공학회 2015 화약발파 Vol.33 No.3

        측정된 지반진동의 최대입자속도 자료에 대한 통계분석을 통해 환산거리 개념에 기초한 안전발파 설계조건식을 구할 수 있다. 국내에서 널리 사용되는 환산거리에는 자승근 환산거리(SRSD)와 삼승근 환산거리(CRSD)의 두 가지가 있다. 하지만 SRSD와는 대조적으로, CRSD의 장약량 함수는 두 회귀식의 유사한 적합도에도 불구하고 두 함수의 교점을 지나면 기하급수적으로 증가하게 된다. 따라서 CRSD의 지나치게 많은 장약량으로 인해 발생할 지도 모를 구조물의 피해를 방지하기 위해 본 논문에서는 CRSD는 어떤 특정한 거리 이내에서만 사용하도록 제한한다. 한편, 진동의 주파수 스펙트럼에 대한 충분한 고려도 없이 PPV로부터 진동레벨(vibration level; VL)을 예측하거나 환산거리에 따라 VL을 추정하려는 시도들이 있다. 이 시도들은 발파공사 과정에서 소음진동관리법을 충족시키려는 목적으로 이루어지는 것으로 보인다. 소음진동관리법은 생활소음과 생활진동을 주로 취급하고 있다. 그러나 원칙적으로 전체 주파수 스펙트럼 상에서는 속도나 가속도 피크치 사이에는 아무런 상관관계도 존재할 수 없다. 따라서 이러한 상관관계나 추정식의 유도작업은 반드시 동일하거나 매우 유사한 주파수 스펙트럼을 지니는 파동들에 한해서 수행되어야 한다. 끝으로, 구조물의 손상은 PPV 수준과 관련이 있는 것으로 알려져 있으므로 구조물에 대한 지반진동 규제기준에서는 주파수대역별 PPV를 사용하는 것이 바람직하다고 본다. Safe blast criteria based on the concept of scaled distances can be obtained from the statistical analysis on measured peak particle velocity data of blast vibrations. Two types of scaled distance widely used in Korea are the square root scaled distance (SRSD) and cube root scaled distance (CRSD). In contrast to SRSD scheme, however, the function of maximum charge per delay for CRSD increases without bound after the intersection point of these two functions despite of the similar goodness of fits. To prevent structural damage that may be caused by the excessive charge in the case of CRSD, it is suggested that CRSD be used within a specified distance slightly beyond the intersection point. On the other hand, there are several attempts that predict vibration level(VL) from the peak particle velocity(PPV) or estimate VL based on the scaled distances without considering their frequency spectra. It appears that these attempts are conducted in blasting contracts only for the purpose of satisfying the environment-related law, which mainly deals with the annoyance aspects of noises and vibrations in human life. But, in principle there could no correlation between peaks of velocity and acceleration over entire frequency spectrum. Therefore, such correlations or estimations should be conducted only between the waves with the same or very similar frequency spectra. Finally, it is a known fact that structural damage due to ground vibration is related to PPV level, the safety level criteria for structures should be defined by allowable PPV levels together with their zero crossing frequencies (ZCF).

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