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웹 전자상거래 이용이 증가함에 따라, 기존의 2단계 방식의 클라이언트-서버 구조를 갖는 시스템은 네트워크 병목현상이나, 시스템 성능저하, 시스템 확장문제 및 서버의 시스템 부하등의 문제가 유발되었다.^() 이와 같은 문제는 전자상거래와 같은 대규모의 클라이언트를 요구하는 환경에서 가장 큰 취약점으로 지적 되고 있다. 또한 네트워크상의 가상기업, 가상시장 등 각 기업의 전자상거래 구축을 위한 다양한 플랫폼이 개발됨에 따라 이들의 독자적인 플랫폼들간의 지불, 보안등의 상호 호환성을 해결하기 위해 CORBA IIOP(Internet Inter ORB Protocol)를 사용하는 추세에 있다.^() 이에 본 논문에서는 웹기반 전자상거래를 CORBA를 이용하여 3계층 방식의 데이터베이스 접근방법으로 구현하였다. 이는 웹을 통해 고객이 주문한 상품은 CORBA 에이젼트의 서버 구현객체 호출을 통해 데이터베이스에 저장되며, 전자우편을 통하여 관리자에게 통보하여 주는 기능을 가지고 있다.
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2000년대 초반까지는 과거의 높은 물동량 증가추세를 계속 이어가는 듯하였으나, 최근 들어 증가세가 둔화되는 양상을 보이고 있다. 이러한 현상은 수출입 물동량뿐만 아니라 환적 물동량에서도 공통적으로 발생하고 있으며, 지속될 경우 우리나라의 동북아 물류 중심지화라는 국가 경제적 목표를 달성하려는 정부의 항만개발계획에 차질을 초래할 우려가 있다. 이에 대응하고자 정부는 2006년 12월 '제2차 전국항만(무역항) 기본계획 수정계획(2006~2011)'을 고시하였다. 본 연구에서는 수정계획에 고시된 중소형 항만의 수출입 및 환적물동량 예측치 및 하역능력을 실제 항만의 실적치와 비교 분석한 후, 현실적인 크레인 대수, 선석점유율 적용을 통해 하역능력을 재산정하여 항만개발계획의 타당성을 평가하고자 한다. The quantity of goods transported seemed to increase until early 2000, however, the rate of increase has been slowing down recently. These situations can be shown both import-export and transit shipment commonly. East-North Asian Hub Port which is the goal of port development of government to achieve macroeconomic targets can be failed if these situations keep going. In order to cope with the matter, government informed "The 2nd revised general planning of the whole country ports(2006~2011)". In this paper, we'll compare and analysis the estimation of the quantity of import-export transported for mid-small ports informed by revised government planning with actual results and then evaluate the propriety of port development and present the way to develop the mid-small ports through the application of realistic number of G/C and berth share.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the strategy of future Korean medicine(KM) clinical research through the study on the proposals for KM clinical research worldwide. In this study, the papers published in English through Pubmed were investigated mainly. Among them, we analyzed the methodological proposals from the clinical research papers that were published in the KM related fields. Various proposals for improving the problems in KM clinical studies are as follows. First, KM clinical research should be designed based on understanding for the theory, backgrounds, paradigms and worldviews of KM. In addition, considering the model validity, KM clinical research model should include the diagnosis, interventions and outcomes measurement methods reflecting the characteristics and real practice in KM. The internal validity and external validity should be also taken into account. One of the most important thing is to identify the contents about various and complex "real practice" in KM. A prospective observational study was suitable for the purpose of this study. Finally, we suggested a few improvement directions for RCTs studies in KM. First, we would be able to improve the quality and the internal validity in KM clinical research using the checklists of CONSORT(Consolidated Standards for Reporting Trials) Statement and STRICTA(Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture). Second, we could use various clinical research methods and the modified research of RCTs such as PCT(pragmatic clinical trial) to reflect the characteristics of actual KM practice. Consequently, we would be able to improve the external validity. Third, the KM diagnosis and outcomes measurement methods should be developed based on an actual KM practice and it should reflect a real practice. The "pattern identification(辨證)" is the core to KM diagnosis. But in order to be applied to the clinical research, the pattern identification(辨證) should be objectified and standardized. Future KM clinical research model should reflect the characteristics and a real practice in KM. In addition, it should include the advantage of rigorous RCTs research. Specially, the diagnosis, interventions and outcomes measurement methods in KM clinical research should reflect this view.
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최근 중국은 양산항을 개장하여 선사 유치를 위한 다양한 혜택을 제공하고, 일본은 "수퍼중추항만 육성계획“을 세워 항만의 효율성을 바탕으로 비용을 낮추려는 노력을 하고 있다. 또한 선박의 대형화에 의한 중심항만(Hub Port) 위주의 기항과 북중국의 대량 물량 발생지역에 대한 직기항 경향으로 동북아 항만간의 경쟁이 더욱더 치열해 지고 있으며 동북아 역내 피더네트워크 강화의 필요성이 제기되고 있다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 유럽 피더네트워크 전략 사례를 바탕으로 동북아 피더시장 현황을 파악하고 동북아 피더네트워크 구조를 분석함으로써 동북아 역내 항만 및 선사간의 과당경쟁을 지양하고 서로 Win-Win할 수 있는 터미널의 전략적 활용, 선사간 제휴 확대, 항만간 협력 강화를 위한 구체적인 전략을 제시하였다. Recently, China opened Yangshan port and provides a variety of benefits for shipping companies. Japan plans to reduce logistics costs and improve efficiency through the established "super major ports" project. According to the "hub and spokes" system, the number of direct calls toward North-Chinese ports are increasing. This changing environment has negative effects on the amount of transshipment cargos in Korean ports. In order to make a hub port of a domestic port, it is necessary to develop northeast Asian feeder networks. Therefore, this paper analyzes the structure of northeast Asian feeder networks through the case study of European feeder networks strategy. Finally, we suggests the plans to reinforce feeder networks, which are strategic terminal operation, strategic alliances between shipping companies and port co-operation, for win-win strategy in the competitive northeast Asian market.
이정한 ( Jung Han Lee ), 조동찬 ( Dong Chan Jo ), 고연석 ( Youn Seok Ko ), 차윤엽 ( Yun Yeop Cha ), 정원석 ( Won Suk Chung ), 신병철 ( Byung Cheul Shin ), 전찬용 ( Chan Yong Jeon ), 고호연 ( Ho Yeon Go ), 선승호 ( Seong Ho Sun ), 장보형 ( ) 한방재활의학과학회 2013 한방재활의학과학회지 Vol.23 No.2
Objectives :This study was aimed to review the trend of occupational health in korean medicine and to suggest the strategic approach. Methods : We collected 40 articles on occupational health in the internet site OASIS using the keyword ‘workplace', ‘worker'. Then we analyzed them. Results : There were 40 papers that were published between 2000 and 2012. Published papers on the korean journal of oriental preventive medicine were more than the other journals. Affiliation of the first author of the published papers was concentrated to one. Clinical research papers accounted for 90% of the total study. Papers on health management were more than half. Conclusions : Related to occupational health, high quality and large amount of research and development is needed and the active policy of the government should be supported in Korean medicine.
Objectives: This study was aimed to research clinical characteristics of female patients with cold hypersensitivity on the hands and feet compared with non-cold hypersensitivity group. Methods: 134 women patients were collected from 6 Korean medicine hospitals, and divided into 2 groups(cold hypersensitivity group and non-cold hypersensitivity group). This survey was composed of 19 questions related to clinical symptoms of cold hypersensitivity. Results: We found out the differences between 2 groups in 10 questions among 19 questions in the survey results. (Body Type, Energy, Digestibility, Skin Type, Facial Complexion, Chill, Dry Mouth and Thirst, Preference between Coolness and Warmth, Thickness of Tongue Fur, Floating and Sinking of Pulse) Conclusions: From these results, Patients with cold hypersensitivity on hands and feet have relative clinical characteristics as follows. They are relatively weak and lethargic. They have dry skin and look more pale. They feel chill easily and have dry mouth and thirst. They prefer warmth and have indigestion more. They had more various infirm and ill clinical characteristics compared with the other group from the view of Korean medicine.
차윤엽 ( Yun Yeop Cha ), 고연석 ( Youn Seok Ko ), 이정한 ( Jung Han Lee ), 정원석 ( Won Suk Chung ), 신병철 ( Byung Cheul Shin ), 전찬용 ( Chan Yong Jeon ), 고호연 ( Ho Yeon Go ), 선승호 ( Seong Ho Sun ), 장보형 ( Bo Hyoung Jang ), 송윤경 ) 한방재활의학과학회 2013 한방재활의학과학회지 Vol.23 No.2
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to explore the trends of Korean medical study on stress in the industrial worker. Methods : We received numbers of the studies about stress in the industrial worker from 6 Korean web databases, using key words such as ‘Industry AND Stress', ‘Oriental medicine AND Stress', ‘Worker AND Stress', ‘Workplace AND Stress'. We received 12 research papers and they were analyzed and the journals, the authors, the contents of 3 classification of those research papers. Results : Among them, we had 6 reviews of Dept. of preventive medicine and Dept. of third medicine, college of Korean Medicine, Won-kwang University, and the rest of them were 6 reviews. We had 4 reviews of Korean Journal of Oriental Preventive Medical Society, 2 reviews of the Journal of Traditional Korean Medicine, 2 reviews of Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry and so on. According to the contents of reviews, we had 7 reviews of correlation of industrial worker and stress, 4 reviews of cause on the industrial worker's stress and 1 case report. Conclusions : We reviewed the trends of Korean medical study on stress in the industrial worker. The stress in the industrial workers were related with the type of occupation, social psychology, drinking, smoking, the satisfaction of job, the harmony of organization.And we knew that the musculoskeletal pain was related to the industrial worker's stress. In the future, abundant case studies, follow-up trials and RCTs should be done about the industrial worker's stress.
고연석 ( Youn Seok Ko ), 박상훈 ( Hun Sang Park ), 이정한 ( Jung Han Lee ), 차윤엽 ( Yun Yeop Cha ), 정원석 ( Won Suk Chung ), 신병철 ( Byung Cheul Shin ), 전찬용 ( Chan Yong Jeon ), 고호연 ( Ho Yeon Go ), 선승호 ( Seong Ho Sun ), 장보형 () 한방재활의학과학회 2013 한방재활의학과학회지 Vol.23 No.2
Objectives :The purpose of this study is to analyze internal research trends of work-related musculoskeletal disorders(WMSDs) and provide problems of researches forward.Methods :6 Korean databases were searched for articles of WMSDs published from 2000 to 2012, and 264 research were systematic reviewed. An analytical method was used descriptive statistics, an actual number and percentage.Results :The results of distribution by year were reported more than 20 articles after 2004, and 45 articles in 2009. Industrial classification distribution of research subjects the manufacturing industry was many most at the 84. Research contents in most description were 147 whether it was risk factor and relation. Research design type of articles was most description survey research 226. In the research field 89 articles were reported to the journal related to technologies.Conclusions : It is considered to be necessary that ergonomic approach would cooperate with other approaches such as integrated health management system as well as industrial medicine considering psychosocial factors.