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The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of the hemodynamics on the morphological changes of the human endothelial cells due to the blood flow by in vitro experiment and computer simulation. The morphological changes of the endothelial cells due to the t10w shear stress were observed in the laminar t10w chamber as a function of the exposure time. The observed shapes of the endothelial cells are used to the model shapes of the endothelial cells for numerical study and the pressure and the wall shear stress variations around the endothelial cells are calculated from the numerical results. The endothelial cells elongate along the t10w direction and lessen their heights in the flow field to reduce the pressure and the wall shear stress on the surface.
문신용,방명걸,오선경,류범용,황도영,정병준,최진,손철,장준근,김종원,김석현,최영민,Moon, Shin-Yong,Pang, Myung-Geol,Oh, Sun-Kyung,Ryu, Buom-Yong,Hwang, Do-Yeong,Jung, Byeong-Jun,Choe, Jin,Sohn, Cherl,Chang, Jun-Keun,Kim, Jong-Won,Kim, Se 대한생식의학회 1997 Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine Vol.24 No.3
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) techniques allow the enumeration of chromosome abnormalities and from a great potential for many clinical applications. In order to produce quantitative and reproducible results, expensive tools such as a cooled CCD camera and a computer software are required. We have developed a Chromosome Image Processing System (Chips) using FISH that allows the detection and mapping of the genetic aberrations. The aim of our study, therefore, is to evaluate the capabilities of our original system using a black-and-white video camera. As a model system, three repetitive DNA probes (D18Z1, DXZ1, and DYZ3) were hybridized to variety different clinical samples such as human metaphase spreads and interphase nuclei obtained from uncultured peripheral blood lymphocytes, uncultured amniocytes, and germ cells. The visualization of the FISH signals was performed using our system for image acquisition and pseudocoloring. FISH images were obtained by combining images from each of probes and DAPI counterstain captured separately. Using our original system, the aberrations of single or multiple chromosomes in a single hybridization experiment using chromosomes and interphase nuclei from a variety of cell types, including lymphocytes, amniocytes, sperm, and biopsied blastomeres, were enabled to evaluate. There were no differences in the image quality in accordance with FISH method, fluorochrome types, or different clinical samples. Always bright signals were detected using our system. Our system also yielded constant results. Our Chips would permit a level of performance of FISH analysis on metaphase chromosomes and interphase nuclei with unparalleled capabilities. Thus, it would be useful for clinical purposes.
Purpose: The spreading, orientation, and chemotaxis the gradient of a chemoattractant of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were studied on the micro-grooved substrata by the light, fluorescence and scanning electron microscopy. Method: Vertical-walled grooves were produced in silicon wafers by the micromachining technique. All grooves were 4~20㎛ deep and 10~80㎛ wide, SMCs were cultured on each microgroove and examined under stereo-microscope. Result: Cell clusters were markedly oriented by all the grooved substrata examined. Tim-lapse images acquired from CCD (Charge Coupled Device) showed that the grooves directed the migration of SMCs. There was no prominent difference in the migration speed of SMCs according to the grooves. All the cytoskeletal fibers were reoragnized in the same direction with grooves. Especially the alignments of microtubule and intermediate filaments were distinguished in the SMCs on the micro grooves. Conclusion: These results could be applied to the analysis of vascular restenosis and the development of artificial blood vessels.
Purpose: Endothelial cells (ECs) are exposed to continuous shear stress from their birth and also respond to the hemodynamic environmental changes which may be localizing factor in vascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis. The hemodynamic shear stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, thrombosis, and also restenosis. The objective of this study is to investigate the morphological and molecular biological changes of vein ECs under complicated flow flield which could occur in the anastomosis site of the autogenous vein bypass graft. Method: We developed a laminar flow chamber for the ncrmal vessel and a sudden expansion flow chamber to simulate the recirculation or the stagnation zone of vascular graft. Result: Normal flow shear stress transformed ECs from random oriented polygonal, cobblestone shape to elongated shape aligned along the flow direction. However the stagnation and flow separation zone could not show the morphologic change of ECs and could be the region of low shear stress prone for intimal hyperplasia and atherosclerosis initiation. Conclusion: It also represents that the ECs can sense the magnitude and the direction of the flow shear stress and change their phenotype through the remodeling of the actin microfilaments.
1. Bio-MEMS - New Tools/Infra for Up-coming BT industry 2. Microfluidic Bio Chips - Bio Chip World Market : 2000 M US$ at 2003 - Hardware Market for Bio Chip : 1000 M US$ at 2003 - Domestic Market at 2005 : 480억원 예상 - Source : Electronic Business(2000.4), Frost & Sullivan(1997), 주간경제 제604호(2001.1) 3. Microfluidics - Enabling Tools for New Technology