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      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Machine-to-Machine (M2M) Communications in Vehicular Networks

        Booysen,,M.J.,Gilmore,,J.S.,Zeadally,,S.,Rooyen,,G.J.,Van Korean Society for Internet Information 2012 KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Syst Vol.6 No.2

        To address the need for autonomous control of remote and distributed mobile systems, Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications are rapidly gaining attention from both academia and industry. M2M communications have recently been deployed in smart grid, home networking, health care, and vehicular networking environments. This paper focuses on M2M communications in the vehicular networking context and investigates areas where M2M principles can improve vehicular networking. Since connected vehicles are essentially a network of machines that are communicating, preferably autonomously, vehicular networks can benefit a lot from M2M communications support. The M2M paradigm enhances vehicular networking by supporting large-scale deployment of devices, cross-platform networking, autonomous monitoring and control, visualization of the system and measurements, and security. We also present some of the challenges that still need to be addressed to fully enable M2M support in the vehicular networking environment. Of these, component standardization and data security management are considered to be the most significant challenges.

      • KCI등재후보SCOPUS

        Effect of Rare Earth Elements on Proliferation and Fatty Acids Accumulation of 3T3-L1 Cells

        M.,L.,He,W.,Z.,Yang,H.,Hidari,W.,A.,Rambeck 아세아·태평양축산학회 2006 Animal Bioscience Vol.19 No.1

        The present study including two experiments was designed to determine the effect of media containing different rare earth elements (REE) on proliferation and fatty acids accumulation in 3T3-L1 cell cultures. In Experiment 1, 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in 96-well plates (1.5횞104 cells/ml) were cultured with Dulbecco`s modified Eagle`s medium (DMEM) containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) for 24 h. Then the media were changed to the following 10 different media for 48 h: DMEM containing 10% FBS for the control; the above media containing 5 쨉M, 10 쨉M or 15 쨉M of LaCl3, CeCl3 or the mixture of these REE chlorides. The proliferation rate of the cells was measured and compared by a non-isotope method-XTT method. In Experiment 2 the cells in 24-well plates (1.5횞104 cells/ml) were cultured in DMEM containing 10% FBS for 7 days until confluent and then were changed to above DMEM containing dexamethasone, methyl-isobutylxanthine and insulin (DMI) for two days. Afterwards the media were changed to the 10 different media with REE supplements as in Experiment 1 and cultured for 6 days. The cells were then harvested for fatty acids analysis by gas chromatography. It was found that supplementation of La (5, 10 and 15 쨉M), Ce (5 쨉M and 15 쨉M) and the mixture REE (5, 10 and 15 쨉M) stimulated (p<0.05) the proliferation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes (Experiment 1). In the differentiating 3T3-L1 cells supplementation of La (5 쨉M and 10 쨉M), Ce (5 쨉M) and the mixture REE (5 쨉M and 15 쨉M) decreased (p<0.05) the concentration of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) per 105 cells, while the supplementation of La (5 쨉M), Ce (5 쨉M) and the mixture REE (15 쨉M) increased (p<0.05) the ratio of saturated fatty acids (SFA) to MUFA. These results indicate that the supplementation of REE to the media may affect proliferation, differentiation and lipogenesis rates of 3T3-L1 cells. However, the effect may depend upon the level or type of REE applied.

      • KCI등재후보SCOPUS

        Machine-to-Machine (M2M) Communications in Vehicular Networks

        ( M. J. Booysen ), ( J. S. Gilmore ), ( S. Zeadally ), ( G. J. Van Rooyen ) 한국인터넷정보학회 2012 KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Syst Vol.6 No.2

        To address the need for autonomous control of remote and distributed mobile systems, Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications are rapidly gaining attention from both academia and industry. M2M communications have recently been deployed in smart grid, home networking, health care, and vehicular networking environments. This paper focuses on M2M communications in the vehicular networking context and investigates areas where M2M principles can improve vehicular networking. Since connected vehicles are essentially a network of machines that are communicating, preferably autonomously, vehicular networks can benefit a lot from M2M communications support. The M2M paradigm enhances vehicular networking by supporting large-scale deployment of devices, cross-platform networking, autonomous monitoring and control, visualization of the system and measurements, and security. We also present some of the challenges that still need to be addressed to fully enable M2M support in the vehicular networking environment. Of these, component standardization and data security management are considered to be the most significant challenges.

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Effect of Rare Earth Elements on Proliferation and Fatty Acids Accumulation of 3T3-L1 Cells

        He,,M.L.,Yang,,W.Z.,Hidari,,H.,Rambeck,,W.A. Asian Australasian Association of Animal Productio 2006 Animal Bioscience Vol.19 No.1

        The present study including two experiments was designed to determine the effect of media containing different rare earth elements (REE) on proliferation and fatty acids accumulation in 3T3-L1 cell cultures. In Experiment 1, 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in 96-well plates ($1.5{\times}10^4cells/ml$) were cultured with Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) for 24 h. Then the media were changed to the following 10 different media for 48 h: DMEM containing 10% FBS for the control; the above media containing $5{\mu}M$, $10{\mu}M$ or $15{\mu}M$ of $LaCl_3$, $CeCl_3$ or the mixture of these REE chlorides. The proliferation rate of the cells was measured and compared by a non-isotope method-XTT method. In Experiment 2 the cells in 24-well plates ($1.5{\times}10^4cells/ml$) were cultured in DMEM containing 10% FBS for 7 days until confluent and then were changed to above DMEM containing dexamethasone, methyl-isobutylxanthine and insulin (DMI) for two days. Afterwards the media were changed to the 10 different media with REE supplements as in Experiment 1 and cultured for 6 days. The cells were then harvested for fatty acids analysis by gas chromatography. It was found that supplementation of La (5, 10 and $15{\mu}M$), Ce ($5{\mu}M$ and $15{\mu}M$) and the mixture REE (5, 10 and $15{\mu}M$) stimulated (p<0.05) the proliferation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes (Experiment 1). In the differentiating 3T3-L1 cells supplementation of La ($5{\mu}M$ and $10{\mu}M$), Ce ($5{\mu}M$) and the mixture REE ($5{\mu}M$ and $15{\mu}M$) decreased (p<0.05) the concentration of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) per $10^5cells$, while the supplementation of La ($5{\mu}M$), Ce ($5{\mu}M$) and the mixture REE ($15{\mu}M$) increased (p<0.05) the ratio of saturated fatty acids (SFA) to MUFA. These results indicate that the supplementation of REE to the media may affect proliferation, differentiation and lipogenesis rates of 3T3-L1 cells. However, the effect may depend upon the level or type of REE applied.

      • 2단계 급속동결 및 초자화 동결한 토끼상실배의 체외생존성에 관한 연구

        정구민,이창규,임경순,김수헌 서울대학교농과대학농업개발연구소 1990 서울대농학연구지 Vol.15 No.1

        본 시험은 수정란 급속동결보존기술의 개발을 위한 기초자료를 얻기 위하여 2단계 급속동결 및 초자화동결이 토끼 상실배의 체외발생등에 미치는 영향을 검토하고자 실시하였으며, 얻어진 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 토끼 상실배를 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 및 3.0 M glycerol과 0.5 M sucrose가 포함된 동결액에 실온에서 10분간 노출후 -30℃에서 30∼40분간 정치하여 급속동결하였을 때 발생율은 각각 36.4, 83.3, 92.3 및 84.2%로 2.5 M glycerol에서 가장 높았다. 2. 토끼 상실배를 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 및 3.0 M 1,2-propanediol과 0.5 M sucrose가 포함된 동결액에 실온에서 10분간 노출 후 -30℃에서 30∼40분간 정치하여 급속동결하였을 때 발생율은 각각 26.6, 55.6, 65.0 및 52.9%로 2.5 M 1,2-propanediol에서 가장 높았으나, glycerol을 사용했을 때 보다 낮았다. 3. 토끼 상실배를 2.5, 3.0 및 3.5 M glycerol과 0.5 M trehalose가 포함된 동결액에 실온에서 10분간 노출후 액체질소에 침지하여 초급속동결한 결과 회수율은 각각 87.5, 92.5 및 92.5%, 형태적으로 정상인 수정란의 비율은 각각 37.5, 55.5 및 60.0%, 그리고 발생율은 각각 13.3, 36.4 및 37.5%로 3.5 M glycerol에서 가장 높았으나 초자화동결법보다 현저하게 낮았다. 4. 토끼 상실배를 25% glycerol과 25% 1,2-propanediol을 함유한 동결액에 실온에서 10분간 노출후 초자화동결했을 때 발생율은 75.0%로 실온에서 형평한 후 초자화동결이 가능하였다. This experiment was carried out to investigate on in vitro development of rabbit monla frozen by 2-step feezing and vitrification. The results obtained from this experiment are as follows; 1. When rabbit morula in m-PBS containing 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 or 3.0 M glyceral and 0.5 M sucrose for 10 min at room temperature were cooled at -30℃ for 30 to 40 min and plunged into liquid nitrogen, the proportion of embryo developed to expanded blastoyst was 36.4, 83.3, 92.3 and 84.2%, respectively. Glycerol 2.5 M showed higher survival than others. 2. When rabbit morula in m-PBS containing 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 or 3.0 M 1, 2-propanediol and 0.5 M sucrose for 10 min at room temperature were cooled at -30℃ for 30 to 40 min and plunged into liquid nitrogen, the proportion of embrye developed to expanded blastocyst was 26.6, 55.6, 65.0 and 52.9%, respectively. 1, 2-propanediol was less effective than glycerol. 3. When rabbit morula in m-PBS containing 2.5, 3.0 or 3.5 M glycerol and 0.5 M trehalose for 10 min at room temperature were plunged into liquid nitrogen and thawed rapidly, the recovery rate of embryo was 87.5, 92.5 and 92.5%, the proportion of morphologically normal embryo was 37.5, 55.5 and 60.0%, and the proportion of embryo developed to expanded blastocyst was 13.3. 36.4 and 37.5%, respectively. The proportion of embryo developed to expanded blastocyst was higher in vitrification than in plunging into liquid nitrogen. 4. When rabbit morula were frozen by vitrification in m-PBS containing 25% glycerol. 25% 1, 2-propanediol, the proportion of embryo developed to expanded blastocyst was 75.0%, the result suggested that rabbit embryos could be frozen by vitrification after equilibration at room temperature.

      • KCI등재후보

        미세각막절개도 헤드의 선택을 통한 맞춤식각막절개방식의 라식

        강민호,송유미,강성민,박영숙,최철영,이윤정,이병로.Min,Ho,Kang.,M.D..,Yoo,Mi,Song.,M.D..,Sung,Min,Kang.,M.D..,Young,Sook,Park.,M.D..,Chul,Young,Choi.,M.D..,Yoon,Jung,Lee.,M.D..,Byung,Ro,Lee.,M.D. 대한안과학회 2006 대한안과학회지 Vol.47 No.2

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        Purpose: To compare the intraoperative and postoperative complication rates and visual outcomes with M2 130 head (thick flap group) and M2 110 head (thin flap group). Methods: One-hundred-ninety-five eyes of 104 patients who underwent LASIK with the Moria M2 microkeratome and Allegretto-wave laser were reviewed retrospectively. Selection of M2 heads was based on preoperative pachymetry and estimated ablation depth. Intraoperative and postoperative flap-related complications, mean postoperative uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), and mean spherical equivalent (MSE) were evaluated and compared. Results: Mean follow-up was 8.1 months. The number of eyes, preoperative MSE and mean corneal thickness of M2 130 were 115, -4.04±1.63diopter (D) and 549.40±39.16??m, and 85, -6.61±3.43D and 525.16±24.53 ?m, respectively, in the 110 head group. Mean UCVA and MSE at postoperative 1 week, 3 months and 6 months were 1.00±0.18, -0.26±0.49D; 1.07±0.68, -0.40±0.51D; and 1.01±0.22, -0.51±0.50D, respectively, in the 130 head group, and 0.90±0.23, -0.46±1.02D; 0.91±0.23, -0.67±0.79D; 0.85±0.46, -0.75±0.88D, respectively, in the 110 head group. There were no significant differences in intraoperative and postoperative flap-related complication rates between the two groups (p=0.316). There were no statistically significant differences in postoperative mean UCVA or MSE between the two groups (p>0.05), except for MSE at the third and sixth postoperative months (p=0.005, 0.013). Conclusions: Proper selection of M2 heads by preoperative pachymetry allowed for an adequate residual stroma bed with good visual outcome. Utilizing one single microkeratome and switching between two heads was advantageous and cost-effective.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        ON OPERATORS SATISFYING T<sup>∗</sup><sup>m</sup>(T<sup>∗</sup>|T|<sup>2k</sup>T)<sup>1/(k+1)</sup>T<sup>m</sup> ≥ T<sup>∗</sup><sup>m</sup>|T|<sup>2</sup>T<sup>m</sup>

        Rashid,,Mohammad,H.M. Korean Mathematical Society 2017 대한수학회논문집 Vol.32 No.3

        Let T be a bounded linear operator acting on a complex Hilbert space ${\mathfrak{H}}$. In this paper we introduce the class, denoted ${\mathcal{Q}}(A(k),m)$, of operators satisfying $T^{m{\ast}}(T^{\ast}{\mid}T{\mid}^{2k}T)^{1/(k+1)}T^m{\geq}T^{{\ast}m}{\mid}T{\mid}^2T^m$, where m is a positive integer and k is a positive real number and we prove basic structural properties of these operators. Using these results, we prove that if P is the Riesz idempotent for isolated point ${\lambda}$ of the spectrum of $T{\in}{\mathcal{Q}}(A(k),m)$, then P is self-adjoint, and we give a necessary and sufficient condition for $T{\otimes}S$ to be in ${\mathcal{Q}}(A(k),m)$ when T and S are both non-zero operators. Moreover, we characterize the quasinilpotent part $H_0(T-{\lambda})$ of class A(k) operator.

      • 소 體外受精卵의 超急速凍結에 관한 硏究 : Ⅱ. 소 體外受精卵의 超急速凍結 融解後의 生存性에 관한 硏究 Ⅱ. Studies on the Survival Rates after Rapid Frozen-Thawing of In Vitro Fertilized Bovine Embryos

        金相根,李晩徽 충남대학교부설 생명공학연구소 1992 생물공학연구지 Vol.2 No.-

        This study was carried out in order to investigate the effects of cryoprotective concentration and equilibration time on survival rate of ultrarapidly frozen in vitro fertilized bovine embryos. In vitro fertilized bovine embryos, following dehydration by cryoprotective agents and sucrose were directly plunged into liquid nitrogen and thawed in 38℃ water. Survival rate was defined by development rate to the morula and blastocyst stage after in vitro culture of by FDA test. The results are summarized as follows. 1. The survival rates of in vitro fertilized bovine embryos after ultrarapid frozen-thawing in the freezing medium of 0.25M sucrose added 2.0M, 2.5M. 3.0M, 3.5M, 4.0M glycerol were 75.0%, 72.0%, 67.6%, 44.8% and 18.3% respectively. 2. The survival rates of in vitro fertilized bovine embryos after ultrarapid frozen-thawing in the freezing medium of 0.25M sucrose added 2.0M, 2.5M. 3.0M, 3.5M, 4.0M DMSO were 64.0%, 66.7%, 70.8%, 52.7% and 18.6, respectively. 3. The survival rates of in vitro fertilized bovine embryos after ultrarapid frozen-thawing in the freezing medium of 0.25M sucrose added 2.0M, 2.5M. 3.0M, 3.5M, 4.0M propanediol were 68.4%, 64.9%, 63.2%, 62.2% and 34.7%, respectively. 4. The survival rates of in vitro fertilized bovine embryos after ultrarapid frozen-thawing in the freezing medium of 2.50M glycerol added 0.1M, 0.25M, 0.5M, 0.75M, sucrose were 60.5%, 72.2%, 70.1% and 54.9%, respectively. The survival rates of in vitro fertilized embryos after ultrarapid frozen-thawing in the freezing medium of 2.5M glycerol added 0.25M sucrose were higher than concentration of 0.10M, 0.50M and 0.75M sucrose. 5. The equilibration time on the survival rate of in vitro fertilized bovine embryos was attained after short period of time(2.5∼5min.) in the freezing medium added 0.25M sucrose and 3.0M DMSO higher tham long periodef time(1∼20min.).

      • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

        Effect of Slaughter Age on Beef Color Stability during Display of Four Muscles from Japanese Black Steers

        Muramoto,,T.,Shibata,,M.,Nakanishi,,N. Asian Australasian Association of Animal Productio 2003 Animal Bioscience Vol.16 No.9

        Effect of slaughter age (24, 28 and 38 months of age) on beef color stability during display of m. serratus ventralis, m. psoas major, m. semitendinosus and m. longissimus thoracis from Japanese Black steers was studied. Steak samples from muscles were over-wrapped with PVC film and displayed under fluorescent lights at $4^{\circ}C$ for 12 days. Percentages of metmyoglobin of steak samples were determined at days 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12. The percentage of metmyoglobin of m. psoas major at day 3 of display in the 24 months group was lower (p<0.05) than that in the 38 months group. The percentage of metmyoglobin of m. semitendinosus at day 6 of display in the 38 months group was higher (p<0.05) than that in the other groups. The percentage of metmyoglobin of m. longissimus thoracis at day 3 of display in the 24 months group was lower (p<0.01) than that in the other groups. The percentage of metmyoglobin of m. longissimus thoracis at day 6 (p<0.01), 9 (p<0.01) and 12 (p<0.05) of display in the 38 months group were higher than those in the other groups. Crude fat concentration in m. longissimus thoracis increased (p<0.05) after 28 months of age. $\alpha$-Tocopherol concentration in m. serratus ventralis in the 38 months group was higher (p<0.001) than that in the other groups. In m. psoas major the $\alpha$-tocopherol concentration in the 38 months group was higher (p<0.05) than that in the 24 months group. The $\alpha$-tocopherol concentration in m. longissimus thoracis increased (p<0.001) with age. These results suggested that in spite of increase in both the crude fat and the $\alpha$-tocopherol concentrations in m. longissimus thoracis, the beef color stability during display became short with age.

      • KCI등재
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